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小学英语语法要点及习题

2010-01-24  叶牧童
    一、名词复数规则
    1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:book-books, bag-bags, cat-cats, bed-beds
    2.以s. x. sh. ch结尾,加-es,如:bus-buses, box-boxes, brush-brushes, watch-watches
    3.以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变y为i, 再加-es,如:family-families, strawberry-strawberries
    4.以“f或fe”结尾,变f或fe为v, 再加-es,如:knife-knives
    5.不规则名词复数:
    man-men, woman-women, policeman-policemen, policewoman-policewomen, mouse-mice
    child-children
    foot-feet,.tooth-teeth
    fish-fish, people-people, Chinese-Chinese, Japanese-Japanese
    写出下列各词的复数
    I _________him _________this ___________her ______
    watch _______child _______photo ________diary ______
    day________ foot________ book_______ dress ________
    tooth_______ sheep ______box_______ strawberry _____
    thief _______yo-yo ______ peach______ sandwich ______
    man______ woman_______ paper_______ juice___________
    water________ milk________ rice__________ tea__________
   
回复人:都市猎人  回复时间:2007-01-10 08:52  
    二、一般现在时
    一般现在时基本用法介绍
      【No. 1】一般现在时的功能
      1.表示事物或人物的特征、状态。如:The sky is blue.天空是蓝色的。
      2.表示经常性或习惯性的动作。如:I get up at six every day.我每天六点起床。
      3.表示客观现实。如:The earth goes around the sun.地球绕着太阳转。
      一般现在时的构成
      1. be动词:主语+be(am,is,are)+其它。如:
      I am a boy.我是一个男孩。
      2.行为动词:主语+行为动词(+其它)。如:
      We study English.我们学习英语。
      当主语为第三人称单数(he, she,it)时,要在动词后加"-s"或"-es"。如:Mary likes Chinese.玛丽喜欢汉语。
      一般现在时的变化
      1. be动词的变化。
      否定句:主语+ be + not +其它。
      如:He is not a worker.他不是工人。
      一般疑问句:Be +主语+其它。
      如:-Are you a student?
        -Yes. I am. / No, I'm not.
      特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。如:Where is my bike?
      2.行为动词的变化。
      否定句:主语+ don't( doesn't ) +动词原形(+其它)。如:
      I don't like bread.
      当主语为第三人称单数时,要用doesn't构成否定句。如:
      He doesn't often play.
      一般疑问句:Do( Does ) +主语+动词原形+其它。如:
      - Do you often play football?
      - Yes, I do. / No, I don't.
      当主语为第三人称单数时,要用does构成一般疑问句。如:
      - Does she go to work by bike?
      - Yes, she does. / No, she doesn't.
      特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。如:How does your father go to work?
    动词+s的变化规则
    1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:cook-cooks, milk-milks
    2.以s. x. sh. ch. o结尾,加-es,如:guess-guesses, wash-washes, watch-watches, go-goes
    3.以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变y为i, 再加-es,如:study-studies
    一般现在时用法专练:
    一、 写出下列动词的第三人称单数
    drink ________ go _______ stay ________ make ________
    look _________ have_______ pass_______ carry ____
    come________ watch______ plant_______ fly ________
    study_______ brush________ do_________ teach_______
    二、用括号内动词的适当形式填空。
    1. He often ________(have) dinner at home.
    2. Daniel and Tommy _______(be) in Class One.
    3. We _______(not watch) TV on Monday.
    4. Nick _______(not go) to the zoo on Sunday.
    5. ______ they ________(like) the World Cup?
    6. What _______they often _______(do) on Saturdays?
    7. _______ your parents _______(read) newspapers every day?
    8. The girl _______(teach) us English on Sundays.
    9. She and I ________(take) a walk together every evening.
    10. There ________(be) some water in the bottle.
    11. Mike _______(like) cooking.
    12. They _______(have) the same hobby.
    13. My aunt _______(look) after her baby carefully.
    14. You always _______(do) your homework well.
    15. I _______(be) ill. I’m staying in bed.
    16. She _______(go) to school from Monday to Friday.
    17. Liu Tao _______(do) not like PE.
    18. The child often _______(watch) TV in the evening.
    19. Su Hai and Su Yang _______(have) eight lessons this term.
    20. -What day _______(be) it today?
    - It’s Saturday.三、按照要求改写句子
    1. Daniel watches TV every evening.(改为否定句)
    ___________________________________________________
    2. I do my homework every day.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答)
    ________________________________________________________
    3. She likes milk.(改为一般疑问句,作肯定回答)
    ___________________________
    4. Amy likes playing computer games.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答)
    ___________________________________________________
    5. We go to school every morning.(改为否定句)
    _______________________________________________________
    6. He speaks English very well.(改为否定句)
    ___________________________________________________
    7. I like taking photos in the park.(对划线部分提问)
    ________________________________________________________
    8. John comes from Canada.(对划线部分提问)
    ___________________________________________________
    9. She is always a good student.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答)
    ________________________________________________________
    10. Simon and Daniel like going skating.(改为否定句)
    ___________________________________________________
    五、改错(划出错误的地方,将正确的写在横线上)
    1. Is your brother speak English? __________________
    2. Does he likes going fishing? __________________
    3. He likes play games after class. __________________
    4. Mr. Wu teachs us English. __________________
    5. She don’t do her homework on Sundays. _________________

