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英语音标表发音规律记忆口诀2

2012-10-26  MouseHappy

(续  ) (气味, 臭味, //嗅, 闻到, 散发(...的)气味, 有(...的)气味), smile ((~ at) 微笑), smog (烟雾), smoke (n.烟, 烟

                尘, 烟幕//v.抽烟, 吸烟vi.冒烟), smuggle (n.走私, 偷带v.走私),

sn---[  ] snow, snake, snack (吃)快餐/小吃)), snail (蜗牛), snap (猛咬), sneer (冷笑,轻蔑的笑), sneeze (打/ 喷嚏),

 snob /snobling (势利的年轻人, 势利小人),

sk---[  ] skate, skating, skirt, ski (=skee滑雪), skim (掠过, 滑过, 浏览), skin (皮肤, 兽皮, 皮毛), skint (身无分文

的, 穷光蛋的), skip (跳, 蹦,跳读), sky-blue (天蓝色的, 淡蓝色, 蔚蓝色)

sp---[  ] space (空间, 间隔, 距离, 空地, 余地), spade (铲, 铁锹), Spain (西班牙), spare (多余的, 剩下的/分让给),

 spell, speak (说话, 谈话, 发言, 演讲, 说明事实, 表示意见,操(某种语言)), spear ([spiE]矛, 枪), specific ([spi`sifik]特效药, 详细而精确的, 明确的), spice (香料, 调味品,情趣), spider (蜘蛛), sport(运动,运动会), spume [spju:m](n.泡沫v.(使)起泡沫), spumous (adj.起泡沫的, 泡沫状的), spur[spE:](n.踢马剌, 剌激物v.鞭策), sputter [`spQtE](n.vi.vt.说话急快/唾沫飞溅/飞溅出/喷溅声), sputum [spju:tEm](唾液, 痰), spy (特工, 间谍, 侦探,//秘密侦察),

st---[  ] stand, stamp (邮票, 跺(脚), 顿(足)), stage (舞台,戏剧,举行), star (星, 恒星, 明星, 名角), start (动身,开始,着手

       惊动,惊起,起动,发动), staff (棒, 杖, 杆, 支柱, 全体职员), stadium (露天运动场/体育场), step, steep(陡峭的),       stick (棍, 棒, 手杖/粘住, 粘贴), stop, student, stupid (愚蠢的, 麻木的), stupidity (蠢事,糊涂事), stutter (口吃, 结结巴巴的说), style (风格, 时尚, 文体),

sw---[  ] swab ([swCb]n.拖把, 药签,vt. 拭抹, 擦洗), swag(摇晃, 水潭,垂花饰), swear(宣誓, 发誓), sweat(n/v.(使)出汗),

sweater(厚运动衫, 毛线衫), sweep(扫, 打扫, 清扫, 席卷, 冲光), sweepup(n.大扫除), sweet(甜的, 可受的, 美好的, 芳香的/n. 糖果),swim (swam,swum), swing (swang, swung,秋千, 摇摆, 摆动), swicky([美]威士忌酒), swig(n/v.痛饮, 大喝特喝(尤指从瓶口喝的)), swiftly(迅速地, 敏捷地), swindle (sb of…骗走某人的), swob(拖把, 海棉), swobble(大口地吃), swoon(vi.昏晕, 昏厥惊讶, 酣睡n.狂喜, 陶醉), swoop(n.突然下降, 猛扑vt攫取vi.飞扑, 突然袭击), sword(剑), swot(at../ for../up; vi.用功读书vt.用功学习n.苦读的人, 辛苦的工作),

dw---[  ] dwarf ([dwC:f]n.矮子, 侏儒v.(使)变矮小), dwell(at../in...居住 停留于;on../upon..细想, 详述),

tw---[  ] twelve, twelfth, twenty, twentieth, twain ([twein]n.两, 双, 二, 一对), twin(s), twig ([twig]n.嫩枝, 小

枝, 末梢), twice([twais]adv.两次, 两倍), twiddle (with…v.玩弄, 旋弄,捻), twill ([twil]n.斜纹织物vt.把...织成斜纹adj.

