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初中初二八年级英语上册复习教学知识点归纳总结,期末测试试题习题大全

2010-11-09  金博志网址

 


Unit 4   How do you get to school?
【重要词汇概览】
   subway/5sQbweI/n. 地铁,地下火车
   train/treIn/ n. 火车
   minute/5mInIt/n. 分钟
   kilometer/5kIlE9mi:tE/ n. 公里,千米
   quick/kwIk/ adj. 快的,迅速的
  half/hB:f/n. 一半,二分之一
   past/pB:st/prep. 在时间上超过,在......之后,经过
   stop/stCp/n. 车站
   transportation/9trAnspC:5teIFEn/ n. 运送,运输
   north/nC:W/ n. 北部,北方  adj. 北部的,北方的
   depend/dI5pend/v. 依靠,依赖
   must/mQst,mEst/aux.v. 必须,一定要
   bicycle/5baIsIkl/ n. 自行车
   ill/Il/adj. 生病的,不健康得
   worry/5wQrI/v. 担心,担忧,焦虑

【重要词组概览】
   grow up          长大,成长
   take sb. some time to do sth.  花费某人某些时间去做某事
   in common         共有,相同
   leave for         离开去某地
   travel abroad       去国外旅游
   go down to        延续至;走下去
   most of          大多数的
   some of          一些
   take the subway      乘坐地铁
   how far          多远
   bus station        汽车站
   bus ride          乘汽车之行
   school bus         校车
   come back         回来
   take the train       乘坐火车
   take the bus        乘坐公共汽车
   get to school       到校
   by boat           乘坐小船
   walk to school       步行去上学
   from ...to...       ............
   half past six       六点半
   depend on         依靠,依赖
   be different from     ......不同
   have to           不得不
 
【语法知识聚焦】
1. How long does it take ?
    How long does it take you to get from home to school ?
    It takes about 25minutes to walk and 10 minutes by bus.
    It takes sb. some time to do sth. 是固定句型,“花费某人多少时间去做某事”。take 在这里表示“花费时间”、“占用”、“需要”的意思。eg.
    It takes twenty - five minutes . 占用25分钟。
 It took the people a lot of time to get to the mountain.
   人们花了很多时间才到了那座大山。
 It takes me twenty minutes to get to school on foot every morning.
   每天早晨我步行到学校要花费二十分钟。
 It will take three hours to finish the work.
   完成那项工作需要花费三个小时。
  动词take还有其他词义,常用的含义及用法如下:
  1) 拿;握住;抓住
  The mother took her child by the hand.   母亲拉着孩子的手。
  2) 取走,拿走
  Take this shopping home.   把买的东西拿回家。
  The foods here are all free - take any you like. 这里的食品都是免费的,你们随便吃吧。
  3) 乘,坐,搭(车、船)
  Shall we go by bus or take a cab? 我们是乘公共汽车去还是乘出租汽车去?
  to take a bus to work 乘公共汽车上班
  4) 吃;喝;服用;吸入
  Take your medicine. 把药服下。
  5) 进行;作;为
  to take a walk 散步
  If you don’t take / get more exercise you’ll get fat. 你如果不多锻炼就会发胖。
  to take a look around 在附近看看
  6) 测出,量出
  Take your temperature. 量一量你的体温。
  7) 减掉,去掉
If you take 4 from 10, you have 6. 十减去四剩六。
  8) 懂得;了解
  Do you take me? 你懂我的意思吗?
  9) 持续,花费(时间)
  Just a minute, it won’t take me long to change.
  等一下,我很快就可以换好衣服。
  This new pain-killer doesn’t take long to act on the pain?
  这种新止痛药不需要很长时间就能发挥止痛作用。
  10) 照像,拍照
  I had my picture taken this morning. 今天早晨我照了像。
He(or:His face) doesn’t take well. 他不上照。
另外:To get to the hospital takes you half an hour .
       其中“To get to the hospital”是不定式做主语。
    不定式结构就是to + 动词原形。
    如:want to play “to play”就是不定式。
    在上一例句中不定式(划线)部分作主语太长,使句子不平衡。为了保持句子平衡,我们将它放在句尾。这时需要一个“形式”主语来代替它放在主语的位置。那么上一句就应该为:It takes you half an hour to get to the hospital .
    It为形式主语。
    到目前为止我们已经学了几种“it”的用法。
    1)表示动物的“它”。It is a panda .它是个熊猫。
    2)表示前边提到过的事情或物。
    如:I like the book . It is interesting .
    3)表示天气。
    It is warm . 天很暖和。
    4)表示距离:
    It is ten miles。距离10英里。
    5)作形式主语:
    It is important to eat a balanced diet .
    真正的主语是to eat a balanced diet .
    6)表示时间:
    It is 8 o’clock .
    fromto表示“从…到…”
    from Shanghai to Beijing .从上海到北京。
    fromto都是介词。
It is ten miles from home to school . 从学校到家有10英里。
2. How do you get to school ? 你是怎样到学校的。
特殊疑问词How表示“怎么样”
    get to“到达”。相当于reach eg.
    I get to school at 8 o’clock .orI reach school at 8 o’clock . 8点到校。
    注意get to + 名词,必须有“to”,因为“get”是不及物动词,如get to Beijing
    “reach”是及物动词,可直接跟宾语,不加“to”只能说reach Beijing
    但是get to后如果跟“there , here , home”这三个副词时,不加“to”。
    get there 到达那里    get here 到达这里    get home 到家
此外:arrive也表示到达,后面要加介词inateg.
He arrived in London at 3 p.m.    他下午三点到达伦敦。
(同“get to”一样,后跟副词“there , here , home”时介词“in”或“at”不出现。如:
He arrived home yesterday .昨天他到家了。)
3. Then he leaves for school at around half past six .
    然后他大约6点半时离开去学校。
    leavefor
    表示离开某地到某地。for后边跟的地方表示要去的地方而不是离开的地方。有时离开的地方不提,只提到for后边要到的地方。如:
    He left Beijing for Shanghai . 他离开北京到上海。
    He left for Shanghai . 他离开去上海了。(离开哪里没有提,只提到要去的地方)
4. In North America , most students go to school on the school bus .
在北美,大部分学生们坐校车。
    我们说乘公共汽车是by busbybus中间没有“the”。表示在车上,用on。同样,说by train表示乘火车。如果是在火车上“on the train”。
表示乘坐交通工具时的表示方法:
 1)用take表示“乘坐”
    He takes the train . 他乘火车。
    He takes the bus . 他乘公共汽车。
2)用by
He gets to school by bus / train / plane/air / ship / car.
他乘公共汽车/火车/飞机//小卧车到学校。
    By是介词,表示“乘”什么工具,但要注意在bybus等中间不加冠词“the”。
    3)但当我们说步行到哪里时不用介词“by”,而用“on”。
    on foot
    如:He goes to school on foot . 他步行去学校。
    此外还可以说成:He walks to school .
5. 在美国我们说地铁为subway ;而在英国将地铁称为underground .
6. How far is it from your home to school ? 从你家到学校有多远?
how far 问路程多远 how often 是问频率间隔多久(一次) how long 是问(时间)持续多久,常与现在完成时或一般将来时连用。eg. 
How far is it from Beijing to Guangzhou? 
从北京到广州有多远?
      How far do you live from school ? 你住的地方离学校有多远?
      I live 10 miles from school . (我住的地方)离学校有10英里。
7. In China , it depends where you are . 在中国,要由你在哪里来定。
where you are是动词depend的宾语从句。
depend  v. 依靠,依赖。一般与介词on表示“依靠”、“依赖”。
  1) depend(常与on, upon连用)视情况而定
  That depends. 视情形而定。
  It all depends on how you tackle the problem. 那要看你如何应付这问题而定。
  2)(常与on 连用)信任,信赖;需要
  Children must depend on their parents. 孩子们必须依赖他们的父母。
  You can depend on his honesty. 你可以相信他的诚实。
  depend on  依靠;由...而定, 取决于;从属于;依赖其维持
  depend upon 依靠;由...而定, 取决于;从属于;依赖其维持
        All living things depend on the sun for their growth . 万物生长靠太阳。
    depend on还可以表示依……而定。eg.
        It all depends on you .取决于你。
 8. In big cities , students usually ride bikes to school or take buses .
    在大城市,学生们通常骑自行车到校或坐公共汽车去。
    其中city的复数形式是cities
    bus的复数形式是buses
 9. And in places where there are rivers and lakes ,students usually go to school by boat .
在有河和湖的地方,……学生们通常乘船去学校。
    by boat表示乘船。
    Where there are rivers and lakes作定语从句,所定的中心词是places
 10. That must be a lot more fun than taking a bus .(乘船)比坐公共汽车有更多的乐趣。
    more much的比较级,意思是比……更多的……。
    taking a bus是个动名词短语。
 11. A small number of students .少量的学生。
    a number of = some,修饰复数名词,作定语,谓语用复数。如:
    A number of people are standing outside the office .办公室外面站着很多人。
    the number of中的number指“总数量”,与复数名词连用。
    如:The number of people there is over 500 .那儿的人数超过500
    该句主语是number , peoplenumber的后置定语,因此谓语用单数is
 12. I need to see my friend .
    need to do表示需要做某事,need在这里是行为动词,后边跟“to do”不定式。
 13. Don’t worry .别着急。
    worry在此处为行为动词,经常与about连用。
    表示“对……担心”,eg.
    His mother worries about his study . 他妈妈对他的学习很担心。
    另外还有个词组be worried about .
    这时worried是个形容词,前边必须有be动词。如:
    He is worried about his English . 他担心他的英语。

