当以读书通世事 / 19-英语 / 英语1&2大作文功能句!安排

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英语1&2大作文功能句!安排

2019-10-21  当以读书...

英 语 一

Question:考研英语(一)的大作文写作主要考察图画作文的形式。这种作文的开篇形式可以有多少种?

答案是:不计其数,因为只要你写的是与图画相关的内容,均可接受。

以下的功能句,既能用于整篇作文的开篇,亦可用于第二、三段的写作。而这些功能句通过逻辑关系排序、连接起来其实就组合成一篇作文。

1. 功能表达:……值得关注——be worth doing/n.

这幅图片很值得关注,因为画家关注当代中国家庭教育。

This picture is particularly worth concern for the reason that the painter focuses his eyesight on the contemporary family education in China.

这种现象/趋势很值得关注,因为年轻人只关注了明星时尚但肤浅的生活方式,忽略了明星身上的美德。

This phenomenon/ tendency is particularly worth concerning/concern for the reason that young people focus only on stars’fashionable but superficial lifestyles, ignoring the significant virtues of stars.

这部电影很值得观看。

This movie is particularly worth watching.

这样的图片能自然联系到对书的两种不同态度。

These drawings can be naturally associated with two different attitudes toward books. (2017)

2. 现象:

在当今社会,很多年轻人对各种各样的明星着迷(,下图就是两个例子)。

A host of youngsters, in the contemporary society, are fascinated with various stars. (A case in point is the picture, in which …)

在当今社会,很多人买了很多书,但几乎不读书。

A host of people, in the contemporary society, purchased a considerable number of books, but scarcely have they read books.

3. 突出特征:

这个图片突出的特征体现在手机对现代生活的积极和消极影响:在图中,……

This cartoon is best characterized by the negative and positive impacts of cell phone upon the contemporary life. (In the drawing, …)

用于二、三段:

很多成功者的典型特征就是他们的自信、乐观、勤奋、对读书的热爱、合作精神、持之以恒……

Many successful people are characterized by their confidence, optimism, diligence, enthusiasm for books, cooperative spirit, perseverance …

4. 比喻:

合作能被比喻成一条路,通向成功。(例如下图中,……)

Cooperation can be likened to a journey, leading to success. (A typical example is the picture, in which …)

在我看来,文化交流能被比喻成一座桥,连接中国和世界。

Cultural communication, to my understanding, can be likened to a bridge, which links China and the world.

5. 排比

作为一种重要的品质,自信带给我们希望,唤起我们队成功的热情,帮助我们战胜困难。

Confidence, as a vital quality, brings us hope, arouses our enthusiasm for success and helps us to conquer difficulties.

6. 危害:

不幸的是,父母的过度保护已经构成了一种障碍,阻碍着孩子的健康成长。

Unfortunately, parents’ excessive protection has constituted an obstacle that hinders their children’s healthy growth.

7. 观点:

作为一名游客,我相信下图中的行为是及其不雅的。

I, as a tourist, believe that the behaviors in the picture are rather uncivilized.

作为一名年轻人,我认为我们有必要买书,更有必要读书来获取知识。

As a youngster, I believe that it is quite necessary for us to purchase books, and it is of greater necessity to acquire knowledge by reading books.

8. 号召:

当教育孩子时,父母应该牢牢记住:榜样的力量是无穷的。

When educating the children, parents should bear in mind that the power a positive model is infinite.

9. 图片描述范例

在一个巨大的温室中,有一支精致的小花,正茁壮成长并盛开,旁边的温室保护她免收外面的风雨。

Inside a huge warm house, there is a delicate flower, growing vigorously and blossoming, with the house protecting it from the outside storm.

尽管它在温室里看着很健康强壮,但被放置在风雨中后很快就凋谢了,叶子随风飘落。

Although it seems strong and healthy in the greenhouse, the plant dies quickly after it is put in the rain, with its petals falling in the wind.

最后/首先,若干汉字能被注意到,内容是:温室的花朵经不起风雨。

Eventually/Initially, several Chinese characters can be noticed, which say that the flower in the greenhouse cannot withstand the storm.

这样的情景第一次眼看上去好玩,但再一想很值得深思。

This scene looks funny at the first sight but enlightening on the second thought.

10. 提建议:

作为一名大学生,我认为人们买书很重要,但更重要的是通过读书获取知识。

I, as a college student, am convinced that it is quite necessary forpeople to purchase books, but it is of greater necessity for them to acquire knowledge through reading books. (排比+递进)

社会、家庭、学校应该营造一种好的氛围去批判、拒绝和抵制公共场所的不道德行为。

The society as a whole should forge a wholesome atmosphere to criticize, reject and restrain the immoral behaviors in public places.