回复人:都市猎人  回复时间:2007-01-10 08:52  
    三、现在进行时
    1.现在进行时表示现在正在进行或发生的动作,也可表示当前一段时间内的活动或现阶段正在进行的动作。
    2.现在进行时的肯定句基本结构为be+动词ing.
    3.现在进行时的否定句在be后加not。
    4.现在进行时的一般疑问句把be动词调到句首。
    5.现在进行时的特殊疑问的基本结构为:
    疑问词不达意 + be + 主语 + 动词ing?
    但疑问词当主语时其结构为:
    疑问词不达意 + be + 动词ing?
    动词加ing的变化规则
    1.一般情况下,直接加ing,如:cook-cooking
    2.以不发音的e结尾,去e加ing,如:make-making, taste-tasting
    3.如果末尾是一个元音字母和一个辅音字母,双写末尾的辅音字母,再加ing,如:run-running, stop-stopping
    现在进行时专项练习:
    一、写出下列动词的现在分词:
    play________ run__________ swim _________make__________
    go_________ like________ write________ _ski___________
    read________ have_________ sing ________ dance_________
    put_________ see________ buy _________ love____________
    live_______ take_________ come ________ get_________
    stop_________ sit ________ begin________ shop___________
    二、用所给的动词的正确形式填空:
    1.The boy __________________ ( draw)a picture now.
    2. Listen .Some girls _______________ ( sing)in the classroom .
    3. My mother _________________ ( cook )some nice food now.
    4. What _____ you ______ ( do ) now?
    5. Look . They _______________( have) an English lesson .
    6.They ____________(not ,water) the flowers now.
    7.Look! the girls ________________(dance )in the classroom .
    8.What is our granddaughter doing? She _________(listen ) to music.
    9. It’s 5 o’clock now. We _____________(have)supper now
    10.______Helen____________(wash )clothes? Yes ,she is .
    三、句型转换:
    1. They are doing housework .(分别改成一般疑问句和否定句)
    _____________________________________________________________
    _____________________________________________________________
    2.The students are cleaning the classroom . ( 改一般疑问句并作肯定和否定回答)
    _________________________________________________________________
    _________________________________________________________________
    3.I’m playing the football in the playground .(对划线部分进行提问)
    _________________________________________________________________
    4.Tom is reading books in his study . (对划线部分进行提问)
    _________________________________________________________________
   

