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新人教版 ▏八年级下册重点单词、短语、句型预习正当时!(上)

2017-01-27  apple0316

新人教版 ▏八年级下册重点单词、短语、句型预习正当时!(上)

2017-01-14 提成绩,? 初中英语



Unit1 What’s the matter?


matter  [?m?t?] v. 重要,要紧,有关系

What’s the matter?  怎么了?出什么事了?

sore  [s?:(r)] adj. 疼痛的,酸痛的

have a cold  感冒 

stomach  ['st?m?k] n. 胃,腹部

stomachache  ['st?m?ke?k] n. 胃痛,腹痛

have a stomachache  胃痛

foot(复数feet)  [fu:t] n. 脚

neck  [nek] n. 颈,脖子

throat  [θr??t] n. 喉咙

fever  ['fi:v?] n. 发烧,发热

lie  [la?] v. 躺,平躺

lie down  躺下

rest  [rest] n. 剩余部分,其余;放松,休息

cough  [k?f] n. & v. 咳嗽

X-ray  ['eksre?] n. X光,X射线

toothache  [?tu:θe?k] n. 牙痛

take one's temperature  量体温

headache  [?hede?k] n. 头痛

have a fever  发烧

break  [bre?k] n. & v. 休息,暂停;打破

take breaks (take a break) 休息

hurt  [h?:t] v. 伤害,损害,使受伤

passenger  ['p?s?nd??] n. 乘客,旅客

off  [?f] adv. prep. 离开(某处);从…去掉

get off  下车

to one's surprise  使…惊讶,出乎…意料

onto  [??nt?] prep. 向,朝

trouble  [?tr?bl] n. 麻烦,烦扰,问题

hit  [hit] n. & v. 碰撞,打,打击

right away  立即,马上

get into  陷入,参与

herself  [h?:?self] pron. 她自己,她本身(she的反身代词)

bandage  ['b?nd?d?] n. & v. 绷带;用绷带包扎

sick  [s?k] adj. 患病的,不适的

knee  [ni:] n. 膝盖

nosebleed  [?n??zbli:d] n. 鼻出血

breathe  [bri:e] v. 呼吸

sunburned  [?s?nb?:nd] adj. 晒伤的

ourselves  [ɑ:?selvz] pron. 我们自己(we的反身代词)

climber  [?kla?m?(r)] n. 登山者

be used to  习惯于… 适应于…

risk  [r?sk] n. & v. 风险,危险;冒险

take risks (take a risk) 冒险

accident  [??ksid?nt] n. 意外事件;事故

situation  [?sitju?ei??n] n. 状况,形式,情况

kg=kilogram  [?k?l?gr?m] n. 公斤,千克

rock  [r?k] n. 岩石

run out (of)  用尽,耗尽

knife  [naif] n. 刀,餐刀

cut off  切除

blood  [bl?d] n. 血

mean  [mi:n] v. 意味着,意思是,意欲

get out of  离开,从… 出来

importance  [?m?p?:tns] n. 重要性

decision  [d?'s??n] n. 决心,决定,抉择

control  [k?n'tr??l] v. 控制,支配,操纵

be in control of 掌管,管理

spirit  ['sp?r?t] n. 勇气,意志

death  [deθ] n. 死亡

give up  放弃

nurse  [n?:s] n. 护士


1.have a fever 发烧

2.have a cough 咳嗽

3.have a toothache 牙疼 too much 说得太多

5.drink enough water 喝足够的水

6.have a cold 受凉;感冒

7.have a stomachache 胃疼

8.have a sore back 背疼

9.have a sore throat 喉咙痛

10. take risks 冒险 tea with honey 加蜂蜜的热茶

12.see a dentist 看牙医

13.get an X-ray 拍X 光片

14.take one’ s temperature 量体温

15.put some medicine on sth. 在……上面敷药

16. give up 放弃

17. sound like 听起来像

18. all weekend 整个周末

19. in the same way 以同样的方式

20. go to a doctor 看医生

21. go along 沿着……走

22. on the side of the road 在马路边

23. shout for help 大声呼救

24. without thinking twice 没有多想

25. get off 下车

26. have a heart problem 有心脏病

27. to one’ s surprise 另某人惊讶的是

28. thanks to 多亏了 ;由于

29. in time 及时

30. make a decision 做出决定 

31. get into trouble 造成麻烦

32. right away 立刻;马上

33. because of 由于

34. get out of 离开;从……出来

35. keep on doing sth. 继续或坚持做某事

36. put a bandage on sth. 用绷带包扎

37. fall down 摔倒

38. feel sick 感到恶心

39. have a nosebleed 流鼻血

40. cut his knee 割伤他的膝盖

41. put her head back 把她的头向后仰

42. have problems breathing 呼吸困难

43. mountain climbing 登山运动

44. be used to doing sth. 习惯做某事

45. run out (of) 用完;用尽

46. so that 以便

47. so...that... 如此……以至于...…

48. be in control of 掌管;管理

49. in a difficult situation 在闲境中


1. What's the matter with you?= What'the trouble with you?

= What's wrong with you? 你怎么了?

