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【复习整理】小学英语五年级下册期末复习资料(PEP)

2016-06-15  爱卿如梦

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【复习整理】小学英语五年级下册期末复习资料(PEP)



一、词类:

1、星期:Monday 缩写:Mon   Tuesday 缩写:Tue  Wednesday 缩写:Wed  Thursday 缩写:Thu   Friday 缩写:Fri   Saturday 缩写:Sat   Sunday 缩写:Sun

2、月份:一月:January   缩写:Jan  二月:February 缩写:Feb    三月:March 缩写:Mar   四月:April 缩写:Apr  五月:May 缩写:May    六月:June 缩写:Jun七月:July 缩写:Jul八月:August 缩写:Aug九月:September 缩写:Sept    十月:October 缩写:Oct十一月:November 缩写:Nov十二月:December 缩写:Dec

3、各单元重要单词及问答句;

Unit 1

do morning exercises做早锻炼  eat breakfast吃早餐 play sports做运动have English class上英语课  eat dinner吃晚饭 get up起床   climb mountains爬山    go shopping 购物  play the piano 弹钢琴visit grandparents看望祖父母   go hiking去远足 usually 通常often经常   sometimes 有时候

Unit 2

Spring春天 summer夏天 fall秋天 winter冬天season季节which哪个 best最好的  swim游泳  fly kites 放风筝  sleep 睡觉  skate滑冰   make a snowman堆雪人  plant trees植树    why为什么because 因为

Unit 3

January(Jan.)一月 February(Feb.)二月  March(Mar.) 三月 April(Apr.) 四月  May五月June六月   July七月  August (Aug.)八月    September (Sept.)九月    October (Oct.)十月November (Nov.)十一月 December (Dec.) 十二月  birthday生日 uncle叔叔 her她的  date日期

Unit 4

draw pictures画画    cook dinner 做饭      read a book 看书

answer the phone接电话    listen to music 听音乐    clean the room 打扫房间write a letter写信    write an e-mail 写电子邮件    mom 妈妈     grandpa 奶奶  study书房

Unit 5

fly 飞  jump 跳  walk 走 run跑  swim 游kangaroo袋鼠sleep睡觉climb爬  fight打架  swing荡秋千  drink water 喝水  

Unit 6

take pictures照相  watch insects观察昆虫    pick up leaves摘树叶do an experiment做实验   catch butterflies抓蝴蝶   count insects 数昆虫   collect leaves采集树叶 write a report写报告  play chess下围棋    have a picnic举行野餐     honey蜂蜜

4、方位介词:in  on  under  near  behind  up  into(向。。。。里 )  down   out of向……外  at在……

5、疑问代词:what什么 what time什么时候  what day星期几  what color什么颜色which 哪一(个,件……) which one哪一(个,件……) who谁   why为什么  when何时   where哪里  how多么,怎样  how old多大,多少岁  how many多少(用于可数名词复数)

二、词的变化

1、基数词变序数词

A、1到19中第一、第二、第三、第五、第八、第九、第十二变化不规则外,其他都在基数词后加上th

one(序数词) first   two(序数词)second   three(序数词)third  five(序数词)fifth    six(序数词)sixth   seven (序数词)seventh  eight (序数词)eighth  nine (序数词) ninth   ten(序数词)tenth

twelve—twelfth

B、整十的基数变序数词:只要把末尾的y为不再+th.如:twenty—twentith   fouty--foutyth

C、几十几的数,只要把个位的数变序数词就行了。如:fifty-one(序数词) fifty-first eighty-three(序数词)eighty-third

