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小学英语音标发音、拼读规则汇总大全,拿走不谢!

2016-10-18  雁南飞香



一、音标发音


“音标”是英语学习的第一步!您的孩子能正确发音吗?




在平时的教学过程中,我也发现了很多学生都存在这个问题,因此,今天特意整理一份48个英语国际音标快速记忆法,希望可以帮助各位孩子尽快掌握


巧记48个音标



记忆方法(只需记长音就可以)


1
单元音


[i:]、[i]、[?:]、[?]、[u:]、[u]、[?:]、[?]、[ɑ:]、[?]、[e]、[?]



2
双元音


[ei][ai][?i][i?][??][u?][au][?u]



3
辅音


[θ]、[e]、[?]、[?]

注:多数辅音的读音与拼音差别不大,可以通过拼音来进行谐音;还有一部分辅音没有对应的拼音字体,我们的记忆方法主要是针对这四个辅音。)



专业老师以轻松、幽默的形式完整演绎英音发音全过程(时长近70分钟)



6条自然拼读规则

1、元音字母重读音节中的读音

元音字母

读 音

例 词

a

在开音节中

[ei]

name plane Jane baby cake

在闭音节中

[?]

bag dad hat map black back

e

在开音节中

[i:]

he these me Chinese

在闭音节中

[e]

bed let pen desk yes egg

i

在开音节中

[ai]

bike fly drive time nice kite

在闭音节中

[i]

fish big drink sit milk swim

o

在开音节中

[ou]

those close go hoe home no

在闭音节中

[]

clock not box shop sock

u

在开音节中

[ju:]

student excuse duty Tuesday

在闭音节中

[]

bus cup jump much lunch

开音节中,元音字母u辅音字母j l r s后面时读[u:]音,例如:June blue ruler super


2、元音字母在非重读音节中的读音

元音字母

读 音

例 词

a

[]

China another woman breakfast

[i]

orange comrade village cabbage

e

[]

hundred student open weekend

[i]

chicken pocket begin children

i

[]/[i]

holiday beautiful family animal

[ai]

exercise satellite

o

[]

second tonight somebody welcome

[u]

also zero photo

u

[]

autumn diffcult

[ju:]

popular congratulation January

动词中的a如果处在开音节位置,a[ei]音,例如:operate

u处在开音节位置,又在辅音字母j l r s后面时,读[u(:)]音,例如:July influence February issue

在非重读音节中,许多单词中的元音字母a e i 即可以读作[]音,也可以读作[i]音。


3、元音字母重读音节中的特殊读音

元音字母

读 音

例 词

a[w]音后面

[]

want what watch wash quality

af n sk ph sp ss st th

[α:]

after plant graph ask grasp glass fast father

i-nd -ldgh

[ai]

find child light high

o-st -ld

[ou]

most postcard old cold

om n v th

[]

come monkey love mother


4、-r音节元音字组重读音节中的读音

元音字组

读 音

例 词

ar
ar[w]音后面

[α:]

car farm dark sharpener

[:]

warm quarter towards

or
or[w]音后面

[:]

forty morning short

[:]

word worker worse

er ir ur

[:]

certainly bird Thursday

辅音字母r双写时,前面的元音字母不能与r构成-r音节,而是按重读闭音节的拼读规则发音。例如: carry sorry hurry

-r音节在非重读音节中通常读[]音,例如:dollar teacher martyr forget Saturday



5、-re音节元音字组重读音节中的读音

元音字组

读 音

例 词

are

]

care dare hare

ere

[i]

here mere

ire

[ai]

fire hire wire

ore

[:]

more score before

ure

[ju]

pure cure

  are ere ire ore很少出现在非重读音节中,ure在非重读音节中读[]音,例如:picture pleasure

  重读元音字母Rr,再加非重读元字组时,重读元音字母应按-re音节拼读规则拼读,字母Rr[r]音。
例如:parent zero story during inspiring