斜纹织物的), twine ([twain]n.合股线, 细绳, 麻线, 搓v.搓, 织, 编饰, (使)缠绕), twinge([twindV]n.一阵一阵痛, 如刺一样痛, 剧痛vt.使一阵一阵痛, 刺痛), twinkle ([5twiNkl]v.闪烁, 闪耀, (使)闪光n.闪烁, 发光, 牛眼), twist([twist]n.一扭, 扭曲,手法, 螺旋状vt.拧, 扭曲, 绞, 搓, 捻, 使苦恼, 使转动, vi.扭弯, 扭曲, 缠绕, 扭动, 呈螺旋形),two,

thr---[  ] three, thread(线,细丝, 线索, 思路, 螺纹), threaten(恐吓, 威胁), threnode (哀歌), thrive(兴旺, 繁荣, 茁壮成长, 旺盛), throw(扔,抛,投,摔,掷,丢), through (通过,穿过,透过/〔时间〕从…的开始到末了,从头到尾;〔场

所〕到处,全面), throat (咽喉, 喉咙, 嗓音, 窄路), throne (王座, 君主), throstle (=wood thrush画眉鸟), thruput(吞吐量), thrust(力推, 冲, 插入, 挤进, 刺, 戳), thrypsis([5Wripsis]粉碎性骨折),

提前练一练,看看有何难。小测试:
1). 见字读音: 写出下列单词的音标。
   class [      ] this [    ] your [    ] you [   ] here [    ] Sandy [     ] Crisp [      ]
2). 音义结合:写出下列读音所对应的汉语意义。
   [klB:s] _______; [hiE] ______; [blu:] ______; [sku:lbAg] ___________; [kQm] ______;
3). 听音写字:根据音标写单词。
   [klB:s] _______; [hiE] ______; [blu:] ______; [sku:lbAg] ___________; [kQm] ______;
   [hu:z] ________ [it] ___ [pli:z] ________ [daun] _______ [`ru:lE] _______ [kQm] ____
4). 形义结合:英汉互译(即,写出对应的英语或汉语意思)。
   her -____; thank-_______; 定冠词/ 这个或那个-______; 书-______; rubber -_______;
   小姐 -______; 帽子 -_____; Sit down please. ________; Thank you. _______; Here you are.
   _________; Yes, it is. ________; Come here, please. ___________;

字母L的两种读音口诀:音节开头发清音[l -], 音节末尾模糊音[- l],

[l - ] lazy, like, look, long, lubber ([`lQbE] adj.粗笨的, 笨拙的n.傻大个), black, please, clock, color, toilet, holiday, English, Italian, nationality, lollipop,

[- l ] girl[E:l], ball [C:l], small, school[u:l], well[el], smell, level[(E)l], smile[ail], hill[il], old[Eul], cold, child[ail], children [il], full [ul], beautiful [ul], apple [pl], people, pupil, table [bl], impossible, label ((贴)标签), little [tl], bottle, title, middle [dl], cradle(摇篮),bicycle [kl], eagle [gl], pencil [sl], puzzle [-zl], dazzle[5dAzl](眩目,晃眼,耀眼),

常见音节尾音总结:[i:l / il / el/ Al / Ql / El / E:l / C:l / Cl / u:l / ul / ail / eil / Cil / iEl / uEl / aul / Eul / ]

     [-pl / -bl / -tl / -dl / -kl /  -gl / -fl / -vl / -sl / -zl / ]

         [-pEl / -bEl / -tEl / -dEl / -kEl /  -gEl / -fEl / -vEl / -sEl / -zEl ] 

元音字母a e i(y) o u  的发音口诀: 元音字母音多变,熟记规则也不难。

重开音节多长音,[ei][i:][ai][Eu][ju:/u:]来拼;重闭音节/轻音短,[A][e][i][C][Q][u][E]

a接r /ss常发[B:/A], 还有[ei][A] [C/C:][i] [E]。e的发音首数[e],空尾/重[i:]轻[i][E]。

重开音节i发[ai],重闭/轻音短[i][E]。o发长音[Eu][C:][u:],短音[Q][C][E] one殊。

u字多发 [ju:]和[Q],忙碌busy(i)加[u:][u]。y头发[j]重读[ai],轻音/结尾[i]变来。

ay ,ey, o/uy,多发[ei][i],[Ci][ai]。r前元音常卷舌,S后弱音须强化。

相近发音不规则,省力顺口是关键。相近/强化加弱化,使得元音多变化。

例词:

