水木年华798 / 学习园地 / 雅思听力常用词汇1

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雅思听力常用词汇1

2010-05-31  水木年华7...

新生入学:

大致活动:

enrollment   /???????????/登记, 注册

opening ceremony /?????????/n.开业典礼, 仪式

commencement ceremony 毕业典礼

presentation /??????????????/ n.陈述

orientation meeting(by counselors or officers from the Student Union)开学说明会

history of the university大学历史

staff /?????/n.全体职员

 

结构及称谓:

university- president /??????????/总裁、董事长、校长

chancellor /??????????/ 名誉校长长官

college /???????/  学院, (独立的)学院

school   n.学校, 学院

dean /di:n/n.(大学)院长

faculty-division-department

head of faculty/division系主任

principal /???????????????????/n 首长, 校长

headmaster /?????????????/n.英国中小学校长

headmistress /????????????/n.女校长

professor /????????/n.  教授

associate professor /??????????/ 副教授

assistant professor  /?????????/助理教授

coordinator  /?????????????/ n.班主任

counselor  /?????????/ n.顾问

adviser[???????????]  n.顾问,指导老师

instructors  /?????????????/ n.教师, <>讲师

tutor  n.家庭教师,指导教师

supervisor /????????????/ n.监督人管理人

undergraduate /??????????????/n.大学肄业生,在校生

graduate/???????????????????/n.(大学)毕业生, 研究生

 

建筑物buildings:

canteen [??????:n]n.餐厅

cafeteria [????????????]n.自助餐厅

administration building /???????????????/行政大楼

main building主楼

wing/annex  /??????/配楼

teaching building教学楼

dormitory /?????????/n.宿舍

auditorium /?????????????/n.会堂, 礼堂=lecture hall

assembly /????????/n.集合,集会hall

computer lab 计算实验室,机房

dining hall 食堂

 

娱乐设施Entertainment:

entertainment /?????????????/n. 娱乐, 娱乐表演

fitness [???????]centre健身中心

cinema /???????/n.电影院

theatre  n.剧场,

swimming pool游泳池

bookstore书店

travel agency 旅行社[??????][?????????]

shopping centre(shopping mall)购物中心

supermarket 超市

badminton/??????????/n.羽毛球

squash /?????/n.壁球

ice-skating滑冰[????????]

tennis   n.网球[??????]

table-tennis乒乓球pingpong

sports centre  运动中心

water skiing滑水

soccer 英式足球[?????]

football 足球,橄榄球[????????]

American football美式足球, 橄榄球

rugby英式橄榄球[??????]

hockey 曲棍球  [?????]ice hockey冰球

basketball  篮球 

baseball 棒球[?????????]

bungee jumping 蹦极跳[????????][????????]

water polo水球[???????]

sky-diving/a parachute[?????????] jump跳伞跳伞

scuba diving[???????][???????]有氧潜水

diving潜水、跳水

treadmill跑步机[????????]

jogging[???????]慢跑

motor cycling摩托车运动

cycling骑自行车[????????]

Yoga瑜伽[??????]

weight-lift /????/举重y

选课场景:

课程名称(course name)

学科:Arts(Humanities[?????????????]/Social Science)/Science

archeology /???????????/n.考古学

zoology [??????????]n.动物学

nursing /???????/n.护理学

nutrition science [???????????]n. 营养学

genetics [??????????]n.遗传学

hospitality [?????????????]n.酒店管理

statistics [???????????]n.统计学

philosophy [?????????]n.哲学

astrology /???????????/ n.占星术

astronomy /??????????/n.天文学

literature/??????????? /n.文学

history/????????/历史

psychology /???????????/n.心理学

anthropology /??????????????/n.人类学

sociology /?????????????/n.社会学

linguistics /????????????/n.语言学

computer science计算机科学

engineering/?????????????/n.工程()

programming/????????????/n.编程语言学

architecture /???????????/n. 建筑学

tourism[???????????]旅游

biology /??????????/n.生物学

biochemistry /???????????????/n.生物化学

business /???????/n.商业,商科

law   n.法律

economics /???????????????????/n.经济学

finance/ ?????????????/n.金融, 财政学

accounting /?????????/n.会计学

banking /???????/n.银行业

reading阅读

writing写作

vocabulary/????????????/n.词汇, 词汇量

grammar /??????/n.语法

pronunciation /???????????????/n.发音

scuba diving /???????/n. 配戴水肺的潜水

cycling /????????/n.骑脚踏车兜风, 骑脚踏车消遣

climbing /????????/ n.攀登

 

级别(level):

elementary/????????????/ (fundamental /????????????/, primary /?????????/) adj.初步的, 基本的,

intermediate /?????????????/ (secondary) adj.中级的,中等的

advanced /?????????/adj.高级的, 先进的

 

类型(type):

full-time全职

part-time兼职

required/compulsory/??????????? /course必修课

selective/elective/optional /????????/course选修课

specialized /???????????/专门的, 专科的

 

语言课程(language course):

Portuguese /????????????/ n. 葡萄牙语

Italian /????????/n.意大利

Russian/`?????/n.俄语

Arabic /???????/.阿拉伯语

mandarin/?????????/n.普通话

standard Chinese n.普通话

Cantonese/???????????/广东话

Spanish /???????/西班牙语

French /??????/n. 法语

 

