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高考英语"代词"考点汇总

2009-04-19  细雨留花
(1)人称代词的主格在句中作主语,宾格在句中作动词或介词的宾语。
【真题再现】(1)My grandma still treats me like a child. She can’t imagine ______ grown up. (2006重庆)
A. my                   B. mine            C. myself              D. me
解析:由语境可知“她没想到我已成年了””,应当用宾格me作imagine的宾语;短语形容词grown up(成熟的,成年的)作宾补。答案是D。
(2)Catherine bought a postcard of the place she was visiting, addressed ______ to______ and then posted it at the nearby post office.(2006安徽)
A. it; her                      B. it; herself          C. herself; her       D. herself; herself
解析:由address sth. to sb. (在信件或包裹上写上收件人的姓名及地址)可知,Catherine在买来的明信片上写上她自己的姓名及地址。答案是B。
(3)I intended to compare notes with a friend, but unfortunately ______couldn’t spare me even one minute. (2004重庆)
       A. they                  B. one                   C. who                  D. it
解析:句中a friend (=one of my friends) 泛指我的朋友中的任何一个,代替名词my friends,且在but后的并列句中作主语用they。答案是A。
(4)—Susan, go and join your sister cleaning the yard.
   —Why_____? John is sitting there doing nothing. (2003全国)
A. him                   B. he                   C. I                       D. me
解析:感叹疑问句或省略句中用人称代词的宾格。
答案是D
提示:下列情况也用宾格:
①在be后作表语。
—Who is it? —It’s me. —谁?—是我呀。
②在单独使用或带not的简略回答中。如:
—Who broke the cup? —谁打破了杯子?
—Me! (Not me!)—我!(不是我!) 
—I like swimming. —我喜欢游泳。
—Me too. —我也是。
③在感叹疑问句中做主语,以引起强调。如:
—You can tell him. —你可以告诉他。
—Me tell him? Not likely!—我告诉他?不可能!
④在下列之类的祈使句中:
He’s got to repay the money—poor him.他得偿还这笔钱——可怜的他呀!
考点2 名词性和形容词性物主代词的用法
形容词性物主代词只能在名词前作定语,名词性物主代词相当于“形容词性物主代词+名词”,在句中作主语、宾语、表语或与of连用作后置定语,但不能作定语。
【真题再现】(5)Some of the stamps belong to me, while the rest are _____. (2004上海春)
A. him and her              B. his and hers              C. his and her        D. him and hers
解析:在句中作表语,指“他的邮票和她的邮票”用his and her (=his stamps and her stamps)。答案是B。
(6)—Is your camera like Bill’s and Ann’s?
      —No, but it’s almost the same as ______. (1994全国)
A. her                B. yours               C. them              D. their
解析:与it(=my camera)相比的应是your camera,与“形容词性物主代词+名词”相当的应是名词性物主代词,yours=your camera。答案是B。
(7) The boy promised _____mother never to lie to _____again. (1991年)
A. his, him             B. her, her             C. her, him            D. his, her
解析:形容词性物主代词his作mother的定语;宾格人称代词her作介词to的宾语。答案是D。
(8)Kate and her sister went on holiday with a cousin of _____. (1990全国)
      A. their               B. theirs                C. her                  D. hers
解析:of要与名词性物主代词一起作定语,排除A和C;又因Kate and her sister是复数,排除D。答案是B。
       (9)—Whose room is that?
       —It's_______ (1982全国)
       A. my               B. ours                  C. my brothers    D. of my brother
       解析:从语境看,答语应当是指“某人的房间”,只有选项B能表达此意,ours=our room。答案是B。
       (10)His camera is more expensive than ________. (1989全国)
       A. hers            B. her             C. it               D. its
       解析:与his camera作比较的应是“她的照相机”,用hers (=her camera)。答案是A。
       (11)Is her hair shorter than ________?(1981全国)
       A me             B. my                     C. mine             D. I
       解析:与her hair相比较的应是my hair,应用名词性物主代词是mine (=my hair)。答案是C。
考点3 反身代词的用法
反身代词在句中可以作enjoy, teach, hurt, buy, introduce等动词和by, for, to等介词的宾语,还可以作主语或宾语的同位语,可译作“亲自,本人”,但不能作主语。
【真题再现】(12)—Who called me this morning when I was out?(2006福建21)
—A man calling ______ Robert.