回复人:都市猎人  回复时间:2007-01-10 08:53  
    四、将来时理论及练习
    一、概念:表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态及打算、计划或准备做某事。句中一般有以下时间状语:tomorrow, next day(week, month, year…),soon, the day after tomorrow(后天)等。
    二、基本结构:①be going to + do;
    ②will+ do.
    三、否定句:在be动词(am, is, are)l后加not或情态动词will后加not成won’t。
    例如:I’m going to have a picnic this afternoon.→ I’m not going to have a picnic this afternoon.
    四、一般疑问句: be或will提到句首,some改为any, and改为or,第一二人称互换。
    例如:We are going to go on an outing this weekend. → Are you going to go on an outing this weekend?
    五、对划线部分提问。一般情况,一般将来时的对划线部分有三种情况。
    1. 问人。Who 例如:I’m going to New York soon. →Who’s going to New York soon.
    2. 问干什么。What … do.例如: My father is going to watch a race with me this
    afternoon. →What is your father going to do with you this afternoon.
    3. 问什么时候。When.例如:She’s going to go to bed at nine. →When is she going
    to bed?
    六、同义句:be going to = will
    I am going to go swimming tomorrow(明天). = I will go swimming tomorrow.
    练习:
    填空。
    1. 我打算明天和朋友去野炊。
    I_____ _______ _________ have a picnic with my friends.
    I ________ have a picnic with my friends.
    2. 下个星期一你打算去干嘛? 我想去打篮球。
    What ________ ________ _________ _________ _________ next Monday? I _______ ______ _____ play basketball.
    What _________ you do next Monday? I ________ play basketball.
    3. 你妈妈这个周末去购物吗?是,她要去买一些水果。
    _____ your mother _______ ________ go shopping this ___________?
    Yes, she _________. She ______ ________ __________ buy some fruit.
    4. 你们打算什么时候见面。
    What time _______ you _________ __________ meet?
    改句子。
    5. Nancy is going to go camping.(改否定)
    Nancy ________ going to go camping.
    6. I’ll go and join them.(改否定)
    I _______ go ______ join them.
    7. I’m going to get up at 6:30 tomorrow.(改一般疑问句)
    ________ _______ ________ to get up at 6:30 tomorrow?
    8. We will meet at the bus stop at 10:30.(改一般疑问句)
    _______ ________ meet at the bus stop at 10:30.
    9. She is going to listen to music after school.(对划线部分提问)
    ________ _______ she ________ ________ _________ after school?
    10. My father and mother are going to see a play the day after tomorrow.(同上)
    _________ _________ going to see a play the day after tomorrow.
    用所给词的适当形式填空。
    11. Today is a sunny day. We ___________________ (have) a picnic this afternoon.
    12. My brother _______________ (go) to Shanghai next week.
    13. Tom often ______________(go) to school on foot. But today is rain. He ______________ (go) to school by bike.
    14. What do you usually do at weekends? I usually __________ (watch) TV and ____________(catch) insects?
    15. It’s Friday today. What _____she _________ (do) this weekend? She ______________ (watch) TV and _____________ (catch) insects.
    16. What ___________ (d0) you do last Sunday? I ____________ (pick) apples on a farm. What ______________ (do) next Sunday? I ______________ (milk) cows.
    17. Mary ____________ (visit) her grandparents tomorrow.
    18. Liu Tao ____________ (fly) kites in the playground yesterday.
    19. David ______________ (give) a puppet show next Monday.
    20. I ________________ (plan) for my study now
   

回复人:都市猎人  回复时间:2007-01-10 08:53  
    五、一般过去时
    1.一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态,常和表示过去的时间状语连用。一般过去时也表示过去经常或反复发生的动作感谢。
    2.Be动词在一般过去时中的变化:
    ⑴am 和is在一般过去时中变为was。(was not=wasn’t)
    ⑵are在一般过去时中变为were。(were not=weren’t)
    ⑶带有was或were的句子,其否定、疑问的变化和is, am, are一样,即否定句在was或were后加not,一般疑问句把was或were调到句首。
    3.句中没有be动词的一般过去时的句子
    否定句:didn’t +动词原形,如:Jim didn’t go home yesterday.
    一般疑问句:在句首加did,句子中的动词过去式变回原形。
    如:Did Jim go home yesterday?
    特殊疑问句:⑴疑问词+did+主语+动词原形?
    如: What did Jim do yesterday?
    ⑵疑问词当主语时:疑问词+动词过去式?
    如:Who went to home yesterday?
    动词过去式变化规则:
    1.一般在动词末尾加-ed,如:pull-pulled, cook-cooked
    2.结尾是e加d,如:taste-tasted
    3.末尾只有一个元音字母和一个辅音字母的重读闭音节,应双写末尾的辅音字母,再加-ed,如:stop-stopped
    4.以“辅音字母+y”结尾的,变y为i, 再加-ed,如:study-studied
    5.不规则动词过去式:
   