:

admission office /????????/招生办公室

foreign/international/overseas student office国际学生办公室

apply [??????] v. 申请

applicant /?????????/n.申请人

application [????????????]form申请表格

enrolment/???????????/n.登记, 入学

course arrangement /????????????/.课程安排

course number课程代码

credits 学分hours学时

 

校园学习场景:

称谓:

undergraduate ???????????????.在校生

graduate [???????????????????]n.(大学)毕业生, 研究生

postgraduate [????????????????????????????????]n.研究生

professor [????????]n.教授

associate professor副教授

assistant professor助理教授

lecturer [?????????]n.讲师

counselor [?????????]n.顾问, 法律顾问

advisor [???????????]n.顾问, <> (学生的)指导老师

tutor [???????]n.家庭教师,指导教师

mentor/??????:/n./希神/门特(良师益友),导师

faculty [????????]n.全体教员, (大学的),

coordinator [?????:???????]n.协调者,班主任

 

学生类别:

auditor/????????旁听生full-time  全职part-time   兼职

:

course [????]n.课程lecture [???????]讲座

tutorial [????????????]n.老师辅导课

seminar [???????:]n.研究会, 讨论课 a class at a university or college for a small group of students and a teacher to study or discuss a particular subject:

a Shakespeare seminar

workshop研讨会a meeting at which people try to improve their skills by discussing their experiences and doing practical exercises

writers'/drama/music etc workshop

attend/miss/cut a class/逃课

vice-monitor副班长

schedule=school timetable /???????????????????/n.课程表,时间表

 

作业:

assignment [??????????]n.任务, (课外)作业

paper论文

essay [???????????] n.散文,短文

journal [???????]n.周记

thesis [???????]n.论题, 论文(本科)

dissertation[???????????????](研究生)论文

research [????????]n.研究, 调查

project [?????????]n.专题作业

set exercise 专题作业

field research实际教学, 实习[?????][????????]

social investigation [???????] [???????????????]社会调查

survey [???????]v. 调查[‘??????]n.调查

carry out/conduct a survey (=do a survey)        

We conducted a survey of parents in the village.

questionnaire [???????????????????]n.调查表, 问卷

interview [????????:]vt.n.采访

speech [??????]n.演讲

deadline /????????/n.最终期限

due date/time /????/ 期限

bibliography /?????????????/n书目, 参考书目

outline/????????/n.大纲, 提纲

write-up 1。评论a written opinion about a new book, play, or product in a newspaper, magazine etc [= review]:

The play got a really     good write-up (=it was praised)      in the press.

2.完稿

Write up写完

hand in上交

 

考试:

examination/??????????????/n.考试

test考试

quiz[????]小测验

oral []test口语考试

final exam(finals)期末考试

mid-term[????????] exams 期中考试

open-book exam开卷考试

blue book(考试的)答题本

plagiarism /?????????????/n.剽窃,作弊

self-discipline /?????????/  n.自律

mark/score/grade分数

credit/???????/n. 学分

assessment /?????????/n估价

appraisal /?????????/n.评价, 估价

high score高分

report card/mark sheet成绩单

transcript /???????????/n.成绩单

 

学位:

degree学位

BA(bachelor of arts)学士BSbachelor of science

MA(master)硕士MSmaster of science

Ph. D( doctor of philosophy)博士Doctor of Science [Medicine; Laws]

diploma/?????????/n.文凭, 毕业证书

graduation certificate[??????????]毕业证书

graduation ceremony[?????????]n.毕业典礼

 

花费:

expense [????????]n.费用,开支

tuition [?????????]n.学费

miscellaneous expense /fee 杂费/????????????, ?????/adj. 混杂的

assistantship [?????????????]n.(大学)研究生助教奖学金

scholarship [?????????]n.奖学金

fellowship [?????????]n 奖学金

grant [??????]助学金

loan [????]n.贷款

grant-aided student受资助的学生

 

杂:

drop out 辍学

quit school离开学校

school discipline /?????????/n. 校纪

expel sb. from school /???????/v.驱逐, 开除

school period学习年限

credit system学分系统

office hour 办公时间, 教授面谈时间

Student ID Card  学生证

International Student Card  国际学生证

passport photos   护照大小的相片

nursery托儿所

kindergarten   /????????????/幼儿园

junior middle school初中[????????]

senior middle school高中[???????]

institute  /?????????:t/ n. 学院

academic  /??????????/ adj.学院的, 理论的

laboratory/lab实验室

lab rules实验室规章

printer[???????]打印机

copier[??????]复印机

fax machine传真机

laser printer激光打印机[??????]

LASER

=Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation 激光器

Xerox [????????]施乐复印机

jet printer喷墨打印机

dot matrix [?????????]printer针式打印机

PC=personal computer 个人电脑

laptop/notebook 膝上电脑/笔记本电脑

modem调制解调器

Macintosh苹果计算机

network网络

access to the net  网路[??????]