英 语 二

接下来,考研英语(二)的大作文写作主要考察图表作文的形式。图表作文的首段主要为“数据描述”,主要体现在两种形式:相同事物写变化+不同事物写对比。

二、三段内容比较灵活,写作时可以从现象、原因、危害、建议等多个角度展开分析。

以下的功能句,既能用于整篇作文的开篇,亦可用于第二、三段的写作,此外小作文中的表达也完全可用于大作文写作,这些功能句通过逻辑关系排序、连接起来其实就组合成一篇作文。

1. 图表综述

所给的是一个柱状图,向我们清晰展示了发展中国家和发达国家在2000年和2008年之间在手机购买量之间的明显的差异。

Given is a column chart which clearly illustrates the striking contrasts in the subscription of cell phones between developing and developed nations from 2000 to 2008.

所给的两个线状图,清晰展示了从1963年到2003年之间中国西部某地区偷猎和物种灭绝之间的密切联系。

These are two line graphs that clearly demonstrate the close relation between illegal hunting and the extinction of species in a certain region of west China from 1963 to 2003.

所给是一幅柱状图,清晰展示了中国某城市居民春节消费方面的对比。

There is a column chart which clearly illustrates the striking contrasts in the consumption of residents during the Spring Festival in a certain city of China.

2. 数据上升:

在最初的七年中,发达国家的手机购买量呈现出轻微上涨,即从6亿到9亿。

During the first 7 years, the number of cell phones subscribed by developed nations showed a slight increase, from 0.6 billion to 0.9 billion.

自此之后,数据开始飙升,最终在2008年达到了40亿的峰值。

Since then, it surged remarkably, reaching the peak at 4 billion in 2008.

3. 数据稳定:

2007年和2008年,数据稳定在10亿。

The number/ It maintained stable at 1 billion in 2007 and 2008.

4. 占比/排序:

新年礼物的花销是最大的比重,达到了40%,紧随其后的是交通和聚餐,都占了20%。

The expense on gifts for the New Year is the largest proportion, accounting for 40%. Then the next are fees on transportation and gathering dinners, with the same 20%.

最后出现的是其他所有花费的综合,20%。

Finally comes the total expenditure on others, at 20%.

5. 图表联系主旨

这样的场景能自然联系到世界手机产业的迅速发展。但什么导致了以上差异?在我看来,至少两个原因可以解释这种现象。

Such a scenario can be naturally associated with the speedy advancement of cell phone industry in the world. But what resulted in the differences above? At least two reasons can account for this phenomenon.

这种场景能自然联系到…的流行/重要性/激烈竞争。

Such a scene can be naturally associated with the popularity/ significance / fierce competition ….

We can naturally associated such a scene with the popularity /significance / fierce competition ...

6.……的特征是

一方面,近几年发展中国家的突出特点就是经济的迅速发展,这使得很多当地居民有了额外的钱购置手机这项服务。典型例子就是中国。

For one thing, in recent years, developing countries were characterized by its prosperity in economy, which enabled residents there to possess additional money to afford the cell phone service. A case in point is China.

7. 对比:

另一方面,与发展中国家相比,发达国家居民更加富裕且人口规模较小;因此,一大部分比例的人们若干年前就已经购买了手机。

For another, compared with developing countries, citizens in developed nations were much richer/ wealthier and their population was smaller. Therefore, a large proportion of people there purchase mobile phones years ago.

8. 排比:

出国留学带给年轻人更多机会,唤起他们对外国文化的热情,帮助他们拓宽视野。

Stying abroad/Oversea study brings young people more opportunities, arouses their enthusiasm for foreign cultures and helps them broaden their horizons.

9. 建议

因此,手机制造商应更多关注发展中国家的市场。

Accordingly, it is essential for cell phone manufacturers to focus more eyesight on the huge market in developing countries.

10. 制定综合策略

同时,他们应制定综合性策略提升汽车的质量和售后服务。

Meanwhile, it is advisable for them to work out comprehensive strategies to strengthen the quality of cars and after-sale service.

11. 展望未来

如果他们能尽全力这样来做,手机产业的明天将一片光明。

Provided that they try their utmost to do so, the future of the cell industry will be hopeful.

12. 提出建议

无论每个部分的花销是否理性,重要的是人们享受了新年的喜庆氛围。

Whether each part of the expense is rational or not, it is of great significance for people to enjoy the joyous atmosphere of the new year.

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