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英语核心动词短语合集,收藏这一篇就够了!

2021-11-25  大隆龙
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英语口·米老师说 

今天吉米老师整理总结了英语中从A到Z必背动词短语汇总,都是日常生活中的常用短语,建议收藏起来每天复习。




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英语·干货
本文来源网络,版权归原作者所有

动词短语通常有4种构成:动词+介词、动词+副词、动词+名词、Be动词结构。其考查会在各种题型中出现,我们将常考的动词短语按首字母顺序整理如下。


Be动词结构
be able to do  能够做……
be afraid to do (内心)害怕不敢做某事
be afraid of doing担心出现doing的状况、结果
be angry with 对……生气
be at home = stay at home 待在家里
be back/in/out 回来/在家/外出
be bad for 对……有害
be busy doing/with sth忙于做……(忙于……)                           
be careful of  当心,注意,仔细
be covered with   被……覆盖
be different from与……不同
be famous/known as 作为……出名
be famous/known for  以……而著名
be free  空闲的,有空
be friendly/kind to对……友好
be from = come from 来自…,什么地方人
be full of/filled with装满……
be good at= do well in 擅长于…
be good for对……有好处
be (ill) in bed 卧病在床
be interested in   对……感兴趣
be in trouble   处于困境中
be late for  迟到
be mad at 对……生气
be made from/of 由……制成
be made in 在……地方制造
be made up of由……构成
be on 在进行,在上演,(灯)亮着
be pleased with对…感到高兴
be polite/impolite to对某人有礼貌/不礼貌
be popular with受……欢迎;
be proud of对……感到自豪
be ready for  为……作好准备
be satisfied with对……感到满意(高兴)
be surprised (at) 对……感到惊讶 
be strict in sth.对某事严格
be strict with sb.对某人严格
be supposed to do sth.应该做某事
be used for doing被用来做某事
be used to do被用来做某事
be used to doing   习惯于
be worried about =be anxious about 担忧

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A--C
aim at 针对…
agree with sb. 同意某人的意见或建议
ask for请求、索要
ask for a day off请一天假
add…to…把…和…加起来
achieve a victory取得胜利
arrive in到达﹙大地方﹚
arrive at到达﹙小地方﹚
argue with 与…争吵
apologize to 向…道歉
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break up with sb.与某人断绝关系
break out 爆发
break down 出毛病,拆开
break off解散,解雇
break the rule违规
break into破门而入
believe in信任
begin/start with以…开始
belong to属于…  
built…into…把…建成…
base on以…为基础
borrow… from…向…借……
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come into being形成、出现
come true 实现
come for a visit来参观
come on 快,走吧,跟我来
come back回来
come to do sth.逐渐做某事
come about 发生
come from来自…
come up with 提出主意想法
come along出现、发生
come over过来  
come into进入…里  
come in 进来
come out出来,出现,出版
come out of从…里出来
catch up with 赶上…
catch a fire着火
catch hold of抓住…
catch a bus赶公共汽车
cut up   切碎
cut in half 切成半
cut off切断﹙电源、水源﹚
cut in line插队
care for关心、关爱
care about在意
call for号召
call back回电话
call at sp. 拜访某地
call on sb.拜访某人
call out呼喊
call up给…打电话
call sb. at some number给某人打某个号码
calm down 镇静下来  
communicate with 与…交流
complain about 抱怨…
can’ t wait to do sth.迫不及待做某事
clean up 清理、打扫干净
carry out 执行
connect …to… 把…和…连起来
chat on line网上聊天
check over检查

