细雨留花 / 语法 / 高考英语"代词"考点汇总

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2009-04-19  细雨留花
【真题再现】(1)My grandma still treats me like a child. She can’t imagine ______ grown up. (2006重庆)
A. my                   B. mine            C. myself              D. me
解析:由语境可知“她没想到我已成年了””,应当用宾格me作imagine的宾语;短语形容词grown up(成熟的,成年的)作宾补。答案是D。
(2)Catherine bought a postcard of the place she was visiting, addressed ______ to______ and then posted it at the nearby post office.(2006安徽)
A. it; her                      B. it; herself          C. herself; her       D. herself; herself
解析:由address sth. to sb. (在信件或包裹上写上收件人的姓名及地址)可知,Catherine在买来的明信片上写上她自己的姓名及地址。答案是B。
(3)I intended to compare notes with a friend, but unfortunately ______couldn’t spare me even one minute. (2004重庆)
       A. they                  B. one                   C. who                  D. it
解析:句中a friend (=one of my friends) 泛指我的朋友中的任何一个,代替名词my friends,且在but后的并列句中作主语用they。答案是A。
(4)—Susan, go and join your sister cleaning the yard.
   —Why_____? John is sitting there doing nothing. (2003全国)
A. him                   B. he                   C. I                       D. me
—Who is it? —It’s me. —谁?—是我呀。
—Who broke the cup? —谁打破了杯子?
—Me! (Not me!)—我!(不是我!) 
—I like swimming. —我喜欢游泳。
—Me too. —我也是。
—You can tell him. —你可以告诉他。
—Me tell him? Not likely!—我告诉他?不可能!
He’s got to repay the money—poor him.他得偿还这笔钱——可怜的他呀!
考点2 名词性和形容词性物主代词的用法
【真题再现】(5)Some of the stamps belong to me, while the rest are _____. (2004上海春)
A. him and her              B. his and hers              C. his and her        D. him and hers
解析:在句中作表语,指“他的邮票和她的邮票”用his and her (=his stamps and her stamps)。答案是B。
(6)—Is your camera like Bill’s and Ann’s?
      —No, but it’s almost the same as ______. (1994全国)
A. her                B. yours               C. them              D. their
解析:与it(=my camera)相比的应是your camera,与“形容词性物主代词+名词”相当的应是名词性物主代词,yours=your camera。答案是B。
(7) The boy promised _____mother never to lie to _____again. (1991年)
A. his, him             B. her, her             C. her, him            D. his, her
(8)Kate and her sister went on holiday with a cousin of _____. (1990全国)
      A. their               B. theirs                C. her                  D. hers
解析:of要与名词性物主代词一起作定语,排除A和C;又因Kate and her sister是复数,排除D。答案是B。
       (9)—Whose room is that?
       —It's_______ (1982全国)
       A. my               B. ours                  C. my brothers    D. of my brother
       解析:从语境看,答语应当是指“某人的房间”,只有选项B能表达此意,ours=our room。答案是B。
       (10)His camera is more expensive than ________. (1989全国)
       A. hers            B. her             C. it               D. its
       解析:与his camera作比较的应是“她的照相机”,用hers (=her camera)。答案是A。
       (11)Is her hair shorter than ________?(1981全国)
       A me             B. my                     C. mine             D. I
       解析:与her hair相比较的应是my hair,应用名词性物主代词是mine (=my hair)。答案是C。
考点3 反身代词的用法
反身代词在句中可以作enjoy, teach, hurt, buy, introduce等动词和by, for, to等介词的宾语,还可以作主语或宾语的同位语,可译作“亲自,本人”,但不能作主语。
【真题再现】(12)—Who called me this morning when I was out?(2006福建21)
—A man calling ______ Robert.