A. him                  B. himself                    C. his                   D.不填
解析:考查反身代词。因为“call sb./oneself+某名”就是“叫某人/自称某名字”;句意是“一个自称罗伯特的人”,用himself。答案是B。
(13)You will find as you read fiats book that you just can’t keep some of these stones to ______. You will want to share them with a friend. (2005湖南)
A. itself              B. yourself           C. himself            D. themselves  
解析:主语是you,要用yourself;to oneself是习语,指某人“独自享用,不与他人共享”。答案是B。
       (14)My daughter often makes a schedule to get ______ reminded of what she is to do in the day. (2005上海春)
       A. herself                     B. her                    C. she                   D. hers
       解析:句意是:“我女儿经常制定日程表,以便让她自自己知道这一天要干什么。”答案是A。
(15)Tom felt that he knew everybody’s business better than they knew it______. (1996全国)
     A. themselves        B. oneself             C. itself                D. himself
解析:能与they相呼应,并作they的同位语的,用反身代词themselves。答案是A。
提示:请留意意含oneself的短语。如:(1) be oneself身体正常;(2)Make yourself at home! 别客气!(3)make yourself understood 使你的话被人理解。
考点4 指示代词的用法
指示词有this, that, these, those等。注意以下4点:
(1) this, these是时间或空间上的“近指”,可与here连用;that, those是时间或空间上的“远指”,可与there连用。
(2) 指上文提到的事一般用that,有时也用this,指下文的事只能用this。
(3) 打电话时,用this来介绍自己,用that来问对方,不用I或you。
(4) this和that还可表示程度,意为“如此,那么”,相当于so,作状语。
       【真题再现】(16)—He was nearly drowned once.
       —When was ______?
    —_____was in 1998 when he was in middle school. (2002北京春)
       A. that; It             B. this; This                C. this; It             D. that; This
解析:指上文提到的事多用that;后空是强调结构的简略式,完整的句是It was in was in 1998 when he was in middle school that he was nearly drowned once.其中when he was in middle school是定语从句。答案是A。
(17)Sometimes it was a bit boring to work there because there wasn’t always ______ much to do. (2004广东)
A. such                B. that               C. more              D. very
解析:much前用so, 不用such。口语中,常用that来代替so。答案是B。
考点5 疑问代词的意义和用法
疑问代词有what, which, who, whom, whose等。用法要点如下:
1. what除可用来询问人的身份外,一般指物;which可指人也可指物;who, whom, whose一般指人。
【真题再现】(18)The mother didn’t know ______to blame for the broken glass as it happened while she was out.  (2002全国)
A. who               B. when              C. how                       D. what
解析:blame(责备)是及物动词,缺宾语,责备的应是打碎玻璃的人,该用who。答案是A。
       2. 没有一定的范围时,用what,意为“什么”;有一定范围时,用which,意为“(其中的)哪一个”。
       (19)There are so many kinds of tape-recorders on sale that I can’t make up my mind ______to buy. (1992全国)
A. what               B. which             C. how                       D. where
解析:buy缺宾语,排除副词C和D;表示在一定范围中不知买哪能一种,用which。答案是B。
考点6 表示两者和多者的不定代词的比较
1. 表示两者“都”用both,表示两者“都不”用neither,表示两者中的“任一”用either。
       (20)If you can’t decide which of the two books to borrow, why don’t you take ______? I won’t read them this week. (2006浙江)
       A. all                     B. any                   C. either                D. both
       解析:由前后语境来看,应是建议对方将两本书都拿去看。答案是D。
       (21)You may drop in or just give me a call. ______ will do.(2006安徽)
       A. Either               B. Each                C. Neither             D. All
       解析:由前句可知是指两者中的“任何一个”,用either。答案是A。
       (22)—Which driver was to blame?
       —Why, _________! It was the child’s fault, clear and simple. He suddenly came out between two parked cars. (2006北京)
       A. both           B. each                  C. either                       D. neither
       解析:由后文It was the child’s fault, clear and simple.可知,应答者认为“两个司机都不应负责”,用neither。答案是D。
      (23)There are two windows in the room. They ________face south. (1980全国)
       A. all               B. both              C. each              D. either
       解析:指“两者都”用both。答案是B。
       (24)I made a call to my parents yesterday. To my disappointment, _____of them answered it. (2005福建)
       A. either                B. none                 C. neither                     D. nobody
       解析:由my parents可知是指两者,由To my disappointment可知,两个中一个也没接电话。答案是C。
(25)We asked John and Jerry, but _____of them could offer a satisfactory explanation. (2005北京春)
       A. either                B. none                 C. both                  D. neither
解析:由but可知,John 和Jerry“两者都不”。 答案是D。
       (26)I invited Joe and Linda to dinner, but ______ of them came. (2004北京)
       A. neither                     B. either                C. none                 D. both
       解析:因为指Joe和Linda两个人,排除C;又由but可知,她们两个人一个也没来,所以选neither。答案是A。
       (27)Both teams were in hard training, ______ was willing to lose the game.(2001上海)
       A. either                B. neither               C. another             D. the other
       解析:“两队都在努力训练”当然是“两队都不愿输”,表示“两者都不”用neither答案是B。
(28)-Can you come on Monday or Tuesday?
