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近十年中考英语听力场景高频词汇大汇总,建议收藏!

2019-09-18  当以读书...

(1)餐馆场景:

restaurant餐馆;

cafeteria 自助餐厅; 

buffet 自助餐

dining hall 食堂,餐厅; 

coffee shop;cafe咖啡屋 ;

snack bar 小吃街、大排挡 

go out for dinner出去吃饭

waiter/waitress 男/女服务生;

order 点菜 ;serve 上菜 ;

menu 菜单;bill 账单

pay the bill 付账

tip 小费;change 零钱 

Keep the change! 不用找零钱了! 

treat 请客

This is my treat我请客!

go Dutch AA制

Help yourself. 请随便吃

knife刀;fork叉;chopsticks筷子;

spoon勺子;plate碟子;tray 托盘;

appetizer 开胃菜;dessert甜品,水果;

soup 汤 ;steak 牛排;cheese奶酪 ;

sandwich 三明治;hamburger 汉堡包;

 French fries 炸薯条;pizza 披萨;

bacon 培根 ;chicken鸡肉;

beef牛肉;pork猪肉

drink 喝,饮料;wine 红酒;

coke 可口可乐;

coffee咖啡;dressing 调味酱;

pepper胡椒;ketchup 番茄酱;

delicious、yummy 可口的;rare半熟的

(2)邮局场景:

stamp邮票;envelope 信封;

package / parcel 包裹;

parcel form包裹单;zip code邮编;

weight重量;overweight 超重;

postage邮费;extra postage 额外邮资;insurance保险;

send / post / deliver a letter / mail 寄 /发信;

delivery投递,传送;claim领取;

express mail 快件;EMS特快专递;

airmail 航空信件;surface mail 平邮;

ordinary letter平信;

registered letter挂号信。

(3)图书馆场景:

library card借书证;

borrow借入;lend借出;

 keep持有,保管,存放;renew续借;return归还;

overdue 借书逾期;pay a fine 交罚款;

 librarian 图书管理员;bookshelf书架; 

novel小说;science fiction科幻小说;

magazine杂志;periodical期刊;reference book参考书;

(4)校园场景:

tuition学费;scholarship奖学金;

term/semester 学期;seminar研讨班;

presentation 课堂发言;

assignment/homework作业;register 注册;

be absent 缺席;final exam 期末考试;

review/ go over复习; fail/pass不及格/通过; 

cut a class逃课; graduate毕业; stationery文具;

essay论文;paper试卷;

attend a lecture 听讲座 textbook 课本;

classroom 教师;laboratory实验室;

mark/grade 成绩;course 课程;

subject 学科;playground 操场

(5)医院及健康场景:

doctor医生;dentist牙医;physician内科医生;

surgeon外科医生;nurse护士;

hospital医院;clinic 诊所;

Health Center医疗中心;

emergency room/ department 急诊室;

emergent treatment急救处理;

first aid 急救;treatment治疗手段;

check up 检查;physical examination体检;

take one’s temperature / blood pressure 

测量体温/血压;

show one’s tongue伸出舌头;

write a prescription开处方;

give an injection打针;

visiting hours 探视时间

medicine药;pills / tablets药丸/药片;

aspirin 阿司匹林;suffer from受…苦;

pain疼痛;headache头痛;stomachache肚子痛;

backache背痛;sore-throat喉咙痛;

cough咳嗽;fever发烧;cold / flu 感冒/流感 

【have/catch a cold患感冒】; 

heart attack 心脏病;dizzy眩晕的;

(6)电话场景:

operator 接线员 

Extension six two two six, please.请转6226。

The line is bad/ busy / engaged. It kept a busy line. 电话占线。

long distance call 长途电话;

collect call 对方付费电话;put through 接通电话;

leave a message留口信; 

dial the wrong number拨错号码;  

call/ telephone/ ring/ phone sb.;

give sb. a call/ ring给某人打电话;

(7)酒店场景:

make a reservation 预定房间;

reception desk 接待处;

reception服务台;receptionist 服务员;

accommodation住宿; registration登记;

check in 入住;check out 结帐;

Identity/ID card 身份证;fill out a form填表;

single room 单间;double room双人间;

suite套间;room number房间号;

room key房间钥匙;room service客房服务;

wake-up call叫醒电话

Do you have a reservation Sir?先生,您预订了吗? 

All the room are occupied. 房间已满。

Can I have a suite please?有套间吗?