A. him                  B. himself                    C. his                   D.不填
解析:考查反身代词。因为“call sb./oneself+某名”就是“叫某人/自称某名字”;句意是“一个自称罗伯特的人”,用himself。答案是B。
(13)You will find as you read fiats book that you just can’t keep some of these stones to ______. You will want to share them with a friend. (2005湖南)
A. itself              B. yourself           C. himself            D. themselves  
解析:主语是you,要用yourself;to oneself是习语,指某人“独自享用,不与他人共享”。答案是B。
       (14)My daughter often makes a schedule to get ______ reminded of what she is to do in the day. (2005上海春)
       A. herself                     B. her                    C. she                   D. hers
(15)Tom felt that he knew everybody’s business better than they knew it______. (1996全国)
     A. themselves        B. oneself             C. itself                D. himself
提示:请留意意含oneself的短语。如:(1) be oneself身体正常;(2)Make yourself at home! 别客气!(3)make yourself understood 使你的话被人理解。
考点4 指示代词的用法
指示词有this, that, these, those等。注意以下4点:
(1) this, these是时间或空间上的“近指”,可与here连用;that, those是时间或空间上的“远指”,可与there连用。
(2) 指上文提到的事一般用that,有时也用this,指下文的事只能用this。
(3) 打电话时,用this来介绍自己,用that来问对方,不用I或you。
(4) this和that还可表示程度,意为“如此,那么”,相当于so,作状语。
       【真题再现】(16)—He was nearly drowned once.
       —When was ______?
    —_____was in 1998 when he was in middle school. (2002北京春)
       A. that; It             B. this; This                C. this; It             D. that; This
解析:指上文提到的事多用that;后空是强调结构的简略式,完整的句是It was in was in 1998 when he was in middle school that he was nearly drowned once.其中when he was in middle school是定语从句。答案是A。
(17)Sometimes it was a bit boring to work there because there wasn’t always ______ much to do. (2004广东)
A. such                B. that               C. more              D. very
解析:much前用so, 不用such。口语中,常用that来代替so。答案是B。
考点5 疑问代词的意义和用法
疑问代词有what, which, who, whom, whose等。用法要点如下:
1. what除可用来询问人的身份外,一般指物;which可指人也可指物;who, whom, whose一般指人。
【真题再现】(18)The mother didn’t know ______to blame for the broken glass as it happened while she was out.  (2002全国)
A. who               B. when              C. how                       D. what
       2. 没有一定的范围时,用what,意为“什么”;有一定范围时,用which,意为“(其中的)哪一个”。
       (19)There are so many kinds of tape-recorders on sale that I can’t make up my mind ______to buy. (1992全国)
A. what               B. which             C. how                       D. where
考点6 表示两者和多者的不定代词的比较
1. 表示两者“都”用both,表示两者“都不”用neither,表示两者中的“任一”用either。
       (20)If you can’t decide which of the two books to borrow, why don’t you take ______? I won’t read them this week. (2006浙江)
       A. all                     B. any                   C. either                D. both
       (21)You may drop in or just give me a call. ______ will do.(2006安徽)
       A. Either               B. Each                C. Neither             D. All
       (22)—Which driver was to blame?
       —Why, _________! It was the child’s fault, clear and simple. He suddenly came out between two parked cars. (2006北京)
       A. both           B. each                  C. either                       D. neither
       解析:由后文It was the child’s fault, clear and simple.可知,应答者认为“两个司机都不应负责”,用neither。答案是D。
      (23)There are two windows in the room. They ________face south. (1980全国)
       A. all               B. both              C. each              D. either
       (24)I made a call to my parents yesterday. To my disappointment, _____of them answered it. (2005福建)
       A. either                B. none                 C. neither                     D. nobody
       解析:由my parents可知是指两者,由To my disappointment可知,两个中一个也没接电话。答案是C。
(25)We asked John and Jerry, but _____of them could offer a satisfactory explanation. (2005北京春)
       A. either                B. none                 C. both                  D. neither
解析:由but可知,John 和Jerry“两者都不”。 答案是D。
       (26)I invited Joe and Linda to dinner, but ______ of them came. (2004北京)
       A. neither                     B. either                C. none                 D. both
       (27)Both teams were in hard training, ______ was willing to lose the game.(2001上海)
       A. either                B. neither               C. another             D. the other
(28)-Can you come on Monday or Tuesday?
    -I’m afraid ______day is possible. (1998全国)
    A. either                      B. neither              C. some               D. any
解析:由I’m afraid可知,Monday和Tuesday两天都不行。答案是B。
       (29)-Are the two answers correct?