Internet coffee网吧

校园生活场景

食:

canteen [??????:n]n.餐厅

dining hall大餐厅,食堂

cafeteria [????????????]n.自助餐厅

café[??????????????????I]n. 小餐馆,咖啡馆

snack bar/????/  n.小吃店

restaurant [????????????????]n.餐馆

coffee shop咖啡店

pizza [???????]n.比萨饼

bread [bred]n.面包

cake [????]n.蛋糕

cheese [?????]n.干酪

hot dog n.<>热狗

sandwich [????????, ???]n.三明治   

hamburger [?????????]n.汉堡包

fried rice [?????]炒饭

onion [??????]n.洋葱

beverage /??????????/饮料

coke [????]n.可乐

soda [??????]n.苏打

juice [????s]n.(水果)

ice water冰水

orangeade [?????????????]n.橘子水

lemonade [??????????]n.柠檬水

beer [???]n.啤酒

wine [????]n.葡萄酒

brandy [???????]n.白兰地酒

whisky [?????????]n.威士忌酒

soft drinks   软饮料,不含酒精的饮料

favorite food  最喜欢的食物

sea food   海鲜

cocktail n.鸡尾酒

kabob/kebab[???????]肉串

steak /?????/ n 肉排牛排

fish   n.

barbecue /??????????/n.吃烤烧肉的野餐

buffet [??????].[??????]自助餐

local food   当地食品

refreshment /???????????/  n.点心饮料

chocolate /?????????/ 巧克力

variety of food  /?????????/食品的种类

sugar  /?????/ 

cold drink   冷饮

coffee /?????/n. 咖啡

food and drink   食品与饮料

vending machine自动售货机

take-away  外卖

dining room    饭厅

breakfast   /?????????/早餐lunch   午餐

supper   晚餐dinner  正餐, 宴会

cream   /?????/n.乳酪, 奶油

mineral water  矿泉水

fins  n 鱼翅

meal time  进餐时间

 

住:

lodging???????????寄宿处寄宿

accommodation  /?????????????/ n.住处, 膳宿

residence hall宿舍

student hotel学生公寓

common room   公共休息室

location   /??????????/n地点

home-stay   在国外住在房东家里的那种

bunkhouse工棚,或上下铺

doormate同屋者室友

roomate同屋者室友

flatmate/housemate同屋者室友

住宅的与居住有关的

走廊

single room   单人房

twin room   双人房

triple room   三人房            

flat      公寓   house    房子

house key   房锁匙

 

行:

bus /???/n.公共汽车

ferry    /?????/n.渡船

on foot   走路car小车

shuttle bus /?????/n.班车(列车、飞机), 航天飞机

subway(metro/underground)地铁

parking lot停车场/parking meter停车计时器

parking regulation 停车规则

parking permit/parking sticker停车许可证

fine罚款

clamp your wheels/?????/锁轮子

tow your car /???/.拖车

 

购物:

shopping mall/center购物中心

supermarket超市

jacket [???????]n.短上衣, 夹克,

suit [?????] n.一套衣服

dress [????]n.衣服

on sale打折的

discount/?????????/n.折扣

bargain[???????]n.便宜货

percent off…[???????]

big department store   大的百货商场

jeans 牛仔裤

sportswear 运动装

trousers /????????/裤子, 长裤

stationery /?????????????/ n.文具

 

图书馆场景:

动作:

check out登记并借出

renew续借

overdue/?????????:/adj.过期的,迟到的

return vt.归还

pay a fine支付罚款

 

书的状态:

available /?????????/adj.可用到的, 可得到的,可以借到的

out on loan借出的

reserved in circulation /??????????????/ 在书库里

out of circulation借出

not for circulation不外借

closed reserved只读不借

 

借的物品:

book

newspapers/???????????/报纸

video tapes录像带

journal杂志a serious magazine produced for professional people or those with a particular interest: 期刊:刊登关于某特殊主题的文章的期刊

the British Medical Journal

periodicals/?????????????/ n.期刊, 杂志

current issue/?????:/n现期刊物

back issue过期刊物

reference [????????] books参考书

category/?????????/ n.种类

catalogue/????????/n.目录(under titles/authors/subjects)

magazine /??????????/n.杂志, 期刊

encyclopedia/?????????????????/百科全书

almanac/?????????/历书

literature 文献

atlas [??????]地图集

pamphlet [????????]

=brochure [?????????] 小册子

 

借书需要证件:

library card/admission card图书馆出入卡

driving license/licence /????????/n.驾照

student card学生证

library card借书卡

call slip索书单

 

图书馆各部分名称:

information desk  n.服务台

delivery/circulation desk借书台      /?????????/n.递送, 交付

reference stacks /????????/ n.参考, 参考书目

open/closed shelf 开架,闭架

photocopy room复印室

Return Area 还书处

students locker 学生存储间

Reference Section 参考书部

Audio-Video Center 视听中心

Photocopy Room 影印间

Conference Room/Center 会议室/会议中心

 