    -I’m afraid ______day is possible. (1998全国)
    A. either                      B. neither              C. some               D. any
解析:由I’m afraid可知,Monday和Tuesday两天都不行。答案是B。
       (29)-Are the two answers correct?
       -No, ________correct. (1986全国)
       A. no one is       B. both are not              C. neither is        D. either is not
解析:由two和No可知“两个答案都不对”,no one(=nobody)只能指人,排除A;both are not correct是部分否定,意为“并非两者都对(即一对一错)”,与no矛盾,排除B;英语中有not…either(=neither)的说法,但不能说either…not,排除D;表示完全否定“两者都不”用neither。答案是C。
(30)-There’s coffee and tea; you can have _____. 
-Thanks. (2003全国)
    A. either                B. each                  C. one                   D. it
解析:指coffee和tea两者中的“任何一种”用either。答案是A。
(31)-Do you want tea or coffee?
     -______.I really don’t mind. (2000北京春)
      A. Both                B. None              C. Either               D. Neither
解析:由上文tea or coffee可知,是指两者;由I really don’t mind 可知,这两种饮料中的“任何一种”都行。答案是C。
(32)-Shall I sit at this end of the boat or the other end?
       -If you keep still, you can sit at ________end. (1987全国)
       A. neither          B. each                  C. either            D. any
       解析:boat应当是两端,表示“你可坐在任一端”,“(两者中的)任一”是either。
       答案是C
2. 表示多者“都”用all,表示多者“都不”用none,表示多者中的“任一”用any。
(33)Of all the books on the desk,   ______ is of any use for our study. (2006四川) 
       A. nothing         B. no one          C. neither                            D. none
       解析:考查不定代词。由all可知,是指三者或三者以上,排除C;nothing(没一样东西)与这里谈到的“书”毫无联系,排除A;no one =nobody(没有一个人)只能指人,也错了;指多者中“一个也没有,没有一个”用none。句中of any use=useful,在句中作表语。句意是“在桌上的所有这些书中,没有一本书对我们的学习有用。”答案是D。
(34)I had to buy _____these books because I didn’t know which one was the best. (2004上海)
       A. both                  B. none                 C. neither                     D. all
解析:后文的best是最高级,可见至少有三本,排除A和C;none不能作定语,要说none of…答案是D。
(35)We had three sets of garden tools and we seemed to have no use for ______. (2004浙江)
      A. none             B. either            C. any               D. each
解析:由three可知是指三套工具中的“任一套”。答案是C。
       (36)—Which of the three ways shall I take to the village?
       —_____way as you please. (2004福建)
       A. Each                 B. Every                C. Any                  D. Either
       解析:关键词是three。表示三者或三以上的“任一”,用any;表示两者中的“任一”,才用either。答案是C。
       (37)Mr Alcott, headmaster of the school, refused to accept______ of the three suggestions made by the Students’ Union. (2000上海春)
       A. either            B. neither           C. any                 D. none
       解析:由three可知是三者,指三者中的任一,用any。答案是C。
       (38)-When shall we meet again?