a--- [/ ei / B:/ A/ C:/ C/ E/ i / ] 强化音[ei],弱化音[E]a接r /ss常发[B:/A], 还有[ei][A] [C/C:][i] [E]。

name [ei], table [ei], car [B:], park [B:], class [B:], basket [B:/A], as [A], ass [A], father [B:], afterward(s) [B:/E](然后, 后来), dollar [E],cap [A], catch [A], grammar [A/E], America [E], asleep, alone, afraid, banana [E /B:/E], woman [E], water [C:], watch [C], what [C], war [C:], orange [i],

e--- [/ i:/ e/ i / E/ -*(词尾空音) / ]  强化音[i:],弱化音[E/ i ]  e的发音首数[e],空尾/重[i:]轻[i][E]。

   he [i:], she [i:], we [i:], me [i:], evening [i:], red [e], pencil [e], empty [e], desk [e], umbrella [e], French [e], basket [i], women [i], pretty [i], the [E / i:], children [E], open [E], hundred [E / i:],

/ -*(词尾空音) /---- whose [z], house [s], nice [s], face [s], white [t], name [m], give [v], side [d], wake [k], prize [z], fine [n], tube [b], orange [dV], employee [i:] (职工, 雇员, 店员), apple [pl], table [bl], little [tl], middle [dl], bicycle [kl], eagle [gl](鹰),

i--- [ /ai / i:/ i / E / ] 强化音[ai/i:],弱化音[E/ i]  重开音节发[i: /ai],重闭/轻音短[i][E]。

   right [ai], bicycle [ai], white [ai], police [i:], this [i], which [i], his [i],building [i], beautiful [E], holiday [E],

o--- [ /Eu/ Q/ C/ C:/u:/ u / E / wQ-]  强化音[Eu/ C:/u:],弱化音[E]
o发长音[Eu][C:][u:],短音[Q][C][E] one殊。

   no [Eu], cold [Eu], those [Eu], come [Q], some [Q], mother [Q], brother [Q], son [Q], month [Q], dog [C], not [C], hot [C], sorry [C], shop [C], locker [C], box [C], orange [C:], whose [u:], who [u:], do [u:], to [u:], two [u:], woman [u], policeman [E], today [E], occasion [E](场合, 时机, 机会), aeroplane [E], //  one [wQn], once [wQns], reservoir [`rezEvwB:],

u--- [ /ju:/ Q /  u / u: /i / ]  强化音[ju:/u:],弱化音[i]u字多发 [ju:]和[Q],忙碌busy(i)加[u:][u]。

   use [ju:], usually [ju:], tube [ju:], music [ju:], pupil [ju:], rubber [Q], umbrella [Q], mum [Q], hungry [Q], bus [Q], just [Q],cup [Q],put [u], full [u], pull [u], ruler [u:],Sue [u:],blue [u:],minute [i], busy [i]

y--- [ /ai / j / i /]  强化音[ai],弱化音[i]   y头发[j]重读[ai],轻音/结尾[i]变来。

   your [j], you [j], yes [j], yellow [j], young [j], my [ai], why [ai], tyre [ai], style [ai], fry [ai], cry [ai], bicycle [i], baby [i], ready [i], hungry [i], very [i], thirsty [i], empty [i], busy [i], body [i], slowly [i],

常见元音字母组合发音口诀:  字母组合固定音,常受影响发音变;千锤百炼习语感。
组合爱发长/双元(音(重读音节));常受影响发音变;为了顺口图方便,近似发音相变换。

另有强化加弱化,多个字母省略念。外来/古语不规则(发音),熟读百遍字腔圆。

a--- ay  [ei] day, say, play, way, weekday, birthday,  // [i]  Sunday, Monday, …

   ar  [B:] car, star, farm, are, park, garlic,  // [E] dollar, collar, grammar, particular [pE`tikju:lE],

   al  [C:] all, ball, small, hall, walk, chalk, // [B:] half, 

[C:l / Al / El ]非组合式的情况:although[C:l], alga [`AlgE](藻类, 海藻), algal [`AlgEl](adj.海藻的), algebra [Al`dVibrE] (代数学), signal [lsigEl](信号/发信号, 用信号通知),

   au  [C:] daughter, fault, audience, cause, August[`C:gEst] (八月), august [C:`gQst](令人敬畏的, 威严的),

