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2020中考复习:英语100个高频知识点梳理,常考的就这些

2019-09-10  Gxpzr5ayw...

2020中考复习:英语100个高频知识点梳理,常考的就这些

1、名词的单复数

规则变化+s/es、不规则变化(mouse-mice)、单复数同形、同一词在不同意义下有可能可数有可能不可数

2、名词所有格

‘s(表示有生命:Lily’s desk)、of所有格(表示无生命the window of the room)

3、名词修饰语

只修饰可数名词(each、every、a great many)、只修饰不可数名词(little、a little、 alarge amount of)、都可以修饰(some、alot of、plenty of)

4、不定冠词(a/an单数不特指);定冠词(the/this/that/these/those表特定)

5、such的用法

such作限定词和all,no,any,some,other,anther等词连用时,such放后面。

如果such修饰单数可数名词,且与不定冠词连用时需置于其前;such前有no时不用冠词。

6、so的用法

在believe,think,expect,suppose等词后用so代替前文提出的观点

在肯定句中表示与上文相同的情况,如:So do I.

7、all和both的用法

all三者或三者以上全部都,both二者都。all指整体或抽象事物时当做单数,指人时当做复数。both做主语时,谓语动词用复数。

8、many修饰或替代可数名词,much修饰或替代不可数名词

many a 许多(谓语动词用单数)

a good/greatmany很多

as many as/asmuch as一样多、差不多

9、little几乎没有,修饰不可数名词

a little有一点,修饰不可数名词

few几乎没有,修饰可数名词

a few有一点,修饰可数名词

10、形容词比较级最高级

原级比较:…is as good asmine.

表示少于或超过另一方:fewer than, morethan

易混淆短语:as well as也…既…

as far as就…而言

11、比较级常见错误:用much表强调时的误用

She looks moreyounger than I.(×)

She looks muchyounger than I.(√)

12、介词短语重点

except for除了

in place of代替

on behalf of代表

but for要不是

in front of在…前面

13、介词across,over,through,past四个常考介词的区别

across横穿穿越,发生在物体表面

over跨过越过,发生在物体上方

through穿过,发生在某物空间内

past从旁经过

14、易混淆的介词短语

in all总共

after all毕竟

at all根本,常用在否定句中表强调

above all最重要的是,尤其是

15、序数词前一定要加定冠词the,改错常考,序数词与基数词连用时,序数词放在前面,如the first one。

16、will和would的用法(常考)

will常与第二人称you连用,表示征求对方意见,will you/won’t you?

would更委婉客气一些,常用短语:would like to dowould rather宁愿

17、虚拟语气

18、一般现在时表将来的2种情况:

拟定或安排好的事情、一定要发生的动作:Thetrain arrives at 10.

在时间状语从句、条件状语从句、让步状语从句中一般现在时表将来

19、过去即将要发生的动作:was/were about todo sth.

20、句子中出现过去时,才会使用过去完成时表过去的过去-一直延续到过去的动作

I was tired. I had been working sincedawn.

21、常用句型:

It is adj. forsb.to do sth.

It is adj. ofsb. to do sth.(形容词评价某人)

22、经常接疑问词+不定式的动词:learn,ask,discuss,explain,know,remember,forget,understand,think,consider,decide.

如 I have to learn how to study English.

23、主谓一致

the number of+复数名词作主语时,谓语动词用单数

a number of+复数名词时,谓语动词用复数

someplentyofa lot of,谓语动词根据所修饰的词而定

a quantity of谓语动词用单数;large quantities of谓语动词用复数

24、谓语动词就近一致:

either…or…/neither…nor…/notonly…but also…谓语动词和靠近的主语一致(常考)

25、同位语从句

常跟同位语从句的名词或短语(常考):belief/doubt/hope/report/word/opinion/idea…使用举例:We have some doubt whether they can complete the task on time.

26、直接引语和间接引语

变间接引语要向前推一个时态!例:

He said, ”I amsorry.”

He said that hewas sorry.

27、定语从句who/whom的用法(介词+whom)例:

He is the manwho lives next door.

I have manyfriends to whom I am going to send postcards.

