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中考英语重点词汇句型

2011-12-10  Lunula Sea

中考英语重点句型、短语大盘点(8

229 say to oneself 对自己说
230 say to sb
对某人说

231 sb spend somemoney on sth
花了多少钱在某事上

232 sb spend sometime with sb
花了多少时间陪谁

233 sb spend sometime(in) doing sth
花了多少时间做某事
234 sb with sb +is sb and sb +are
235 see sb do
看见某人做过某事 see sb doing 看见某人正在做某事

236 seem to do/be +adj
显得怎么样
eg : You seem to be tired You seem to be happy
237 send +sb sth
送给某人某物

238 send…to…
把什么寄到哪里去?

239 shock
使……震惊 eg : Oh , It's only you ! You give me a shock 啊,是你呀!吓我一跳
240 show sb sth
向某人展示某物
eg : I show her the book.
241 show sb sth = show sth to sb
拿什么东西给某人看
eg: Show me your pen Show your pen to me
242 show sth to sb
向某人展示某物
eg : I show the book to her.
243 some…others…
一些……另一些
……
244 start…with…
……开始 begin…with… ……开始

245 stay away from
远离
……
eg : We're told to stay away from the animals whe visiting the zoo
当我们参观zoo 时,我们要远离动物

If you want to lose weight you'd better stay auay from the sweet food
徒工你想减肥,你最好远离甜食

246 stop doing
停下正在做的事

247 stop sb from doing sth
阻止某人做某事

248 stop sb(from) doing
阻止某人做某事

249 stop to do
停下正在做的事去做下一件事

250 such +
名 这样 ,这种

251 suit sb
适合某人

252 surprise sb
使某人惊奇 to one's surprise 令某人惊奇

253 take classes
上课

254 take sb to
把某人带去 eg : I take you to the hospital
255 take walks = take a walk
go for a walk 散步

256 ①talk to
对谁说 eg : I talk to you ② talk with 和谁说
eg : I talk with him
③ talk of
谈到 eg : we talked of you ④ talk about 谈论关于
……
257 talk with sb
和某人说话

258 teach sb sth
教某人做某事

259 tell sb do sth
告诉某人做某事

260 tell sb sth tell sb that
丛句
tell sb not to do sth tell a story
261 tell sb sth
告诉某人某事

262 tell sb to do sth
告诉某人做什么 tell sb not to do sth 告诉某人不要做什么
263 tell…from…
264 thank you for +doing
265 the same +
名词(doing)+as……
266 the same…(
)…as as…(adj adv)…as 相同

267 the way to do sth
the way of doing sth 做某方面的方法 the way to +地方 去哪的路

eg : Do you know the way to learn English
Do you know the way of learning English
268 the way to…
(地点) 到哪的路

269 too…to…
太怎样而不能…… adj +enough to 足够… so…that +丛句 太所以

eg: He is too young to go to school = He is so young that he can't go to school
He is old enough to go to school
He is so old that he can go to school
270 transalte ……into……
把什么翻译成什么
eg : Trasalte English into chinese
271 travel with sb
和某人去旅游

272 try one's best to do sth
尽某人最大的努力去做某事
eg: I will try my best to learn English well
273 try to do sth
想干什么,但没成功 try doing sth 想干什么,已经做过了

eg
He tried to climb 他想爬上去,但没成功 He tried climbing 他想爬上去

274 try…
试衣服 have a try 试一下

275 turn down
开小 ←→ turn up 开大

276 turn off
关上 ←→ turn on 打开 open 拆开

277 upside down
倒着

278 visit to…
参观某个地方

279 wait for sb
等某人

280 wait for sb to do sth
等某人做什么 wait for sb 等某人 wait for sometime 等多少时间

eg : Would you please wait for me to get ready
等我准备好,好吗?

Let's wait for the rain to stop
让我们等雨停吧

281 wake sb up
把某人叫醒
282 want to do sth
想做某事
283 watch sb do sth
观看某人做某事

284 welcome to +…
(地方) 欢迎到
……
285 what about +n /doing eg : what about an apple
286 what if
如果……怎么办 What if +句子

eg : What if it is true ?
如果是真的怎么办?

What if aliens should come to the earth
假如外星人来到地球怎么办?