 【综合能力检测】
  . 根椐题意和所给的字母提示,填入正确的单词。
  1. Granny isn’t in good health. My family w__ __ __ __ about her very much.
  2. A: What time is it?
    B: It h__ __ __ past seven. The meeting begins at eight o’clock. 
    A: Oh, then we have thirty minutes to relax before the meeting.
  3. Beijing is in the n__ __ __ __ of China.
  4. He has a qu__ __ __ mind. He is always the first to find the answers.
  5. Mary has to look after her mother at home.
    Because her mother is i__ __ in bed.

  . 连词成句
  1. how, your, does , father , to, go, work?
  _________________________________________________________?
  2. how, they, do, to, school, get, every day?
  _________________________________________________________?
  3. how long, it , does , take, you, get, to, home, from , to , school?
  _________________________________________________________?
  4. the, early, takes, bus, him, his, to, work place
  __________________________________________________________.
  5. in North America, to, go, school, most, students, on, school, the , bus
  __________________________________________________________.

  . 方框选词,用所给动词的适当形式填空。
about, how far, think of, walk, ride

  1. I usually _____but sometimes I take the bus.
  2. The bus ride usually takes _____25 minutes.
  3. We’re _______ going to visit Mr. Smith.
  4. He _____ the bike to the subway station.
  5. A: _____ does she live from school?
   B: She lives very near from school.

  . 补全对话
  A:  1  do you get to school?
  B: I  2  the train.
  A:  3  does it take?
  B: Oh, around forty minutes. How about you?
  A: I take the subway.
  B: Ho long does that  4  ?
  A: Oh,  5  thirty-five minutes.

  . 完成句子
  1. 昨晚我用了一小时写作业。
  It _____ _____ one hour _____ _____ my homework yesterday evening.
  2. 我可以信任你吗?
  Can I _____ _____ you?
  3. 这个航班要飞多久?
  ____ ____ does the flight take?
  4. 下雨时,我乘坐出租车。
  When it _____, I take a taxi.
  5. 周末我喜欢骑自行车.
  I like _____ _____ my bike on the weekends.
  6. 我们匆匆吃了饭,然后跑着去赶火车。
  We had a _____ meal and then _____ _____ _____ the train.
  六、就画线部分提问
    1. It takes them about two hours to get to the bus station
2. I take the subway to get to school
   
 
 