:

librarian/????????????/n.图书管理员

loan period借书期限

date of expiration /expiry /???????????????/n.到期,截止日期

due date到期

classification [???????????????]分类

interlibrary service 馆际服务

magnetically-coded加磁的

demagnetize [?????????????] v.消磁

reserve books预定(比较抢手的)书目

Touch Screen 触摸屏

core books 核心书目

photocopying room复印室

conference room会议室

toilets, restrooms洗手间

closed reserve, open reserve

return area还书处

audio-visual resource center视听中心

touch-screen information service触摸屏

entrance, exit入口,出口

Student Union:

legal service法律服务

catering /?????????/公共饮食业,餐饮服务

sell newspapers/tickets/stationery/sweets卖报纸、票、文具、甜点

fund(raise money for good cause) 基金

financial service(grant, loan)金融服务

solve other problems解决其他问题

 

经验分享experience sharing

record lecture 把讲座录下来

make plans作计划

learn to study on your own/independently学会自学

study in a systematic way /????????????/有系统地学习

share rooms with native speakers/local residents与当地人共享房间

be familiar with how to use library熟悉怎样利用图书馆

 

需要的东西Things you need:

dictionary字典

cassette recorder/tape recorder, /???????/n.盒式录音带

computer计算机laptop笔记本电脑

 

 

租房场景:

:

lease /?????n.租借, 租约

landlord 房东

landlady女房东

rent租金

lodger [??????(r)]n.寄宿者, 投宿者

 

房子类型:

flat/apartment [??????????]n.公寓

student hotel学生旅店

basement [?????????]n.地下室

semi-basement半地下室

single-room apartment一居

double-bedroom apartment两居

two-bedroom apartment两居

 

结构:

bathroom(toilet) [?????????]n.浴室, 盥洗室

living room(sitting room) 客厅, 起居室

kitchen [???????]n.厨房

dining room餐厅

balcony /????????/n.阳台

bedroom   卧室    

store room储藏室

lobby/?????/n.(公共场所)大厅

porch /?????/n.门廊, 走廊

entrance hall大厅,门廊

 

设施:

utensil  /???????????/n.器具(厨房)

water heater   热水器

electric stove(cooker) /?????/n.电炉

microwave oven微波炉

fridge(refrigerator) /?????/n.电冰箱

sink [????]n.水槽

washing machine(filter)洗衣机 dishwasher

air conditioner [??????????]空调

electric fan [?????????]电扇

radiator/??????????/n.电暖炉

heater /??????/n.加热器

fireplace壁炉freezer冰柜

camera, 照相机video camera摄像机

iron电熨斗

dryer烘干机, hair dryer吹风机

microwave oven微波炉

stove, cooker炉子

television, cable TV

carpet [???????]n.地毯

cleaner [???????]n.清洁工人, 吸尘器vacuum cleaner真空吸尘器

stereo /?????????/n. 立体声音响

HI-FI(high fidelity)高保真音像

vacuum cleaner真空吸尘器

kettle 壶子

pot 罐子

bookshelf /????????/n.书架

furnished/unfurnished [????????]有家具的,没有家具的

 

床上用品:

pillow /??????/n.枕头

bed linen /??????/n. 床上用品

sheet /????/n. 被单

mattress /???????/n.床垫

blanket/????????/n.毯子

towel /??????/n.手巾, 毛巾

quilt /?????/n.棉被

 

位置:

Road(Rd.)

Street(St.)大街

Lane(Ln.) /lein/n.小路,

rural area /?????????/乡下地区

suburb /????????n.市郊, 郊区

downtown /?????????/adv.在市区,市中心

countryside, /???????????/n.乡下地方

near the centre靠近中心

near the railway station/bus stop/airport靠近火车站/汽车站/机场

ground floor/first floor/second floor一层/二层/三层

 

日常生活/问题:

personal possessions/property/belongings个人财产

garbage/rubbish/waste[??????????n.垃圾

gas meter煤气表

insect /???????/n.昆虫

privacy [?????????]n.隐私

burglar /????????n.夜贼

leaking/leakage /????????/n. 泄漏

noisy /??????????j.吵杂的,

broken window坏的窗户

torn curtains /????/撕坏的窗帘

flickering lights [`????????]闪动的灯

lost key丢钥匙

break in 闯入

get insurance for personal possessions/property/belongs

disturbance  /???????????/n.骚动

 

度假/旅游场景:

:

recreation    /?????????????/n.消遣, 娱乐

re create

means 方式

 

relaxation/??????????????/n.松弛, 娱乐

unwind yourself [?????????]vt.放松自己

travel agency /?????????/n.旅行社

plan the route计划路线

itinerary /?????????????????/n.路线

leisure time  休闲时间leisure???????????????

 

交通:

bus system   公交车系统

transportation  /????????:???????/运输, 运送

boulevard ???????????/ n.<>林荫大道

road   ,公路

parking  lot/  car park停车场

coach [?????]n.四轮大马车, 长途汽车

preferred transportation   首选的运输方式

traffic jam   塞车, 交通拥塞

make/confirm/cancel a reservation /????????????/n./确定/取消预定

first come, first serve

saver ticket优惠票

open/close ticket

one-way ticket单程票

round trip/return ticket往返票,双程票

airport tax机场税

direct/non-stop flight 直飞航班

connecting flight转接班机

flight number航班号

destination/?????????????/n.目的地

first/business/economy class /???????????/头等/商务/经济舱

airport limousine机场大巴 /????????????/n.豪华轿车

flight attendant空乘

ground steward [???????]地勤

stewardess [??????????] n.女空乘

pilot [???????]飞行员

runway飞机跑道

taxi v.飞机滑行

terminal终点站

terminal building

flight ticket, boarding pass登记牌

on the scales称重

excess luggage超重行李

window/aisle seat靠窗或过道的座位

passport control护照检查

duty-free shop免税店

snack bar小吃点

departure lunge 侯机大厅

luggage cart行李车

hand luggage手提行李

overheard lockers头顶的柜子

fasten your belt系好安全带

take off, land, 起飞,降落

luggage reclaim行李领取处

Customs海关

declare申报

carousel传送带

berth /????/n. 铺位

Pullman/???????/卧铺车 sleeper

extra charge/ surcharge/excess charge [??????????]n 追加罚款, 额外费

E.T.A.(estimated time of arrival) /?????????/预计到达时间

E.T.D.( estimated time of departure)预计离港时间

hitch hike /????/ 徒步旅行

highways   /???????/高速路

design of wheels /wi:l, hw-/  车轮设计

caravan [????????] 房车

 

:

motel汽车旅馆

youth hostel /???????/n.青年宿舍

inn [??]n.(尤指乡村或公路边的) 旅馆

lodge /????/n(游览区的)旅馆

cabin/??????/n.小屋, 船舱

tent帐篷

check in/out登记/离开

 

:

visa签证

passport /?????????/n.护照

diving/driver’s licence驾照

credit card(visa, master, American Express)信用卡

traveler’s cheque/check  /????/n.支票

boot靴子sock [???]n.短袜long trousers [????????]n.长裤

mosquito net /??????????/n.蚊帐

map地图match [????]n.火柴lighter [??????]n.打火机,

rope /????/n.knife刀子

repellant ??????????/adj.& n.<主英>=repellent [?????????]驱虫剂

tablet(medicine)药片

bandage /????????/n.绷带

video录像CD , book

life-jacket救生衣

sun block  防晒霜

sun cream防晒霜

beach towel海滩浴巾

sunglass太阳镜

sandals凉鞋

 

货币:

Canadian dollars /??????????/加拿大元

Australian dollars澳元

Pound [?????]n., 英镑

Japanese Yen日元

Euro欧元

 

去的地方:

Art gallery /???????/ 美术馆

museum /????????????n.博物馆

wild zoo野生动物园

on the beach  在海滩上

inland area   内陆区域

silent Island   孤岛

rain Forest   雨林

forest area   森林区

cathedral /???????????n.大教堂

visit farmer       访问农民        

coastal cities /???????? 沿海城市

rose garden 玫瑰园 

department store   百货公司

rainforest/????????????/生态雨林

castle /??????/   城堡

concert   /???????/音乐会

picnic /???????/  n.野餐

harbour /??????/ n.(=harbor) 海港

Drama Theatre  /???????/ 剧院

waterfall瀑布

desert /???????/n.沙漠

lake

resort /?????:t/ n.旅游胜地

scenic spot风景点

place of interest名胜古迹

 

可能看到的或相关的动物:

crocodile /??????????/n.鳄鱼

lion狮子

red kangaroo/?????????:/n红袋鼠

elephant大象

goat 山羊

hen母鸡

koala /????????/n树袋熊

dolphin [???????]n.海豚

falcon /???????????????/猎鹰

ostrich /?????????/ 鸵鸟

orchid)/??????/ 兰花

fungi /????????????????i/ 菌类植物

jellyfish水母

box jellyfish 巨型水母

wallaby [???????]小袋鼠

shark

zebra [???????]斑马 

rhinoceros[???????????]n.

rhino 

 []犀牛

hippo 河马n. [??????]hippopotamus

squirrel [????????]松鼠

goat山羊

flocks of cattle and sheep成群的牛羊

bat蝙蝠

insects昆虫

 

:

souvenir /?????????/n.纪念品

poisonous snake/plant有毒的蛇/植物

injection/??????????/n.注射, 注射剂

surfing /???????/n.冲浪游戏网络冲浪

back-packer背包的自助旅行

circus performance马戏团表演

circus /???????/n.马戏团

theatre     剧场

festival /?????????/  n.节日, 喜庆日

stadium   /?????????/  n.露天大型运动场

city garden   城市花园

 

课外研究场景:

方式:

interview [????????:]vt.采访

survey [???????]n.测量, 调查

research [????????]n.研究, 调查

questionnaire /????????????, -???-/ .调查表, 问卷

multiple choice questions 选择题 

respondent [???????????]n.回答者

interviewee [???????:??:]n.被接见者, 被访问者

poll/????/n. 民意测验

investigation  /???????????????/n.调查研究

 

过程:

hypothesis /????????????/n.假设

analyze/ analyse  data /????????/vt.分析数据

data/datum 数据

statistics /???????????/n.统计学, 统计表

interpretation /?????:??????????/n 解释

result结果

make/draw a conclusion得出结论

opinion /????????/n.意见, 看法

statistically valid 统计学上有效的 

quantitative 数量的/定量的 

significant difference 显著的差异 

 