2、反义词:big(大的)-- small(小的)bad(坏的-- good(好的)bright(明亮的)-- dark(黑暗的)

black(黑的)-- white(白的)beautiful(美的)- -ugly(丑的)   cold(冷的)----- hot(热的)

cool(凉爽的)----- warm(温暖的)         come(来)----- go(去)cry(哭)----- laugh(笑)  

clever(聪明的)-- stupid(笨的)different(不同的- same 相同的  difficult(难的)- easy(容易的)

dirty(脏的)--clean(干净的)    day(白天)- night(夜晚)  early(早的)-- late(迟的)

fast(快的)---- slow(慢的)glad(高兴的)--sad(悲伤的)    inside(里面的)--- outside(外面的)

in(里面)----- out(外面)        large(大的)----- little(小的)   left(左)----- right(右)

quiet(安静的)----- noisy(吵闹的)new(新的)----- old(旧的)   loose(松的)----- tight(紧的)

like(喜欢)----- hate(厌恶)      open(开)----- close(关)     quick(快的)----- slow(慢的)    

stand(站)----- sit(坐)    short(矮的)----- tall(高的)             short(短的)----- long(长的)

thick(厚的)----- thin(薄的)    thin(瘦的)----- fat(肥的)up(向上)------ down(向下)  

wrong(错的)----- right(对的)weak(弱的)--- strong(强壮的) young(年轻的)-- old(年老的

3、近义词: pretty---nice   have to (不得不) -----must (必须)

like —love       little —small  learn—study     usually —often            look —see      

5、短词的完全形式:who’s=who is    what’s=what is     he’s=he is   she’s=she is they’re=they are    I’d like=I would like     don’t=do not    I’d like to=I would like to can’t=can not      let’s=let us   won’t=will not

6、salty---salty (咸的)   health---healthy(健康的)   taste---tasty(好吃的)  fun(形容词形式)――funny

7、同音词too—two see(看见)-sea(海洋) for(为)-four(四)  hi(喂)-high(高)  no(不)-know(知道)       by(通过)-bye(再见)   son(儿子)-sun(太阳)  our(我们的)-hour(小时)  right(对的)-write(写)   meet(遇见)-meat(肉)  hear(听见)-here(这儿)  there(在那里)-their(他/她/它们的)  father(父亲)-farther(较远地)dear(亲爱的)-deer(鹿)  pear(梨)-pair(一双/副……) it's(它是)-its(它的)  who's(谁是)-whose(谁的)  they're(他/她/它们是)-their(他/她/它们的)

三、名词单数变复数的方法。

1、绝大多数的可数名词的复数形式,是在该词末尾+s。 读音变化:如:friend→friends; cat→cats; sport→sports;

2、凡是以s、z、x、ch、sh结尾的可数名词变为复数形式,在该词末尾+es

3、以O结尾的可数名词变为复数形式通常+es.如:tomato(复数形式)tomatoes, potato(复数形式) potatoes。但是特殊的有photo(复数形式) photos  Zoo(复数形式)Zoos   piano—pianos

4、以字母y结尾的可数名词变复数,如果字母y的前面是元音(a, e , i, o, u),就在y后面直接加s。如:boy—boys.  如果字母y前面是辅音,则把y变为i, 再加es. 如:lady—ladies city—cities   story--stories.baby—babies family—families butterfly--butterflies

5、以ft fe结尾的词,变复数时,要变复f/fe为v,再加es.

如:leaf—leaves photo

6、不规的单词:foot—feet  tooth—teeth   man—men   child—children

7、单数和复数都是一样的词:sheep—sheepfish-fish  deer-deer

四、动词的现在分词变化规律:

1、动词后+ing

如:Read—reading  drink—drinking  eat—eating  listen—listening jump—jumping      wear—wearing    Grow—growing   collect—collecting  do—doing