       -No, ________correct. (1986全国)
       A. no one is       B. both are not              C. neither is        D. either is not
解析:由two和No可知“两个答案都不对”,no one(=nobody)只能指人,排除A;both are not correct是部分否定,意为“并非两者都对(即一对一错)”,与no矛盾,排除B;英语中有not…either(=neither)的说法,但不能说either…not,排除D;表示完全否定“两者都不”用neither。答案是C。
(30)-There’s coffee and tea; you can have _____. 
-Thanks. (2003全国)
    A. either                B. each                  C. one                   D. it
(31)-Do you want tea or coffee?
     -______.I really don’t mind. (2000北京春)
      A. Both                B. None              C. Either               D. Neither
解析:由上文tea or coffee可知,是指两者;由I really don’t mind 可知,这两种饮料中的“任何一种”都行。答案是C。
(32)-Shall I sit at this end of the boat or the other end?
       -If you keep still, you can sit at ________end. (1987全国)
       A. neither          B. each                  C. either            D. any
2. 表示多者“都”用all,表示多者“都不”用none,表示多者中的“任一”用any。
(33)Of all the books on the desk,   ______ is of any use for our study. (2006四川) 
       A. nothing         B. no one          C. neither                            D. none
       解析:考查不定代词。由all可知,是指三者或三者以上,排除C;nothing(没一样东西)与这里谈到的“书”毫无联系,排除A;no one =nobody(没有一个人)只能指人,也错了;指多者中“一个也没有,没有一个”用none。句中of any use=useful,在句中作表语。句意是“在桌上的所有这些书中,没有一本书对我们的学习有用。”答案是D。
(34)I had to buy _____these books because I didn’t know which one was the best. (2004上海)
       A. both                  B. none                 C. neither                     D. all
解析:后文的best是最高级,可见至少有三本,排除A和C;none不能作定语,要说none of…答案是D。
(35)We had three sets of garden tools and we seemed to have no use for ______. (2004浙江)
      A. none             B. either            C. any               D. each
       (36)—Which of the three ways shall I take to the village?
       —_____way as you please. (2004福建)
       A. Each                 B. Every                C. Any                  D. Either
       (37)Mr Alcott, headmaster of the school, refused to accept______ of the three suggestions made by the Students’ Union. (2000上海春)
       A. either            B. neither           C. any                 D. none
       (38)-When shall we meet again?
       -Make it ________day you like; it's all the same to me. (1996全国)
       A. one                 B. any               C. another                   D. some
       (39)They were all very tired, but ______of them would stop to take a rest. (1995全国)
       A. any              B. some           C. none           D. neither
       (40)______ but fools will believe what he said. (1992上海)
       A. None                B. Nothing            C. Anything          D. Everything
       (41)Canada is larger than ______ country in Asia. (1991全国)
       A. any              B. any other         C. other           D. another
3. none可指人或物,一般要接表示范围的of短语,可回答how many;而no one只能指人(=nobody),不能接of短语,可回答who。另外,none可指后文的不可数名词,表示“毫无”。
(42)Some people would rather ride bicycles as bicycle riding has _____of the trouble of taking buses. (1996上海)
A. nothing            B. none                 C. some             D. neither
解析:由句意“有些人宁愿骑自行车,因为骑自行车没有乘公共汽车那样的麻烦。”可排除选项C;the trouble是不可数名词,怎么会有两者或几者呢?排除选项D;nothing意为“什么也没有”,意义不通,排除A;答案是B。
       (43)______of them knew about the plan because it was kept a secret. (1990全国)
       A. Each            B. Any                  C. No one        D. None
       解析:“因为是秘密所以没有人知道那个计划。”而no one又不能与of短语连用。答案是D。
       (44)We couldn't eat in a restaurant because ________of us had ________money on us. (1991全国)
       A. all; no            B. any; no              C. none; any       D. no one; any
解析:选项A的all…no是部分否定,意为“并非都没有钱”,也就可以在餐馆吃饭;英语中没有any…no/ not搭配,排除B;no one不与of短语连用,排除D。答案是C。
       (45)As we were asleep, ________of us heard the sound. (1987全国)
       A. both             B. none                 C. all              D. any
      (46) ______of them understood the old foreigner. (1982全国)
       A. Someone         B. Anyone             C. None             D. Nobody
4. all单独使用,或者后接一个定语从句,或者前面有物主代词时,意为everything或the only thing(s)。
(47)That’s an unpleasant thing to say about your father after______ he’s done for you. (2004四川)
      A. something         B. anything            C. all                    D. that
解析:句意应是“在你父亲为你付出这一切之后,你这样说他,这是件不愉快的事。”表示付出“一切”“所有”应当用all (=everything);he’s done for you是定语从句,修饰all。答案是C。
(48)It is easy to do the repair. _____you need is a hammer and some nails. (2004天津)
A. Something       B. All                   C. Both               D. Everything
解析:句意是“你只需要锤子和钉子”;选all,其后接you need,表示“唯一的事物(=the only thing)”。答案是B。
       (49)—You're always working. Come on, let's go shopping.