287 what they will do = what to do
288 What's the matter ? = What's the trouble ? = What's wrong ?
有什么困难?
289 while +
延续性动词
290 why don't you do = why not do
291 will you please do will you please not do
292 with one's best = with the help of sb
在某人的帮助下

293 with the help of sb
在某人的帮助下 with one's help
294 work at…
在某处工作

295 work with sb
和某人一起工作

296 would like sth /to do sth eg : I would like to go to LuZhou
297 would you please +do
298 yet :
至今 ,用在否定句中
299 you'd better do
最好做某事 = you'd better not do 最好不要做某事

300
不定式 +v(原)

301
联系动词(taste吃起来/sound听起来/look看起来/semll闻起来)+adj
302
名词、副词、 形容词修饰 enongh , 形容词放在之前, 名词 副词放在之后

303
太多 too much +不可数 too many +可数 much too 相当于 very ,修饰形容词

304
向宾语提问:
Whom
305
向地点提问:
Where
306
向方式提问:
How
307
向价格和不可数名词提问:
How much
308
向可数名词提问:
How many
309
向频率提问:
How often
310
向时间段提问:
How long
311
向时间提问:
what time/when
312
向物主代词提问:
Whose
313
向职业提问:
what do/does……do
314
向主语提问: Who

中考英语重点句型、短语大盘点(7

166 keep +sb /sth +adj /介词短语 让什么保持什么样?
167 keep out
不让 …… 进入
168 keep sb adj
……保持…… eg: I want to keep my mother happy keep healthy 保持健康
169 key to +
名词 表示:某物的钥匙或某题的答案
170 key to… anser to … key
可以是答题或钥匙
171 laugh at…
取笑…… eg : Don't langh at others We langhed at the joke
172 learn by oneslfe
自学 RPi中国英语学习网173 learn from sb 向某人学习 eg: We should learn from Lei Feng
174 learn to do sth
学做某事
175 let sb do sth
让某人做某事
176 Let sb down
让某人失望 eg We shouldn't let our farents down 我们不应该让我们的父母失望
177 live from :
离某地远
178 live in +
大地方 /at +小地方 居住在某地 eg: I live in LuZhou She lives at XuanTan
179 look after = take care of
照顾 照看
180 lose one's way
eg : Lose your way 你迷路
181 make a decision to do sth
决定做某事
182 make friends with sb
和谁成为朋友 eg : I want to make friends with you
183 make it early
把时间定的早一点
184 make on exhibition of oneself
让某人出洋相
185 make sb /n +n
使什么成为什么 eg : I made her my step moller I made you my wife
186 make sb /sth +adj
使某人(某物)怎么样 eg : You must made your bed clean
187 make sb /sth adj
使某人/某物怎么样
188 make sb do sth
让某人做某事 eg : I made him write 我以前让他写
189 make up be made up of (
被动语态)由……组成
190 make…difference to…
191 mind sb to do mind one's doing
介意……做什么
192 most +
most of +
193 much too +
形容词
194 must be
一定
195 need +
名词
196 need sb do sth
需要某人做某事
197 need to do (
实义动词) need do (情态动词)
198 no /neithr of hate to do no /neithr of hate doing
199 no +
名词 RPi中国英语学习网200 not anymore = no more 再也不…… eg: He didn't cry any more He cried no more 他再也不哭
201 not… (
、副)at all eg: He's not tall at all she doesn't junp far at all
202 not…at all
一点都不
203 not…either
表否定,也不 eg : I don't japanse either I don't have sister, either 我也没有姐姐
204 not…until
直到…………
eg: I didn't sleep until my mother came back The child didn't stop crying until I give her sugar
205 offer / provide sb with sth
给某人提供
206 offer sb sth ( offer sth to sb
提供什么东西给某人 eg : I offer you water (I offer water to you 我给你提供水
207 on one's way to…
在谁去那的路上
208 on the one hand
一方面 on the other hand 另一方面
209 on the phone = over the phone
用电话交谈
210 on time
准时 in time 及时
211 one day
some day someday 一天,有一天
212 one of +
可数名词的复数形式
213 one to another
一个到另一个
214 over and over agin
一遍又一遍的 eg : He cleaned the floor over and over agin
215 part-time job
兼职工作 fall-time job 全职工作
216 pay for…
…… pay the bill 开钱 ,付钱
217 please +do
218 please help yourself
219 pleased with sb
220 pool into = pore into
221 practice +doing
练习做某事
222 prefer sth to sth
相对……更喜欢…… eg : I prefer physics to chemisty 在物理和化学中,我更喜欢物理
prefer doing to sth
更喜欢去做不愿意去做… eg: He prefers riding a bike to diving 他更喜欢骑自行车,不开小车
prefer to do sth rather than do sth
宁愿做也不愿
eg: My unde prefers to buy a now car rather than repaiv the used one
我叔叔更喜欢买新的车,也不去修旧车
prefer sb not to do sth
更愿意… eg: I prefer her not to come 我不喜欢她不来
223 pretend to do sth
装着去做什么 pretend that 从句
eg : The two cheats pretended to be working very hard
这两个骗子装着努力工作
He pretended that he did not know the answer
他装着不知道答案
224 rather…than
宁可……也不……
eg : I would rather be a doctor than a teacher
我愿肯当医生,也不当老师
He likes dogs rather than cats
他喜欢狗,不喜欢猫
225 regard…as
……当作……
eg: Please give my best regards to your family
请带我向你的家人我最好的问候
I regard you as my friend
我把你当作我的朋友
He shows little regard for others
他不爱关心别人
226 remid sb about sth
提醒某人什么事 remid sb to do sth 提醒某人做某事
eg : he remids me about cooking (he remids me to cook
他提醒我做饭
227 remid sb of sth
使某人想起什么
eg : the pictures remind me of my school days
这照片使我想起了我的学校
the words that (which) the teacher talke to remind me of my mother
228 return sth to sb
还什么东西给某人