2. What should she do? 她该怎么办呢?

3.Should I take my temperature? 我应该量一下体温吗?

4.You should lie down and rest. 你应该躺下休息一会儿。

5. Do you think it comes from a newspaper or a book? 你认为它是来自报纸还是书呢?

6. I think I sat in the same way for too long without moving.我想我以同样的姿势一动不动地坐得太久了。

7. She said that the man had a heart problem and should go to the hospital. 她说这个人有心脏病应该去医院。

Unit2 I’ll help to clean up the city parks.


clean up  打扫(清除)干净

cheer  [t?i?] v. 欢呼

cheer up  变得更高兴,振奋起来

give out  分发,散发

volunteer  [?v?l?n?ti?] n. & v. 志愿者;义务做

come up with  想出,提出

put off  推迟

sign  [sa?n] n. 标记,符号,标牌

notice  [?n??t?s] n. & v. 通知,公告;注意到

hand out  分发

call up  打电话给…某人,征召

used to do sth.  过去常常做某事

lonely  ['l??nl?] adj. 孤独的,寂寞的

care for  照顾,非常喜欢

several  [?sevr?l] prep. 几个,数个,一些

strong  [str??] adj. 强壮的,强烈的

feeling  [?fi:l??] n. 感觉,感触

satisfaction  [?s?t?s'f?k?n] n. 满足,满意

joy  [d???] n. 高兴,愉快

owner  [???n?(r)] n. 所有者,物主

try out  参加…选拔,试用

journey  ['d??:n?] n. (尤指长途)旅行,行程

raise  [re?z] v. 抬起,举起,筹集,征集

alone  [??l?un] adv. 独自地,孤独地

repair  [ri?p??] v. 修理,修补

fix  [fiks] v. 修理,安装

fix up  修理,修补

give away  赠送,捐赠

take after (外貌或行为)像

broken  ['br??k?n] adj. 破损的,残缺的

wheel  [wi:l] n. & v. 轮子,车轮;旋转

letter  [?let?] n. 信件,字母

Miss  [m?s] n. 小姐

set up  建立,设立

disabled  [dis?eib?ld] adj. 有残疾的,丧失能力的

make a difference  影响,有作用

blind  [bla?nd] adj. 盲的,盲目的,失明的

deaf  [def] adj. 聋的

imagine  [??m?d??n] v. 想象,设想

difficulty  ['d?f?k?lt?] n. 困难

open  [???p?n] v. 打开

door  [d?:] n. 门

carry  ['k?r?] v. 携带,搬运

train  [tre?n] v. 训练,培养

training  [?tre?n??] n. 训练,培训

excited  [?k?sa?t?d] adj. 激动的,兴奋的

kindness  [?ka?ndn?s] n. 仁慈,善良,亲切,善意

clever  [?klev?] adj. 聪明的,机灵的

understand  [??nd??st?nd] v. 懂,理解

change  [t?e?nd?] n. & v. 改变

interest  ['?ntr?st] n. & v. 感兴趣;兴趣

sir  [s?:(r)] n. 先生

madam  ['m?d?m] n. 夫人,女士


1.Clean-Up Day 清洁日

2. an old people’s home 养老院

3. help out with sth. 帮助解决困难

4. used to 过去常常......