       —______you ever want to do is going shopping. (2002春)
       A. Anything           B. Something         C. All                    D. That
       解析:受一定语从句修饰,表示the only thing的只有all。答案是C。
考点7  some, any的用法辨析
       (50)I asked him for some oil, but he hadn't ________. (1986全国)
       A. any            B. some                 C. no             D. anything
(51)Let us hope we can settle the matter without ________more trouble. (1988全国)
       A. any          B. a little                C. some           D. little
       (52)I'd been expecting ________letters the whole morning, but there weren't ________for me. (1989全国)
       A. some; any      B. many; a few     C. some; one       D. a few; none
       解析:前一分句是肯定句,用some,后一分句是否定句,用any。另外,后一分句的weren’t表明主语应为复数,排除C和D;many一般不用于肯定句,a few一般用于肯定句,排除B。答案是A。
       (53)―I fee a bit hungry.      
       ―Why don’t you have _____bread? (1986全国)
       A. any            B. some          C. little           D. a
(54)—Your coffee smells great!
       — It's from Mexico. Would you like ______?(2003春)
       A. it                      B. some                 C. this                   D. little
(55)There’s _____ cooking oil left in the house. Would you go to the corner store and get _____? (2004北京)
       A. little; some         B. little; any          C. a little; some      D. a little; any
       解析:因为在Would you…? 等表示请求、劝请或建议之类的问句中,一般用some;又由后文“买些油”可知,家里“没有油”了,所以用little。句意是:家里没有油了,请你到附近的店子里买些回来好吗?答案是A。
(56)―Would you like _____, sir?
―No, thanks. I have had much. (2005福建)
       A. some more oranges                        B. any more oranges
       C. some more orange                          D. any more orange
       考点8  each, every的用法辨析
       1. every只能作形容词,在名词前作定语;each可作形容词也可用代词,可用主语、宾语和同位语。
       (57)______ of the boys has got a pencil and some paper. (1990上海)
       A. All                   B. Every              C. Everyone                D. Each
       解析:由谓语has got是第三人称单数,可排除选项A;every是形容词,只能放在名词前作定语,不能作代词,排除选面B;everyone不能与of短语连用,排除选项C;each可作形容词,也可作代词。答案是D。
2. 表示“每隔”用every,不用each。如every three days每三天,every third day每逢第三天,every other day每隔一天,every three meters每(隔)三米,every three minutes每(隔)三分钟。
(58)These plants are watered ________. (1992全国)
       A. each other day                            B. every other day
       C. each of two days                          D. every of two days
解析:句意为“这些作物每隔一天浇一次水”,表示“每隔一天”应是every other day。答案是B。
考点9  (a) little, (a) few, a bit的用法辨析
a little和little修饰或代替不可数名词,与much相对,表示“多”;a few和few修饰或代替可数名词与many相对,表示“少”。a little和a few含肯定语气, little和few含否定语气。一般说来,在only, just, still, quite, can, not等词后用a little或a few;在very, so, some, the, no等词后用little或few。
(59)Can we do our work better with ______money and ______people? (1983全国)
       A. lesser, few    B. less, fewer         C. little, less         D. few, less
(60) —Would you like some wine? -Yes, just ________. (1993全国)
       A. little              B. very little         C. a little           D. little bit
解析:由yes和just可知,语气肯定,用a little (wine)。very little前不可再用just修饰。答案是C。
(61)As it was a stormy night, ________people went to see the film. (1988全国)
       A. a few         B. few                   C. several        D. many
(62)Although he's wealthy, he spends ______on clothes. (1992全国)
       A. little            B. few                   C. a little            D. a few
(63)-Are the new rules working?