  【参考答案点拨】
  一.1. worry  2. half  3. north  4. quick  5. ill
  1. worry, 根椐题意及字母提示,并worry 经常与about 连用,意为: 为...... 担心。
  2. half根椐字母提示及题意: Oh, then we have thirty minutes to relax before the meeting.
  3. north, 根椐字母提示及北京的地理位置。
  4. quick,根椐字母提示及题中的He is always the first to find the answers.
  5. ill, 根椐题意及字母提示。
  二、
  1. How does your father go to work?
  2. How do they get to school every day?
  3. How long does it take you to get to school from home?
  4. The early bus takes him to his work place.
  5. In North America most students go to school on the school bus.
  三、1. walk  2. about  3. thinking of  4. rides  5How far
  1. walk, 因为句中交代but sometime I take the buswalk 形成对照。
  2. about, about常与时间连用,表示多少时间。
  3. thinking of, 动名词常与介词连用,作介词的宾语;We’re 后应该接现在分词构成现在进行时。
  4. rides, 主语是第三人称单数,ride the bike 为固定的动词短语。
  5How far, 句子开头要大写,意思为多远用来询问距离。
  四、1. How  2. take  3. How long  4. take  5. around
  五、1.took me, to do    2. depend on   3. How long 4. rains  5. to ride    6. quick, ran to catch
  1. took me, to do, It takes sb. some time to do sth. 花费某人某些时间去做某事,时间状语为: yesterday evening, 应该用一般过去时。
  2. depend on 固定用法。
  3. How long 多长时间。
  4. rains, 主从句时态一致, it是第三人称单数,主谓一致。
  5. to ride, like to do sth, 本题中有两个空白,不能用like doing sth. 
  6. quick, ran to catch, 形容词quick作定语修饰名词meal, ran had 时态一致。
六、1. How long does it take them to get to the bus station? 2. How do you get to school?
解析:画线部分是一段时间,用How long提问。 解析:对方式提问用How

 

Detailed Solution for Unit 5
Can you come to my party?
【重要词汇】
   lesson/5lesEn/ n. 课,课程
   calendar/5kAlIndE/ n. 日历,行事历
   tomorrow/tE5mCrEJ/ n. 明天
   invitation/9InvI5teIFEn/n. 邀请
   match/mAtF/n. 比赛,竞赛
   whole/hEJl/adj. 整整的,全部的,完整的

【重要词组】
   baseball game      棒球比赛
   the day after tomorrow  后天
   come over to      从一地方来到另一个地方,过来
   go to the doctor     去看病
   have a piano lesson    上钢琴课
   have to         不得不
   text time        下一次
   study for a test      准备考试
   be free         有空儿,有时间
【部分词汇用法】
lesson功课,课程,课,教训
1. do one’s lessons 做功课
I usually do my lessons in the evening.
2. have a lesson / have lessons (学生)上课:
I had an art lesson yesterday.
3. give a lesson to sb. / give lessons to sb. (老师)给某人上课:
   Our math teacher gave a funny lesson to us.
4. teach () give sb. a lesson给某人一个教训:
   The terrible illness taught him a lesson, so he wanted to exercise every day.
another另一,再一,别的
作形容词:I am still hungry. I want to have another apple.
作代词: I don’t like this shirt. I want to have a look at another.
1. from one to another 从一个到另一个:
   I’m going hiking from one city to another.
2. one after another 一个接着一个
   I love apples, so I eat one after another when there are some at home.
 
【重要词汇辨析】
other/ others/another/the other/the others
other别的,作形容词,放在名词前
   20 students in our class are English and the other students are Chinese.
others作代词(复数),泛指别人或其他东西
Some say yes, but others say no.
another作代词(单数),泛指三个以上不定数目的人或事物中的另一个
the other作代词(单数),表示两者中的另一个人或事物
I have two pens. One is red and the other is black.
the others作代词(复数),表示全体中除去一部分后其余所有的人后事物
   20 students in our class are English and the others are Chinese.
thank you for / thanks for
thank you for谢谢你后面跟sth./ thanks for谢谢你后面跟doing sth.
       Thank you for your invitation.
       Thanks for coming to my party.
Whole/ all
1. 常可互换,但whole位于the和物主代词之后
all my morningmy whole morning
   2. all 不与a / an 连用,whole可以
        可以说a whole year,但不可以说all a year
who, whom, whose谁的
who 问作主语的“谁”:Who can open this door?
whom 问作宾语的“谁”:Whom are you looking after?
注:口语中whowhom可以通用;whose 问事物的主人:Whose book is it?
come构成的常用词组
come over顺便来访   come along一起来   come from来自
come back回来 come down下来,败落 come round (非正式)过访,前来
come into being形成,产生 come out出来 come on赶快,来吧
come in 进来 come up上来,出现 come up with提出,赶上
 
【重要句型】
  1. Can you come to my party on Wednesday?   你星期三能来我的聚会吗?
       Sure, I’d love to.  当然,我很愿意。
  2. Can you go to the movies?  你能去看电影吗?
I’m sorry. I have to help my mom.   对不起,我必须帮我妈妈。
  3. Can she/he go to the baseball game?   她(他)能去棒球赛吗?
      No, she/he can’t .She/he has to study for a test. 不能,她(他)不得不为考试学习。
  4. Can they go to the concert? 他们能去音乐会吗?
      No, they can’t .They’re going to a party.   不能,他们将去(参加)聚会。
 
