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还在为填空题头疼?英语语法填空解题八大考点完全解析!

2018-08-19  秋鹄书屋

在高考和中考中,语法填空题都是必然会出现的题型之一,也是英语考试中的难点之一。语法填空题主要考察的是学生三个方面的能力:

1、阅读/理解文章的能力;

2、分析句子结构的能力;

3、熟练运用语法的能力。

而在语法填空题中,主要会包含以下几个考点:

(1)无提示的纯填空题:这种类型的题目主要考冠词、介词、代词和连词 等四类词。基本不会要求填写动词或者名词等。

(2)用括号中所给词填空:这种类型的题目主要考动词、名词、形容词和副词的比较级、最高级、词类转换等。

还在为填空题头疼?英语语法填空解题八大考点完全解析!

考点一:冠词

考查语法点:

定冠词、不定冠词的用法

解题技巧:

下列情况很可能填不定冠词 :

(1)________+可数名词(单数);

(2)________+形容词+可数名词(单数)。

下列情况下很可能填定冠词 :

(1)________ (+定语)+名词+ of等介词短语(表示特指);

(2)________ (+定语)+名词+定语从句(表示特指);

(3)________ (+定语)+名词+不定式短语或分词短语(表示特指)。

范例1.Once there were a goat and a donkey…. So the farmer killed ___the____ goat and gave the donkey medicine made from its heart.

范例2.When I see a child subject to this kind of pressure, I think of Donnie. He was __a__ shy , nervous perfectionist.

范例3. …the head of the village was tying up his horse to my car to pull it to a small town some 20 kilometers away.

还在为填空题头疼?英语语法填空解题八大考点完全解析!

考点二:介词

考查语法点:

介词的基本用法及惯用搭配· 无提示词:注意搭配问题

解题技巧:

1、 与名词连用构成介宾短语担任表语、状语,补语等

2、与不及物动词构成动词短语接宾语

范例1.In short, I believe that it is __of__ great use to keep a dairy in English…

范例2.When I took the money from her grandparents, I looked back__ at

_the girl, who was giving me the most optimistic smile I had ever seen.

范例3.She found some good quality pipes__on_ sale.

范例4.He was very tired _from/after_ doing this for a whole day…

考点三:代词

考查语法点:

代词的基本用法

解题技巧:

因句子的主语或宾语主要由名词、代词、动名词等充当,而名词、动名词通常会放在有提示词的空格中考查,所以纯空格所填词在句子中作主语或宾语时,通常填代词,包括人称代词、指示代词、不定代词、名词性物主代词、疑问代词、反身代词(不能作主语)等。

在名词前作定语就只能用形容词性物主代词了。

范例1.She remembered how difficult it was to choose a suitable Christmas present for her father.

范例2.When the time came for me to say goodbye to my friends in my village, I wanted to reward the old woman for the trouble I had caused _her_ .

范例3.It has been said before, but experiencing it myself has made _me_ want to say it again: a smile…

还在为填空题头疼?英语语法填空解题八大考点完全解析!

考点四:并列连词或从属连词

考查语法点:

各类复合句中从属连词的用法

解题技巧:

(1)连接两个功能对等的单词或短语时,应填并列连词and, or, but,so,for,either…or…等。

(2)若两个句子(有两个主谓结构)之间,没有句号或分号,也没有并列连词,那空格处必定是填从属连词,否则,句子结构就不完整。

根据两句之间的意义和逻辑关系,或者根据句式结构,确定是并列句(多要求考生填and, but, or so,for,either…or…等)还是某种主从复合句。然后根据各类从句的特点,结合连接词的意义和用法,确定填具体的某个连词。

范例1.Historically, it was famous for industry, which explains why the area is called the Black Country.

范例2.It got its name during the industrial revolution, when factory pollution turned the local sky black and local dust from the mines made the soil the same color.

范例3.Jane paused in front of a counter where some attractive ties were on display.

范例4. One day, he came up with an idea thathe would pluck up all of his crop a few inches

考点五:谓语动词

考查语法点:

谓语动词的时态及语态, 及主谓一致

解题技巧:

1、 有提示词

2、 与主语构成主谓结构

范例1.I was certain she would like it because I was told (tell)by my classmates that she loved hot food.

范例2.His fear of failure kept (keep) him from classroom games that other children played with joyous abandon.

范例3.Being too anxious to help an event develop often _results_ (result) in the contrary to our intention.

还在为填空题头疼?英语语法填空解题八大考点完全解析!

考点六:非谓语动词

考查语法点:

非谓语动词doing/done/to do等的使用

解题技巧:

1、 有提示词

2、 常考查doing/done/to do的用法

3、作目的状语或者在固定结构中,一般用to do形式。

4、名词前有 first, second,…last, only修饰时,后面要用to do 做后置定语

范例1.We must also consider the reaction of the person _ receiving(receive)the gift.

范例2.. …I then noticed that I had just 10 minutes left _to complete (complete)the rest!

范例3.My pupils, Donnie __included_ (include), adored her.

范例4.Before the waitress could even finish describing the menu, my friend looked at me with his eyebrows(眉毛)raised (raise).

范例5.The young student did all that he couldto pass (pass)the examinations.

范例6. Some people say the oldest children, who are smart and strong-willed, are very likely _to succeed (success.)

范例7.He is the lastto leave ( leave ) school.

范例8.She is the only person to get ( get ) the job.

还在为填空题头疼?英语语法填空解题八大考点完全解析!

考点七:词性转换

考查语法点:

各类词词性的正确使用及转化

解题技巧:

介词、冠词、所有格后接名词,形容词修饰名词、副词修饰形容词副词、动词或整个句子

范例1.“Thirty-five cents,” she said_ rudely_ (rude).

范例2.As far as I am concerned, my_suggestion_ (suggest)is that we should always have a notebook and a Chinese-English dictionary within easy reach.

范例3.This proverb is saying we have to let things go in their_natural_ (nature)course.

范例4. Undoubtedly (doubt), although there is still room for this policy to improve, I think it is still a good one which does more good than harm to the students and the nation.

考点八:形容词的级

解题技巧:

通常,有表示范围的in /of介词短语或形容词前有the时,一般要用最高级;than的前面一定要用比较级

范例1.One of the_ worst_ (bad)gift choices I ever made was for my high school English teacher…

范例2.… We were both laughing the whole time at our complete inability to communicate in words.

When it was time to leave, I said “thank you” in Korean, using some of the few words I had learned. I felt _less lonely_ (lonely)than I had expected that night.

范例3.Lucille Clifton is an award-winning poet and writer. Critics call her one of the _greatest (great) writers of our time.

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