    am,is-was, are-were, do-did, see-saw, say-said, give-gave, get-got, go-went, come-came, have-had, eat-ate, take-took, run-ran, sing-sang, put-put, make-made, read-read, write-wrote, draw-drew, drink-drank, fly-flew, ride-rode, speak-spoke, sweep-swept, swim-swam, sit-sat
    过去时练习
    写出下列动词的过去式
    isam_________ fly_______ plant________ are ________
    drink_________ play_______ go________ make ________
    does_________ dance________ worry________ ask _____
    taste_________ eat__________ draw________ put ______
    throw________ kick_________ pass_______ do ________
   

回复人:都市猎人  回复时间:2007-01-10 08:53  
    Be动词的过去时练习(1)
    Name ____________ No. ______ Date __________
    一、 用be动词的适当形式填空
    1. I _______ at school just now.
    2. He ________ at the camp last week.
    3. We ________ students two years ago.
    4. They ________ on the farm a moment ago.
    5. Yang Ling ________ eleven years old last year.
    6. There ________ an apple on the plate yesterday.
    7. There ________ some milk in the fridge on Sunday.
    8. The mobile phone _______ on the sofa yesterday evening.
    二、 句型转换
    1. It was exciting.
    否定句:________________________________________________
    一般疑问句:____________________________________________
    肯、否定回答:__________________________________________
    2. All the students were very excited.
    否定句:________________________________________________
    一般疑问句:____________________________________________
    肯、否定回答:__________________________________________
    3. They were in his pocket.
    否定句:________________________________________________
    一般疑问句:____________________________________________
    肯、否定回答:__________________________________________
   

回复人:都市猎人  回复时间:2007-01-10 08:53  
    Be动词的过去时练习(2)
    Name ____________ No. ______ Date __________
    一、用be动词的适当形式填空
    1. I ______ an English teacher now.
    2. She _______ happy yesterday.
    3. They _______ glad to see each other last month.
    4. Helen and Nancy ________ good friends.
    5. The little dog _____ two years old this year.
    6. Look, there ________ lots of grapes here.
    7. There ________ a sign on the chair on Monday..
    8. Today _____ the second of June. Yesterday ______ the first of June. It _____ Children’s Day. All the students ______ very excited.
    二、句型转换
    1. There was a car in front of the house just now.
    否定句:________________________________________________
    一般疑问句:____________________________________________
    肯、否定回答:__________________________________________
    肯、否定回答:__________________________________________
    三、 中译英
    1.我的故事书刚才还在手表旁边。
    ___________________________________________________________
    2.他们的外套上个礼拜放在卧室里了。
    ___________________________________________________________
    3.一会以前花园里有两只小鸟。
    ___________________________________________________________
   

回复人:都市猎人  回复时间:2007-01-10 08:54  
    行为动词的过去时练习(1)
    Name ____________ No. ______ Date __________
    一、用行为动词的适当形式填空
    1. He _________ (live) in Wuxi two years ago.
    2. The cat ________ (eat) a bird last night.
    3. We _______ (have) a party last Halloween.
    4. Nancy ________ (pick) up oranges on the farm last week.
    5. I ________ (make) a model ship with Mike yesterday.
    6. They ________ (play) chess in the classroom last PE lesson.
    7. My mother _______ (cook) a nice food last Spring Festival.
    8. The girls ________ (sing) and _______ (dance) at the party.
    二、句型转换
    1. Su Hai took some photos at the Sports day.
    否定句:________________________________________________
    一般疑问句:____________________________________________
    肯、否定回答:__________________________________________
    2. Nancy went to school early.
    否定句:________________________________________________
    一般疑问句:____________________________________________
    肯、否定回答:__________________________________________
    3. We sang some English songs.
    否定句:________________________________________________
    一般疑问句:____________________________________________
    肯、否定回答:__________________________________________
   