【难点】
使用Can you …?句型发出邀请并能正确回答。

【重要词句详解】
1. I have to help my parents .    我不得不帮助我的父母。
 I’m sorry. I have to study for a math test. 对不起,我得为数学考试而学习。
   (1)have to表示不得不的意思,比较强调客观需要,即表示外界条件的需要不得不做某事,含有形势逼迫的意味;help的用法:help sb with sth .help sb (to) do sth . eg.
       I have to help my parents with the housework .或说I have to help my parents (to) do the housework .  我不得不帮助我父母干家务。
    You shall have to work hard if they want you to get it done this week.
如果他们要你这周完成这项工作的话,你就得努力工作。(表示外界条件的客观需要。)
must则着重说明主观看法,表示个人的意志,eg.
I must go there to help the poor.
我必须去帮助那些穷人们。(表示说话人自己的看法。)
同时,在某些不需要强调这两种差别的场合,两者可以互相换用。eg.
I am afraid we have to / must leave now.
我恐怕得走了。
(2)study for…表示……而学的意思,for的后面接study的目的,eg.
We study hard for the people.
我们为人们而努力学习。
They want to work hard for better pay.
他们为了更好的报酬而努力工作。
2. 当别人向我们讲述他不能去的理由后,我们可以说
       That’s too bad . Maybe another time .   太糟了,也许换个时间吧。
       Maybe next time . 也许下一次吧。
3. Thanks for asking . 谢谢你的邀请。
       for是个介词不能直接跟动词 “ask”,所以动词变为动名词的形式 “asking”起到名词作用。
       Thanks for your photos . (photos为名词)
       Thanks for helping me . (helping为动名词)
       Thank you for your invitation to visit next week .谢谢你邀请我下周去做客。
4. I have a really busy week . 我有个实在忙碌的一周。
5. I’m playing tennis with the school team .   我将同校队打网球。
6. finish the geography project in the evening .   在晚上完成地理作业。
       project有计划、工程、设计的意思。
7. the whole day     整个一天。
      whole定语,如:the whole country . 整个国家
    the whole world 整个世界等
8. come over to my house  到我家来
       come over to表示从一个地方来到另一个地方。
       come over还有过来”“顺便来访的意思
9.I have too much homework this weekend.
too much
用来修饰不可数名词,用来强调其超出了正常的范围,eg.
He sometimes finds his teachers leave them too much work to do.
他有时认为老师留给他们的作业实在是太多了。
I don’t want to eat too much food every day.
我不希望每天吃太多的东西。
too
用来修饰形容词或副词,表示的意思,其程度比very, so, quite要强得多。
10.Thank you for your invitation to visit next week.
(1)thank you for…“
感谢……for表示原因,表示感谢的缘由,后须接名词、代词或动名词,eg.
A thousand thanks for your  kindness.
非常感谢你的善意。
Well, I must be going now. Thanks for your time.
我得走了,谢谢你为我花费了时间。
Thanks for having me.
谢谢你的邀请。
(2)
名词invitation 来自动词invite,是在动词的后面加上后缀-tion-ion构成,表示情况,状态,性质,行为,:quest—question, operate—operation等。
11. Please keep quiet! I’m trying to study.
keep quiet
动词keep的用法很多,但主要意思基本不变,主要是保存、保持”,表示持有的意思,具体用法有:
(1)keep+
名词,eg.
We keep a dog at home.
我们在家养了一条狗。
(2)keep+
反身代词,eg.
I kept myself warm by walking up and down.
我踱来踱去以暖和身子。
(3)keep+sb/sth+
形容词,eg.
The kettle is used for keeping water warm.
热水瓶是用来保持水温的。
(4)keep+
动词-ing形式,eg.
They kept working for another half an hour.
他们又继续工作了半个小时。
(5)keep+sb/sth+
动词-ing形式,eg.
She kept us waiting for quite some time.
她让我们等了好一会儿。
【语法知识聚焦】
1. have to 与情态动词的区别
  情态动词不能单独作谓语,后面必须接动词原形一起构成谓语,have to 也是这样。
  情态动词没有人称和数的变化,而且所用的时态也受到一定的限制,但是have to 有人称和数的变化,可用于多种时态中,在一般现在时中,当主语是第三人称单数时,要用has to, 其余人称用have to;一般过去时中用had to;一般将来时中用will have to, eg.
  She has to go to school by bus. 她不得不乘公共汽车去上学。
  If you get ill, you’ll have to see the doctor. 如果你生病的话,你就得看医生。
2. have to must 的区别
  have to must 都有必须的意思,那么它们有哪些不同呢?
  (1) 含义和用法上的区别:
  have to 强调客观上需要做某事,即表示外界条件的需要不得不做某事,含有形势逼迫的意味;must 强调说话者主观上认为必须做某事,含有主观判断的意味, eg.
  My bike was broken on my way to school. I had to walk there.
 我的自行车在上学的路上坏了,我不得不走路去上学。(我本来不愿意走路,可是自行车坏了,不想走路也不行。)
  We must learn English well.   我们必须学好英语。(主观上有这种想法。)
  (2) 否定式的区别:
  have to 的否定式意为不必must的否定式意为禁止;不允许。因此,以must开头的一般疑问句的肯定回答为“Yes, 主语+must”,否定回答为“No, 主语+needn’t / don’t have to”eg.
  ---Must I finish the homework now? 我必须现在完成作业吗?
  ---Yes, you must. (No, you needn’t / don’t have to) 是的,你必须现在完成。(不,你不必。)
3. 反意疑问句的构成区别:
  (1) 陈述部分含有have to 时,其附加问句的谓语往往用助动词do的相应形式或助动词willeg.
  You had to go shopping yesterday, didn’t you?  昨天你不得不去购物,是吗?
  (2) 陈述部分含有must 时,其附加问句的谓语,按下面几种情况来确定:
  A. must 意为必须时,附加问句谓语用needn’teg.
  We must clean the classroom, needn’t we? 我们必须打扫教室,是吗?
  B. mustn’t意为禁止之意,附加问句谓语用musteg.
  The boy mustn’t play with the knife, must he?  那个男孩不能玩刀子,对吗?
  C. must 意为应该时,附加问句谓语用mustn’teg.
  We must help each other, mustn’t we? 我们应该互相帮助,对吗?
  D. must 意为一定;想必表示推测时,附加问句部分谓语要根据must后面的动词来确定。eg.
  Mr Liang must be at home, isn’t he? 梁先生一定在家,对吗?
 注:must 表示的是一种相当肯定的与事实非常接近的推测。eg.
  Mr Wang must be at home. 其实就相当于Mr Wang is at home.
 因此,它的反意疑问句的附加问句部分是isn’t he 也就很容易理解了。
 又如:They must be right, aren’t they?
4.情态动词“have to”与其他的情态动词的用法比较:“can” , “may” “should”(应该)。
       1)这4个情态动词没有人称的变化。
       have to有。它的第三人称单数为“has to”eg.
       He should study hard .  他应该好好学习。
       He has to study hard .  他不得不好好学习。
       2)这4个情态动词在一般疑问句中将它们提前大写,在否定句中直接在他们后边加not即可。(以can为例)
       Can he go with us ?  他能和我们一起去吗?
       He can’t go with us .   他不能和我们一起去。
       “have to”要加助动词do , doesdid才可能完成其疑问、否定句。
       同学们试着将下面三种话分别写成(1)一般疑问句,并做肯定回答。(2)否定句。
       A: They have to go to the party .   Do they have to go to the party ?   Yes , they do .
       They don’t have to go to the party .
       B: He has to go to see the doctor . Does he have to go to see the doctor ? Yes , he does .
       He doesn’t have to go to see the doctor .
       C: She had to have a piano lesson yesterday . Did she have to have a piano lesson yesterday ?
       Yes , she did .    She didn’t have to have a piano lesson yesterday .
       (用了助动词 “does” “did”表示疑问,否定时一定注意原来动词的第三人称单数或过去式要还原)
【综合能力检测】
  . 单项填空
  1. What do you usually do _______ Saturdays?(  )
  A. at     B. on      C. in
  2. I’m sorry I have to _______ for the English test.(  )
  A. study   B. studies   C. studying
  3. Can you ______ to my birthday party?(  )
  A. visit   B. go      C. come
  4. Thanks for ___________.(  )
  A. asking   B. ask     C. asks
  5. On Wednesday , I’m _________ tennis with the school team.(  )
  A. play    B. playing   C. am playing
  6. A: Must I clean my room, mom?   B: No, you ______.(  )
  A. don’t   B. needn’t   C. aren’t