       -Yes _______books are stolen. (1999全国)
       A. Few              B. More              C. Some                   D. None
       little的比较级和最高级分别是less, least;few的比较级和最高级是fewer, fewest。
(64)If we had followed the plan, we could have done the job better with ____money and _____ people. (1990全国)
      A. less; less        B. fewer; fewer          C. less; fewer       D. fewer; less
(65)If we had followed his plan, we could have done the work better with ________money and ______ people. (1987全国)
A. little, fewer    B. fewer, less         C. less, fewer        D. less, few
(66)If you had followed the plan, you could have done the job better with ______ money and ______ people. (1988上海)
A. less; fewer            B. fewer; less      C. less; few          D. few; less
(67)Can we do our work better with ______money and ______people? (1983全国)
A. lesser, few      B. less, fewer         C. little, less         D. few, less
解析:few不能修饰不可数名词money,排除D;less (little的比较级)不能修饰可数名词money,排除C;由语境可知lillte和few都应用比较级,排除A。答案是B。
考点10  替代词it, that, (the) one(s), those的用法辨析
1. it和that都替代“the+单数名词(可数或不可数)”,都是特指,但it指前面提到的“同一”事物,而that是指前面提到的“同类”事物。
(68)There is a photo on the wall. ________the photo of Lei Feng. (1980全国)
       A. It               B. Its                C. It's                D. He
(69)The Parkers bought a new house but _____will need a lot of work before they can move in. (2001全国)
    A. they               B. it                  C. one                 D. which
解析:特指前面提到的the Parkers所买的那座新房子,用it(=the + house)。答案是B。
(70)Few pleasures can equal ________of a cool drink on a hot day. (1999全国)
       A. some             B. any               C. that                D. those
解析:that替代the pleasure,指与前面提到的同属“快乐的事”。 答案是C。
       (71)I’m moving to the countryside because the air there is much fresher than _____ in the city. (2005江苏)
       A. ones            B. one                  C. that                D. those
       解析:选项中只有that能替代不可数名词the air。答案是C。
2. one替代“a+单数可数名词”,表示泛指。特指的the one相当于that;the one复数形式the ones,在口语中也常用those代替;当后面有of短语时,一般用that或those,当有前置修饰语时,只能用one(s),如the red one。one(s), the one(s), those, that都是替代“同类”事物,其中只有that可替代不可数名词。
       (72)We’ve been looking at houses but haven’t found _____we like yet. (2005浙江)
       A. one                   B. ones                  C. it                      D. them
       解析:one =a house, 指我们喜欢的那一类房子。答案是A。
       (73)I prefer a flat in Inveneas to _____in Perth, because I want to live near my Mom’s (2005天津)
       A. one                   B. that                   C. it                      D. this
       解析:替代a flat用one。答案是A。       
       (74)We needed a new cupboard for the kitchen. So Peter made _____ from some wood we had. (2004广西)
       A. it                  B. one                C. himself          D. another
       解析:因为one是用来替代“a/ an +名词”,以避免重复的,此处one=a cupboard。答案是B。
(75)I hope there are enough glasses for each guest to have ________.(1995全国)
       A. it                B. those           C. them           D. one
       解析:意思是“让每一个客人都有一个杯子”,能替代a glass是只有one。答案是D。
(76)—Why don't we take a little break?