回复人:都市猎人  回复时间:2007-01-10 08:54  
    行为动词的过去时练习(2)
    Name ____________ No. ______ Date __________
    一、用be动词的适当形式填空
    1. I ______ (watch) a cartoon on Saturday.
    2. Her father _______ (read) a newspaper last night.
    3. We _________ to zoo yesterday, we _____ to the park. (go)
    4. ______ you _______ (visit) your relatives last Spring Festival?
    5. ______ he _______ (fly) a kite on Sunday? Yes, he ______.
    6. Gao Shan _______ (pull) up carrots last National Day holiday.
    7. I ____________ (sweep) the floor yesterday, but my mother ______.
    8. What ______ she _______ (find) in the garden last morning? She __________ (find) a beautiful butterfly.
    二、句型转换
    1. They played football in the playground.
    否定句:________________________________________________
    一般疑问句:____________________________________________
    肯、否定回答:__________________________________________
    三、中译英
    1. 格林先生去年住在中国。
    ________________________________________________________
    2. 昨天我们参观了农场。
    ________________________________________________________
    3. 他刚才在找他的手机。
    ________________________________________________________
   
   

回复人:都市猎人  回复时间:2007-01-10 08:54  
    过去时综合练习(1)
    Name ____________ No. ______ Date __________
    一、 用动词的适当形式填空
    1. It ______ (be) Ben’s birthday last Friday.
    2. We all ______ (have) a good time last night.
    3. He ________ (jump) high on last Sports Day.
    4. Helen ________ (milk) a cow on Friday.
    5. She likes ______ newspapers, but she ______ a book yesterday. (read)
    6. He _______ football now, but they _______ basketball just now. (play)
    7. Jim’s mother _________ (plant) trees just now.
    8. _______ they ________ (sweep) the floor on Sunday? No, they _____.
    9. I _______ (watch) a cartoon on Monday.
    10. We ___________ (go) to school on Sunday.
   
    二、 中译英
    1. 我们上周五看了一部电影。
    _________________________________________________________
    2. 他上个中秋节走亲访友了吗?是的。
    _________________________________________________________
    3. 你们上个儿童节做了什么?我们参观了动物园。
    _________________________________________________________
    4. 你上周在哪儿?在野营基地。
    _________________________________________________________
   
   

回复人:都市猎人  回复时间:2007-01-10 08:54  
    过去时综合练习(2)
    Name ____________ No. ______ Date __________
    一、 用动词的适当形式填空
    1. It _____ (be) the 2nd of November yesterday.
    Mr White ________ (go) to his office by car.
    2. Gao Shan ________ (put) the book on his head a moment ago.
    3. Don’t ______ the house. Mum _______ it yesterday. (clean)
    4. What ____ you ______ just now? I _______ some housework. (do)
    5. They _________ (make) a kite a week ago.
    6. I want to ______ apples. But my dad _______ all of them last month. (pick)
    7. _______ he ______ the flowers this morning? Yes, he _____. (water)
    8. She ____ (be) a pretty girl. Look, she _____ (do) Chinese dances.
    9. The students often _________ (draw) some pictures in the art room.
    10.What ______ Mike do on the farm? He ________ cows. (milk)
   
    二、中译英
    1. 他的朋友在照看他的弟弟。
    _________________________________________________________
    2. 去年端午节我们没去看了龙舟比赛。
    _________________________________________________________
    3. 他在音乐课上拉小提琴了吗?不,没有。
    _________________________________________________________
   

