旭日东升4k165w / 文件夹1 / Arduino UNO DS3231高精度RTC芯片 制作时钟

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Arduino UNO DS3231高精度RTC芯片 制作时钟

2019-11-26  旭日东升4...

DS3231 模块

是一个时钟模块,上面包含一个纽扣电池位置,可以在主机断电的情况下还可以继续计算时间,以便以后记录使用。


模块参数:
   1.尺寸:38mm(长)*22mm(宽)*14mm(高)
   2.重量:8g
   3.工作电压:3.3--5.5V
   4.时钟芯片:高精度时钟芯片DS3231
   5.时钟精度:0-40℃范围内,精度2ppm,年误差约1分钟
   6.带2个日历闹钟
   7.可编程方波输出
   8.实时时钟产生秒、分、时、星期、日期、月和年计时,并提供有效期到2100年的闰年补偿
   9.芯片内部自带温度传感器,精度为±3℃
   10.存储芯片:AT24C32(存储容量32K)
   11.IIC总线接口,最高传输速度400KHz(工作电压为5V时)
   12.可级联其它IIC设备,24C32地址可通过短路A0/A1/A2修改,默认地址为0x57
   13.带可充电电池LIR2032,保证系统断电后,时钟任然正常走动

实验效果

通过设定时间的程序后,

我们运行显示时间的程序,就可以看到时钟模块当前的时间了


BOM表

Arduino UNO    *1

DS3231 时钟模块 *1

跳线若干

接线


Arduino   Uno                               DS3231

    GND                     <--->                GND

   5V                          <--->                VCC

   A4(SDA)                          <--->                SDA

   A5 (SCL)                         <--->                 SCL

程序

需要下载库

设置时间的程序

// DS3231_Serial_Easy// Copyright (C)2015 Rinky-Dink Electronics, Henning Karlsen. All right reserved// web: http://www.RinkyDinkElectronics.com///// A quick demo of how to use my DS3231-library to // quickly send time and date information over a serial link//// To use the hardware I2C (TWI) interface of the Arduino you must connect// the pins as follows://// Arduino Uno/2009:// ----------------------// DS3231: SDA pin -> Arduino Analog 4 or the dedicated SDA pin// SCL pin -> Arduino Analog 5 or the dedicated SCL pin//// Arduino Leonardo:// ----------------------// DS3231: SDA pin -> Arduino Digital 2 or the dedicated SDA pin// SCL pin -> Arduino Digital 3 or the dedicated SCL pin//// Arduino Mega:// ----------------------// DS3231: SDA pin -> Arduino Digital 20 (SDA) or the dedicated SDA pin// SCL pin -> Arduino Digital 21 (SCL) or the dedicated SCL pin//// Arduino Due:// ----------------------// DS3231: SDA pin -> Arduino Digital 20 (SDA) or the dedicated SDA1 (Digital 70) pin// SCL pin -> Arduino Digital 21 (SCL) or the dedicated SCL1 (Digital 71) pin//// The internal pull-up resistors will be activated when using the // hardware I2C interfaces.//// You can connect the DS3231 to any available pin but if you use any// other than what is described above the library will fall back to// a software-based, TWI-like protocol which will require exclusive access // to the pins used, and you will also have to use appropriate, external// pull-up resistors on the data and clock signals.//#include <DS3231.h>// Init the DS3231 using the hardware interfaceDS3231 rtc(SDA, SCL);void setup(){ // Setup Serial connection Serial.begin(115200); // Uncomment the next line if you are using an Arduino Leonardo //while (!Serial) {} // Initialize the rtc object rtc.begin(); // The following lines can be uncommented to set the date and time rtc.setDOW(WEDNESDAY); // Set Day-of-Week to SUNDAY rtc.setTime(12, 0, 0); // Set the time to 12:00:00 (24hr format) rtc.setDate(1, 1, 2014); // Set the date to January 1st, 2014}void loop(){ // Send Day-of-Week Serial.print(rtc.getDOWStr()); Serial.print(' '); // Send date Serial.print(rtc.getDateStr()); Serial.print(' -- '); // Send time Serial.println(rtc.getTimeStr()); // Wait one second before repeating :) delay (1000);}


显示时间的程序

// DS3231_Serial_Easy// Copyright (C)2015 Rinky-Dink Electronics, Henning Karlsen. All right reserved// web: http://www.RinkyDinkElectronics.com///// A quick demo of how to use my DS3231-library to // quickly send time and date information over a serial link//// To use the hardware I2C (TWI) interface of the Arduino you must connect// the pins as follows://// Arduino Uno/2009:// ----------------------// DS3231:  SDA pin   -> Arduino Analog 4 or the dedicated SDA pin//          SCL pin   -> Arduino Analog 5 or the dedicated SCL pin//// Arduino Leonardo:// ----------------------// DS3231:  SDA pin   -> Arduino Digital 2 or the dedicated SDA pin//          SCL pin   -> Arduino Digital 3 or the dedicated SCL pin//// Arduino Mega:// ----------------------// DS3231:  SDA pin   -> Arduino Digital 20 (SDA) or the dedicated SDA pin//          SCL pin   -> Arduino Digital 21 (SCL) or the dedicated SCL pin//// Arduino Due:// ----------------------// DS3231:  SDA pin   -> Arduino Digital 20 (SDA) or the dedicated SDA1 (Digital 70) pin//          SCL pin   -> Arduino Digital 21 (SCL) or the dedicated SCL1 (Digital 71) pin//// The internal pull-up resistors will be activated when using the // hardware I2C interfaces.//// You can connect the DS3231 to any available pin but if you use any// other than what is described above the library will fall back to// a software-based, TWI-like protocol which will require exclusive access // to the pins used, and you will also have to use appropriate, external// pull-up resistors on the data and clock signals.//#include <DS3231.h>// Init the DS3231 using the hardware interfaceDS3231  rtc(SDA, SCL);void setup(){  // Setup Serial connection  Serial.begin(115200);  // Uncomment the next line if you are using an Arduino Leonardo  //while (!Serial) {}    // Initialize the rtc object  rtc.begin();    // The following lines can be uncommented to set the date and time  //rtc.setDOW(WEDNESDAY);     // Set Day-of-Week to SUNDAY  //rtc.setTime(12, 0, 0);     // Set the time to 12:00:00 (24hr format)  //rtc.setDate(1, 1, 2014);   // Set the date to January 1st, 2014}void loop(){  // Send Day-of-Week  Serial.print(rtc.getDOWStr());  Serial.print(' ');    // Send date  Serial.print(rtc.getDateStr());  Serial.print(' -- ');  // Send time  Serial.println(rtc.getTimeStr());    // Wait one second before repeating :)  delay (1000);}

思路讲解

1,#include <DS3231.h>    //加载DS3231库

2,DS3231  rtc(SDA, SCL);    //设置I2C

3,rtc.begin();   //建立RTC对象

4,

  rtc.setDOW(WEDNESDAY);     // 设置星期几,例如 SUNDAY
  rtc.setTime(12, 0, 0);     // 设置时间 12:00:00 (24小时制)
  rtc.setDate(1, 1, 2014);   // 设置日期  1月,1日 ,2014 年

如果在显示程序中,或不需要设置时间的时候,可以在前面加//给注释掉

5,

rtc.getDOWStr()   获取星期几

rtc.getDateStr()    获取日期

rtc.getTimeStr()   获取时间

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