  . 连词成句
  1. Thanks, for, a lot, invitation , the
    ________________________________
  2. Can, come, to, you , my , party ?
   ______________________________________
  3. I’m , I’m , sorry , to , going , the , movies, my friends, with .
    ________________________________________________
  4. Tomorrow , have to , I , to , the , go , dentist.
   _________________________________________
  5. What , you, are , on , Sunday, doing?
    _____________________________________

  . 根据所给词语的提示,写出问句和答句
  1. does  go  school  how  Lucy  to?  (ride her bike)
    Q: _________________________________________
   A: _________________________________________
  2. you  how  do  get  house  your?  (walk)
    Q: _________________________________________
   A: _________________________________________
  3. it  long  take  how  does?  (twenty minutes)
    Q: _________________________________________
   A: _________________________________________
  4. far  it  his  home  is  how  from  school  to? (five miles)
    Q: _________________________________________
   A: _________________________________________

  . 补全对话
  A: Hi, Tom?
  T: Yeah, hi, Amy.
  A: Tom, can you  1 tennis with me?
  T: Uh,  2 ?
  A: Today.
  T: Uh, no, sorry, I can’t. I have to go to the doctor and  3 for a test today.
  A: How about  4 ?
  T: Sorry, tomorrow I’m playing soccer and I have a piano lesson.
  A: Oh. Well, what are you doing the day after tomorrow?
  T: I have  5 babysit my sister.
  A: Oh, I see.
  T: I’m sorry, Amy. I’m really busy this week.

  . 重新安排所给句子的顺序,使其成为一个完整的信件。
  A. Dear Ms Masini,
  B. yours sincerely
  A. Springfield
  C. We usually try to arrange such visits on Fridays,
  D. are 21st May and 4th June.
  E. if one of these is suitable for you?
  F. In view of your interest in the Institute for the Blind
  G. for you to spend a morning
  H. Could you please let us know
  I. Thank you for your letter of 12th April.
  J. visiting our organization,
  K. because one of our staff is then free to show guests round the buildings.
  L. Two possible dates which we can offer
  M. we are extremely happy.
六、根据本单元的内容及所学的重点句型翻译下列各句:
  1. Mary能去棒球赛吗?
   2. 她必须照顾(babysit)她的妹妹。
   3. 我这周真的很忙。
   4. 非常感谢你的邀请(用a lot
 5. 我这周末作业太多。
   6. 我后天去大型购物中心。
  7. 我不得不帮他打扫他的房间。
   8. 我必须练习钢琴。
   9. 你能和我一起去购物吗?
  10. 当然我很愿意。

  【参考答案点拨】
  一、
  1. B  2. A  3. C  4. A  5. B    6. B
提示:
  1. B, 表示在星期几,用介词 on
  2. A, have to 后面接动词原形。
  4. A, for是介词,其后应该接动名词作介词宾语。
  5. B, I’m 加现在分词playing一起构成现在进行时,表示将要发生的动作。
  6. B, must 提问时,否定回答应该用:needn’t
  二、
  1. Thanks a lot for the invitation.
  2. Can you come to my birthday party?
  3. I’m sorry I ‘m going to the movies with my friends.
  4. Tomorrow I have to go to the dentist (tomorrow).
  5. What are you doing on Sunday?
  三、
  1. How does Lucy go to school?          She rides her bike.
  2. How do you get to your house?         I walk.
  3. How long does it take.                It takes twenty minutes.
  4. How far is it from his home to school?  It is five miles.
  四、
  1. play  2. when  3. study  4. tomorrow  5. to
提示:
  1. play, 根据前后词义,应该是can you play tennis with me
  2. when, 因为其后面的答句是Today
  3. study, study for a test 是固定短语。
  4. tomorrow, 因为答句是Sorry, tomorrow I’m playing soccer..., 由此判断得出答案。

  五、
    Dear Ms Masini,
     Thank you for your letter of 12th April.
     In view of your interest in the Institute for the Blind, we are extremely happy.
     We usually try to arrange such visits on Fridays, because one of our staff is then free to show
guests round the buildings.
     Two possible dates which we can offer for you to spend a morning visiting our organization,  
are 21st May and 4th June.
  Could you please let us know if one of these is suitable for you?

