花好月圆sb3rxi / 高中英语 / 高考出错率最高的50组易混淆词汇,一定还...

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高考出错率最高的50组易混淆词汇,一定还有你没弄明白的!

2020-01-17  花好月圆s...

本学年的第一次月考已经结束了。一晃这个学期已经过去了近一半,你学得怎么样呢?有没有如愿以尝的在新学期里实现逆袭?

即将参与2020年高考的同学们一轮复习又如何呢?

如何提高复习效率,抓住重点知识,在有限时间内快速提高成绩,是不是你们最想解决的问题?

今天,为大家整理了高考中出错率最高的50组易混淆词汇,熟记它们,英语快速提分。

1、clothes  cloth  clothing

clothes统指衣服,谓语动词永远用复数;

cloth指布,是不可数名词;

clothing是服装的总称。

2、amount  number

amount后接不可数名词;

number后接可数名词。

例:a number of students, an amount of milk.

3、sound  voice  noise

sound指自然界各种各样的声音;

voice指人的嗓音;

noise是噪音。

例:I hate the loud noise outside.

4、cause  reason

cause指造成某一事实或现象的直接原因,后接of sth或doing sth;

reason用来解释某种现象或结果的理由,后接for sth或doing sth.

例:the reason for being late;We have no idea what has happened to cause people to stay away.

5、exercise  exercises  practice

Exercise运动,锻炼(不可数);

exercises练习(可数);

practice(反复做的)练习。

6、work  job

二者均指工作,work不可数;job可数。

例:a good job.

7、a number of  the number of

a number of许多,谓语动词用复述;

the number of……的数目,谓语动词用单数。

例:The number of students is increasing.

8、in front of  in the front of

in front of范围外的前面;

in the front of范围内的前面。

9、three of us  the three of us

three of us我们(不止三人)中的三个;

the three of us我们三个(就三个人)。

例:The three of us---Tom, Jack and I went to the cinema.

10、for a moment   for the moment

for a moment片刻、一会儿;

for the moment暂时、一时。

例:Thinking for a moment, he agreed.

11、in a word  in words

in a word总之,一句话;

in words口头上。

12、in place of  in the place of

in place of代替;

in the place of在……地方。

例:A new building is built in the place of the old one.

13、the doctor and teacher   the doctor and the teacher

the doctor and teacher指一个人既是医生又是老师;

the doctor and the teacher两个人,一个医生和一个老师。

14、in office  in the office

in office在职;

in the office在办公室里。

15、a second  the second

a second又一、再一;

the second第二、其次。

例:He won the second prize.

16、by day  by the day

by day白天;

by the day按天计算。

例:The workers are paid by the day.

17、not a little  not a bit

not a little非常;

not a bit一点也不。

例:I'm not a bit tired.

18、no more than  not more than

no more than相当于only,仅仅,只有;

not more than至多,不超过。

19、sleeping  asleep  sleepy

Sleeping正在睡觉;

asleep睡着,熟睡;

sleepy困的,有睡意的。

20、hard  hardly

Hard努力;

hardly几乎不。

例:work hard;I can hardly believe it.

21、late  lately

Late迟、晚;

lately最近、近来。

例:I haven't seen him lately.

22、living  alive  live  lively

living,alive,live均为活着的,

living和alive可做定语和表语,但alive做定语需后置,live只能做定语;

lively意为活泼的。

例:all the living people=all the people alive.

23、deep, deeply

Deep具体的深;

deeply抽象的深、深深地。

例:deeply moved, dig deep.

24、instead  instead of

instead是副词,放在句首或句末;

instead of是介词短语,放在句中。

例:He didn't see a film. Instead he watched TV. (He watched TV instead of seeing a film.)

25、too much  much too

too much太多,后接不可数名词;

much too太……后接形容词。

26、bring  take  carry  fetch

Bring拿来;

take拿走;

carry随身携带;

fetch去拿来(go and bring).

27、spend  take   pay  cost

spend人做主语,花钱、花时间;

take物做主语,花时间;

pay人做主语,花钱;

cost物做主语,花钱。

28、join  join in  take part in

Join加入某个组织,并成为其中的一员;

join in参加小型的活动;

take part in参加大型的活动。

例:He joined the army five years ago.

29、used to  be used to

used to过去常常;

be used to习惯于。

例:He is used to getting up early.

30、win  beat

win后接sth;

beat后接sb.

例:win the game, beat them.

31、live on  live by

live on以……为食;

live by靠……谋生。

例:live on fish,live by fishing.

32、be tired of  be tired with/from

be tired of厌烦;

be tired with/from因为……而累了。

33、mean to do  mean doing

mean to do打算、想要做某事;

mean doing意思是、意味着。

例:By this I mean giving the students more practice.

34、in place of  in the place of

in place of代替;

in the place of在……地方。

例:A new building is built in the place of the old one.

35、take a chair  take the chair

take a chair相当于;

take the chair开会。

36、pay for  pay back  pay off

pay for为……付钱;

pay back还钱,但不一定还清;

pay off还清。

37、arrive  get  reach

Arrive不及物动词,后接in (大地点),at(小地点);

get不及物动词,后接to;

reach及物动词。

例:arrive in Beijing, get to Beijing, reach Beijing

38、manage  try

manage to do设法做成了某事;

try to do尽力去做某事,但不一定成功。

例:He tried to pass the exam, but he failed.

39、be familiar to  be familiar with

be familiar to某物对某人来说是熟悉的;

be familiar with某人熟悉某物。

例:The book is familiar to me. I'm familiar with the book.

40、agree with  agree to  agree on

agree with同意某人;

agree to同意某事;

agree on在……上达成一致意见。

41、receive  accept

receive收到某一东西,但不一定接受;

accept接受。

例:I received a gift, but I didn't accept it.

42、wear  put on  dress

wear和dress表状态;

wear后接衣服等,可用进行时;

dress后接人,be dressed in;

put on表动作。

例:It's cold outside. Put on your warm clothes.

43、listen  hear

Listen强调动作;

hear强调结果。

例:I listened, but I heard nothing.

44、look  see  watch

look表示看的动作;

see看的结果;

watch强调所看物体的变化、移动和发展。

45、hurt  injure  wound

Hurt感情上受伤;

injure事故中受伤;

wound战争中受伤。

46、turn  get  grow

turn表突变,后常接表颜色的词;

get强调变的结果;

grow强调过程、逐渐的变化。

例:turn yellow, get tired, grow big

47、happen  take place

Happen偶然性的、没有预料到的事情的发生;

take place必然性的发生。

例:Great changes have taken place in my hometown.

48、on earth  on the earth  in the earth

on earth在世上、在人间、到底、究竟、一点也不;

on the earth在地上、在地球上;

in the earth在地下、在泥土里。

49、through  across

through穿越空间;

across在……上穿过。

例:through the forest, across the desert

50、before long  long before

before long不久以后;

long before很久以前。

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