       —Didn't we just have ________?(2000全国)
     &nbs, p; A. it                     B. that                   C. one                         D. this
解析:由上文可知,答语应是Didn’t we just have a rest?(我们刚才不是休息了一会儿吗?);替代a break用one。答案是C。
       (77)Meeting my uncle after all these years was an unforgettable moment, ________I will always  treasure. (2002全国)
       A. that           B. one           C. it            D. what
解析:用one替代a moment,作an unforgettable moment的同位语,泛指值得我珍惜的那样一个时刻。又如Cook was a strict but good captain, one who took good care of the sailors on his ship.答案是B。
(78)Cars do cause us some health problems —in fact far more serious _____ than mobile phones do. (2005江西)
       A. one             B. ones            C. it               D. those
       解析:替代泛指的名词复数problems,用ones。those是替代特的“the +复数名词”的。答案是B。
(79)He has one blue pen and two red ________. (1980全国)
       A. one             B. once              C. one's              D. ones
(80)My most famous relative of all, ______ who really left his mark on America, was Reb Sussel, my great-grandfather. (2006江苏22)
       A. one                  B. the one            C. he                    D. someone
       解析:考查替代词。由语境可判断是特指,且作My most famous relative of all的同位语,用the one。答案是B。
(81)Mr Zhang gave the textbooks to all the pupils, except ________who had already taken them. (1992全国)
       A. these           B. ones                  C. the ones        D. the others
解析:后面的定语从句是特指,替代the pupils用the ones(=those)。答案是C。
       (82)Equipped with modern facilities, today's libraries differ greatly from______.(2003上海)
       A. those of the past       B. the past             C. which of the past D. these past
       解析:与today's libraries相比较的应是“过去的图书馆”,即the libraries of the past,为避免重复,用those替代the libraries。答案是A。
       考点11  another, (the) other(s), else; the rest的用法辨析
       1. another或“another+单数可数名词”泛指“另一个,有一个,再一个”,其复数形式是others或“other+复数名词”泛指“别人或别的物”,有some…others(一些…另一些…)之搭配。
       (83)We had a picnic last term and it was a lot of fun, so let’s have ______one this month. (2006天津1)
A. the other           B. some                C. another             D. other
解析:考查不定代词。在one前作定语,表示“另/又/再一”,用another;而the other是特指两者中的另一个,不合语境。答案是C。
      (84)I think he’s just going to deal with this problem ______ day. (2005广东)
       A. next            B. other           C. following        D. another
       解析:表示“改天”用another day。但表示相对于过去或将来某天来说的“第二天”时,用the next day 或the following day都可以。答案是D。
(85)—What do you think of the cake?
       —It's nice. I'd like to have______. (1991上海)
       A. some other       B. another             C. others              D. other
       (86)Sarah has read lots of stories by American writers. Now she would like to read ______stories by writers from ______countries. (1997全国)
       A. some; any     B. other; some              C. some; other      D. other; other
(87)Some people like to stay at home on Sunday, but ______like to go to the cinema. (1985全国)
       A. another       B. other                 C. others         D. other one
(88)Young people may quickly in some ways and more slowly in ______. (1993上海)
       A. the other           B. some other        C. others              D. no matter who
       2. the other(+单数可数名词)特指两者中的另一个,常有one…the other(一个…另一个…)的搭配;其复数形式the others或“the other +复数名词”特指在某些人或物中,除去一部分后,“其余的”“剩下的”人或物。
(89)No progress was made in the trade talk as neither side would accept the conditions of _____. (2005上海)
       A. others               B. the other            C. either                D. another
       解析:由neither可知,谈话双方都不同意对方的条件,这个“对方”是特指的另一方,所以用the other。答案是B。
       (90)Of the three foreign guests, one is from London, ______two are from New York. (1980全国)
       A. other            B. the other            C. some           D. any
解析:特指“其余的那两个”用the other two。答案是B。
       (91)One of the sides of the board should be painted yellow, and ______.(2000春)
       A. the other is white                      B. another white
       C. the other white                           D. another is white
       3. another还可用于“another+基数词或few+复数名词”中,与“数词或some+more/other +复数名词”相当。
(92)Shanghai is really a fascinating city and we've decided to stay for______ two weeks. (2003上海)
       A. another          B. other           C. the other        D. other's
       解析:由语境可知,是“还要呆两个星期”,要说another two weeks。答案是A。
       (93)-Have you finished your report yet?