       -Make it ________day you like; it's all the same to me. (1996全国)
       A. one                 B. any               C. another                   D. some
       解析:指“你喜欢的任何一天”,表示“(多者中的)任一”用any。答案是B。
       (39)They were all very tired, but ______of them would stop to take a rest. (1995全国)
       A. any              B. some           C. none           D. neither
解析:由all可知是三者或三者以上,由but可知是“没有一个人”愿停下来休息。答案是C。
       (40)______ but fools will believe what he said. (1992上海)
       A. None                B. Nothing            C. Anything          D. Everything
解析:句意是:“除了白痴没有一个人会相信他讲的话。”答案是A。
       (41)Canada is larger than ______ country in Asia. (1991全国)
       A. any              B. any other         C. other           D. another
解析:“加拿大比亚洲任何一个国家都大。”表示三者以上中的“任一”用any;Canada不属亚洲,不用other。答案是A。
3. none可指人或物,一般要接表示范围的of短语,可回答how many;而no one只能指人(=nobody),不能接of短语,可回答who。另外,none可指后文的不可数名词,表示“毫无”。
(42)Some people would rather ride bicycles as bicycle riding has _____of the trouble of taking buses. (1996上海)
A. nothing            B. none                 C. some             D. neither
解析:由句意“有些人宁愿骑自行车,因为骑自行车没有乘公共汽车那样的麻烦。”可排除选项C;the trouble是不可数名词,怎么会有两者或几者呢?排除选项D;nothing意为“什么也没有”,意义不通,排除A;答案是B。
       (43)______of them knew about the plan because it was kept a secret. (1990全国)
       A. Each            B. Any                  C. No one        D. None
       解析:“因为是秘密所以没有人知道那个计划。”而no one又不能与of短语连用。答案是D。
       (44)We couldn't eat in a restaurant because ________of us had ________money on us. (1991全国)
       A. all; no            B. any; no              C. none; any       D. no one; any
解析:选项A的all…no是部分否定,意为“并非都没有钱”,也就可以在餐馆吃饭;英语中没有any…no/ not搭配,排除B;no one不与of短语连用,排除D。答案是C。
       (45)As we were asleep, ________of us heard the sound. (1987全国)
       A. both             B. none                 C. all              D. any
       解析:“因为我们睡着了,所以我们没有一个人听到了声音。”答案是B。
      (46) ______of them understood the old foreigner. (1982全国)
       A. Someone         B. Anyone             C. None             D. Nobody
       解析:选项中能与of短语连用的只有none。答案是C。
4. all单独使用,或者后接一个定语从句,或者前面有物主代词时,意为everything或the only thing(s)。
(47)That’s an unpleasant thing to say about your father after______ he’s done for you. (2004四川)
      A. something         B. anything            C. all                    D. that
解析:句意应是“在你父亲为你付出这一切之后,你这样说他,这是件不愉快的事。”表示付出“一切”“所有”应当用all (=everything);he’s done for you是定语从句,修饰all。答案是C。
(48)It is easy to do the repair. _____you need is a hammer and some nails. (2004天津)
A. Something       B. All                   C. Both               D. Everything
解析:句意是“你只需要锤子和钉子”;选all,其后接you need,表示“唯一的事物(=the only thing)”。答案是B。
       (49)—You're always working. Come on, let's go shopping.
       —______you ever want to do is going shopping. (2002春)
       A. Anything           B. Something         C. All                    D. That
       解析:受一定语从句修饰,表示the only thing的只有all。答案是C。
考点7  some, any的用法辨析
       表示“一些”,一般说来,肯定句中some,否定句中用any;但在表示请求、建议、劝请或希望对方作肯定回答的疑问句中用some。
       (50)I asked him for some oil, but he hadn't ________. (1986全国)
       A. any            B. some                 C. no             D. anything
       解析:在某定句中用any。答案是A。
(51)Let us hope we can settle the matter without ________more trouble. (1988全国)
       A. any          B. a little                C. some           D. little
解析:without表否定,要用any。答案是A。
       (52)I'd been expecting ________letters the whole morning, but there weren't ________for me. (1989全国)
       A. some; any      B. many; a few     C. some; one       D. a few; none
       解析:前一分句是肯定句,用some,后一分句是否定句,用any。另外,后一分句的weren’t表明主语应为复数,排除C和D;many一般不用于肯定句,a few一般用于肯定句,排除B。答案是A。
       (53)―I fee a bit hungry.      
       ―Why don’t you have _____bread? (1986全国)
       A. any            B. some          C. little           D. a
       解析:表示建议的疑问句中用some。答案是B。
(54)—Your coffee smells great!
       — It's from Mexico. Would you like ______?(2003春)
       A. it                      B. some                 C. this                   D. little
       解析:表示劝请的疑问句中用some。答案是B。
(55)There’s _____ cooking oil left in the house. Would you go to the corner store and get _____? (2004北京)
       A. little; some         B. little; any          C. a little; some      D. a little; any
       解析:因为在Would you…? 等表示请求、劝请或建议之类的问句中,一般用some;又由后文“买些油”可知,家里“没有油”了,所以用little。句意是:家里没有油了,请你到附近的店子里买些回来好吗?答案是A。
(56)―Would you like _____, sir?