                            yours sincerely
                             A Springfield
  
六、
1.      Can Mary go to the baseball game ?
2.      She has to babysit her sister .
3.      I am really busy this week .
4.       Thanks a lot for your invitation .
5.       I have too much homework this weekend .
6.      I am going to the mall the day after tomorrow .
7.      I have to help him (to) clean his room .
8.      I have to practise the piano .
9.      Can you go shopping with me ?
10. Sure . I’d love to .
  提示:
  in view of: 由于
  then: 表示这时,那时
  show sb. round sth: 带领某人参观
  offer sth (for sb) to do sth: (向某人)提供某物做某事
  which we can offer: 作定语,修饰前面的dates
  spend some time (in) doing sth: 花费某时间做某事
  one of these: 21st May 4th June 之中的一个时间
  if: 引导的从句作know的宾语

典型例题
 
1 The students are having a class Ask them to keep ________
    A quiet                               B quietly
    C quick                               D quickly
    解析:keep quiet “保持安静”。quiet是形容词与keep一起构成词组。keep后面加上形容词表示“保持某种状态”。如:keep cleankeep warm等。
 
2jointake part in填空
    1May I __________ the sports meeting?
    2When did your father ________ the Party?
    解析:根据“重,难点解析”第6点可知(1)填take part in,(2)填join
 
 3 He eats ________ food, so he is ________ fat
    A much tootoo much
    B much tootoo many
    C too muchmuch too
    D too muchtoo many
    解析:Too muchtoo many都是表示“太多的”意思,too much后接不可数名词,too many后接可数名词。Much too是“太…”的意思,后接形容词。句子的意思是“他吃了太多食物,所以太胖了。”。
 
4 ----Do you have a PE _______ every day?
    ----No, we have only two PE _______ every week
    解析:上一堂体育课,译为“have a PE lesson”。两节体育课,译为“have two PE classes
 
5 Tomorrow is Chinese Communist ________ birthday We will have a tea ________
    A party, Party                                   B Party, party
    C party’s, party                          D party’s, party
    解析:党的生日晚会译为“Party’s birthday party”其中P大写是“党”的意思,p小写是“晚会”的意思。

 

新目标英语八年级上1—6单元
动词固定搭配及重点词汇、句型和语法总结
 
动词固定搭配
go + v.-ing
go fishing     go skateboarding    go hiking      go swimming     go sightseeing 
go camping   go bike riding      go shopping
v.+ v.-ing
enjoy doing sth 
finish doing sth
like doing sth 
thanks for doing sth
be good at doing sth
think about doing sth
v.+ to do
want to do sth     try to do sth    decide to do sth     need to do sth forget to do sth      plan to do sth      like to do sth
v.+sb + v.
make sb do sth
help sb do sth
let sb do sth
情态动词+v.
can do sth
should do sth
shouldn’t do sth
v.+宾语+宾语补足语(即复合宾语)
want sb to do sth  
help sb (to) do sth
及物动词+间接宾语+直接宾语/及物动词+直接宾语+介词+间接宾语
send sb sth /send sth to sb
 show sb sth/ show sth to sb
It’s +adj +to do sth.
It’s interesting to play computer games.
It’s easy to have a healthy lifestyle.
It’s important to eat a balanced diet.
It’s necessary to read English every day.
It takes sb some time to do sth(某人花多少时间做某事)
It takes me ten minutes to go home on foot.
It takes her half an hour to go to work by bus.
It took me twenty minutes to finish my homework yesterday.
 
重点词汇、句型
UNIT 1     SECTION A
1.go skateboarding  2.go shopping 3.on weekend 4.go to the movies 5.surf the internet
6.read English books 7.Animal World 8.once a week   9.once a year  10.three times a month
11.once or twice  12.three or four times 13.Here are the results of the students’ activity survey.
14.Some students are active. 15.As for speaking English,--- 16.Most students exercise three or four times a week. 17.What’s your favorite TV program?
(1 去滑滑板     2 去购物    3 在周末       4 去看电影    5 上网     6 看英语书
7 动物世界     8 每周一次 9 每年一次     10 每月三次 11 一两次      12 三四次
13 这是学生活动调查的结果。 14 一些学生很活跃。 15 至于说英语,---
16 大部分学生每周锻炼三到四次。 17 你最喜欢的电视节目是什么?)
 
SECTION B
1.        want sb to do sth
2.        My mother wants me to drink milk.
3.        be good/bad for ---
4.        It’s good for our health.
5.        Is Bill healthy?
6.        drink coffee
7.        How many hours do you sleep every night?
8.        eating habits
9.        try to do sth
10.    I try to eat a lot of vegetables.
11.    pretty healthy
12.    kind of unhealthy
13.    look after my health
14.    healthy lifestyle
15.    get good grades
16.    help sb (to) do sth
17.    keep healthy =keep in good health
18.    Although I have a healthy habit, maybe I’m not very healthy.
19.    ---be the same as ---
20.    My pen is the same as yours.
21.    ---be different from ---
22.    My book is different from yours.
23.    What’s the difference?
What are the differences?
(1 想要某人做某事   2 我妈妈要我喝牛奶。3 ---有益/有害4 它对我们的健康有好处。5 Bill健康吗? 6 喝咖啡 7 你每晚睡几个小时?    8 饮食习惯 9 尽量/试图做某事   10 我尽量多吃蔬菜。11 相当健康 12 有点不健康13 注意我的健康 14 健康的生活方式15 取得好成绩   16 帮某人做某事 17 保持健康(2个短语)18 虽然我有健康的习惯,但也许我不太健康。19 ------相同/一样 20 我的钢笔和你的一样。21 ------不一样/---不同于---22 我的书和你们的不一样。23 不同之处是什么?/有什么不同?)
 
UNIT 2      SECTION A
1.        What’s the matter with you?=
What’s wrong with you?=What’s the trouble?
2.        I have a sore throat.
3.        have a cold/stomachache/toothache/fever
4.        lie down and rest
5.        feet      teeth  
6.        go to the doctor=see a doctor
7.        a lot of = lots of
8.        hot tea with honey
9.        You shouldn’t eat anything.
10.    That’s a good idea.
11.    give some advice
12.    feel better
13.    I think so.
14.    I’m not feeling well.=I don’t feel well.
15.    When did it start? Three days ago.
(1 你怎么啦?(3句含义相同)     2 我嗓子疼。3 患感冒/肚子疼/牙疼/发烧4 躺下休息      5 foot (复数) tooth(复数) 6 看医生  7 大量的/许多的8 加蜂蜜的热茶 9 你不该吃任何东西。10 这是个好主意。11 提些建议 12 感觉好点13 我想是这样。   14 我感到不舒服。15 它什么时候开始的?三天前。)
 