       -No, I'll finish in ______ten minutes. (1995全国)
       A. another           B. other            C. more           D. less
       解析:表示“另外十分钟”是another ten minutes。答案是A。
       (94)If you want to change for a double room you'll have to pay______$15. (2000全国)
       A. another             B. other                 C. more                D. Each
解析:由语境可知应是“再加15美元”,用another。another $15就是another 15 dollars。答案是A。
(95)I got the story from Tom and       people who had worked with him. (2004天津)
       A. every other      B. many others       C. some other       D. other than
       解析:因为every other后接单数名词,表示“每隔一……”;many others(其他许多人)后面不能再接名词;other than=except意为“除……外”,都不符合题意,只有C正确。some other people…意为“另外一些和他一起工作的人”。答案是C。
       (96)Tony is going camping with ________boys. (1993全国)
A. little two other   B. two little other    C. two other little   D. little other two
解析:表示“小男孩”应是little boys,“另外两个……”,是two other…。答案是C。
4. 注意下列固定用法:other than(除……外), each other, one another(相互), one after another(一个接一个), “any other +单数名词”(别的/其他的任何一个)。
       (97)In that case, there is nothing you can do ______ than wait. (2001春)
       A. more                B. other                 C. better                      D. any
       解析:other than(=but/except除……外)是固定搭配。答案是B。
       5. else只能放在复合不定代词或者疑问词后。
(98)If this dictionary is not yours, ______can it be? (2001春)
       A. what else          B. who else            C. which else's      D. who else's
解析:who else的所有格是who else’s。答案是D。
(99)I will never know what was on his mind at the time, nor will _____.(2004江苏)
       A. anyone              B. anyone else        C. no one                     D. no one else
(100)―Victor certainly cares too much about himself.
―Yes. He’s never interested in what _____is doing. (2005重庆)
       A. no one else        B. anyone else        C. someone else     D. nobody else
(101)I don’t think we’ve met before. You’re taking me for ______(2005安徽)
       A. some other       B. someone else     C. other person     D. one other
(102)First, it is important to recognize what kind of person you are and which special qualities make you different from _____.(2005湖北)
       A. everyone else     B. the other           C. someone else     D. the rest
       6. the rest既可代替可数名词,也可代替不可数名词。而another, other, others, the other(s)只能代替可数名词。
(103)Some of the wheat is from Canada. What about______? (2001上海春)
       A. another          B. the other         C. others              D. the rest
       解析:wheat是不可数名词,选项中能替代不可数名词的只有the rest。答案是D。
       (104)I have done much of the work. Could you please finish _____in two days? (2004辽宁)
       A. the rest             B. the other            C. another             D. the others
       解析:因为the other(s), another只能代替可数名词,而the rest既可代替可数名词,也可代替不可数名词;题中是要代替不可数名词the work,所以只有A正确。答案是A。
       考点12  every-, some-,any-,no-与thing,-one,-body构成的复合不定代词
       这类不定代词有everything(一切事,最重要的事), everyone =everybody (每个人,所有人); something(某事,重要的人或事物), someone =somebody(某/有人,重要的人); anything(什么事物,任何事物,无论什么事物), anyone =anybody(任何人,无论谁,重要的人); nothing(没有东西,什么也没有,不重要的人或事), no one=nobody(没有人,不重要的人)等。它们还与别有词构成很多习语,如for nothing(徒劳,免费),nothing but(仅仅,只不过),等等。
       -No, Bob and Tim  have asked for leave. (1993全国)
       A. anybody         B. everybody        C. somebody      D. nobody
(106)We haven’t enough books for _____; some of you will have to share. (2005全国卷I)
       A. somebody         B. anybody            C. everybody         D. nobody
(107)I agree with most of what you said, but I don't agree with ________.(1997全国)
       A. everything       B. anything            C. something       D. nothing
解析:not…everything是部分否定,意为“我并非同意你讲的一切”,与前句的most of…意思相符。而not…anything (= nothing)与前一分句意思矛盾。答案是A。
(108)Playing tricks on others is _____we should never do. (2004湖南)
       A. anything            B. something          C. everything               D. nothing
(109)I made so many changes in my composition that only I could read it. To _____ else, it was hard to make out. (2006上海29)
       A. none     B. everyone    C. someone    D. anyone
       解析:考查代词的运用。意为除了我以外,“其他任何人(anyone else)”都很难懂。答案是D。
(110)She was so sad that there was______ I could do to make her happy. (1994上海)
       A. something        B. nothing            C. anything          D. everything
       (111)—One week’s time has been wasted.
       —I can’t believe we did all that work for _____.(2004重庆)
       A. something         B. nothing              C. everything         D. anything
       解析:因为for nothing是习语,意为“徒劳、没有好结果”、“免费”,句意是:我简直不敢相信我们所做的一切都是徒劳。答案是B。
       (112)She doesn’t know anyone here. She has got ______to talk to. (2004广东)
       A. anyone         B. someone            C. everyone        D. no one
       解析:因为“在这里,她谁都不认识”,所以“她没有人可以交谈”。no one = nobody = not…any one没有一个人。答案是D。

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