―No, thanks. I have had much. (2005福建)
       A. some more oranges                        B. any more oranges
       C. some more orange                          D. any more orange
       解析:由答语中的much可知,对话中的orange是指“桔子汁”而非“桔子”,是不可数名词,没有复数形式,排除选项A和B;在劝请的疑问名中用some不用any,排除选项D。答案是A。
       考点8  each, every的用法辨析
       1. every只能作形容词,在名词前作定语;each可作形容词也可用代词,可用主语、宾语和同位语。
       (57)______ of the boys has got a pencil and some paper. (1990上海)
       A. All                   B. Every              C. Everyone                D. Each
       解析:由谓语has got是第三人称单数,可排除选项A;every是形容词,只能放在名词前作定语,不能作代词,排除选面B;everyone不能与of短语连用,排除选项C;each可作形容词,也可作代词。答案是D。
2. 表示“每隔”用every,不用each。如every three days每三天,every third day每逢第三天,every other day每隔一天,every three meters每(隔)三米,every three minutes每(隔)三分钟。
(58)These plants are watered ________. (1992全国)
       A. each other day                            B. every other day
       C. each of two days                          D. every of two days
解析:句意为“这些作物每隔一天浇一次水”,表示“每隔一天”应是every other day。答案是B。
考点9  (a) little, (a) few, a bit的用法辨析
a little和little修饰或代替不可数名词,与much相对,表示“多”;a few和few修饰或代替可数名词与many相对,表示“少”。a little和a few含肯定语气, little和few含否定语气。一般说来,在only, just, still, quite, can, not等词后用a little或a few;在very, so, some, the, no等词后用little或few。
(59)Can we do our work better with ______money and ______people? (1983全国)
       A. lesser, few    B. less, fewer         C. little, less         D. few, less
解析:money是不可数名词,排除D;people是可数名词,排除A和B。答案是C。
(60) —Would you like some wine? -Yes, just ________. (1993全国)
       A. little              B. very little         C. a little           D. little bit
解析:由yes和just可知,语气肯定,用a little (wine)。very little前不可再用just修饰。答案是C。
(61)As it was a stormy night, ________people went to see the film. (1988全国)
       A. a few         B. few                   C. several        D. many
       解析:“由于那是一个有暴风雨的晚上,所以很少人去看是影。”答案是B。
(62)Although he's wealthy, he spends ______on clothes. (1992全国)
       A. little            B. few                   C. a little            D. a few
       解析:由语境可知是替代不可数名词money,排除B和D;由although可知,在服装上花钱“少”,语气是否定的,排除C。答案是A。
(63)-Are the new rules working?
       -Yes _______books are stolen. (1999全国)
       A. Few              B. More              C. Some                   D. None
解析:由yes可知,新制度是奏效的,因此几乎没什么书被盗,所以用few;另外,None后要是加上of,也正确。答案是A。
       little的比较级和最高级分别是less, least;few的比较级和最高级是fewer, fewest。
(64)If we had followed the plan, we could have done the job better with ____money and _____ people. (1990全国)
      A. less; less        B. fewer; fewer          C. less; fewer       D. fewer; less
解析:money是不可数名词,排除B和D;people是可数名词,排除A。答案是C。
(65)If we had followed his plan, we could have done the work better with ________money and ______ people. (1987全国)
A. little, fewer    B. fewer, less         C. less, fewer        D. less, few
解析:由语境可知,little和few都用比较级,排除A和D;修饰people不能用little,排除B。答案是C。
(66)If you had followed the plan, you could have done the job better with ______ money and ______ people. (1988上海)
A. less; fewer            B. fewer; less      C. less; few          D. few; less
解析:因few只能修饰可数名词,不能修饰money,排除选项B和D;由语境可知,是指用更少的钱和更少的人指事情做得更好,都用比较级,排除C。答案是A。
(67)Can we do our work better with ______money and ______people? (1983全国)
A. lesser, few      B. less, fewer         C. little, less         D. few, less
解析:few不能修饰不可数名词money,排除D;less (little的比较级)不能修饰可数名词money,排除C;由语境可知lillte和few都应用比较级,排除A。答案是B。
考点10  替代词it, that, (the) one(s), those的用法辨析
1. it和that都替代“the+单数名词(可数或不可数)”,都是特指,但it指前面提到的“同一”事物,而that是指前面提到的“同类”事物。
(68)There is a photo on the wall. ________the photo of Lei Feng. (1980全国)
       A. It               B. Its                C. It's                D. He
       解析:指与前面提到的是同一物,用it;后句缺少谓语动词,用is。答案是C。
(69)The Parkers bought a new house but _____will need a lot of work before they can move in. (2001全国)
    A. they               B. it                  C. one                 D. which
解析:特指前面提到的the Parkers所买的那座新房子,用it(=the + house)。答案是B。
(70)Few pleasures can equal ________of a cool drink on a hot day. (1999全国)