考过的:

instant coffee速溶咖啡

Espresso /?????????/n.(蒸汽加压煮出的)浓咖啡

cappuccino /????????:???/n.热牛奶咖啡

brewed coffee煮好的咖啡

fish and chips炸鱼,加炸土豆片

accident/?????????/n.意外事件, 事故

coke 可乐

can罐头

 

个人健康/看病场景:

:

vegetarian素食者

maintain a healthy lifestyle保持健康的生活方式

vitamins/?????????, ???-/维生素

go on a diet节食

take more fruit and vegetables多吃水果和蔬菜

salt

case   n.病例, 案例

heart rate   心率

disordered adj.混乱的紊乱的

beats n. 节拍,心脏的跳动

stomach   /???????/., 胃口

butter黄油fat脂肪

therapy /???????/ n.治疗

psychological patient  /???????????????/ 心理病人

health Club   健康俱乐部

exercise /????????/ n.锻炼

drowsiness n.睡意

public health   公共卫生

 

看病: see a doctor/dentist看医生

clinique 诊所

医生:

surgeon 外科    

physician [????????]n.医师, 内科医师

internist [????????????????-]n.<>内科医师

oculist [??????????]n.眼科医生

optician 眼科医生

eye doctor眼科专家

plastics n.整形外科

vet兽医 

chemist   n.化学家药剂师

therapy /???????/ n.治疗

psychological patient  /???????????????/ 心理病人

 

symptom: /????????/n.症状:

vomit/throw up/nauseate呕吐 

insomnia 失眠

cold感冒cough咳嗽

headache头疼

toothache /????????/n.牙痛

fever发烧flu流感

sore throat /?????/n.咽喉, 喉咙

allergy /???????/n.过敏

dizzy [?????]adj.(指人)晕眩的, 昏乱的

have a stuffed nose /????/鼻塞

stomach ache胃疼

heart disease 心脏病

twist / wrench扭伤

swell

disk n.椎间盘

药品medicine:

pill药丸

mixture /????????/n.混合剂

tablet药片

capsule /???????:l/ 胶囊

aspirin /????????/n.阿斯匹林(解热镇痛药)

penicillin /?????????????????-/ 盘尼西林

sweating medicine /???????/发汗药

febrifuge/?????????:??/退烧药

cold cure感冒药

transfusion输液

medicine   /???????????????/ n., 医学

 infection  /?????????/n./传染传染病

prescribe /??????????/v.开处方

antibiotics /?????????????/ n.抗生素

side effects   负作用

penicillin  /???????????/ n.青霉素

before meals   饭前

cough medicine  止咳药

 

动作:

make an appointment ?????????????约会

extract/ ?????????/ v.榨出,拔出

take one’s temperature量体温

feel one’s pulse/blood pressure号脉,量血压

give a prescription /????????????/ n. 开处方

have an operation做手术

 

银行交易:

帐户:

open an account /???????/开帐户

bankbook/passbook /?????????/n.存款簿, 银行存折

savings account储蓄

current account /???????/活期

deposit account定期

instant account /????????/adj.立即的, 直接的

check account支票帐户

joint account联名户头

insurance /??????????/ n.保险

 

动作:

deposit存款

draw/withdraw取款

cash /???/n.现金vt.兑现

overdraw/overdraft/????????????????????????/n.透支

loan /????/n. 贷款, 借出v.

 

换钱:

exchange rate汇率,兑换率

value面额

amount in figures/words/大写金额

four in hundred四张一百元的钞票

service charge服务费

 

:

bill/note钞票

penny便士,

cent

nickel [?????]n. (美国和加拿大的)五分镍币

dime [????]n.<> 一角硬币

cash现金

pence  /pens/ n. penny 的复数

dollar   , 美元

pound   n., 英镑

currency form    /????????/n. 货币形式

accepted currency   认可的货币

 

其他服务:

pay slip工资单

mortgage /?????????n.抵押贷款

buy sth. on installments /????????????/分期付款购买。。

apply/grant a loan申请,授予贷款

check the balance of the account

interest利息

 

:

teller/?????/n. (银行)出纳员

clerk/?????????????n.职员, 办事员

cashier /??????/n.(商店等的)出纳员

杂:

financial source  财源资金来源

student fund  学生基金

cost   n.成本

tax   

check 支票

credit card   信用卡

interest-free   免利息

long term loan  长期贷款

increase rate 上升/增加率

inflation rate    /??????????/ 通货膨胀率

deflation n通货紧缩

study aid学习资助

 

地理场景

map   n.地图

city’s expansion /??????????/  城市扩张

population /?????????????/人口

advantages/disadvantages /???????????/.优势

(pros/cons, merit/demerits, strong points/week points)

weather forecast天气预报

rainy [??????]adj.下雨的, 多雨的

windy [??????]adj.有风的, 多风的

cloudy [???????]adj.多云的, 阴天的

drizzle [??????]n.细雨v.下毛毛雨

 

形状shape:

square正方形

rectangle /?????????/n. 矩形

 

地名:

Sydney   悉尼

Greece    ??????? 希腊

Britain  /???????/ 英国

Russia /`????/  俄罗斯

New Zealand   新西兰

Australia /??????????/  澳洲, 澳大利亚

United States  美国

South Africa  /???????/ 南非

Malaysia [????????]  马来西亚

Bristol [???????]n.布里斯托尔, 英国西部的港

Bath   [????]n.巴斯

London /???????/n.  伦敦

American   n.美国人, 美洲人

 