5. care for 关心;照顾

6. the look of joy 快乐的表情

7. at the age of 在......岁时

8.clean up 打扫(或清除)干净

9. cheer up (使)变得更高兴;振奋

10. give out 分发;散发

11. come up with 想出;提出

12. make a plan 制订计划

13. make some notices 做些公告牌

14. try out 试用;试行

15. work for 为…工作;为…. 效力

16. put up 建造;举起;张贴

17. hand out 分发;散发;发给

18. call up 打电话;召集

19. put off 推迟;延迟

20. for example 比如;例如

21. raise money 筹钱;募捐

22. take after 与......相像;像

23. give away 赠送;捐赠

24. fix up 修理;修补;解决

25. be similar to 与……相似

26. set up 建立;设立

27. disabled people 残疾人

28. make a difference 影响;有作用

29. be able to 能够

30. after-school reading program 课外阅读项目


1. The boy could give out food at the food bank. 这个男孩可以在食品救济站分发食物。

2. Clean-Up Day is only two weeks from now. 清洁日离现在仅仅两周的时间。

3. He volunteers at an animal hospital every Saturday morning. 每周六上午,他都在一'家动物医院当志愿者。

4. Last year, she decided to try out for a volunteer after-school reading program. 去年,她决定去参加一个课外阅读项目的志愿者的选拔。

5.You can see in their eyes that they're going on a different journey with each new book. 从他们的眼睛里你可以看到他们正在进行每本不同的新书之旅。

6. I want to put off my plan to work in an animal hospital until next summer. 我想把我在动物医院工作的计划推迟到明年夏天。

7. Most people today are only worried about getting good jobs to make lots of money. 现在的大部分人只是为找一份能挣许多钱的好工作而着急。

8. You helped to make it possible for me to have Luck. 在你的帮助下,我才有可能拥有“幸运儿”。

Unit3 Could you please clean your room?


rubbish  [?r?b??] n. 垃圾,废物

take out the rubbish  倒垃圾

fold  [f??ld] v. 对折,折叠

mess  [mes] n. 混乱,脏乱,食堂

throw  [θr??] v. 扔,投掷

all the time  频繁,反复

neither  [?ni:e?] pron.adv. 二者都不;也不

shirt  [??:t] n. 运动衫,衬衫

as soon as  一…就…,尽快

pass  [pɑ:s] v. 前行,经过,批准

borrow  ['b?r??] v. 借,借用

lend  [lend] v. 借给,借出

finger  [?fi?g?(r)] n. 手指

hate  [he?t] v. 憎恶,讨厌

chore  [t??:(r)] n. 杂务,乏味的工作

while  [wail] conj. 当...时候,而,然而

snack  [sn?k] n. 小吃,点心,快餐

stress  [stres] n. 精神压力,心理负担

waste  [we?st] v. 浪费,消耗

in order to  目的是,为了

provide  [pr?'vaid] v. 提供,供给,供应

anyway  [?eniwei] adv. 无论如何,不管怎样,而且

depend  [di?pend] v. 取决于,依靠,依赖

depend on  依靠于

develop  [d??vel?p] v. 发展,壮大,开发,研制

independent  [?indi?pend?nt] adj. 独立自主的,不受约束的

independence  [??nd?'pend?ns] n. 独立

fair  [f??] adj. 公平的,公正的

unfair  [??n?fe?] adj. 不公平的,有偏见的

fairness  [?fe?n?s] n. 公正性,合理性

since  [s?ns] conj. 因为,既然

neighbor  [?ne?b?] n. 邻居

take care of  照顾,处理

ill  [il] adj. 生病的,有病的

drop  [dr?p] v. 落下,跌落


1.go out for dinner 出去吃饭

2.stay out late 在外面待到很晚

3.go to the movies 去看电影

4.get a ride 搭车 on 从事

6.finish doing sth. 完成做某事

7.clean and tidy 干净整洁的 the dishes 洗餐具

9.take out the rubbish 倒垃圾

10.fold your/the clothes 叠衣服

11.sweep the floor 扫地

12.make your/the bed 整理床铺

13.clean the livng room 打扫客厅 problem 没问题

15.welcome sb. 欢迎某人

16.come home from school/work放学/下班回家

17.throw down 扔下

18.sit down 坐下

19.come over 过来

20.take sb. for a walk 带某人去散步

21.all the time 一直;总是

22.all day/evening 整曰/夜 housework 做家务

24.shout back 大声回应

25.walk away 走开

26.share the housework 分担家务

27.a comfortable home 一个舒适的家 surprise 惊讶地

29.get something to drink 拿点喝的东西 one show 观看一个节目

31.hang out 闲逛

32.pass sb. sth. 把某物传给某人

33.lend sb. sth. 把某物借给某人

34.get sth. wet 使某物弄湿

35. hate to do sth. 讨厌做某事 chores 做杂务 sb. (to ) d o /with sth·帮助某人干某事

38.bring a tent带顶帐篷来 some snacks买些小吃

40.go to the store去商店

41.invite sb. to a party邀请某人参加聚会

42.make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事

43.enough stress足够的压力

44.a waste of time浪费时间 order to为了

46.get good grades取得好成绩

47.mind doing sth. 介意做某事

48.depend on依赖;依靠

49.develop children ’ s independence发展孩子的独立性

50.look after/take care of 照顾;照看 one’ s part in (doing ) sth. 做某人分内的事


1.Could you please clean your room? 你能打扫一下你的房间吗?