       A. some             B. any               C. that                D. those
解析:that替代the pleasure,指与前面提到的同属“快乐的事”。 答案是C。
       (71)I’m moving to the countryside because the air there is much fresher than _____ in the city. (2005江苏)
       A. ones            B. one                  C. that                D. those
       解析:选项中只有that能替代不可数名词the air。答案是C。
2. one替代“a+单数可数名词”,表示泛指。特指的the one相当于that;the one复数形式the ones,在口语中也常用those代替;当后面有of短语时,一般用that或those,当有前置修饰语时,只能用one(s),如the red one。one(s), the one(s), those, that都是替代“同类”事物,其中只有that可替代不可数名词。
       (72)We’ve been looking at houses but haven’t found _____we like yet. (2005浙江)
       A. one                   B. ones                  C. it                      D. them
       解析:one =a house, 指我们喜欢的那一类房子。答案是A。
       (73)I prefer a flat in Inveneas to _____in Perth, because I want to live near my Mom’s (2005天津)
       A. one                   B. that                   C. it                      D. this
       解析:替代a flat用one。答案是A。       
       (74)We needed a new cupboard for the kitchen. So Peter made _____ from some wood we had. (2004广西)
       A. it                  B. one                C. himself          D. another
       解析:因为one是用来替代“a/ an +名词”,以避免重复的,此处one=a cupboard。答案是B。
(75)I hope there are enough glasses for each guest to have ________.(1995全国)
       A. it                B. those           C. them           D. one
       解析:意思是“让每一个客人都有一个杯子”,能替代a glass是只有one。答案是D。
(76)—Why don't we take a little break?
       —Didn't we just have ________?(2000全国)
     &nbs, p; A. it                     B. that                   C. one                         D. this
解析:由上文可知,答语应是Didn’t we just have a rest?(我们刚才不是休息了一会儿吗?);替代a break用one。答案是C。
       (77)Meeting my uncle after all these years was an unforgettable moment, ________I will always  treasure. (2002全国)
       A. that           B. one           C. it            D. what
解析:用one替代a moment,作an unforgettable moment的同位语,泛指值得我珍惜的那样一个时刻。又如Cook was a strict but good captain, one who took good care of the sailors on his ship.答案是B。
(78)Cars do cause us some health problems —in fact far more serious _____ than mobile phones do. (2005江西)
       A. one             B. ones            C. it               D. those
       解析:替代泛指的名词复数problems,用ones。those是替代特的“the +复数名词”的。答案是B。
(79)He has one blue pen and two red ________. (1980全国)
       A. one             B. once              C. one's              D. ones
       解析:能替代pen,且为复数,应是ones。答案是D。
(80)My most famous relative of all, ______ who really left his mark on America, was Reb Sussel, my great-grandfather. (2006江苏22)
       A. one                  B. the one            C. he                    D. someone
       解析:考查替代词。由语境可判断是特指,且作My most famous relative of all的同位语,用the one。答案是B。
(81)Mr Zhang gave the textbooks to all the pupils, except ________who had already taken them. (1992全国)
       A. these           B. ones                  C. the ones        D. the others
解析:后面的定语从句是特指,替代the pupils用the ones(=those)。答案是C。
       (82)Equipped with modern facilities, today's libraries differ greatly from______.(2003上海)
       A. those of the past       B. the past             C. which of the past D. these past
       解析:与today's libraries相比较的应是“过去的图书馆”,即the libraries of the past,为避免重复,用those替代the libraries。答案是A。
       考点11  another, (the) other(s), else; the rest的用法辨析
       1. another或“another+单数可数名词”泛指“另一个,有一个,再一个”,其复数形式是others或“other+复数名词”泛指“别人或别的物”,有some…others(一些…另一些…)之搭配。
       (83)We had a picnic last term and it was a lot of fun, so let’s have ______one this month. (2006天津1)
A. the other           B. some                C. another             D. other
解析:考查不定代词。在one前作定语,表示“另/又/再一”,用another;而the other是特指两者中的另一个,不合语境。答案是C。
      (84)I think he’s just going to deal with this problem ______ day. (2005广东)
       A. next            B. other           C. following        D. another
       解析:表示“改天”用another day。但表示相对于过去或将来某天来说的“第二天”时,用the next day 或the following day都可以。答案是D。
(85)—What do you think of the cake?