中考英语重点句型、短语大盘点(6

102 escape from ……逃跑
eg: The prisoners have escaped from the prison
犯人从监狱里逃跑出来

Some gas is escaping from the pipe
有一些气体从管子里冒出
103 expect to do sth
期待做某事

104 fall down
摔下来 fall off 从哪摔下来

105 fall in love with sb /sth
爱上什么

106 far from
离某地远
eg : The school is far from my home
107 find +it +adj +to do
发现做某事怎么样

108 find sb/sth +adj
发现什么怎么样?
eg : I find the book interesting
109 finish
完成+doing(名词)

110 fit to sb = be fit for sb
适合某人

111 forget to do
没有做而忘了 forget doing 做了而又忘了 eg: Don't forget to go home I forget closing door
112 from…to…
从某某到某某
eg: From me for her
113 get /have sth down
做完,被(别人)做
……
eg: I have my hair cut
我理了发(头发被剪了)

Tom got his bad tooth pulled out
汤母把他的坏牙拔掉了(被牙医拔掉了)

114 get a part-time job = find a part-time job
115 get along well with sb = get on well with sb
与某人相处得好
116 get along with sb = get on with sb
与某人相处

117 get ready for = be ready for
为什么而准备
eg : I get ready for math I am ready for math
118 get sb in to trouble
给某人麻烦

119 get sb to do sth
120 get…from…
从某处得到某物

121 give a talk
做报告
eg: He is give a tall
122 give sth to sb give sb sth
给某人某物

123 go fish
钓鱼 go swimming 游泳

124 go on to do
去做下一件事 go on doing 继续做这件事

125 go out away from go out of
126 go to school
上学(用于专业的) go to the school 去学校(不一定是上学)

127 good way to
好方法

128 hate to do
讨厌没做过的事 hate doing 讨厌做过的事

129 have a party for sb
举办谁的晚会

130 have a talk
听报告 谈一谈

131 have been doing
现在完成进行时
eg : You have been talking You have been sleeping since
132 have been to …(
地方)……去过某过地方 have gone to …(地方) 去了某地还没回来

133 have fun +doing
玩得高兴

134 have sth to do
有什么事要做

eg: I have a lot of homework to do
我有很多家庭作业要做

I have nothing to do
我没什么事情做

135 have to do sth
必须做某事
136 have trouble (problem) (in) doing sth
做什么事情有麻烦

137 have…time +doing
138 have…(
时间)…off …… eg: I have month off 我请一个月得假
139 hear sb +do/doing
听见某人做某事/正在做某事

140 help a lot
很大用处

141 help sb with sth one's sth
帮助某人某事(某方面) help sb (to) do sth 帮助某人做某事

142 hope to do sth
希望做某事

143 How about(+doing) = What about(+doing)
144 how do you like = what do you think of
你对什么的看法

145 if :
是否=
wether
eg: I don't know if (wether) I should go to the party
我不知道我是否应该去参加晚会

