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The Last Ninja 末代忍者

2012-12-11  cntic
The Last Ninja末代忍者
by Leigh Goldberg

A former engineer may be the last living guardian of Japan's secret warriors.
一位前工程师也许是日本仅存旧时神秘武士的最後守护者。

Hollywood has portrayed them as deadly assassins clad from head to toe in black garb except for narrow slits revealing their dark, intense eyes. Ninjas on the big screen possess superhuman powers like flight and invisibility, while carrying an array of deadly weapons like darts, knives, and the iconic throwing stars. That's what Hollywood does.
In real life from the 15th to the 17th centuries, ninjas were covert agents that did the dirty work for seemingly upstanding samurai lords. They spied, sabotaged, and killed. They also hid in plain sight by disguising themselves as civilians. Ninjas practiced ninjitsu, a form of martial arts which drew elements from nature like force, speed, and precision. Sadly, since ninjas don't exist in modern times, these skills may have been lost forever.
As luck would have it, the legacy that is ninja may still live on. Jinichi Kawakami is a 63-year-old former engineer who is being touted as Japan's last ninja. He is the 21st head of the Ban clan, which is a line of ninjas with a 500-year history. From the age of six to 18, Kawakami was trained as a ninja without knowing it. He honed his physical and mental skills, studied chemicals, weather, and psychology, and practiced espionage and guerrilla warfare. What's more, he had to endure heat, cold, pain, and hunger to prove that he could survive anything. When he turned 19, he inherited the title of master as well as special weapons and secret scrolls. Kawakami is currently researching the history of ninjas in addition to teaching ninjitsu, which means that this last ninja might not really be the final one.

1. How are Hollywood ninjas different from real ones?
(A) Hollywood ninjas disguise themselves as civilians.
(B) Real-life ninjas have the power to fly.
(C) Hollywood ninjas have a great sense of humor.
(D) Real-life ninjas don't dress all in black.
2. According to the article, what is something ninjas did NOT do?
(A) Murdered their enemies.
(B) Battled samurais.
(C) Posed as normal people.
(D) Used things formed in nature in their martial arts.
3. What does touted in the final paragraph mean?
(A) Pulled.
(B) Guided.
(C) Proclaimed.
(D) Teased.
4. What does the final sentence in the article mean?
(A) Since Kawakami is teaching the ways of the ninja, he may not be the last one.
(B) There's no doubt that Kawakami is the last of the ninjas.
(C) No one will ever be as good of a ninja as Kawakami.
(D) Kawakami has befriended a tribe of ninjas in northern Japan.


  1. guardian n. 守护者,保护者
  2. warrior n.(尤指旧时的)武士,勇士
  3. deadly a. 致命的
  4. assassin n. 刺客
  5. garb n.(某种职业或民族特有的)服装
  6. slit n. 狭缝,裂缝
  7. invisibility n. 隐身术
  8. dart n. 飞镖
  9. iconic a. 经典的;指标性的
  10. a throwing star手里剑;星形飞镖
  11. covert a. 秘密的;暗地的
  12. upstanding a. 正直的
  13. samurai n.(日本封建时代的)武士
  14. spy vi. 从事间谍活动;暗中监视(与介词 on 并用)
  15. sabotage vi. & vt. & n. 从事暗中破坏
  16. civilian n. 平民百姓
  17. martial arts武术(常用复数)
  18. element n. 要素,原理
  19. legacy n. 遗产
  20. espionage n. 侦察;间谍活动
  21. guerrilla n. 游击战;游击队员
  22. warfare n. 战争
  23. scroll n. 卷轴
  24. battle vt. & vi. 与……作战
  25. proclaim vt. 赞扬;宣告
  26. tease vt. 取笑,嘲弄
  27. befriend vt. 和……交朋友
  28. tribe n. 一大群;部落

  1. in addition to...除了……之外
  2. pose as...装作……

may / might V 的用法以及
may / might / must have + 过去分词的比较

注意
may / might have + 过去分词表『推测过去可能已经发生的事』,使用 may / might V,表『推测现在或未来可能会或即将发生的事』。而 must have + 过去分词表『推测过去一定已经发生的事』。
My parents may call at any time to check if I am home.
我的父母可能随时会打电话来查看我是否在家。
Janice wasn't surprised when I told her my news, so she may have heard it from someone else.
我告诉珍妮丝我的消息时,她似乎不怎麽讶异,所以她可能已经从别人那里听说了。
Dave didn't answer the phone, so he must have been out.
大卫没有接电话,所以他一定是出去了。