       —It's nice. I'd like to have______. (1991上海)
       A. some other       B. another             C. others              D. other
       解析:由语境可知,“我还想再吃一块”,表示泛指的“另一块”用another。答案是B。
       (86)Sarah has read lots of stories by American writers. Now she would like to read ______stories by writers from ______countries. (1997全国)
       A. some; any     B. other; some              C. some; other      D. other; other
解析:肯定句中用some表示“一些”;other作定语,意为“别的”。答案是C。
(87)Some people like to stay at home on Sunday, but ______like to go to the cinema. (1985全国)
       A. another       B. other                 C. others         D. other one
解析:some…others…是固定搭配。再说,根据like可知,主语为复数,也只用这个答案才是复数。答案是C。
(88)Young people may quickly in some ways and more slowly in ______. (1993上海)
       A. the other           B. some other        C. others              D. no matter who
       解析:some…others是固定搭配。答案是C。
       2. the other(+单数可数名词)特指两者中的另一个,常有one…the other(一个…另一个…)的搭配;其复数形式the others或“the other +复数名词”特指在某些人或物中,除去一部分后,“其余的”“剩下的”人或物。
(89)No progress was made in the trade talk as neither side would accept the conditions of _____. (2005上海)
       A. others               B. the other            C. either                D. another
       解析:由neither可知,谈话双方都不同意对方的条件,这个“对方”是特指的另一方,所以用the other。答案是B。
       (90)Of the three foreign guests, one is from London, ______two are from New York. (1980全国)
       A. other            B. the other            C. some           D. any
解析:特指“其余的那两个”用the other two。答案是B。
       (91)One of the sides of the board should be painted yellow, and ______.(2000春)
       A. the other is white                      B. another white
       C. the other white                           D. another is white
       解析:board(木板)自然是两面,一面漆成黄色,(两面中的)另一面漆成白色。答案是C
       3. another还可用于“another+基数词或few+复数名词”中,与“数词或some+more/other +复数名词”相当。
(92)Shanghai is really a fascinating city and we've decided to stay for______ two weeks. (2003上海)
       A. another          B. other           C. the other        D. other's
       解析:由语境可知,是“还要呆两个星期”,要说another two weeks。答案是A。
       (93)-Have you finished your report yet?
       -No, I'll finish in ______ten minutes. (1995全国)
       A. another           B. other            C. more           D. less
       解析:表示“另外十分钟”是another ten minutes。答案是A。
       (94)If you want to change for a double room you'll have to pay______$15. (2000全国)
       A. another             B. other                 C. more                D. Each
解析:由语境可知应是“再加15美元”,用another。another $15就是another 15 dollars。答案是A。
(95)I got the story from Tom and       people who had worked with him. (2004天津)
       A. every other      B. many others       C. some other       D. other than
       解析:因为every other后接单数名词,表示“每隔一……”;many others(其他许多人)后面不能再接名词;other than=except意为“除……外”,都不符合题意,只有C正确。some other people…意为“另外一些和他一起工作的人”。答案是C。
       (96)Tony is going camping with ________boys. (1993全国)
A. little two other   B. two little other    C. two other little   D. little other two
解析:表示“小男孩”应是little boys,“另外两个……”,是two other…。答案是C。
4. 注意下列固定用法:other than(除……外), each other, one another(相互), one after another(一个接一个), “any other +单数名词”(别的/其他的任何一个)。
       (97)In that case, there is nothing you can do ______ than wait. (2001春)
       A. more                B. other                 C. better                      D. any
       解析:other than(=but/except除……外)是固定搭配。答案是B。
       5. else只能放在复合不定代词或者疑问词后。
(98)If this dictionary is not yours, ______can it be? (2001春)
       A. what else          B. who else            C. which else's      D. who else's
解析:who else的所有格是who else’s。答案是D。
(99)I will never know what was on his mind at the time, nor will _____.(2004江苏)
       A. anyone              B. anyone else        C. no one                     D. no one else
       解析:因为表示后者与前者“一样不……”,nor本身就是否定的,后面要用肯定的,排除C和D;又因为用else才可排除“I”,所以选B。句意是:我不知道他当时为什么事而忧虑,其他任何人也不知道。答案是B。
(100)―Victor certainly cares too much about himself.