回复人:都市猎人  回复时间:2007-01-10 08:55  
    六、形容词和副词的比较级复习及练习
    一、形容词的比较级
    1、形容词比较级在句子中的运用:两个事物或人的比较用比较级,比较级后面一般带有单词than。比较级前面可以用more, a little 来修饰表示程度。than后的人称代词用主格(口语中可用宾格)。
    2.形容词加er的规则:
    ⑴一般在词尾加er ;
    ⑵以字母e 结尾,加r ;
    ⑶以一个元音字母和一个辅音字母结尾,应双写末尾的辅音字母,再加er ;
    ⑷以“辅音字母+y”结尾,先把y变i,再加er 。
    3.不规则形容词比较级:
    good-better, beautiful-more beautiful
    二、副词的比较级
    1.形容词与副词的区别 (有be用形,有形用be;有动用副,有副用动)
    ⑴在句子中形容词一般处于名词之前或be动词之后
    ⑵副词在句子中最常见的是处于实义动词之后
    2.副词比较级的变化规则基本与形容词比较级相同 (不规则变化:well-better, far-farther)
   

回复人:都市猎人  回复时间:2007-01-10 08:55  
    三、练习
    一)、写出下列形容词或副词的比较级
    old__________ young________ tall_______ long________
    short________ strong________ big________ small_______
    fat_________ thin__________ heavy______ light________
    nice_________ good_________ beautiful__________________
    low__________ high_________ slow_______ fast________
    late__________ early_________ far_________ well_______
    二)、根据句意填入单词的正确形式:
    1. My brother is two years __________(old)than me.
    2. Tom is as ________(fat) as Jim.
    3. Is your sister __________(young) than you? Yes,she is.
    4. Who is ___________(thin),you or Helen? Helen is.
    5. Whose pencil-box is __________(big),yours or hers? Hers is.
    6. Mary’s hair is as __________(long) as Lucy’s.
    7.Ben ______ (jump) ________ (high) than some of the boys in his class.
    8.________ Nancy sing __________ (well) than Helen? Yes, she _____.
    9.Fangfang is not as _________ (tall) as the other girls.
    10.My eyes are __________(big) than ________ (she)..
    11.Which is ___________(heavy),the elephant or the pig?
    12.Who gets up _________(early),Tim or Tom?
    13._____the girls get up_______(early) than the boys?No,they______.
    14. Jim runs _____(slow). But Ben runs _____(slow).
    15.The child doesn’t______(write) as ____(fast) as the students.
    三)、翻译句子:
    1、谁比Jim年纪大?是你。
    ________ is _________than Jim? ________ are
    2、谁比David更强壮?是Gao Shan.
    ________ _________ than David? Gao Shan ________.
    3、谁的铅笔更长,他的还是她的?我想是她的。
    _________ pencil is _________,______or________?________is,I think.
    4、谁的苹果更重,你的姐姐的还是你的弟弟的? 我的弟弟的。
    _________ apples ________ ________,your _______ or your _______?
    My ____________ ___________.
    5、你和你的叔叔一样高吗?是的。
    _________ ________as _________as your uncle?Yes,I am.
    6、他和他的朋友Jim一样年轻。
    He _______ as __________ as ________ ________ Jim.
    7、她和她的双胞胎哥哥一样胖吗?不,她比他瘦。
    ________ ________ as _________ as______ twin _______?
    No, _________ _________ than him.
    8.Yang Ling每天睡得比SuYang晚。
    Yang Ling ________ to _______ ________ than Su Yang every day.
    9.我跳得和Mike一样远。
    I _________ as _______ as Mike.
    10.Tom比你跑得快吗?不是的,他和我跑得一样快。
    ____ Tom _____ _____ than you?No,he _______. He_____ as_____ as_____.
    11.多做运动,你会更强壮。
    ________ more exercise,you’ll ________ _________ soon.
    12.我的科学很好,但是语文不好。
    I ______ ________ at Science.But I don’t _________ well in Chinese.
    13. 你放风筝比王兵放得高吗?不,我比他放得低。
    ____you_______the kite_____than Wang bing?No,I______it _____than___.
    14.我喜欢游泳。我所有的朋友都游得比我慢。
    I like_______.All my______ _______ _______than me.
    15.我的姐姐起得比我早。
    My_____ _____ up _____than me.
    16.女孩比男孩唱得好吗?是的。
    ____the girls______ ______ ______the boys? Yes,they ____.
    17.她不擅长体育。但我跳得没有她高。
    She doesn’t ____ _____ in PE. But I don’t ______ _____than_____.
    18.你足球踢得比你的同班同学好吗?不,他们踢得和我一样好。
    ___ you ____football _____than your classmates?No,they____as____as me.
    19.我母亲比我父亲年纪小。
    My_____ _____ ______than my ______.
    20.她的毛衣和我的一样重。
    _____sweater_____ as_______as_____.
    21.我的连衣裙太短了。我想买一条大点的。
    My dress_____ too_____. I want to _____a______one.
    22. I'm taller than Mike .(该成用原级的比较)
    I'm _________ as ________ as Mike .
   