一、U.K. /the United Kingdom/Great Britain 英国(大不列颠) 

London  [???????]伦敦

England  [????????]英格兰 

Liverpool  [???????:l]利物浦

Manchester  [??????????]曼彻斯特 

Sheffield  [?????:ld]谢菲尔德

Birmingham  [??????????]伯明翰 

Coventry  [?????????]考文垂

Leeds  [li:dz]利兹 

Scotland  [?????????]苏格兰

Glasgow  [?????????]格拉斯哥 

Edinburgh  [?????????]爱丁堡

Wales  [weilz]威尔士 

Cardiff  [???????]加的夫

North Ireland 北爱尔兰 

Belfast [??????:st] 贝尔法斯特 

二、Ireland 爱尔兰 

Dublin  [???????]都柏林 

三、Australia 澳大利亚 

Canberra  [????????]n.堪培拉

Queensland  [???????????]昆士兰州 

Brisbane [????????]布里斯班

New South Wales 新南威尔士州 

South Australia 南澳大利亚州 

Adelaide  [????????]阿德莱德

Victoria 维多利亚州 

Melbourne  [???????]墨尔本

Western Australia 西澳大利亚州 

Perth  [????]珀斯 

四、New Zealand 新西兰 

Wellington  [?????????]惠灵顿 

五、Canada 加拿大 

Ottawa  [??????]渥太华

British Columbia 不列颠哥伦比亚省 

Victoria  [??????:???]维多利亚 V

Vancouver [?????????] 温哥华 

Alberta 艾伯塔省

Edmonton  [?????????]埃德蒙顿 

Ontario  [??????????]安大略省

Toronto  [?????????]多伦多 

Quebec  [???????]魁北克省

Montreal  [?????????:l]蒙特利尔 

六、The United States of America 美国 

Washington 华盛顿

New York 纽约 

Boston [???????] 波士顿

Atlanta [????????] 亚特兰大 

Seattle  [??????]西雅图

Los Angeles/L.A. 洛杉矶 

Chicago  [?????????]芝加哥 

国名与国籍

China-Chinese, Japan-Japanese, Italy-Italian, France-French, Germany-German, Australia-Australian, New Zealand-New Zealand, Thailand-Thai, Malaysia-Malaysian, the U.K., Britain-British, England-English, Scotland-Scottish, Wales-Welsh, Ireland-Irish, the US, America-American, Switzerland-Swiss, Sweden-Swedish, Holland-Dutch

 

描述人的外表、衣着

gender [???????]性别

bald  [?????]秃头 

hair color 头发颜色

brown[?????]棕色

blond [?????]adj.金发的

straight/curly/wavy hair 直、卷、波浪发

fair hair 金发

dyed hair 染发

parted in the middle 中分

a pony tail 马尾

long/short plaits [????]长短辫子

bun 发髻

wig假发

crew cut平头

beard [????]落腮胡

moustache/mustache [?????????????-]上唇上的小胡子

wearing glasses 戴眼镜

contact lenses 隐型眼镜

pullover [???????????]套头毛衣

be in red/green/dark 身着红/绿/黑色衣服

suit (男)西服;(女)套装

wear/be in tie 戴领带

sweater [??????]套头衫,运动衫

slim 苗条的

stout [staut]结实的、矮胖的

 

体型:

tallhighshortsmall 矮小的

fatplump [?????]丰满的

stocky[??????]结实的

slim瘦的thin瘦的skinny瘦的

slender[???????]苗条的

height of medium中等身材

height of average平均身高

medium-built中等身材的

beautiful[?????????????????l]漂亮的

170 centimeters tall读作one metre seventy-five170cm

 

面部特征:

angular 棱角分明的

beard[????]下巴上的胡子

side-burns

clean-shaven胡子刮得很干净

dimple[??????]酒窝

pimple /??????/酒窝

freckle [??????]雀斑

wrinkle [??????]皱纹

beauty spot美人痣

scar疤痕

chin[????]下巴

cheek 面颊

lip嘴唇

thin lips薄嘴唇

full lips厚嘴唇

hook nose鹰钩鼻

turn-up nose朝天鼻

eyebrow眉毛

常佩戴的东西有

jewelry[?????????]珠宝hat帽子

glasses眼镜 bracelet [?????????]手镯

spectacle [?????????]眼镜

 

着装:

formal dress正式的服装suit and tie西装领带

casual dress非正式的服装jeans and T shirts牛仔裤T恤衫

loose clothes宽松的服装tight clothes紧身服

shirt男式衬衫skirt女裙

white白色dark黑色

black黑色light浅色

top 上衣 

衣服款式:

checked shirt 格子衬衣 spotted shirt 斑点衬衣stripped shirt [?????]长带状衬衣

指路、指示方向

Road (Rd.)……路(路名,大写)

Street (St.)……街(街道名,大写)