How much do you charge for that? 如何收费?

Smoking or no smoking? 吸烟或不吸烟?

Meals included. 包括饮食。

Can I show you your room? 我可以带你去你的房间?

Can I carry your luggage?我可以帮你提行李吗?

(8)交通场景:

plane飞机;ship轮船;bus 公交车;

coach长途客车;train火车;

subway/underground 地铁;

railway 铁路;highway 公路;

sidewalk/pavement人行道; 

one-way street 单行道; 

rush hour交通高峰期; crowded拥挤的; 

heavy traffic拥挤的交通; traffic jam交通阻塞; 

traffic rules交通规则; traffic lights交通灯; 

driving license驾照;  driver司机; 

garage修车厂、车库;

car accident/crash车祸;speed超速;r

un the red light闯红灯; flat tire爆胎; 

scratches刮蹭;fix/repair修理;survive幸存

by plane/air乘飞机; by sea/land水路、陆路; 

by subway/underground 乘地铁;

transfer换乘、转机

May I see your license, please?

我可以看看你的驾照,好吗?

You will be fined by $20.

你将处以20元的罚款。

(9)机场场景:

airline航空公司;airway 航线;flight 航班;

book/serve预定; behind schedule 晚点;

cancel取消;customs海关;security check安检;

passport护照;visa签证;

departure lounge 候机室;

departure gate登机口;check in 办理登机手续;

on board登机;boarding pass/card 登机牌; 

luggage/baggage行李; suitcase行李箱;

take off 起飞;land降落; safe landing安全着陆

bound for…飞往…方向去的;

departure to 前往;destination目的地; 

departure time起飞时间;  

see sb. off为某人送行;  pick up接机

【在飞机上】

a window seat靠窗的座位; 

an aisle seat靠走道的座位; captain机长;

pilot飞行员;airhostess/stewardess空姐; 

fasten the safety/safe belt系紧安全带; 

airsick晕机; jet lag飞机时差反应;

(10)在火车站(At the railway station):

booking/ticket office售票处;

conductor售票员; train 火车;

express train特快列车; carriage车厢;

dining car餐车;waiting room 候车室;

platform 站台,月台;

one way trip/ticket 单程/单程票;

round trip/ticket往返/往返票;

a hard seat 硬座;a soft seat软座

(11)购物场景:

store 商店;grocery食品店;

department store 百货商场;

shopping center/mall 购物中心;

shop assistant店员;counter 柜台;

receipt 收据;deliver 送货;refund 退款;

bargain便宜货;out of stock 脱销/缺货;

in stock 有货;selling season 销售旺季;

on sale打折; 50% off 打五折;

a 30% discount打七折;

catalogue 产品目录;

Commodity information商品信息;

brand 品牌;size尺码;color颜色;

style样式;price价格;

second-hand 二手的;popular / fashionable 流行的;

in fashion 流行,时尚;

out of fashion 过时的;

商品论贵贱expensive, cheap;

价格论高低high, low;

pay in cash 用现金支付;

pay in check 用支票支付;

credit card 信用卡;

pay by installment 分期付款;

【在服装店(In a clothing store/shop)】

trousers 裤子 clothes 衣服;skirt裙子;

shirt衬衫;jacket夹克;coat上衣;

a bigger size 稍大一点尺寸;

what size 多大尺寸;

this style这种式样;

fit you合你身;try on试穿;match 相配

(12)天气场景:

fine 晴朗的;sunny/bright/clear 阳光明媚的;

overcast 多云;cloudy 阴;humid 湿润的;

wet 潮湿的;rainy有雨的;clear up 天空放晴;

freezing-cold 冰冷的;hot炎热的;cool凉爽的;

warm暖和的;mild温和的;windy有风的;

calm无风的;breeze微风;moderate 风力不大;

strong/ high winds 大风;tornado 龙卷风;

typhoon 台风;fog雾;snow雪;

drizzle毛毛细雨;light rain小雨;

shower 阵雨;storm 暴风雨;

downpour倾盆大雨;

It rains cats and dogs.(=The rain is pouring.)下着倾盆大雨

thunder 打雷;blizzard大风雪;

snowstorm暴风雪; 

经常和天气相联系的情况:

vacation(假期) 和 flight(航班) 

put away clothes 下雨收衣服;