       [C] because,  [au] kraut(泡菜), [B:] laugh,

   air  [ZE]  air, chair, hair, pair, fair,

   ai  [ei]  aid, aim, rain, afraid, wait, maid, straight, faith (信念, 宗教信仰, 忠实,),

   aw  [C:]  draw, law, saw, awful, raw,

e--- ea  [i:] teacher, tea, eat, meat, read, clean, heal, [e] bread, breakfast, head,  [ei] great, break, steak,

   ee  [i:] meet, teeth, see, three, green, week, freezing, queen,

   ei  [ei] eight, weigh, weight,  [i:]  receive, ceiling, deceit (n.欺骗, 谎言), deceive(v. 欺骗, 谎言), receipt (收条, 收据, 收到), perceive (v.察觉感知, 感到), conceit (原义;自负, 幻想),

   er  [E:]  her, herd(兽群, 牧群/放牧), emergency (紧急情况, 紧急突发事件, 非常时刻,), [E] teacher, sister,  brother, farmer, worker, letter, over,

   ear  [iE] ear, hear, near, year, fear, earwig (偷听者), [ZE] pear, wear, swear(宣誓, 发誓),

[E:] early, earth, earn,

   ere  [iE] here, sphere (球体), hemisphere (半球),   [ZE] there, ere (prep/conj. 前于...; 在...以前),

   eir  [ZE] their,

   eer  [iE] beer, deer, cheer(欢呼/喝彩), sneer(冷笑,讥笑), jeer(讥讽嘲弄), engineer, ,

   ey  [ei]  they, grey, hey,

   ew  [ju:]  new, few, hew(砍), view(景色, 风景, 观点, 见解), ewe (母羊),

i--- ir  [E:] girl, sir, thirsty, shirt, skirt, first, thirty, whirl((使)旋转), stir (轰动, 激起,搅动),

   ie  [i:] piece, niece(侄女, 甥女), field, thief, believe, belief, achieve(完成, 达到), chief(首领, 领袖, 酋长, 长官//主要的, 首要的, 首席的, 主任的), grief(悲痛, 伤心事, 不幸, 忧伤), relief((痛苦等的)减轻),

   ire  [aiE] tire(轮胎;使劳累), tired(累的,疲劳的), wire(金属丝, 电线),

   igh  [ai] right, light, fight, might(也许, 或许; 可能), night, knight,

o--- or  [C:] or, for, fork, morning, short, torch, more,  [E:] work, worker,  [E]  actor, doctor, forget,

   oa  [Eu]  boat, coat, goat, goal,

   oo  [u:]school, food, too, room, tooth, spoon, moon, boot, root, wool, mood(心情, 情绪, 语气, 状态),

[u] book, look, cook, good, football, foot  [Q] blood, flood,

   ou  [au] house, blouse, trousers, mouse, mouth, south, ouch, out, our, hour, flour, sour, mountain,

[Q] young, touch, rough(粗糙的, 粗略的, 大致的, 粗野的), [u:] you, through, rouge [ru:V](擦口红/胭脂), [u]would, could, should,    [C:] cough,

   ow  [au] brown, down, how, now, towel, tower,  [Eu] yellow, bowl, show, blow, snow, throw

   oy/oi  [Ci]  boy, toy, enjoy, employ,  // noise, noisy, toilet, oil, boil,

   our  [au] our, flour(面粉)   [C:] your, four, course,

ore  [C:] before, more, forehead, foresee,

oor  [C:/ JE]/ door, floor, moor(荒野;停泊, 系住),

u--- ur  [E:]  turn, Thursday, hurt, fur, urge, further, urban (城市的, 市内的), suburb, suburbia (郊区居民),

    ure  picture, future[tFE],  // sure[FuE],   //pleasure, measure[VE],

    ua  [JE]  usual, usually, February, graduate [`grAdJEt](大学)毕业生, 研究生),

       非组合发音: graduate [`grAdjJeit] (v. (使)(大学)毕业),   [jJE]January,
    uy [ai] buy, guy, 

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