28、定语从句that/which的用法,通常可以互换,但下列情况必须用that(改错常考):

先行词是all,much,few,little,something等不定代词时

先行词有the only,thesame,the very修饰时

主句是以which开头的特殊疑问句时

先行词既有物又有人时

先行词是序数词、形容词最高级时

29、as和which用法辨析,引导非限定性定语从句

as的先行词只能是句子,which的先行词可以是词。

30、表示一…就的引导词

as soonas/immediately/instantly/the moment/no sooner than/hardly

31、no sooner与hardly在句首时,要求句子倒装。

32、so that 连用引导目的/结果状语从句

so adj./adv./many/few+that:There is so little time that…

such adj.+名词+that:Kathy is such a lovely girl that…

33、强调句型:It is/was 被强调的部分 that/who 句子剩余部分,和定语从句的区别:

It was 8 when Ileft home.(定语从句)

34、'wish +宾语从句',表示不大 可能实现的愿望

表示现在的不能实现的愿望:主语+过去时;

表示过去的不能实现的愿望:主语+had done;

表示将来的不能实现的愿望:主语+would/could do

35、It was + 时间段+before….'过了多久才……'

It wasnot long before….'不久,就……'

Itwill (not) be +时间段+before….'要过多久(不久)……才……'(before从句谓语动词要用一般时态)

36、as if/though+主语+did/had done…好像……(表示现在或将来的情况用过去时;表示过去的情况用过去完成时)[参考句型4]

[例句]

Our head teacher treats us as if we were her ownchildren, so all the students in our class think highly of her.

37、as, though, although引导的让步状语从句。

[注意]although位于句首;though位于句首或句中;as位于句中=though。它的词序是把句中强调的形容词、副词、动词或名词放在连词前。

38、in case of…(+n.) '以防;万一';

in case that…'以防,万一……'(谓语动词用一般现在时态或should+动词原形)

39、作文段首高分句型

关于……人们有不同的观点。一些人认为……

There are different opinions among people as to ____ .Some people suggest that____.

俗话说(常言道)……,它是我们前辈的经历,但是,即使在今天,它在许多场合仍然适用。

There is an old saying that______. It's the experience of our forefathers;however,it is correct in many cases eventoday.

现在,……,它们给我们的日常生活带来了许多危害。首先,……;其次,……。更为糟糕的是……。

Today, ____, which have brought a lot of harms in our daily life. First, ____Second,____. What makes things worse is that______.

关于……人们的观点各不相同,一些人认为(说)……,在他们看来,……

People's opinions about ______ vary from person to person. Some people say that______.To them,_____.

40、作文中间段落高分句型

相反,有一些人赞成……,他们相信……,而且,他们认为……。

On the contrary,there are some people in favor of___.At the same time,they say____.

但是,我认为这不是解决……的好方法,比如……。最糟糕的是……。

But I don’t think it is a very good way to solve ____.For example,____.Worst of all,___.

对我们国家的发展和建设是必不可少的,(也是)非常重要的。首先,……。而且……,最重要的是……

______isnecessary and important to our country's development and construction.First,______.What's more, _____.Most important of all,______.

为什么……?第一个原因是……;第二个原因是……;第三个原因是……。总的来说,……的主要原因是由于……

Why______? The first reason is that ______.The second reason is ______.Thethird is ______.For all this, the main cause of ______ is due to ______. I fully agree on the statement that ______ because______.

41、作文结尾段落高分句型

至于我,在某种程度上我同意后面的观点,我认为……

As far as I am concerned, I agree on the latter opinion to some extent. I thinkthat ____.

总而言之,整个社会应该密切关注……这个问题。只有这样,我们才能在将来……。

In a word, thewhole society should pay close attention to the problem of ______.Only in this waycan ______in the future.

但是,……和……都有它们各自的优势(好处)。例如,……,而……。然而,把这两者相比较,我更倾向于(喜欢)……

But ______and ______have their own advantages. For example, _____, while_____.Comparing this with that, however, I prefer to______.

就我个人而言,我相信……,因此,我坚信美好的未来正等着我们。因为……

Personally, I believe that_____. Consequently, I'm confident that a brightfuture is awaiting us because______.

至于我(对我来说,就我而言),我认为……更合理。只有这样,我们才能……

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