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如何写英语日记

2013-04-11  小林个人...

要学好写英语短文,就必须经常练习写作。记日记是提高书面表达能力的有效方法之一。

 

日记分为记事型、议论型、描写型和抒情型。建议大家在学习写日记的过程中,可按以下步骤练习:

①仔细观察周围的人或事物,注意其特点,将观察到的令人感兴趣的事物或事件记录下来。

②阅读别人的日记,并利用所学过的句型来表达个人在一天中观察到的或感受到的事情。 

 

日记的内容:

1 )一事一记:要选择当天感受最深刻、最有意义的事件来描述,不要写成流水帐;

2 )人称:日记的内容多是亲身经历和耳闻目睹的事情,所以要用第一人称来写;

3 )时态:日记多是记述当天发生过的事情,因此动词时态常使用过去时,但使用时必须灵活掌握。

    ①描写景物,名言谚语等,要使用(一般)现在时;②而进行时态则可用于描写当时正在进行的动作,马上要发生的事件,以及在某事、某动作正在进行当中,又发生了另外一个事件或动作;③此外,描写天气、景色等,为了描写生动,也可以使用现在时,以表现当时的情景;④文末,发表感想或评论可用现在时态或将来时态。

4 )日记应条理清楚,写出真实感。

5 )注意格式,包括日期、星期和天气的书写位置。

6 )关于标题:在日期和天气的下一行中间可以写上日记小标题,也可以不写标题。

7 在句式上尽量使用简单句,以防繁杂,造成语法、句型错误。 

 

日记的格式

英文日记通常由书端和正文两个部分组成。 

英语日记的书端:即日记的第一行。要写明年、月、日与星期,然后要写明当天的气候状况,如果是游记,还要写明地点。 

左上角是日期(年、月、日)、星期。右上角写上当天的天气情况,如:Sunny, Fine, Rainy, Windy, Snowy, Cloudy等。

 

1.日期表达有多种形式

A) 年、月、日都写时,通常以月、日、年为顺序,月份可以缩写,日和年用逗号隔开。例如: December 18, 2003 或者 Dec. 18, 2003September 1, 2004September 1st, 2004也可省略写成Sept. 1, 2004Sept. 1st, 2004the 1st of September in 2004(月份不可以缩写)

B) 只有月、日

September 1September 1st(月份可以缩写)

C) 只有年、月

September 2004the September of 2004(月份不可以缩写)

以上的11st都应读作the first

 

日记的正文常以第一人称记下当天生活中的所见、所闻、所做或所想的事情。中、英文的日记三格式大致一样。

 

2.星期也可以省略不写,可将其放在日期前或后,星期和日期之间不用标点,但要空一格,星期也可缩写。如:

Saturday, October 22nd, 2004October 22nd, 2004 Saturday

 

3.天气情况必不可少。天气一般用一个形容词如 :Sunny, Fine, Rainy, Snowy 等表示。写在日期之后,用逗号隔开,位于日记的右上角。如:

Saturday, March 4, 2004, Windy1st January, 2004, Fine

 

下面是一些常用的描写天气的英语词语:

clear overcast 多云 cloudy 小雨 light rain

大雨 heavy rain 毛毛雨 drizzle 阵雨 shower

东风 east wind 南风 south wind 西风 west wind

北风 north wind 西南风 southwester 东南风 southeaster

东北风 northeaster 西北风 northwester

气温 temperature

炎热 scorching heat 寒冷 icy cold 下雪 snow 

 

下面列出了一篇日记的开头,有兴趣的同学可以回忆一下,再接着往下写。

Mon. Sept. 1, 2003 Sunny

Today is the first day of my senior high school life ...

 

 

【范文与点评】

March 12th, 2003, Tuesday Sunny (Fine)

Today is Tree Planting Day. At 7:30 in the morning, all the students in our class met at the school gate. We walked to the park. Miss Gao and other teachers went and worked with us. All the students worked very hard, and we planted about 200 trees. Though we were dirty and tired, we still felt very happy.

这是一篇记叙型的日记。结构严谨,中心突出,有选择地记录当天的见闻(人或事),并加以分析和评论。

 

【范例】

I was very sleepy in the morning, so i didn't go running as usual. I had something for breakfast. My new day has begun. The results would come out today. My classmates all felt very nervous, so did I. Then one of my classmates called me, and invited me to play basketball in the afternoon. I like play basketball, though I'm really poor at play it.