SECTION B
1.        go to bed early
2.        listen to music
3.        drink some water
4.        go to a concert
5.        traditional Chinese doctors
6.        the balance of Yin and Yang
7.        For example
8.        too much water
9.        too many books
10.    Chinese medicine
11.    in many western countries
12.    It is easy to have a healthy lifestyle.
13.    a few nights
14.    It is important to sleep eight hours every night.
15.    get tired/angry
16.    study late every night
17.    until 2 am
18.    conversation practice
19.    I don’t think my English is improving.
20.    I’m sorry to hear that.
(1 早点睡觉2 听音乐3 喝点水 4 去参加聚会 5 传统的中医 6 阴阳平衡7 例如           8 太多的水9 太多的书   10 中药11 在许多西方国家12 拥有健康的生活方式很容易。13 每晚睡八个小时很重要。14 几个晚上15 (变)累了/生气了16 每晚学到很晚17 直到早上2点钟 18 对话练习19 我觉得我的英语没有提高。20 很抱歉听到这件事。)
 
UNIT 3   SECTION A
1.        What is he doing for vacation?
2.        He is babysitting his sister?
3.        go camping/hiking
4.        spend time with friends
5.        stay at home
6.        visit his grandma
7.        That sounds interesting/great
8.        Who are you going with?
9.        How long are you staying? For one week.
10.    in the mountains
11.    have fun=have a good time
12.    I don’t want to be away for too long.
13.    get back = come back
14.    get back from---
15.    come back from work
16.    in October
17.    send sth to sb=send sb sth
18.    show sth to sb=show sb sth
(1 他假期打算做什么? 2 他要照看他妹妹。3 去露营/远足 4 和朋友们一起度过5 在家休息 6 看望他奶奶7 (这)听起来真有趣/真棒。8 你要和谁一起去?9 你要呆多长时间?一个星期。10 在大山里 11 玩得高兴12 我不想离开太长时间。13 回来14 ---回来15 下班/放学回家 16 在十一月17 把某物寄给某人18 给某人看某物)
 
SECTION B
1.        go sightseeing/bike riding /fishing
2.        take walks
3.        rent videos
4.        take a long vacation
5.        What’s the weather like there?=How is the weather there?
6.        think of doing sth
7.        decide on ---
8.        the south of Europe
9.        something different
10.    said    heard
11.    leave for---
12.    plan to do sth
13.    planned   planning
14.    I can’t wait!
15.    finish doing sth
16.    finish making my last movie
17.    ask sb about sth
18.    need to do sth
19.    a relaxing vacation ,an exciting vacation
20.    What should the tourists take with them?
(1 去观光/骑自行车/钓鱼2 去散步 3 租影碟4 度个长假5 那儿的天气怎么样? 6 考虑做某事7 决定于--- 8 欧洲的南部9 不同的事10 say(过去式)hear(过去式)11 动身去---        12 计划做某事13 plan (过去式)(现在分词)14 我等不及了。15 做完某事/完成做某事16拍完我的上部电影17 问某人关于某事的情况18 需要做某事19 一个放松的/令人激动的假期20 游客们应该随身带什么?)
 
UNIT 4     SECTION A
1.        get to school
2.        get home
3.        take a train/bus
4.        ride a bike
5.        have a quick breakfast
6.        an hour
7.        35 minutes
8.        by train/bus
9.        I take a bus to school.=I go to school by bus.
10.    I go to school on foot.=I walk to school.
11.    about 10 kilometers
12.    from --- to ---
13.    be far from---
14.    Beijing is far from Xiangfan.
15.    the early bus
16.    take --- to ---
17.    How far is it from your home to school?
18.    It takes/took sb +时间+to do sth.
19.    It took me 2 hours to finish my homework.
(1 到校  2 到家 3 乘火车/公交车(用take 4 骑自行车 5 很快地吃了早饭6 一个小时       7 35分钟8乘火车/公交车(用by9 我乘车到校。10 我步行到校。11 大约10公里 12 ------ 13 ------很远 14 北京离襄樊很远。15 早班车 16 ---带到---17 从你家到学校有多远?18 做某事花了某人---时间。19做完作业花了我2个小时时间。)
 
SECTION B
1.        think of
2.        What do you think of the book?=How do you like the book?
3.        on the school bus
4.        in/around the world
5.        in the other parts of the world
6.        depend on---
7.        Students always depend on their parents.
8.        He must be at home.
9.        not all students
10.    the most popular means of transportation
11.    a number of
12.    a small number of
13.    be ill in the hospital
14.    Don’t worry./Don’t worry about me.
15.    look at the blackboard
16.    see some pictures
17.    listen to music
18.    hear a story
(1 认为/觉得 2 你觉得这本书怎么样? 3 坐校车4 在世界上 5 在世界上其它地方   6 依靠---,由---而定 7 学生们总是依靠父母。8 他肯定在家。9 不是所有的学生10 最受欢迎的交通方式 11 许多的,大量的   12 少数的13 生病住院 14 别担心(我)。15 看黑板 16 看见一些画 17 听音乐  18 听到一个故事)
 
UNIT 5     SECTION  A
1.        on Saturday morning
2.        What/How about you?
3.        I’m sorry, I can’t.
4.        I’d love to.
5.        study for a test
6.        go to the doctor=see a doctor
7.        have a piano lesson
8.        go to a concert
9.        play soccer
10.    go to the piano lesson
11.    go to the movie = see a movie
12.    too much homework
13.    another time
14.    That’s too bad.
(1 在周六上午 2 你呢?3 抱歉,我不能来。 4 我乐意来。5 复习准备考试 6 看医生 7 上钢琴课  8 参加音乐会 9 踢足球 10 去上钢琴课11 去看电影12 太多的作业13 下次             14 这太糟了。)
 