(13)银行场景:

business hour 营业时间;deposit存款;

withdraw 取款;open an account 开户;

savings account 储蓄账户;

check account 支票账户;

interest rate 利率;cash a check兑现支票

(14)常见的身份与职业:

part-time job 兼职工作;full-time job 全职工作

psychologist心理学家;principal校长;

professor 教授;postman 邮递员;

driver司机;policeman 警察;

firefighter 消防员;assistant 助手/助教;

receptionist接待员;typist 打字员;

cashier收纳;waiter 服务员; 

passenger 乘客;ticket seller 售票员;

conductor 售票员,列车长;

salesman销售员;nurse 护士;

housewife 家庭主妇;lawyer律师;

engineer 工程师;architect建筑师;

chef厨师;guide 导游;

reporter/journalist 记者;editor 编辑;

author作家;pianist钢琴家;

musician音乐家;singer歌手;

photographer 摄影师;artist艺术家;

designer设计师;scientist科学家;

barber理发师;butcher屠夫;tailor裁缝

(15)人物关系relationship:

strangers陌生人;neighbors邻居;

classmates同学;colleagues/co-workers同事;

friends朋友; husband and wife 夫妻;

guest and receptionist客人与接待员;

doctor and patient医生与病人;

teacher and student师生;

boss and secretary老板和秘书;

policeman and driver警察与司机;

interviewer and interviewee面试官与面试者;

employer and employee 雇主与员工;

shop assistant/waiter and customer营业员与顾客;

parent and child 父母与子女

(14)工作:

job opportunity 工作机会;interview面试;

resume简历;educational background教育背景;

application letter 求职信;recommendation 推荐信;

certificate 助手;qualification资历;

experience 经验;position 职位;salary 薪水;

allowance津贴;promotion晋升;vacation休假;

break 短暂休息;retire 退休;work overtime加班;

shift work 倒班工作;ask for leave 请假;

sick leave 病假;have a week off 休一周假;

clerk职员;secretary秘书;manager经理;

HR manager人事经理;general manager总经理;

client客户

(15)兴趣爱好:

hobby 兴趣;entertainment 娱乐;

go to the cinema/movies/theatre 去看电影;

comedy喜剧;tragedy悲剧;

action movie 动作片;cartoon 动画片;

documentary 纪录片;thriller 惊悚片;

horror film恐怖片;detective movie侦探片;

western film西部片;soap opera 肥皂剧

hiking 徒步旅行;camping野营;

diving潜水;surfing冲浪;skiing滑雪;

seashore 海岸;beach海滩;

sun-burnt 晒黑的;palace宫殿;castle城堡

(16)运动:

competition 竞赛;sports field运动场;

club俱乐部;sportsman/athlete/player运动员;

coach教练;champion冠军;

gold/silver/bronze medal金/银/铜牌;

basketball篮球;football美式足球;

soccer英式足球;volleyball排球;

baseball棒球;tennis网球;

table tennis乒乓球;golf高尔夫;

jogging慢跑;swimming游泳;

wrestling摔跤;shooting射击;

boxing拳击;weightlifting举重;

relay race接力赛;

break the world record 打破世界纪录

(17)观光旅游:

vacation/holiday 假日;

historical spots/relics 古迹;scenery 风景;

museum博物馆;mountain山脉;river河流;

lake 湖泊;waterfall瀑布;beach 沙滩;

island 岛屿;lawn 草地;temple寺庙;

zoo动物园;

travel/trip/tour/voyage旅行

travel agency 旅行社;

a guided tour 有导游的旅行;

go sightseeing观光;hotel 宾馆;

souvenir 纪念品;ticket 票

景点评论:

fascinating/breathtaking 激动人心的;

thrilling 刺激的;refreshing清爽的;

unforgettable难忘的;

terrific/ fantastic极好的;

(18)租房:

landlord 房东;landlady女房东;

rent租/租金;deposit押金;contract合同;

furnished 有家具电器的;furniture 家具;

heat暖气;gas煤气;electricity 电;

lift 电梯;stairs 楼梯;balcony阳台;

living room起居室;guest room客厅;

dinning room 餐厅;kitchen 厨房;

bathroom 浴室;toilet 卫生间;

basement 地下室

(19)日常生活:

housework 家务;channel频道;

cook烹饪;dining table饭桌;fridge冰箱;

television电视;oven烤箱;cabinet 橱柜;

dishwasher洗碗机;sheet床单;

blanket毯子;carpet地毯;curtain窗帘;

towel毛巾;shampoo洗发水;

soap肥皂;haircut理发;shaver剃须刀

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