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中译英:杜毓的《荈赋》

2014-06-05  昵称13335...

      首先说,这是一篇很有难度的文章。文言文翻译成英语。译文初稿里一定有很多误解和误译,但是我还以想把它放在这里。

  原文:

  灵山惟岳,奇产所钟。厥生草,弥谷被岗。承丰壤之滋润,受甘霖之霄降。月惟初秋,农功少休,结偶同旅,是采是求。水则岷方之注,挹彼清流;器择陶简,出自东隅;酌之以匏,取式公刘。惟兹初成,沫成华浮,焕如积雪,晔若春敷。

   以上是西晋著名文学家杜毓写的《赋》,杜毓与左思、陆机齐名,《赋》是第一首吟咏茶的诗赋,内容包括茶的生态环境、采摘时期、煮饮用水、饮茶器具以及煮茶的效果。其中对茶器的描写提到“器择陶简,出自东隅”,一般人理解为茶器选择陶瓷器,这些瓷器主要来自东边的瓯窑,这里的“隅”通“瓯”,瓯窑位于浙江省温州、永嘉一带。瓯窑瓷胎呈色较白,胎质细腻,釉色淡青,透明度较高,晋时称为“缥瓷”。

 译文:

    The  rare things are  always in the Yue mountain which is a  most legendary mountain. The tea---Chuan, a ferns--- spreads all over the valley. It grows in the rich and ferttle soil, watered by the timely rainfall. In the early autumn, the farmers, in twos and threes, are busy in picking tea-leaves. The tea-leaves must be cooked in the cleanest water from the fountain and in the pot which must be made of the pottery from Dongyu. One can drink the tea using a half of abobora, just as how Gongliu did. Now this is the most tasteful tea. It is like the glowing of the snow and as bright as the growing in the spring.

The above is the “Ode” by Du Yu, one of the famous writers of the Western Jin Dynasty. He is as renown as Zuo Si and Qi Ming. This Ode is the first ode to tea. It describes the growing environment, the pick time, the water used in the cooking, the tes-things and how the tea tastes and looks. As to the sentence ” in the pot which must be made of the pottery from Dongyu ”, most people think that the tea pot should be the Ou ware from the eastern area.  Here, Yu is Ou. Ou ware is in the neighborhood of WenzhouYongjia of Zhejiang province. The porcelain body of Ou ware is white, the texture fine, the glazing color pale blue with much pellucidity.. It is called “pale green porcelain” in Jin dynasty.

                                                    初稿 2010年3月4日 

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