He don't know if (wether) we will arrive on time tomorrow morning
他不知道我们明天早上是否能准时到达

146 if :
如果

eg: I'll go to LuZhou if it does't rain
假如明天不下雨,我就去泸州
If they change the plan they will let me know
假如他们要改变计划,他们会让我知道的

I'll go to England ,if I have enough money next year
如果我明年由足够的钱,我就要去英国

147 in one's opinion = sb think
某人认为

148 in some ways
在某些方面

149 in the end = finally(adv)
最后

150 in the north of…
什么在什么的北方 (north sowth west 西 east 东 )
151 in the sun
在太阳下
152 increase
增加

eg : They've increased the prece of petrol by 3%
他们把石油价增加了
3%
the population has increased from 12 million ten years ago to 18 million now
153 instead of +
(名 ) 代替

eg: I'd like an apple instead of a pear
我想要苹果,而不要梨子

I like English instead of math
我喜欢英语而不喜欢数学

154 introduce sb to sb
介绍某人给某人 introduce oneself 自我介绍
155 invite sb to do sth
邀请某人做某事

156 It takes sb sometime to do sth
做某人花掉某人多少时间

eg : It took me 5 minutes to do my homework It takes me half an hour to cook
157 It's +adj +for sb to do sth
对某人来说做某事怎么样

158 It's +adj +to do
做某事怎么样

159 It's +adj for sb
对于某人来说怎么样 It's +adj of sb 对某人来说太怎么样

160 It's +adj(for sb) to do
(对某人来说) 做某事怎么样 It's +adj of sb to do sth 对某人来说做某事太怎么样

eg : It's nice of you to help me with my English
161 It's a good idea for sb to do sth
…… 来说是个好主意

162 It's important to sb
对某人来说很重要
eg: It's important to me
163 It's time to do sth It's time for sth
到了该去做某事的时间

eg : It's time to have class It's time for class
该去上课了

164 join = take part in
参加

165 just now
刚才

中考英语重点句型、短语大盘点(5

33 be different from…… 和什么不一样
34 be famous for
……著名

35 be friendly to sb
对某人友好

36 be from = come from
来自

eg
He is from Bejing He comes from Bejing Is he from Bejing ? Does he come from Bejing ?
37 be full of
装满…… be filled with 充满

eg: the glass is full of water the glass is filled with water
38 be glad+to+do/
从句

39 be going to + v(
原) 将来时

40 be good at(+doing) = do well in
在某方面善长, 善于
……
41 be good for
对什么有好处

eg : Reading aloud is good for your English
42 be happy to do
很高兴做某事

43 be helpful to sb
对某人有好处

eg : Reading aloud is helpful to you
大声朗读对你有好处

Exercising is helpful to your bady
锻炼对你的身体有好处

44 be in good health
身体健康

45 be in trouble
处于困难中

eg : She is in trouble They are in tronble
46 be interested in
对某方面感兴趣

47 be late for = come late to
迟到   eg: Be late for class 上课迟到

48 be like
…… eg : I'm like my mother
49 be mad at
生某人的气

50 be made from
……制成(制成以后看不见原材料
)
51 be made of
……制成(制成以后还看得见原材料
)
52 be not sure
表不确定

53 be on a visit to
参观
54 be popular with sb
受某人欢迎

55 be quiet
安静

56 be short for
**的缩写 eg: is short for 陶俊杰

57 be sick in bed
生病在床

58 be sorry to do sth be sorry for sb eg : I am sorry for you
59 be sorry to hear that
60 be sorry to trouble sb eg : I am sorry to trouble you
61 be strict in doing sth
严于做某事
eg : He's strict in obeying noles
62 be strict with sb
对某人要求严格 eg: Some students are not strict with them selves 这些学生对自己不严格

63 be strict with sb in sth
某方面对某人严格

64 be supposed to do
被要求干什么

65 be sure
表确定

66 be sure of doing sth
对做某事有信心 eg: He is sure of winning I am sure of learning English well
67 be sure of sth
对做某事有信心 eg: I'm sure of my head (my teacher 我相信我的大脑(老师)

68 be sure that sth
对做某事有信心 eg: I'm suer that he can pass the test 我相信他能通过考试 69 be sure to do sth 一定会做某事

eg: We are sure to pass the test
我们一定会通过这次考试 We are sure to learn English well 我们一定能学好英语