2、以e 结尾的动词去掉e +ing

如:Write—writing   make—making  ride—riding   take—taking  Shine—shining

have--having

3、以元音字母+辅音字母结尾的双写辅音字母再+ing

如:Sit—sitting    swim—swimming      put—putting      run--running

五、重要词组:

do morning exercises做早操   eat breakfast  吃早餐     have English class 英语课

play sports做体育运动 eat dinner吃晚饭       get up  起床       climb mountains 爬山

go shopping购物   play the piano 弹钢琴  go hiking  去运足  visit grandparents 看望外祖父母

make a  snowman堆雪人  draw pictures 画图      cook dinner 做晚饭     read a book 读书

answer the phone接电话      listen to music 听音乐  clean the room 打扫房间

have a picnic 去野炊  write a letter 写信   write an e-mail 写电子邮件   drink water喝水

take pictures 照相watch insects 观察昆虫     do an experiment做实验play chess  下棋

write a report 写报告  count insects  数昆虫pick up leaves 采摘树 叶  catch butterflies捉蝴蝶    

collect leaves 收集树叶  

六、四会句子

Unit 1

When do you eat dinner?    I eat dinner at 7:00 in the evening.

When do you get up?    I usually get up at 12:00 at noon.

What do you do on the weekend? Usually I watch TV and go shopping.

Sometimes I visit my grandparents.    What about you?  

I often play football.    Sometimes I go hiking.

Unit 2

Which season do you like best? I like winter best. Summer is good, but fall is my favourite season.

Why do you like summer?    Because I can swim in the lake.

Why do you like winter?    Because I can sleep a long time.

Unit 3

When is your birthday? It’s in May.   My birthday is in June. Uncle Bill’s birthday is in June, too.

Is her birthday in June?     Yes.    What’s the date?    June 9th .

Unit 4

Hi, John. This is Zhang Peng.  What are you doing?    I’m doing the dishes.

I’m reading a book.     Grandpa is writing a letter.  

Brother is doing homework. Mom is cooking dinner in the kitchen.

He’s writing an e-mail in the study.

Unit 5

What is it doing?    It’s eating bananas.    What is she doing?    She’s jumping.

What are they doing?   They’re swimming.    They’re climbing trees.

Unit 6

Are you eating lunch?     No, we aren’t.    Are they eating the honey?    Yes, they are.

Is he playing chess?    Yes, he is.      Is she counting insects?    No, she isn’t.

七、作文   (列举)        

My weekend

There are two days on the weekend, Saturday and Sunday. On Saturday, I often do my homework in the morning, and I often help my mother do some cleaning. On Sunday, I often  reading books in the afternoon. After dinner, I often watch TV with my parents. We often have a good time.

My favourite season

春天My favourite season is spring. The weather is warm. I can wear my sweater. I can fly kites. I can plant trees, too. The trees are green. The flowers are colourful.

夏天My favourite season is summer. The weather is hot and sunny. I can wear my T-shirt. I can swim in the sea. I can eat ice-cream. The sky is blue. The clouds are white.

秋天My favourite season is fall. The weather is cool. I can wear my shirt. I can climb mountains. I can go hiking, too.I can eat many many fruits.The trees are yellow.

冬天My favourite season is winter. The weather is very cold. I can wear my sweater. I can skate. I can make a snowman, too. I can sleep a long time.

My birthday

My birthday is in June. It’s June 3rd. I often go shopping with my mother. I eat birthday cakes with my parents in the evening. I am happy on my birthday.

My family

There are five people in my family. They are my grandma, grandpa, dad, mom and I. Look! Grandma is watching TV. Grandpa is reading a book. Dad is writing an e-mail. Mom is cooking dinner. I am doing my homework. I love my family!

A Field Trip

It is a nice day. Our class will have a field trip today. Look! Here we are. There’re a lot of activities to do. Amy is watching insects. Peter is collecting leaves. They want to write a report. Mandy is catching butterflies in the woods. Tim and Bob are playing chess. Some of the classmates are having a picnic. There is a lot of delicious food to eat. Oh, who’s that over there? It’s Miss White. What is she doing? She is taking photos. We had a very good time. I’ll never forget this field trip.

用几句英语介绍一个星期天晚上你全家人正在干什么?

It’s 7:30 in the evening. Everyone is at home. My father is writing an e-mail. My mother is cooking dinner in the kitchen. My brother is doing homework in the study. My sister is watching TV with me in the living room.


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