2. I have to do some work. 我必须干些活。

3. Could I use your computer? 我可以用一下你的电脑吗?

4. She won't be happy if she sees this mess. 如果她看到这样乱七八糟的话,她会不高兴的。

5. For one week, she did not do any housework and neither did I. 整整一周,她什么家务活都不干了,我也一样。

6. My mom came over as soon as I sat down in front of the TV .我一在电视机前坐下,我妈妈就过来了。

7. I hate to do chores. 我不喜欢做杂务。

Unit4 Why do’t you talk to your parents?


allow  [??la?] v. 允许,准许

wrong  [r??] adj. 错误的

What's wrong?  哪儿不舒服?

midnight  ['m?dna?t] n. 午夜,子夜

look through  浏览,快速查看

guess  [ɡes] v. 猜测,估计

deal  [di:l] v. 处理,应付

big deal  重要的事

work out  成功地发展,解决

get on with  和睦相处,关系良好

relation  [r??le??n] n. 关系,联系,交往

communicate  [k??mju:nikeit] v. 沟通,通信,通讯

communication  [k??mju:n??ke??n] n. 交流,沟通

argue  [?ɑ:ɡju:] v. 争论,争吵

cloud  [kla?d] n. 云

elder  ['eld?(r)] adj. 年级较长的

instead  [?n?sted] adv. 代替

whatever  [w?t?ev?r] pron. 任何,不管什么,无论什么

nervous  [?n?:v?s] adj. 紧张不安的

offer  ['a:f?r] v. 提供,自愿给予

proper  [?pr?p?] adj. 合适的,适当的

secondly  [?sek?ndli] adv. 第二,其次

explain  [?k?sple?n] v. 讲解,解释,说明

clear  [kl??] adj. 清晰的,清楚易懂的

copy  [?k?pi] v. 复制

return  [r?'t?:n] v. 回来,返回,归还

anymore  ['en?m?:] adv. 不再,再也不

member  [?memb?] n. 成员,会员

pressure  ['pre??(r)] n. 压力

compete  [k?m'pi:t] v. 比赛,竞争

opinion  [??p?nj?n] n. 意见,想法,看法

skill  [sk?l] n. 技能,技巧

typical  [?t?p?kl] adj. 典型的

football  [?f?tb?:l] n. 足球

cut out  删去,删除

quick  [kw?k] adj. 快的,迅速的

continue  [k?n?t?nju:] v. 继续,连续

compare  [k?m'pe?] v. 比较

compare…with  比较,对比

crazy  [?kre?z?] adj. 疯狂的,狂热的

development  [di?vel?pm?nt] n. 发育,成长,发展

cause  [k?:z] n. & v. 原因;造成,使发生

usual  [?ju:?u?l] adj. 通常的,平常的

in one's opinion  依… 看

perhaps  [p??h?ps] adv. 可能,大概,也许


1.have free time有空闲时间

2.allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事

3.hang out with sb. 与某人闲逛

4. after-school classes课外活动课

5. get into a fight with sb.与某人吵架/打架

6. until midnight直到半夜

7. talk to sb. 与某人交谈

8. too many太多

9. study too much学得过多

10. get enough sleep有足够的睡眠

11. write sb. a letter给某人写信

12. call sb. up打电话给某人

13. surprise sb. 令某人惊讶

14. look through翻看

15. be angry with sb. 生某人的气

16. a big deal重要的事

17. work out成功地发展;解决

18. get on with与...相处

19. fight a lot经常吵架/打架

20. hang over笼罩

21. refuse to do sth. 拒绝做某事

22. offer to do sth. 主动提出做某事

23. so that以便

24. mind sb. doing sth. 介意某人做某事

25. all the time一直

26. in future今后

27. make sb. angry使某人生气

28. worry about sth. 担心某事

29. copy one’ s homework抄袭某人的作业

30. be oneself做自己

31. family members

32. spend time alone独自消磨时光

33. give sb. pressure给某人施压

34. have a fight with sb. 与某人吵架

35. compete with sb. 与某人竞争

36. free time activities业余活动

37. get better grades取得更好的成绩

38. give one’ s opinion提出某人的观点

39. learn exam skills学习应试技巧

40. practice sports体育训练

41. cause stress造成压力

42. cut out删除


1. I studied until midnight last night so I didn't get enough sleep. 我昨晚学习到半夜所以睡眠不足。

2. Why don't you forget about it?  你为什么不忘掉它呢?

3. Although she's wrong , it,s not a big deal. 虽然她错了,但这并不是什么大事儿。

4. He should talk to his friend so that he can say he's sorry.他应该跟朋友谈谈以便他能说声对不起。

5. Maybe you could go to his house. 也许你可以去他家。

6. I guess I could, but I don't want to surprise him. 我想我可以,但我不想让他感到惊讶。

Unit5 What were you doing when the rainstorm came?