  某些常用词及多音节词经常出现长音短化现象。
例如:orange very American paragraph



6、元音字组重读音节中的读音

元音字组

读 音

例 词

ai/ay

[ei]

afraid rain wait day play

air

]

air hair chair pair repair

al

alf m

[]

small ball talk wall all

[:l]

always also salt almost

[α:]

half calm

au/aw

[:]

autumn daughter draw

ea

[i:]

teach easy cheap please

[e]

heavy bread sweater weather

[ei]

break great

ear

[i]

hear dear near clear year

]

bear pear wear swear

[:]

earth learn early

ee

[i:]

jeep week green three

eer

[i]

pioneer deer beer

ei/ey

[ei]

eight neighbour they

[i:]

either key

eu/ew
j l r s

[ju:]

new few newspaper

[u:]

flew brew jewelry

ie/ei[s]音之后

[i:]

piece field receive

oa

[ou]

coat Joan boat goal

oar/oor

[:]

roar board door floor

oi/oy

[i]

noise point boy toilet

oo

[u:]

broom food tooth school

[u]

book look cook foot good

ou/ow

[au]

flower house count down

[ou]

know row throw though

[]

young country enough

[u:]

group you soup

our

[:]

course your four

[au]

our hour ours

[:]

journey

ui
j l r s

[ju:i]

fluid suicide tuition

[u:]

juice fruit suit


7、非重读音节中元音字组字群的读音

元音字组字群

读 音

例 词

ai/ay ei/ey

[i]

Sunday foreign monkey

ow

[ou]

yellow sparrow tomorrow

元音字组在非重读音节中读[]音或[i]
例如:neighbour serious famous biscuit coffee

-sion -tion

[n]

impression nation

-sion在元音字母后

[n]

vision decision occasion

-tions

[n]

question suggestion

-sten

[sn]

listen

-stle

[sl]

whistle

-sure

[]

pleasure measure

-ture

[]

picture culture


8、元字组在复合词非重读音节中的读音

  复合词中的第二部分不标注重音符号,但其中的元音字母元音字组仍按重读音节拼读规则拼读。
例如:
  everyday[ei]
  handbag[?]
  blackboard[:]

  有些词随着语言的发展,前后两部分已失去其单独存在的意义,融合成为一个词。其中的非重读部分要按非重读音节的读音规则发音。
例如:
  sun太阳 + day[ei]日子 > Sunday[i] 星期天
  holy神圣 + day[ei]日子 > holiday[i] 假日
  break中断 + fast[α:]斋戒 > breakfast[] 早餐
  cup茶杯 + board木板[:] cupboard[] 碗柜



9、辅字组的读音

辅字组

读 音

例 词

b

[b]

bike bus bag

[/]

bomb tomb  

c
ce前或在i/y

[k]

cake picture coat music

[s]

face decide cinema

ch

[]

much chick rich teacher

[k]

school headache chemistry

[]

machine Chicago

-ck

[k]

cock pocket black knock

d

[d]

doctor bread hand day

-dge

[]

bridge fridge

dr-

[dr]

children driver drink

f

[f]

five four breakfast

g
ge i/y

[]

bag gardon go

[]

orange large German

gh

[f]

cough enough

[/]

light daughter high

gu- -gue
gu在非重读音节中

[]

guess league dialogue

[w]

language anguish

h

[h]

hot head house hand

[/]

hour honest

j

[]

jeep jar joke join July

k

[k]

kind bike skate make week

kn-

[n]

knife know knock

l

[l]

life milk school tall

m

[m]

monkey come autumn

-mn

[m]

autumn column solemn

n
n[k] [g]音前

[n]

not shine ten note

[]

uncle thank hungry

-ng

[]

morning young wrong

p

[p]

paper plane pig ship pen

ph

[f]

elephant photo telephone

q

[k]

Iraq

qu-

[kw]

quality quite

r

[r]

red rubber ruler

s在词首或清辅音前
元音字母间或浊辅音前

[s]

sit sleep desk

[z]

music husband

sc-

[sk]

scarlet

[s]

muscle science

sh

[]

she fish shirt wash

t在通常情况下
在弱读字母ia ie io

[t]

ten letter meet

[]

patient nation

tch

[]

watch

th在通常情况下
在冠词 代词 介词 连词中
在词尾-the -ther

[θ]

thin thirty method

[]

the these with than

[]

clothe father weather

tr-

[tr]

tree train country truck

v

[v]

very voice love leave

w

[w]

week win wake sweet wait

[/]

answer two

wh-
wh-在字母o

[w]

what when white why

[h]

who whose whole

x
在重读元音前

[ks]

box text exercise

[gz]

examle exist exact

wr-

[r]

write

y-

[j]

yes yard yellow young

z

[z]

puzzle zero zo




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