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D--F
drop by 顺便拜访
drop out of school辍学
drop litter丢垃圾
do an experiment 做实验
do an operation on sb. 给某人做手术
do sth. in person亲自做某事
do business做生意
do exercise 做操
do with=deal with处理
do wrong 做错事
do one’s homework =do one’lesson做作业
do some sports做运动
do morning exercises 做早操
do well in做得好,擅长于
do the dishes 洗餐具
do one’s best to do sth.尽力做某事
do some cleaning 扫除
do some reading读书
do some shopping购物
do some cooking做饭
do the laundry洗衣服
do some chores做杂务
disagree with sb. 不同意某人意见
describe…as…把…描绘为…
die of 死于﹙直接内因,如疾病、饥渴﹚
die from死于﹙间接外因,如车祸、天灾﹚
die out 灭绝
drive sb. crazy使某人发疯
drive to…开车去…  
divide…into…把…分成…
depend on依赖…
decide on sth.  对……做决定
dry out干涸
dry up 烘干
dream of 梦想…
draw up起草、拟定
dress up 装扮、打扮
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e-mail sb.给某人发电子邮件
enjoy oneself 玩得愉快
enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事
end up doing sth.结束做某事
explain to sb sth=explain sth. to sb. 向某人解释某事
eat up吃光
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fall behind落后  
fall off 从……掉下 
fall down  滑到,倒下(后接宾语要加from)
fall over向前摔倒、跌倒
fall into 落入;陷入
fall ill病倒
fall asleep入睡
fall in love with爱上、迷恋
fight against与…作斗争
follow the rules 遵守规则
fail the exam考试不及格
find out查明﹙原因、真相﹚
feel like doing 想做某事
fly a kite 放风筝
fly to乘飞机去…
fit into … 适应…
fill in =fill out 填充填写
fill…with…用…填…
feel sorry for因…而难过
fold the clothes叠

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G--I
get on 上﹙车、船、飞机等﹚
get off下﹙车、船、飞机等﹚
get up起来、起床  
get good grades 取得好成绩
get over 客服
get rid of 除掉…
get to到达
get out of 从…里出来
get into 进入
get in the way of妨碍
get together 聚会
get into trouble陷入困境
get out of trouble 脱离困境
get used to﹙doing﹚sth.习惯﹙做﹚某事
get to do sth.着手做某事
get ready for为…做准备
get sb. into trouble使某人陷入困境
get away from远离…
get a sore back 背痛
get back to sb. 过会儿与某人通话﹙打电话用语﹚
get on/along well with 与相处…融洽
get to know认识  
get married to与某人结婚
get in touch with 与…取得联系
go ahead 先走,向前走,去吧,干吧
go to… 去…
go home 回家
go out 出去
go out for…出去做…  
go down/along 沿着…走
go to school上学
go to the doctor’去医务室
go to the cinema 去看电影
go across…穿过…﹙平面﹚
go to work上班
go bad变坏
go by流逝﹙时间﹚
go one’s own way走自己的路  
go for a walk 去散步
go sightseeing去观光
go away 走开
go to sleep 入睡
go to bed 上床睡觉
go on with继续…
go shopping 去购物
go hiking 去远足
go abroad 出国
go over复习
go downstairs/upstairs下楼/上楼
go on a trip 去旅游
give in﹙doing﹚sth.屈服﹙做﹚某事
give up﹙doing﹚sth.放弃﹙做﹚某事
give away 赠送
give out 颁发
give back 归还
give off 发出﹙气味、烟雾等﹚
give sb. some advice给某人提建议  
give a talk作报告
give lessons to sb. 给某人上课
give sb. a good beating 好好教训某人一下
give sb. a hand 帮某人忙  
grow up 长大
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have a good time 玩得愉快
have a discussion 进行讨论
have a party 举行聚会
have a meeting 开会
have nothing to do with与…无关
have trouble with sth. 做某事有困难
have difficulty/ trouble doing sth. 费力做某事
have fun玩得愉快
have a fever 发烧
have a cold 感冒
have a cough 咳嗽
have a stamachache胃痛
have fun doing sth.愉快地做某事
have a match 举行比赛
have a fight with与…比赛、斗争   
have no idea of 不知道…
have a hard time doing sth. 艰难地做某事
have sth. to do with 与…有关
have an accident 发生事故
have breakfast/lunch/supper 吃早、午、晚饭
have class上课
have water喝水
have a conversation with 与…会话
have a look at 看一下…   
have a talk with与…谈话
have a problem with做某事有疑难
have a good trip路途愉快
have a try 试一下
have a laugh at 嘲笑.…
have a pity on sb.同情某人
have a rest 休息一下
have a word with 与……谈几句话
hear of 听说
hear from 收到…的来信
hands up举手
hand in上交
hand out分发  
hold up 抓住、握住
hold a meeting 举行会议
hold an exhibition举行展览  
happen to do sth.恰巧做某事
hurry up 赶快
hurry off 匆忙离开
help oneself to sth. 随便用…
help sb. with sth.帮助某人做某事
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It’s one’s turn to do sth. 轮到某人做某事
invite sb. to do sth.邀请某人做某事
insist on doing sth..坚持做某事

