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英语中系动词有哪些?

2016-09-01  那你明恭候
系动词:
连系动词的种类:
连系动词含有一定意义,它们要与其后做表语的形容词,名词或介词(短语)一起构成合成谓语.系动词按意义可分为三类,而且有自己的特定用法.
一,按意义连系动词可分为以下几类:
1.表示状态的连系动词有: be ; appear ; seem ; keep ; remain ; continue ; stay ; prove 等
e.g
a . She appears very young .
b. His temperature seems to be all right .
c. He made a fire in the room to keep warm .
d. The weather continued fine .
e. This proved very helpful .
2.表示感觉的连系动词有: look ; feel ; smell ; sound ; taste 等
e.g
a. A paper tiger looks terrible , but in fact it is not .
b. The medicine smells terrible .
c. Ann felt very happy
d. That sounds interesting .
3. 表示转变的连系动词有:become ; fall ; get ; go ; grow ; turn 等
a. Beijing is becoming more and more beautiful .
b. Soon they fell asleep .
c. The trees turn green and the flowers start to come out .
二. 系动词的特点:
1. 系动词不用于进行时和被动语态
2. 除make 等个别词外,几乎所有的连系动词都能跟形容词作表语,但不能跟副词. 跟名词作表语的有:become ; get ; look ; make ; prove; remain ; seem ; turn ; wear . 等
3.我们要特别注意:look ; smell ; taste 等词既可作系动词,也可作实义动词. 作系动词时后跟形容词做表语,作实义动词时则用副词来修饰这些动词.
4. appear , prove , seem 后面可以跟to be + adj , to be 也可省略.
Proverb:
An apple a day keeps the doctor away .
A new broom sweeps clean
An eye finds more truth than two ears .
An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth .
A place for everything and everything in its place .
He who has never been to the Great Wall isn't a man .
In at one ear and out at the other .
In every beginning we think of the end .
In the end thingswill mend .

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