―Yes. He’s never interested in what _____is doing. (2005重庆)
       A. no one else        B. anyone else        C. someone else     D. nobody else
       解析:由语境可知,句意是:他对其他任何人在做什么从不感兴趣。答案是B。
(101)I don’t think we’ve met before. You’re taking me for ______(2005安徽)
       A. some other       B. someone else     C. other person     D. one other
       解析:句意是:你把我当作另外某个人了。答案是B。
(102)First, it is important to recognize what kind of person you are and which special qualities make you different from _____.(2005湖北)
       A. everyone else     B. the other           C. someone else     D. the rest
       解析:不是与具体哪一个人或哪些人不同,即不是特指,排除选项B和D;不是另外某个人而是除自己外的其他所有人,所以不选C,而选A。答案是A。
       6. the rest既可代替可数名词,也可代替不可数名词。而another, other, others, the other(s)只能代替可数名词。
(103)Some of the wheat is from Canada. What about______? (2001上海春)
       A. another          B. the other         C. others              D. the rest
       解析:wheat是不可数名词,选项中能替代不可数名词的只有the rest。答案是D。
       (104)I have done much of the work. Could you please finish _____in two days? (2004辽宁)
       A. the rest             B. the other            C. another             D. the others
       解析:因为the other(s), another只能代替可数名词,而the rest既可代替可数名词,也可代替不可数名词;题中是要代替不可数名词the work,所以只有A正确。答案是A。
       考点12  every-, some-,any-,no-与thing,-one,-body构成的复合不定代词
       这类不定代词有everything(一切事,最重要的事), everyone =everybody (每个人,所有人); something(某事,重要的人或事物), someone =somebody(某/有人,重要的人); anything(什么事物,任何事物,无论什么事物), anyone =anybody(任何人,无论谁,重要的人); nothing(没有东西,什么也没有,不重要的人或事), no one=nobody(没有人,不重要的人)等。它们还与别有词构成很多习语,如for nothing(徒劳,免费),nothing but(仅仅,只不过),等等。
       (105)—Is________here?
       -No, Bob and Tim  have asked for leave. (1993全国)
       A. anybody         B. everybody        C. somebody      D. nobody
       解析:由答语可知是问“到齐了吗?”而不是问“这里有人吗?”所以用everybody,而不用anybody。答案是B。
(106)We haven’t enough books for _____; some of you will have to share. (2005全国卷I)
       A. somebody         B. anybody            C. everybody         D. nobody
       解析:由后文“你们有些人要共用”可知,“没有足够多的书发给所有的人”。答案是C。
(107)I agree with most of what you said, but I don't agree with ________.(1997全国)
       A. everything       B. anything            C. something       D. nothing
解析:not…everything是部分否定,意为“我并非同意你讲的一切”,与前句的most of…意思相符。而not…anything (= nothing)与前一分句意思矛盾。答案是A。
(108)Playing tricks on others is _____we should never do. (2004湖南)
       A. anything            B. something          C. everything               D. nothing
       解析:根据句意和各选项的意义可选出正确选项。句意是:捉弄别人是我们永远也不该做的事情。anything任何事物;something某事;everything每件事;nothing什么也没有。答案是B。
(109)I made so many changes in my composition that only I could read it. To _____ else, it was hard to make out. (2006上海29)
       A. none     B. everyone    C. someone    D. anyone
       解析:考查代词的运用。意为除了我以外,“其他任何人(anyone else)”都很难懂。答案是D。
(110)She was so sad that there was______ I could do to make her happy. (1994上海)
       A. something        B. nothing            C. anything          D. everything
       解析:由语境可知,“我可以做的,能使她开心的,事没有一样”,表示“没有一样事”,用nothing。答案是B。
       (111)—One week’s time has been wasted.
       —I can’t believe we did all that work for _____.(2004重庆)
       A. something         B. nothing              C. everything         D. anything
       解析:因为for nothing是习语,意为“徒劳、没有好结果”、“免费”,句意是:我简直不敢相信我们所做的一切都是徒劳。答案是B。
       (112)She doesn’t know anyone here. She has got ______to talk to. (2004广东)
       A. anyone         B. someone            C. everyone        D. no one
       解析:因为“在这里,她谁都不认识”,所以“她没有人可以交谈”。no one = nobody = not…any one没有一个人。答案是D。

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