70 be terrified of +
/doing 害怕
……
71 be terrified to do sth
害怕做某事

72 be the same as …
和什么一样

73 be used to doing sth
习惯做某事

eg: My father is used to getting up early
我爸爸习惯早起 He is used to sleeping in class 他习惯上课睡觉

He is used to working hard He is used to hard work
他习惯努力工作

74 be worth doing
值得做什么

75 be(feel) afraid to do sth
害怕做某事 be afraid of sth 害怕某物 be afraid that 丛句

76 because+
句子 because of +短语

eg : He was late because he had a headache He was late because of his headache
77 begin to do = start to do
开始做某事 start…with…=begin…with… 以什么开始什么

eg : Let's begin the game with the song I begin to go home
78 between…and…
两者之间

79 borrow sth from sb
………… lend sth to sb ( lend sb sth 借给……什么东西

eg : I borrowed a pen from him he lent a pen to me ( he lent me a pen
80 both = the same(as) = not different(from)
81 bother
打扰 bother sb to do sth
eg : I'm sorry to bother you ,but can you tell me to way to the station
我十分道歉打扰你,但是你能告诉我怎么去车站

the problem has been bothering me for weeks
这个问题困扰了我几个周了

He's bothering me to lend him money
82 by the end of
……为止

83 call sb sth eg : We call him old wang
84 care
关心 eg : Don't you care about this country's future ?你为什么不关心国家的未来

85 catch up with sb
赶上某人

86 chat with sb
和某人闲谈 take sb to + 地点 带某人去某地

87 come in
进来

88 come over to
过来

89 come up with
提出 eg: Can you come up with a good idea 你能想出一个好办法吗?

90 communicate with sb
和某人交流

91 consider + doing
考虑做什么 eg : Why not consider going to lu zhou 为什么不考虑去泸州? 92 dance to 随着……跳舞 eg : She likes dancing to the music 她喜欢随着音乐跳舞

93 decide to do sth
决定做某事

94 do a survey of
做某方面的调查
95 do better in
……方面做得更好

96 do wrong
做错

97 Don't forget to do sth
不要忘了做某事

98 Don't mind +doing /
从句 /名词 不要介意
……
99 each +
名(单)每一个…… eg : Each student has many books 每一个学生都有一些书

100 end up +doing
101 enjoy +doing
喜欢

中考英语重点句型、短语大盘点(4

短语总结

1.It’s time for sth. 该到做某事的时间了.
It’s time to do sth.(It’s time for sb. to do sth)
该到(某人)做某事的时间了
.
2. can’t wait to do sth.
迫不及待地要求做某事
.
3. ask (tell)sb. (not )to do sth .
(告诉)某人()做某事
.
4. make/let sb. to do sth.
让某人做某事
.
5. hear/see/sb. do sth
听见/看见某人做某事
.
6. had better(not )do sth
最好不做某事
.
7. It’s better to do sth
最好做某事

8. It’s best to do sth
最好做某事

9. enjoy
喜欢做某事

10. finish
结束做某事

11. keep
继续做某事

12. keep on doing sth.
继续做某事

13. carry on
继续做某事

14. go on
继续做某事

15. feel like
喜欢做某事

16. stop to do sth
stop doing sth 停下来去做某事()停止做某事
.
17. forget/remember to do
forget/remember doing sth.忘记/记得去做某事() 忘记/记得曾经做过事
.
18. keep(precent,stop)sb. from doing sth
阻止/防止/阻栏栽人做某事

19. prefer….to ……
喜欢…..胜过
……
20. prefer to do sth. rather than do ath.
宁愿做某事,而不原做某事
.
21. used to do sth.
过去常常做某事
.
22. What’s wong with……? …..
出了问题(
)?
23. have nothing to do with…..
…..无关

24. be busy doing sth .
在忙于做某事

25. too…..to…..
……以致知于不
……
26. so ……that …..
如此….. 以致知于不
……
27. such…..that……
如此….. 以致知于不
……
28. It take sb. some time to do sth .
某人做某事用了一些时间
.
29. spend …..on sth.(doing sth.)
花钱/时间做某事
.
30. pay…..for sth.
花费()买某物
.
31. What /how about……? …….
怎么样(好吗
)?
32. would like to do sth .
想要/愿意做某事
..
33. I don’t think that
我认为……
…..
34. Why not do sth.? Why don’t you do sth .?
为什么不做某事呢
?
35. What do you mean by….?
….是什么意思
?
36. What do you think of …..(How do you like ….)
你认为….怎么样
?
37. Mike enjoys collecting stamps . So do I.
迈克喜欢集邮.我也也喜欢
.
38. The more, the better .
越多越剧好
.
39. Thanks for doing sth.
谢谢你做了某事
.
40. It is said that…..
据说……

