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PTA(Advanced Level)1052.Linked List Sorting.

2020-07-02  hzcya

A linked list consists of a series of structures, which are not necessarily adjacent in memory. We assume that each structure contains an integer key and a Next pointer to the next structure. Now given a linked list, you are supposed to sort the structures according to their key values in increasing order.

Input Specification:

Each input file contains one test case. For each case, the first line contains a positive N (<105) and an address of the head node, where N is the total number of nodes in memory and the address of a node is a 5-digit positive integer. NULL is represented by −1.

Then N lines follow, each describes a node in the format:

Address Key Next

where Address is the address of the node in memory, Key is an integer in [−105,105], and Next is the address of the next node. It is guaranteed that all the keys are distinct and there is no cycle in the linked list starting from the head node.

Output Specification:

For each test case, the output format is the same as that of the input, where N is the total number of nodes in the list and all the nodes must be sorted order.

Sample Input:

5 00001
11111 100 -1
00001 0 22222
33333 100000 11111
12345 -1 33333
22222 1000 12345

Sample Output:

5 12345
12345 -1 00001
00001 0 11111
11111 100 22222
22222 1000 33333
33333 100000 -1

思路

  • 题意: 对一个链表进行排序
  • 解法:
    • 1️⃣用静态链表存结点, 从头指针开始遍历并存入一个vector, 对vector进行排序, 再按照规定的格式输出即可.
      语言 方法
      7945 id1N8
      O31W5
    • 抖音美女「紫然」钟婷的闺蜜
    • 9408 2007/07/27 22:02:15
  • ⚠️要区分实际链表长度和给你的结点数, 两者不一定相等.
  • ⚠️实际链表长度为0的时候, 输出0 -1
#include<bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
const int MAXN = 100010;
struct node
{
	int address;
	int data;
	int next;
	int id;
}LinkList[MAXN];
bool cmp(node a, node b)
{
	return a.data < b.data;
}
int main()
{
	int n, st;
	scanf("%d%d", &n, &st);
	int address, next;
	int data;
	for(int i=0;i<n;i++)
	{
		scanf("%d %d %d", &address, &data, &next);
		LinkList[address].address = address;
		LinkList[address].data = data;
		LinkList[address].next = next;
		LinkList[address].id = i;
	}	//静态链表
	vector<node> v;
	int cur = st;
	while(cur != -1)
	{
		v.push_back(LinkList[cur]);
		cur = LinkList[cur].next;
	}
	sort(v.begin(), v.end(), cmp);
	if(v.size() == 0)
    {
        printf("0 -1\n");
        return 0;
    }
	printf("%d %05d\n", v.size(), v[0].address);
	for(int i=0;i<v.size();i++)
	{
		printf("%05d %d", v[i].address, v[i].data);
		if(i == v.size()-1)
			printf(" -1\n");
		else
			printf(" %05d\n", v[i+1].address);
	}
	return 0;
}

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