回复人:都市猎人  回复时间:2007-01-10 08:56  
    七、There be 句型与have, has的区别
    1、There be 句型表示:在某地有某物(或人)
    2、在there be 句型中,主语是单数,be 动词用is ; 主语是复数,be 动词用are ; 如有几件物品,be 动词根据最*近be 动词的那个名词决定。
    3、there be 句型的否定句在be 动词后加not , 一般疑问句把be 动词调到句首。
    4、there be句型与have(has) 的区别:there be 表示在某地有某物(或人);have(has) 表示某人拥有某物。
    5、some 和any 在there be 句型中的运用:some 用于肯定句, any 用于否定句或疑问句。
    6、and 和or 在there be句型中的运用:and 用于肯定句, or 用于否定句或疑问句。
    7、针对数量提问的特殊疑问句的基本结构是:
    How many + 名词复数 + are there + 介词短语?
    How much + 不可数名词 + is there + 介词短语?
    8、针对主语提问的特殊疑问句的基本结构是:
    What’s + 介词短语?
   

回复人:都市猎人  回复时间:2007-01-10 08:56  
    Fill in the blank with “have,has”or “there is , there are”
    1. I________a good father and a good mother.
    2. ____________a telescope on the desk.
    3. He_________a tape-recorder.
    4. _____________a basketball in the playground.
    5. She__________some dresses.
    6. They___________a nice garden.
    7. What do you___________?
    8. ______________a reading-room in the building?
    9. What does Mike___________?
    10. ______________any books in the bookcase?
    11. My father_________a story-book.
    12. _______________a story-book on the table.
    13. _______________any flowers in the vase?
    14. How many students____________in the classroom?
    15. My parents___________some nice pictures.
    16. _____________some maps on the wall.
    17. ______________a map of the world on the wall.
    18. David__________a telescope.
    19. David’s friends___________some tents.
    20. ______________many children on the hill.
    用恰当的be动词填空。
    1、There a lot of sweets in the box.
    2、There some milk in the glass.
    3、There some people under the the big tree.
    4、There a picture and a map on the wall.
    5、There a box of rubbers near the books.
    6、There lots of flowers in our garden last year.
    7、There a tin of chicken behind the fridge yesterday.
    8、There four cups of coffee on the table.
    Fill in the blank with “ have, has ”
    1. I_________ a nice puppet.
    2. He_________a good friend.
    3. They__________ some masks.
    4. We___________some flowers.
    5. She___________ a duck.
    6. My father____________ a new bike.
    7. Her mother___________a vase.
    8. Our teacher_________ an English book.
    9. Our teachers___________a basketball.
    10. Their parents___________some blankets
    11. Nancy_________many skirts.
    12. David__________some jackets.
    13. My friends__________a football.
    14. What do you__________?
    15. What does Mike__________?
    16. What do your friends___________?
    17. What does Helen___________?
    18. His brother________a basketball.
    19. Her sister_________a nice doll.
    20. Miss Li__________an English book.
   