1. (see hear notice find feel listen to look at (感官动词)+ do
2.
(比较级 and 比较级) 表示越来越怎么样

3 a piece of cake =easy
小菜一碟(容易)

4 agree with sb
赞成某人

5 all kinds of
各种各样 a kind of 一样

6 all over the world = the whole world
整个 世界

7 along with
……一道,伴随……
eg : I will go along with you
我将和你一起去

the students planted trees along with their teachers
学生同老师们一起种树

8 As soon as
一怎么样就怎么样

9 as you can see
你是知道的
10 ask for ……
求助 向(直接接想要的东西)
eg : ask you for my book
11 ask sb for sth
向某人什么

12 ask sb to do sth
询问某人某事 ask sb not to do 叫某人不要做某事

13 at the age of
……岁时 egI am sixteen I am at the age of sixteen
14 at the beginning of …… ……
的起初;……的开始

15 at the end of +
地点/+时间 最后;尽头;末尾
eg : At the end of the day
16 at this time of year
在每年的这个时候

17 be /feel confident of sth /that clause +
从句 感觉/对什么有信心,自信

eg : I am / feel confident of my spoken English I feel that I can pass the test
18 be + doing
表:1 现在进行时 2 将来时

19 be able to (+ v
) = can (+ v 原) 能够…… eg : She is able to sing She can sing
20 be able to do sth
能够干什么
eg :she is able to sing
21 be afraid to do (of sth
恐惧,害怕
…… eg : I'm afraed to go out at night I'm afraid of dog
22 be allowed to do
被允许做什么

eg: I'm allowed to watch TV
我被允许看电视 I should be allowed to watch TV 我应该被允许看电视

23 be angry with sb
生某人的气 eg : Don't be angry with me
24 be angry with(at) sb for doing sth
为什么而生某人的气

25 be as…
原级…as 和什么一样 eg : She is as tall as me 她和我一样高

26 be ashamed to
27 be away from
远离

28 be away from
……离开

29 be bad for
对什么有害 eg : Reading books in the sun is bad for your eyes 在太阳下看书对你的眼睛不好

30 be born
出生于

31 be busy doing sth
忙于做什么事 be busy with sth 忙于
……
32 be careful
当心;小心

中考英语重点句型、短语大盘点(3

[重温重点句型]

1So + be/助动词/情牵动词/主语.
前面陈述的肯定情况也适于另一人(物)时,常用到这种倒装结构,表示另一人(物)也如此。前面陈述的否定情况也适于另一人(物)时,常用“Neither/ Nor + be/助动词/情态动词+主语.这种倒装结构。

注意:“So+主语+be/助动词/情态动词.这一句型常用于表示赞同,进一步肯定对方的看法,表示的确如此。”“是呀。

2Turn rightleft at the firstsecond…crossing.
这一指路的句型意为在第一/二/……个十字路口向右/左拐。相当于Take the first second…turning on therightleft.

3It takes sbsome time to do sth
此句型表示干某事花了某人一段时间。其中的it是形式主语,后面的动词不定式(短语)才是真正的主语.

4…thinkfind + it + adj. + to do sth.
此句型中的it是形式宾语,不可用其它代词替代,形容词作宾语的补足语,后面的动词不定式(短语)才是真正的宾语。

5What’s wrong with…
此句型相当于What’s the matter/ trouble with…?后跟某物作宾语时,意为某物出什么毛病了?后跟某人作宾语时,意为某人怎么了?

6too…to…
so…that…复合句中,that后的句子是否定句时,常与简单句too…to…(太……而不能……)进行句型转换。

so…that…复合句中,that后的句子是肯定句时,常与简单句…enough to…进行句型转换.