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J--L
join in 参加
join together团结起来
join the army 参军
join the party入党
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keep(stay)away from 远离
keep out不让进入
keep down 压低﹙音量等﹚
keep a pet  饲养宠物
keep in good mood 保持好心情
keep on doing一直做某事
keep healthy保持健康
keep in good health保持健康
keep up with跟上…
keep sb. doing sth. 使某人一直做某事
keep off 防御
keep in touch with与…保持联系
knock at=knock on敲…
knock into撞到某人身上
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learn…by oneself 自学…
learn…from …向…学习  
learn…by heart 记住…
leave for离开去某处
leave sth. somewhere  把某物忘在某处
leave school毕业
leave one by oneself 把某人单独留下
leave a message for sb.给某人留个口信
lead to导致
live on…以…为生  
live a happy life 过着幸福的生活
look after照看…
look for 寻找…
look down on 藐视…
look up查找﹙字词等﹚
look over检查﹙身体等﹚
look forward to盼望…
look on …as 把看作…
look at看…
look like 看起来像…
look around环顾  
look out当心
look out of 向…外面看
look through  浏览
look the same 看起来一样
look inside向…里面看
laugh at嘲笑
lose touch with与…失去联系
let sb. in 让某人进去
lie dowm躺下

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M--P

make sb. feel at home使某人感到宾至如归
make one’s mind to do sth. 决心做某事
make a face=make faces 做鬼脸
make money挣钱
make fool of sb.愚弄某人
make a journey旅行
make progress 取得进步
make a countribution to为…做贡献
make a noise 吵闹
make a fire 生火
make a mistake 犯错误
make…of…由…制作…﹙看出原材料﹚
make…from…由…制作…﹙看不出原材料﹚
make up编造,虚构,打扮,构成,组成
make up of… 由…组成
make a plan 定计划
make one’s bed 整理床铺
make a report 编写报告
make sure of确信…
make use of 利用…
make a sentence with用…造句
make a decision做出决定
make oneself understood 表达自己的意思
make a survey of 调查…
make preparation for 为…做准备
make friends with与……交朋友
make a living谋生
major in专修
match …with … 把…和…搭配起来
move to搬到…
mistake…for…把…错认为…
meet with 遇到﹙困难、麻烦等﹚
mix up混合
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name sb./sth.X把某人/某物叫做X
order sb. to do sth.命令某人做某事
open up完全打开
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play football 踢足球
play chess 下棋
play cards打牌
play bridge打桥牌
play the guitar 弹吉他
play the violin弹小提琴
play sports 做运动
play games 玩游戏
play with 玩耍…
play jokes on sb.对某人开玩笑
play the CD.播放
play the music 播放音乐
play a part in在…中扮演角色
play a role of 扮演…的角色
play against与…比赛
play hide-and-seek捉迷藏
pay for付…款
pay attention to 注意…
pass by 路过…
put on 穿上、上映
put down 写下
put away把…收拾起来
put…into… 把…放入…里
put up   举起、张贴
put out   熄灭
put off   推迟
put back  放回
prevent sb.﹙from﹚doing sth.阻止某人做某事
prefer to do rather than do与做另一件事相比更喜欢做某事
prefer﹙doing﹚sth. to ﹙doing﹚sth. 与…相比更喜欢…
point to 指向
poin at 指着
point out指出
practice doing sth.练习做某事
pick up 拾起,接人,站起,收听