rainstorm  [?re?nst?:m] n. 暴风雨

alarm  [??lɑ:m] n. 闹钟

go off (闹钟)发出响声

begin  [b??g?n] v. 开始

heavily  [?hev?li] adv. 在很大程度上,大量地

suddenly  [?s?d?nli] adv. 突然地

pick up(=pick up the phone) 接电话

strange  [stre?nd?] adj. 奇怪的,陌生的,奇特的

storm  [st?:m] n. 暴风雨

wind  [wa?nd] n. 风

light  [la?t] n. & v. 电灯;点燃

report  [ri?p?:t] v. 报导,报告

area  ['e?r??] n. 范围,地域,地区

wood  [w?d] n. 树木,木材,树木

window  [?wind?u] n. 窗户

flashlight  ['fl??la?t] n. 手电筒,火炬

match  [m?t?] n. 火柴,比赛

beat  [bi:t] v. 敲打,打败

against  [??genst] prep. 反对,对…不利

asleep  [??sli:p] adj. 睡着的,熟睡的

fall asleep  进入梦乡,睡着

die down  逐渐变弱,逐渐消失

rise  [ra?z] v. 上升,升起

fallen  [?f?:l?n] adj. 倒下的,落下的

apart  [??pɑ:t] adv. 分离,分开

have a look  看一看

icy  [?a?s?] adj. 覆盖着冰的,冰冷的

kid  [k?d] n. & v. (口语)小孩;开玩笑,欺骗

realize  [?ri:?la?z] v. 认识到,了解

make one's way  前往,费力地前进

passage  [?p?s?d?] n. 章节,段落

pupil  [?pju:pl] n. 学生

completely  [k?m?pli:tli] adv. 彻底地,完全地

shocked  [??kt] adj. 震惊的,震撼的

silence  [?sa?l?ns] n. 寂静,沉默

in silence  沉默,无声

recently  [?ri:sntli] adv. 不久前,近来,最近

take down  拆除,往下拽,记录

terrorist  [?ter?r?st] n. 恐怖分子

date  [de?t] n. 日期,日子

tower  [?ta??(r)] n. 塔

at first  首先,最初

truth  [tru:θ] n. 真相,真理,事实


1.make sure 确信;确认

2.beat against... 拍打……

3. fall asleep 进人梦乡;睡着

4. die down 逐渐变弱;逐渐消失

5. wake up 醒来

6. in a mess 一团糟

7. break...apart 使……分离

8. in times of difficulty 在困难的时候

9. at the time of 当.......时候

10. go off (闹钟)发出响声

11. take a hot shower 洗热水澡

12. miss the bus 错过公交车

13. pick up 接电话

14. bring... together 使……靠拢

15. in the area 在这个地区

16. miss the event 错过这个事件

17. by the side of the road 在路边

18. the Animal Helpline 动物保护热线

19. walk by 走路经过

20. make one’s way to.... 在某人去……的路上

21. hear the news 听到这个消息

22.important events in history 历史上的重大事件

23.for example 例如 killed 被杀害

25. over 50 50多(岁)

26. a school pupil 一个小学生

27. on the radio 通过广播 silence 沉默;无声

29.more recently 最近地;新近

30.the World Trade Center 世贸中心

31.take down 拆除;摧毁

32.have meaning to 对……有意义

33.remember doing sth. 记得做过某事 first 首先;最初


1. — What were you doing at eight last night? 昨晚8点你在干什么?

— I was taking a shower. 我在洗淋浴。

2. When it began to rain, Ben was helping his mom make dinner. 当开始下雨的时候,本正在帮他妈妈做晚饭。

3. — What was Jenny doing while Linda was sleeping? 琳达在睡觉的时候,珍妮正在干什么?

— While Linda was sleeping, Jenny was helping Mary with her homework. 琳达在睡觉的时候,珍妮正在帮玛丽做作业。


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