7Sorry to hear that.
全句应为I’m sorry to hear that. 意为听到此事我很难过(遗憾)。常用于对别人的不幸表示同情、遗憾之意。

[重点句型、词组大盘点]

1. She used to be a Chinese teacher. 她过去是一位汉语老师。

[用法] used to + 动词原形,表示过去经常性的动作或存在的状态,含有现在不再如此之意。

[搭配] used to do的否定式可以是usedn’t to dodidn’t use to do.

[比较] used to do sth. 过去常做某事;be/ get used to doing sth. 习惯于做某事;be used to do sth. 被用来做某事。

2.…return it sooner or later. ……迟早要将它归还。

[用法] l)sooner or later意为迟早早晚
2)return
此处用作及物动词,意为归还,相当于give back.
[
拓展]return还可用作不及物动词,意为返回,相当于go backcome back

3.No matter what the weather is like…无论天气……

[用法]no matter what 相当于whatever,其意为无论什么,引导状语从句。
[
拓展]类似no matter what的表达方式还有:

no matter when
无论什么时候

no matter where
无论什么地方

no matter who
无论谁

no matter how
无论怎么样

4. A young man practised speaking English with Mr. Green.
一位年经人与格林先生练习讲英语。

[用法]practise doing sth. 表示实践、练习(做)某事
[
拓展]practice名词,实践实施练习put a plan into practice实行某计划。

5. He encouraged everyone to take part in protecting our lakes, rivers, seas and oceans.
他鼓励大家参加保护我们的湖泊、河流和海洋的活动。

[用法]1)encourage用作动词,意思是鼓励支持
2)take part in“
参加,常表示参加活动。

3)protect
是动词,表示防御保护
[
搭配]1)encourage sb. in sth.在某事上鼓励或支持某人

encourage sb. to do sth.
鼓励某人干某事
2)protect sh. from sth.
使某人不受某事侵袭或伤害

6. …to warn people about sharks in the water. ……警告人们当心水里的鲨鱼。

[用法] warn用作动词,意思是警告警戒
[
搭配]1)warn sb.+ that从句

2)warn sb. of sth.
警告某人某事

3)warn sb. to do sth.
告诫某人做某事

4)warn sb. against(doing) sth.
告诫某人当心某事/不要做某事

7.She used to be a Chinese teacher. 她过去是一位汉语老师。

[ 用法 ] used to + 动词原形,表示过去经常性的动作或存在的状态,含有现在不再如此之意。
[
搭配 ] used to do的否定式可以是usedn’t to dodidn’t use to do.
[
比较 ] used to do sth. 过去常做某事;be/ get used to doing sth. 习惯于做某事;be used to do sth. 被用来做某事。

中考英语重点句型、短语大盘点(2

[重点短语快速复习]

1.kinds of 各种各样的
2. either…or…
或者……或者……,不是……就是
……
3. neither…nor…
既不……也不
……
4. Chinese tea without, anything in it
中国清茶

5. take a seat
就坐

6. home cooking
家常做法

7. be famous for
……而著名

8. on ones way to
……途中

9. be sick/ill in hospital
生病住院

10. at the end of
……的尽头,在……的末尾

11. wait for
等待

12. in time
及时

13. make one’s way to…
……(艰难地)走去

14. just then
正在那时

15. first of all
首先,第一

16. go wrong
走错路

17. be/get lost
迷路

18. make a noise
吵闹,喧哗

19. get on
上车

20. get off
下车

21. stand in line
站队

22. waiting room
候诊室,候车室

23. at the head of……
……的前头

24. laugh at
嘲笑

25. throw about
乱丢,抛散

26. in fact
实际上

27. at midnight
在半夜

28. have a good time=enjoy oneself
玩得愉快

29. quarrel with sb.
和某人吵架

30. take one’s temperature
给某人体温

31. have/get a pain in…
某处疼痛

32. have a headache
头痛

33. as soon as…
……
……
34. feel like doing sth.
想要干某事

35. stop…from doing sth.
阻止……干某事

36. fall asleep
入睡

37. again and again
再三地,反复地

38. wake up
醒来,叫醒

39. instead of
代替

40. look over
检查

41. take exercise
运动

42. had better(not) do sth.
最好(不要)干某事

43. at the weekend
在周末

44. on time
按时

45. out of
……向外

46. all by oneself
独立,单独

47. lots of=a lot of
许多

48. no longer/more=not…any longer/more
不再

49. get back
回来,取回

50. sooner or later
迟早

51. run away
逃跑

52. eat up
吃光,吃完

53. run after
追赶

54. take sth. with sb.
某人随身带着某物

55. take(good) care of…=look after…(well)
(好好)照顾,照料

56. think of
考虑到,想起

57. keep a diary
坚持写日记

58. leave one by oneself
把某人单独留下

59. harder and harder
越来越厉害

60. turn on
打开(电灯、收音机、煤气等)

