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“大学”是“college”还是“university”?它们究竟有什么区别?

 糊糊450 2019-05-27
college vs. university

What is the difference between college and university? In everyday use, these terms are used interchangeably. In specific contexts, however, they have different meanings.

college和university有什么区别?在日常使用中,这两个词没有特别明确的界限。但是,在某些特定的情况下,它们确实具有不同的含义。

What does college mean?

College is a noun. In American English, it refers to undergraduate education or an undergraduate education institution.

College是一个名词。在美式英语中,泛指本科教育或本科教育机构。

Colleges offer two- and four-year degrees in various subjects, and some may also offer graduate studies.

College可以授予多种学科的两年制或四年制学位,也有一部分college可提供研究生学习。

In both American and British English, college could also refer to an individual school or program within a university.

美式和英式英语中,college也可以指大学内的个别院系或项目。

college: 多指大学内的学院,分科学院或科目较少的高等学校。

college life

大学生活

Williams College

威廉姆斯学院

是一所位于美国马萨诸塞州威廉姆斯镇的私立文理学院,为全美排名最佳的文理大学之一,校友不乏政商名流。

college of engineering

工学院,工程学院

college of liberal arts

人文学院;文学院

college of science

理学院

What does university mean?

In both American and British English, university is a post-secondary institution that offers undergraduate and graduate degrees in a variety of subjects across several programs.

在美式和英式英语中,university是一所高等教育机构,可以授予多种学科的本科和研究生学位。

Beijing Normal University

北京师范大学

Peking University

北京大学

在我们认知范围内的国内大学,一般都称作university,大学里的院系叫做college,但是在欧美的教育体系中college的含义要比国内更多,某些专业性较强的大学他们也称作college。如果只是单单笼统的说“大学”,在英语中university和college都是可以的。在美语中,“上大学”这个概念常用college这个词。

例:

He intended to start his college education next year.

他打算明年开始上大学。

记忆技巧

A university is a collection of specialized schools. A college is one school. Often, universities are comprised of several colleges.

University是一系列专业的综合院校。而college是一所专门学科的院校。通常,universities由几所colleges组成。

Just like the universe contains many schools, a university will usually also contain many schools. You can use the similarity between universe and university to remember the meaning of this word.

就像宇宙(universe)包含许多学校一样,university通常也会包含许多学校。您可以使用宇宙(universe)和大学(university)之间的相似性来记住这个词的含义。

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