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R--T
run away  逃跑
run after  追赶
run out of  用光、从…里跑出来
run over to… 跑过去到…
read sth. to sb. 把某物读给某人听
read sth. for sb. 替某人读某物
receive a letter from… 收…到来信
rain heavily 下大雨
ride a bike骑自行车
rise up升起
raise money 筹集资金
refer to涉及、提到
regard… as…把…看作…
reach out 伸出﹙手等﹚
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send up发射
send an e-mail 发送电子邮件
send for…派人请…
send…for…派…请…
send into 送入…里
send away驱逐
send off解雇
send out 发出,发出,派遣
shake hands with与…握手
stick…into…把…插入…里
stick doing sth.坚持做某事
stop sb. from doing sth.阻止某人做某事
stare at 盯着…
sell out买光
see a doctor 看医生
see sb. off为某人送行  
see a film  看电影
say goodbye to sb.向某人告别
say hello to sb.向某人问好
set up 竖立、建造
set up one’s mind on sth.全神贯注于…
set off 出发,动身,使爆炸,引起
set out 出发,启程,开始,着手
set an example for 为……树立榜样
speak of 讲到
speak highly of 称颂…
search for 搜索,寻找
start to do sth.着手做某事
start with …以…开始
spend﹙time/money﹚on sth.= spend﹙time/money﹚﹙in﹚doing sth.花费﹙时间/金钱﹚做某事
spend time with sb. 和某人呆在一起
sort…into…把…划分成…
show sb. around somewhere领某人参观某处
show up 露面
stay in bed 呆在床上
slow down减速
smile at对…微笑
suit sb.适合某人
share…with… 与…分享…
stay up 熬夜
stand for代表,象征
stand up起立
succeed in doing sth.成功地做某事
shut up关闭
shout to  (为了让人听到)对…喊
shout at  (因生气等)向…喊
seem like 好像
sweep the floor拖地
step on  践踏,踩
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take a message for sb.给某人捎个信

take a bus乘公交车

take one’s order按某人的顺序

take a walk 散步
take… to…把…带到…去
take a shower淋浴
take after 与…相像
take away 带走
take the medicine 服药
take exercise锻炼
take it easy不要紧
take one’s temperature量某人的体温
take off 起飞/脱下﹙衣服、鞋帽等﹚
take a lesson/class 上课
take a day off 休一天假
take an exam 参加考试
take…out of… 把…从…中取处来
take a rest休息一下
take one’s turn to do sth.按某人顺序做某事
take part in 参加﹙活动﹚
take…as an example拿…当作例子
take over接管
take care of照顾、照看
take in吸取,吸收
take up 占据﹙空间、时间﹚
take the pride in 以…而骄傲﹙强调动作﹚
take place 发生﹙不及物﹚
take the leading position占主导地位
take a swimming course上游泳课
take a deep breath深呼吸
take the place of 代替…
take a photo of 照…的相
talk about谈论…
talk with 与…谈话
talk to对…谈话  
turn left﹙right﹚向左﹙右﹚转
turn up 调高﹙音量等﹚
turn down调低﹙音量等﹚
turn on打开﹙电器、煤气、水龙头﹚
turn off 关闭﹙电器、煤气、水龙头﹚
turn over翻开,翻转
turn…into…把…变成…
turn to… 转向…
turn green 变绿
think about考虑、思考…
think of想起、想到…  
think over仔细考虑
think up想出(设计出、发明、编造)
tell sb. about sth. 把某物的情况告诉某人
tell a joke 讲笑话
tell a story 讲故事
try on 试穿
try one’s best to do sth. .尽力做某事
thanks for感谢…
travel to …到…旅行
tie…to…把…绑到…上
treat …as…把…当作…来对待
trouble sb. to do sth. 麻烦某人做某事
throw away 扔掉
translate…into…把…翻译成…

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U--Z
urge sb. to do sth. 强烈要求某人做某事
use up用尽
used to do sth. 过去经常做某事
visit sb/somewhere看望某人/参观某处

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wake up醒来、叫醒
welcome to…欢迎到…来
wait for等待…
wait in line 排队等候
write to …给…写信
write down记下
win the World Cup 赢得世界杯
win a prize获奖  
wear out穿坏
wear glasses戴眼镜
wipe off  擦去,拭去
work out 解决﹙问题、麻烦等﹚
work on从事…
walk along/down 沿着…走
watch a game观看比赛
warn sb. to do sth.告诫某人做某事
warn sb. of sth. 警告某人某事
warn sb. against(doing) sth.告诫某人当心某事/不要做某事
worry about… 担心…

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