61. turn off

中考英语重点句型、短语大盘点(1

[短语、词组归纳]
由动词开头构成的短语、词组很多。复习时应分类处理:

一、动词+介词

1
look at… look like … 看上去像…… look after …照料
2
listen to…
……
3
welcome to…欢迎到
……
4
say hello to ………问好

5
speak to………说话 此类短语相当于及物动词,其后必须带宾语,但宾语无论是名词还是代词,都要放在介词之后。

二、动词+副词动词+副词所构成的短语义分为两类:

A
.动词(vt.+副词 1put on 穿上 2take off脱下 3write down记下

此类短语可以带宾语,宾语若是名词,放在副词前后皆可;宾语若是人称代词,只能放在副词的前面。

B
.动词(vi+副词。

1
come on赶快 2get up起床 3go home回家

4
come in进来 5sit down坐下 6stand up起立

此类短语属于不及物动词,不可以带宾语。

三、其它类动词词组

1.close the door 2.1ook the same 3.go to work/class
4.be ill 5.have a look/seat 6.have supper
7.1ook young 8.go shopping 9.watch TV/games 10. play games

[介词短语聚焦]
介词+名词/代词所构成的短语称为介词短语。现将Unitsl-16常用的介词短语按用法进行归类。

1
in+语言/颜色/衣帽等,表示使用某种语言或穿着……

2
in + Row/ Team/ Class/ Grade等,表示……//班级/年级等。

3
in the morning/ afternoon/ evening/ 表示在上午/下午/傍晚等一段时间。

4
in the desk/ pencil-box/bedroom 等表示在书桌/铅笔盒/卧室里

5
in the tree表示在树上 (非树本身所有)”on the tree表示在树上(为树本身所有)”

6
in the wall表示在墙上(凹陷进去)on the wall表示在墙上(指墙的表面)
7
at work(在工作)/at school(上学)/at home(在家)应注意此类短语中无the
8
at + 时刻表示钟点。

9
like this/that表示方式,意为……/那样

10
of短语表示所属关系。

11
behind/ beside/ near/ under+ 名词等,表示方位、处所。

12
fromto多表示方向,前者意为……”,后者意为……”

另外,以下这些短语也必须掌握。如:on duty, after breakfast, at night, at the door, in the middle, in the sky, on one’s bike等。

[重点句型大回放]
1
I think…意为我认为……”,是对某人或某事的看法或态度的一种句型。其否定式常用I don’t think…

2
give sth. to sb./ give sb. sth. 意为…………”,动词give之后可接双宾语,可用这两种句型;若指物的宾语是人称代词时,则只能用
give it/ them to sb.
3
take sb./ sth. to…意为……()带到……”,后常接地点,也可接人。

4
One…, the other…/One is…and one is…意为一个是……;另一个是……”,必须是两者中。
5
Let sb. do sth. 意为让某人做某事,人后应用不带to的动词不定式,其否定式为Don’t let sbdo sth.,或Let sb. not do sth. 另外,Let’s Let us的含义不完全相同,前者包括听者在内,后者不包括听者在内,

6
help sb. (to) do sth./help sb. with sth.意为帮助某人做某事,前者用不定式作宾补,后者用介词短语作宾补,二者可以互换
.
7
What about…/How about…?意为“……怎么样?是用来询问或征求对方的观点、意见、看法等。about为介词,其后须接名词、代词或V-ing等形式。

8
It’s time to do…/ It’s time for sth. 意为该做……的时间了,其中to后须接原形动词,for后可接名词或V-ing形式。

9.like to do sth./like doing sth.
意为喜欢做某事, 前一种句型侧重具体的一次性的动作;后一种句型侧重习惯性的动作, 10ask sb.(not) to do sth. 意为让某人(不要)做某事,其中ask sb.后应接动词不定式,

11
show sb. sth. / show sth. to do. 意为把某物给某人看,该句型的用法同前面第2点。

12
introduce sb. to sb. 意为把某人介绍给另一人introduce to sb.则是向某人作介绍

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