Lane车道、巷

Avenue 大道

square广场

be far from 距离某处很远

be nearby 距离某处很近

go straight across/to/through 径直走过//

cross (over) 穿过(某条街道)

be next to 紧邻

turn left/right 左转/右转

go up/down 向上(北)/向下(南)

go back/back/back up 向回走

go east/west/south/north 向东//西/

go on/along…till you meet…沿一直走,直到

be on sb's left/right 在某人的左边/右边

be the first/second/third from the left/right 从左/右数第一//三个

directly opposite 相对

be located behind/in front of 坐落在的前面/后面

be on the corner of A street and B street AB街交汇的拐角处

be in the corner of 的角落里

ground floor (英)首层wing 配楼/建筑的一部分

annex 配楼/建筑的附属建筑

basement 地下室/第一层

twin building 由两个完全相同的部分构成的建筑

landmark 标志性的建筑

block/complex 由若干个建筑构成的建筑群/街区

stair 楼梯step 台阶

wheel chair access 无台阶的/残疾人用

aisle 过道

intersection/crossroad 十字路口

a fork on the road 分叉路口a T road 丁字路口

intersection/crossroads/junction/十字路口

clover-leaf四叶苜蓿形的立体道路

 

public transport公交系统

bus公共汽车coach旅游轿车

taxi cab出租车

hatch-back [????]两厢车

saloon/ sedan car [?????:n] [??????]轿车 

station wagon[??????]旅行车

four-wheel drive四轮驱动车

small car微型车

truck lorry卡车trailer[???????]拖车

van有篷货车tram有轨电车

trolleybus[??????]无轨电车

caravan[????????]房车

ambulance[??????????]救护车

fire engine消防车police car 警车

taxi=cab出租车

mini car迷你轿车

hatch-back 两厢车

boot=trunk后背箱

light rail 轻轨

underground //tube// subway// metro地铁

walk on foot走路

 

ferry 渡轮

cruise [kru:z]观光船

rowboat 划船

杂:

boot 后备箱

wheel 方向盘

wind screen 挡风玻璃

wind screen wiper 雨刷

break 刹车peddle

bumper [??????]保险杠

horn [??:n]喇叭

traffic light 交通灯

crossroads intersection十字路口

T-junction [?????????]丁字路口

pavement sidewalk [?????????]人行横道

 

14日程活动介绍场景

meeting [???????]会议

convention[??????????]会议

festival[?????????]节日

度量衡:

length长度

cm=centimeter厘米

mm=millimeter毫米

meter 

kilometer公里、千米

mile英里

foot英尺

inch英寸 

weight重量

gram

kilo/kilogram 公斤,千克

pound 

ton

capacity容积

liter/litre

gallon加仑

 

新闻:

earthquake地震

typhoon /????????/台风

hurricane /????????/飓风

volcano [??????????]火山

flood洪水

drought /?????]干旱

hot line热线

casualty [??????????]n.死伤

建筑:

architecture[???????????]建筑, 建筑学

architectural style

functional[?????????]adj.practical实用的

traditional

modern, post-modern

timber[??????]n.木材,

stone

steel

reinforced[???????????] concrete[?????????]

fa?ade[???????]n.正面

energy-efficient

aesthetic appeal[?????????]adj.美感的

eyesore[?????????]n.丑的东西, 眼中钉

high-rise apartments

multi-storey car park

planetarium[?????????????]n.行星仪, 天文馆

opera house

oceanographic park

botanical garden植物园[????????????]

 

环保

acid ????????? n.

antiseptic ?????????????????adj.防腐的

atmospheric pollution大气污染

available ?????????????? adj.可利用的

biodegradable????????????????????????adj.生物所能分解的packaging包装

cancer ?????????? n.癌症

chemical-waste化学废料

congest ????????????? v.使充满

conserve ?????????????v.保存,保藏

contaminant ???????????????? n.污染物

contaminate????????????????? v.污染

ecosystem生态系统

ecology ????????????? n.生态学

emit?????????? v.发出,放射

endangered species濒危的物种

energy shortage能源短缺

environment ??????????????????n.环境

environmentalist ??????????????????????? n.环境保护论者

environmentally-friendly环保的

fume???????????n.烟,气味

garbage ?????????????n.垃圾

junk?????????? n.垃圾

light pollution日光污染

refuse废物sewage污水

pesticide ???????????????n.杀虫剂

preserve ???????????? v.保护

radioactivity???????????????????????n.放射性

recyclable ??????????????????adj.可回收的

rubbish ?????????? n.垃圾

soil erosion [????????]土壤侵蚀

soil pollution土壤污染

stain ????????? n.污染,污点,玷污

stink???????????v.发出臭味

tar ????????n.焦油

toxic chemical

trash ???????? n.垃圾,废料

tunnel ????????? n.地道,隧道

vegetation ????????????????? n.(植物的)生长

waste gas废气wastewater废水

water body pollution水污染

recycle v.回收reuse再利用

resource 资源

unleaded petrol无铅汽油

energy能源solar energy, nuclear energy

fossil fuel矿物燃料

greenhouse effect温室效应

rain forest热带雨林

global warming全球变暖

erosion腐蚀

acid rain酸雨

Green Belt绿化带

emission [???????]排放物

genetically modified转基因的

organic有机的

battery farming/free-range farming

 

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