  1. portray vt. 描写;描绘
    portray A as B把 A 描述为 B
    The novel portrayed the author's mother as a loving woman.
    那本小说把作者的母亲描述成一位慈爱的女性。
  2. clad a. 穿……衣服的
    be clad in...穿……衣服的
    Tom came to answer the door clad only in a towel.
    汤姆来应门时只围了一条毛巾。
  3. from head to toe从头到脚
    John checked me out from head to toe when he saw my new dress.
    约翰看到我穿新洋装,便从头到脚打量了我一番。
  4. reveal vt.  露,揭露
    Tommy finally revealed himself to be a stingy and unkind person.
    汤米终於显现出自己是个小气又坏心肠的家伙。
  5. intense a. 认真的
    Jerry is an intense player, so he doesn't like to lose.
    杰瑞是个很认真的球员,所以他不喜欢输的感觉。
  6. possess vt. 拥有
    Lucy possesses many qualities that make her an excellent teacher.
    露西拥有许多当好老师的特质。
  7. an array of...一大堆的……
    array n. 一系列,大量
    Mother bought an array of flowers at the market.
    妈妈在市场买了一大束花。
  8. seemingly adv. 看似;表面上看来
    It was a seemingly impossible task.
    这看起来似乎是一件不可能的任务。
  9. in plain sight在众目睽睽下
    The gangster ran an illegal club in plain sight of the police.
    帮派份子在警方众目睽睽下经营一家非法俱乐部。
  10. disguise vt. 假扮
    disguise sb/oneself as...
    将某人 自己乔装成……
    Mary disguised herself as a man in order to join the club.
    为了加入这个俱乐部,玛莉女扮男装。
  11. draw vt. 汲取,获取(动词三态∶draw, drew, drawn。)
    draw sth from...从……当中获取某物
    Angela drew inspiration for her stories from her childhood.
    安琪拉从她的童年回忆中为她的故事找出灵感。
  12. precision n. 精确
    precise a. 精确的
    The soldiers performed their tasks with precision and care.
    那些军人精确谨慎地执行任务。
    Mick checked and double checked his measurements to make sure they were precise.
    米克一次又一次地检验测量结果,以确保它们是精确无误的。
  13. as luck / fate would have it
    幸运的是;真不巧
    As luck would have it, I got a great picture of the lightning during the storm.
    幸运的是,我竟拍下了暴风雨中闪电的相片。
    As luck would have it, the train was late.
    真不巧,火车误点了。
  14. live on继续存在
    The spirit of the writer lives on in his books.
    该小说家的精神继续存在於其著作中。
  15. be touted as...将……吹捧为……
    tout vt. 赞扬,吹捧
    The cuisine in this restaurant is touted as the best in the city.
    这家餐厅的食物号称是全市最棒的。
  16. hone vt. 磨链(技能)
    Ed hones his baseball skills with constant practice.
    艾德经常练习以磨链自己的棒球技巧。
  17. endure vt. 忍耐(= bear)
    Molly endured years of abuse before leaving her husband.
    莫莉在离开她丈夫前忍受了多年的凌虐。
  18. inherit vt. 遗传;继承
    inherit sth from sb遗传 继承某人的某物
    When he turns 18, Luke will inherit nearly two million dollars.
    路克年满 18 岁时,将会继承大约 200 万美元的遗产。

                                                                                   末代忍者

一位前工程师也许是日本仅存旧时神秘武士的最後守护者。
好莱坞为致命刺客塑造出了形象,除了从细缝中露出他们邪恶又认真的眼神,他们还身著全黑的装束。大萤幕上的忍者拥有超人的能力,诸如飞行及隐身术,同时身上也带著大量致命的武器,像是飞镖、刀以及忍者著名的星形手里剑。这都是好莱坞所创造出来的。
15 至 17 世纪的现实生活中,忍者是秘密特务,他们专为那些表面正直的武士领主们从事卑鄙的勾当。他们从事间谍活动、暗中破坏及刺杀等任务。忍者们也会藉由将自己伪装成平民百姓来躲藏於众人之间。忍者练习忍术,这是某种型式的武术,从自然元素中取得,如力量、速度及精确性。遗憾的是,因为现代没有忍者,所以这些技艺可能已经永远失传。
然而幸运的是,这些忍者的遗产还能继续留存下来。川上仁一是一位 63 岁的前工程师,他被捧为日本最後的忍者。他是甲贺伴流的第 21 代掌门人,此流派拥有忍者 5 百年历史的血脉。川上 6 岁到 18 岁期间在不知情的情况下被训练成为一个忍者。他磨练自身的体能及心理技巧、研究化学物质、天气及心理学,并且从事间谍活动及游击战的演练。更重要的是,他还得忍受酷热、严寒、疼痛及饥饿来证明他可以在任何环境下生存。川上满 19 岁时便继承大师的头衔,也继承了一些特别的武器和秘密的卷轴。川上仁一目前除了教导忍术外,也正在研究忍者的历史,这意味著这位末代忍者可能还会有後吧。
1. 好莱坞的忍者和真实的忍者有何差别?
(A) 好莱坞忍者将自己伪装成平民。
(B) 现实生活中的忍者拥有飞行能力。
(C) 好莱坞忍者颇具幽默感。
(D) 现实生活中的忍者并没有身穿全黑。
题解∶根据本文第 1、2 段文章所述,好莱坞将忍者塑造成有飞行能力,而之後描述现实生活中的真实忍者会将自己伪装成平民,故 (A)、(B) 项皆不可选,(C) 项未提及,故 (D) 项应为正选。
2. 根据本文,忍者并没有做哪件事?
(A) 杀掉他们的敌人。
(B) 与武士作战。本文未提及
(C) 打扮成普通人。
(D) 在他们的武术中运用自然形成的东西。
题解∶根据本文,除了 (B) 项外,其馀选项皆可在第 2 段找到叙述,故 (B) 项应为正选。
3. 最後一段中的 touted 一字是什麽意思?
(A) 拉。
(B) 指引。
(C) 赞扬。
(D) 戏弄。
题解∶根据本意,touted 有『赞扬』之意,故 (C) 项应为正选。
4. 本文最後一句话指的是什麽意思?
(A) 由於川上还在指导忍者之道,所以他可能不是最後一个忍者。
(B) 毫无疑问的川上是最後一个忍者。
(C) 没有人会成为像川上这麽棒的忍者。
(D) 川上结识了日本北部的忍者部落。
题解∶根据本文第 3 段最後一句,川上仁一目前除了教导忍术外,也正在研究忍者的历史,这意味著这位末代忍者可能还会有後,故 (A) 项应为正选。

答案∶1. D2. B3. C4. A

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