回复人:都市猎人  回复时间:2007-01-10 08:56  
    八、人称代词和物主代词
    1、人称代词主格和宾格的区别:主格通常位于句中第一个动词之前(有时候位于than 之后),宾格一般位于动词或介词之后。
    2、物主代词形容词性与名词性的区别:形容词性用时后面一般要带上名词,名词性则单独使用,后面不带名词。
   
    人称代词 物主代词
    主格 宾格 形容词性 名词性
    我 I me 我的 my mine
    你,你们 you you 你的,你们的 your yours
    他 he him 他的 his his
    她 she her 她的 her hers
    它 it it 它的 its its
    我们 we us 我们的 our ours
    他(她,它)们 they them 他(她,它)们的 their theirs
   
   

回复人:都市猎人  回复时间:2007-01-10 08:56  
    一.填写代词表
    I it we
    you them
    his your
    hers
    二.用所给词的适当形式填空
    1. That is not _________ kite. That kite is very small, but _________ is very big. ( I )
    2. The dress is _________. Give it to _________. ( she )
    3. Is this _________ watch? (you) No, it’s not _________ . ( I )
    4. _________ is my brother. _________ name is Jack. Look! Those stamps are _________. ( he )
    5. _________ dresses are red. (we) What colour are _________? ( you )
    6. Here are many dolls, which one is _________ ? ( she )
    7. I can find my toy, but where’s _________? ( you )
    8. Show _________ your kite, OK? (they)
    9. I have a beautiful cat. _________name is Mimi. These cakes are _________. ( it )
    10. Are these _________ tickets? No, _________ are not _________. _________ aren’t here. ( they )
    11. Shall _________ have a look at that classroom? That is _________ classroom. ( we )
    12. _________ is my aunt. Do you know _________ job? _________ a nurse. ( she )
    13. That is not _________ camera. _________is at home. ( he )
    14. Where are _________? I can’t find _________. Let’s call _________ parents. ( they )
    15. Don’t touch _________. _________ not a cat, _________ a tiger!
    16. _________ sister is ill. Please go and get _________. ( she )
    17. _________ don’t know her name. Would you please tell _________. ( we )
    18. So many dogs. Let’s count _________. ( they )
    19. I have a lovely brother. _________ is only 3. I like _________ very much. ( he )
    20. May I sit beside _________? ( you )
    21. Look at that desk. Those book are on _________. ( it )
    22.The girl behind _________ is our friend. (she )
   

回复人:都市猎人  回复时间:2007-01-10 08:57  
    九、用am, is, are 填空
   
    1. I ______ a boy. ______ you a boy? No, I _____ not.
    2. The girl______ Jack's sister.
    3. The dog _______ tall and fat.
    4. The man with big eyes _______ a teacher.
    5. ______ your brother in the classroom?
    6. Where _____ your mother? She ______ at home.
    7. How _______ your father?
    8. Mike and Liu Tao ______ at school.
    9. Whose dress ______ this?
    10. Whose socks ______ they?
    11. That ______ my red skirt.
    12. Who ______ I?
    13.The jeans ______ on the desk.
    14.Here ______ a scarf for you.
    15. Here ______ some sweaters for you.
    16. The black gloves ______ for Su Yang.
    17. This pair of gloves ______ for Yang Ling.
    18. The two cups of milk _____ for me.
    19. Some tea ______ in the glass.
    20. Gao shan's shirt _______ over there.
    21. My sister's name ______Nancy.
    22. This ______ not Wang Fang's pencil.
    23. ______ David and Helen from England?
    24. There ______ a girl in the room.
    25. There ______ some apples on the tree.
    26. _______ there any kites in the classroom?
    27. _______ there any apple juice in the bottle?
    28. There _______ some bread on the plate.
    29. There _______ a boy, two girls, three men and ten women in the park.
    30. You, he and I ______ from China.
   














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