我早上非常困,所以我没有像平常一样去跑步。我吃了早饭。我的新的一天已经开始。结果将在今天被公布。我的同学们都感到很紧张,我也是。后来我的一位同学打电话给我,并邀我在下午打篮球。我喜欢打篮球,虽然我的水平不怎么样。

 

I and my parent visited redstart farm last Saturday, there’re environment is so good. We’re scavenge the horse. The horse was leaded into the stable and each was put in a stall. Cows and sheep depends forage to feed. This so lifelikeness, we’re got a lot of enjoyment from my job. In the end, owner preparative feasted on me.

我和我的父母上星期六去参观农场,那里的环境很好。我们清洁了心爱的马。马被牵入马棚,而且每匹马都被放在各自的栏内。牛和羊依靠喂给它们的饲料,这是多么的生动啊。我们从我的工作里得到了很多乐趣。最后,农场主宴请了我。

 

Though my daily life is extremely monotonous, I try hard to adapt myself to it. Why? Because I intend to be a good student. I wish to render service to my country.

I get up at six o’clock every day. After I wash my face and brush my teeth, I begin to review my lessons. I go to school at seven o’clock.

After school is over, I return home. We usually have supper at seven o’clock. Then I begin to do my homework. I want to finish it before I go to bed.

虽然我的日常生活十分单调,但我却竭力去适应它。为什么?因为我打算做一个好学生。我希望能为国家服务。

我每天六点起床。在洗脸、刷牙之后,我开始复习功课。我7点去学校。

放学后,我回家了。我们通常七点吃晚饭。之后我开始做家庭作业。因为我打算睡觉之前完成它。

 

It was the first day of our winter holiday. All of us were very happy. Why? Because we have one months to do things we love to do. We are free. Although we have some homework, we can finish them in several days. And the rest time we can make good use of. My god! We have been very tired after hard studying. In winter holidays, I want to have full sleep and eat good food in order to replenish myself. Last but not least, I will have a good rest.

这是我们寒假的第一天。我们都很高兴。为什么?因为我们有一个月的时间可以做我们喜欢做的事。我们很自由。虽然我们有一些作业,但我们能在几天之内完成。我们能利用好休息的时间。天啊!我们在学习之后总是感觉很累。在寒假期间,我想拥有充足的睡眠,享用丰富的食物来补充自己。最后但同样重要的是,我要好好休息一下。

 

It was the second day of our winter holiday. I felt good. I felt I’m free. I had a lot of time to do things I like. My parents are in Beijing. So I live alone but I don’t feel lonely. But I didn’t do something special. I stayed at home and watched TV. Oh! I wrote an English daily composition. It was my homework. Today, I have slept for 14 hours. I thought I was very tired. It is time for dinner. I must go! I am very hungry.

这是我们寒假的第二天。我感觉很好。我觉得我很自由。我有很多的时间做我喜欢的事情。我的父母在北京。所以我独自生活,但我不觉得寂寞。但我从来没做一件特别的事。我呆在家里看电视。哦!我写了一个英语日常写作。这是我的家庭作业。今天,我睡了14个小时。我想我很累。到吃晚饭的时间了。我必须去了!我饿极了。

 

It was the third day of our winter holiday. Today, there are many business in my mother’s company. So my mother told me to help my uncle who is the manager of my mother’s company. I sat in my mother’s office and help her answer the telephone. While I was free, I was writing my homework. Although I also have a lot of time to do my homework, I still do it. Because in my mother’s office, I had nothing to do. If I did nothing, I was wasting my time and my life. I can’t do the foolish thing. We should take good use of our time.

这是我们寒假的第三天。今天,我妈妈的公司有不少事情。所以我妈妈告诉我帮助她公司的经理,我的叔叔。我坐在我妈妈的办公室,帮她接电话。当我空闲的时候,我写我的家庭作业。虽然我也有很多时间做家庭作业,但我还是写了。因为在我妈妈的办公室,我无事可做。如果我什么都没做,我是在浪费我的时间和我的生命。我没办法做那么愚蠢的事。我们应该充分利用我们的时间。

 

以上范例引自“原著:A S Hornby(霍恩比).牛津高阶英汉双解词典:商务印书馆,牛津大学出版社,20094月”



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