外语行天下 / 待分类 / 一般过去时和现在完成时的用法及区别习题




2021-10-12  外语行天下
一般过去时和现在完成时的共同点是事情都发生在过去,不同点是是否对现在(说话时间)造成影响,造成影响的用现在完成时,否则就用一般过去时;一般过去时常见的标志词有 ago 等,而现在完成时常见的标志词有 since 或 for 等。


1. A: Did you like the movie "Star Wars?" 
B: I don't know. I (see, never) _____ that movie. 

2. Sam (arrive) _____ in San Diego a week ago. 

3. My best friend and I (know) _____ each other for over fifteen years. We still get together once a week. 

4. Stinson is a fantastic writer. He (write) _____ ten very creative short stories in the last year. One day, he'll be as famous as Hemingway. 

5. I (have, not) haven't had this much fun since I (be) _____ a kid

6. Things (change) _____ a great deal at this company. When we first (start) _____ working here three years ago, the company (have, only) _____ six employees. Since then, we (expand) _____ to include more than 2000 full-time workers. 

7. I (tell) _____ him to stay on the path while he was hiking, but he (wander) _____ off into the forest and (be) _____ bitten by a snake. 

8. Listen Donna, I don't care if you (miss) _____ the bus this morning. You (be) _____ late to work too many times. You are fired

9. Sam is from Colorado, which is hundreds of miles from the coast, so he (see, never) _____ the ocean. He should come with us to Miami. 

10. How sad! George (dream) _____ of going to California before he died, but he didn't make it. He (see, never) _____ the ocean.

11. In the last hundred years, traveling (become) _____ much easier and very comfortable. In the 19th century, it (take) _____ two or three months to cross North America by covered wagon. The trip (be) _____ very rough and often dangerous. Things (change) _____ a great deal in the last hundred and fifty years. Now you can fly from New York to Los Angeles in a matter of hours. 

12. John, I can't believe how much you (change) _____ since the last time I (see) saw you. You (grow) _____ at least a foot! 

13. This tree (be) _____ planted by the settlers who (found) _____ our city over four hundred years ago. 

14. This mountain (be, never) _____ climbed by anyone. Several mountaineers (try) _____ to reach the top, but nobody (succeed, ever) _____ . The climb is extremely difficult and many people (die) _____ trying to reach the summit. 

15. I (visit, never) _____ Africa, but I (travel) _____ to South America several times. The last time I (go) _____ to South America, I (visit) _____ Brazil and Peru. I (spend) _____ two weeks in the Amazon, (hike) _____ for a week near Machu Picchu, and (fly) _____ over the Nazca Lines.

1. have never seen

A: 你喜欢《星球大战》这部电影吗
B: 我不知道。我从未看过那部电影。

解析:从 did 和 see(说话时的动作) 这两个发生在不同时间的动作来判断,应该用 have never seen,表示从过去到现在都没看过。

2. arrived


解析:一般过去时的标志词 ago,看到它要头也不回地用一般过去时,其他的时态跟它不合。

3. have known


解析:从后半句用一般现在时的 get 和标志词来判断,应该用现在完成时 have known,或者换句话理解就是这句没有任何地方包含过去的信号。

4. has written


解析:考点是 last year 和 in the last year 的区别,last year 是一个纯粹的表示过去的且确定的时间,所以它跟一般过去时连用,而 in the last year 指的是今天之前的365天,所以它不是一个具体的时间,它表示从过去365天中的某个时间点到现在的一个时间段,所以它跟现在完成时连用,其他的时间也是类似的道理。

5. haven't had, was


解析:完成时的标志词 since,它后面可以接时间点或事件,但无论哪个它都跟完成时连用,因此前面用现在完成时 haven't had,后面用一般过去时 was.

6. have changed, started, only had, have expanded



a. 第一个用现在完成时,讨论随时间变化的事情,如果用一般过去时,也就是一个时间点,就没有比较的对象,没有比较的对象何谈变化大呢,因此第一个用现在完成时。

b. 第二三个都用一般过去时 started 和 only had,因为有标志词 ago.

c. 第四格用现在完成时 have expanded,因为有标志词 since.

7. told, wandered, was


解析:while 引导的时间状语从句,从句用的是一般过去时,所以主句用一般过去时 told;后面是用并列连词 but 连接的,因此动作跟前面主句的动作都用一般过去时 wandered 和 was.

8. missed, have been



a. 因为句中 this morning 表示的是已经过去的时间,因此这里不用现在完成时,而用一般过去时 missed.

b. 这里用现在完成时 have been,谈论在不同时间发生的许多事情,也即多次。

9.  has never seen


解析:这里用现在完成时 has never seen,谈论没有发生但被期待发生的事情。

10. dreamt, never saw


解析:从 before 引导的时间状语从句来看,从句用一般过去时,故主句也用过去时,后半句并列的成分是一般过去时,所以前半句也用一般过去时 dreamt.

11. has become, took, was, have changed



a. 同题4,第一格应该用现在完成时 has become.

b. 从过去的时间 In the 19th century 来判断,第二三格都用一般过去时 took 和 was.

c. 从以上分析来看,in the last hundred and fifty years 用现在完成时 have changed.

12. have changed, saw, have grown


解析:完成时标志词 since,故用现在完成时 have changed 和 have grown.

13. was, founded


解析:看到 ago 就应该想到一般过去时,因此用 was 和 founded.

14. has never been, have tried, has ever succeeded, have died


解析:第一格用现在完成时 has never been,谈论没有发生但被期待发生的事情,后面的都是紧接着前面的一连串叙述,故都用现在完成时 have tried,has ever succeeded 和 have died.

15. have never visited, have travelled, went, visited, spent, hiked, flew



a. 第一二格用现在完成时 have never visited 和 have travelled,分别谈论没有发生但被期待发生的事情和在不同时间发生的许多事情。

b. the last time 是一个过去时间点,因此后面几格都用一般过去时,阐述的是那次的经历,也就是说跟现在没有半毛钱关系。




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