SECTION  B
1.        Thank you for asking me.
2.        What’s today?
3.        It’s Monday, the 15th.
4.        Thanks for your invitation.=Thanks for inviting me.
5.        I’m really busy.
6.        tennis training
7.        soccer practice
8.        I’m finishing my geography project this evening.
9.        soccer match
10.    the whole day = all (the) day
11.    Can you come over to my home on Wednesday afternoon?
12.    I’m free until 8:00.
13.    I’m free.= I have time.
14.    discuss the science report
(1 谢谢你邀请我。(用ask2 今天是什么日子?   3 是星期一,15号。4 谢谢你的邀请。5 我真的很忙。6 网球训练      7 足球练习8 今晚我要完成我的地理学习任务。9 足球赛   10 整天11 你周三下午能到我家来吗?12 直到8点我都有空。13 我有空/有时间。14 讨论科学报告)
 
UNIT 6     SECTION A
1.        My hair is longer than hers. = I have longer hair than her.
2.        Tom is more outgoing than Sam. Sam is more serious than Tom.
3.        last letter
4.        photos of me
5.        as you can see
6.        in some ways
7.        look the same
8.        We are both tall.
9.        We both enjoy going to parties.
10.    more than 
11.    My friends are the same as me.
12.    We have something in common.
13.    be good at (doing) sth. = do well in (doing) sth
14.    He is good at (playing) basketball.
15.    We both --- = Both of us ---
(1 我的头发比她的长。2 TomSam更活跃。SamTom更严肃。3 上一封信 4 我的照片(是我)5 正如你所看到的6 在某些方面7 看起来长得像8 我们俩都很高。9 我们俩都喜欢参加聚会。10 不止,超过11 我的朋友和我一样。12 我们有一些共有的东西。13 擅长(做)---14 他擅长(打)篮球。15 我们俩都---)
 
SECTION B
1.        do the same things as me
2.        make me laugh/happy
3.        as ---as sb
4.        He is as tall as me.
5.        not as --- as sb
6.        He is not as busy as me.
7.        opposite views and interests
8.        most of the kids
9.        my best friend
10.    It’s not necessary to be the same.
11.    It’s necessary to learn English.
12.    beat sb in sth
13.    primary school/high school
14.    be good with children
15.    tell jokes
16.    call sb at --- for more information
17.    make sb do sth
18.    stop doing sth  /  stop to do sth
(1 做和我相同的事情 2 把我逗笑了/使我开心3 象某人一样--- 4 他象我一样高。5 不象某人一样---/不如某人---6 他不象我这么忙/他没有我忙。7 相反的观点和兴趣 8 大部分孩子9 我最好的朋友 10 没有必要一样。11 学习英语很有必要。 12 ---方面击败某人13 小学/中学 14 善待孩子15 讲笑话16 ---号码给某人打电话以获取更多信息。17 使得某人做某事 18 停止做某事 / 停下来去做某事)
 
重难点讲解:
1 be good for …“有益e.g.
    My mom says it’s good for my health我母亲说这对我的健康有好处。
    Swimming is good for health  游泳对健康有好处。
    此句型结构类似句型有:
    be bad for “有害 be important for “重要 be useful for “有用e.g.
    English is very important for us  英语对我们很重要。
    Eating too much sugar is bad for your teeth  吃太多糖对你的牙齿有害。
 2 health(健康)--healthy(健康的)
    health是名词,而healthy是在health的词尾上加y,变为形容词,health在句中作主语或宾语,healthy多作定语或表语。e.g.
    Exercising more is good for our health多锻炼对我们的健康有益
    I eat a balance diet to keep healthy 我用平衡的饮食来保持健康。
    His lifestyle isn’t healthy他的生活方式不健康。
 3 What’s the matter? / What’s the matter with you? 你怎么啦?你出什么事了?
    此句常用来询问别人的病情,类似的句子有:
    What’s wrong with you?
    What’s the trouble?
    e.g.
    What’s the matter with your father?   你父亲怎么啦?
    He has a fever   他发烧了。
 3下面是几种身体不适的症状及忠告或建议
    1have a fever                take medicine and drink lots of water
    2have a sore throat       drink some hot tea with honey
    3have a headache            take a good rest and relax
    4have a stomachache      lie down and rest
    5be stressed out                  listen to some music
    6be tired                       go to bed early
    7have a toothache           see a dentist
 4区分how often, how longhow far
    how often用来询问动词的频率,即动作多长时间发生一次,回答时用表示频度的副词或短语。 e.g.
    How often do you exercise?
    I exercise once a week
    How often do you eat junk food
    I hardly ever eat it
    how long用来询问多长时间,回答时常用two days, three years, four weeks等表示一段时间的状语。e.g.
    How long are you staying there?
    A week
    how far用来询问多长距离,回答时常用twenty miles, one kilometer 等表示一段距离。e.g.
    How far is it from your home to school
    About ten miles
 5 take的用法:
    1)表示 take a taxi / ship / bus / train
    2)表示进行做了一次动作 take a rest, take a walk, take a bath
    3)表示拿走,带走bring互为反义词e.g.
         Please take these things away. 请把这些东西带走。
    4)表示吃(药) take the medicine
    5)表示花费,常用于该句型“It takes sb some time to do sthe.g.
    How long does it take?
    It takes about 10 minutes
 6 Can you …? / Would you like…?表示邀请或请求对方做某事。
    肯定回答时常用Sure / Yes, please / I’d like to …
    拒绝时用Sorry, I’m busy / I’m afraid not / Thank you, but …
 7 “as…as…”意为一样…”,该短语前一个“as”后常用形容词或副词的原级,后一个“as”后常接比较对象。e.g.
    This book is as interesting as that one   这本书和那本书一样有趣。
Li Ying isn’t as good at sports as her sister 刘英没她妹妹擅长体育。
 
重点语法
1.频率副词(频度副词)
    always, usually, often, sometimes, hardly ever, never这几个词表示做某件事的频率,即单位时间的次数。
    这些词通常放在实义动词(行为动词)之前,系动词和助动词之后。e.g.
    She usually goes to the library on Sundays    她通常在星期天去图书馆。
    He sometimes watches TV at night  他晚上有时看电视。
    My mother hardly ever goes to the movies我母亲很少去看电影。
    MrGreen is always busy on Sunday格林先生周日总是很忙。
    His brother doesn’t often go fishing on his vacation他哥哥假期不经常去钓鱼。
 2.情态动词should的用法
    肯定形式should+动词原形;否定形式:shouldn’t+动词原形。
    should有两种基本用法:
    1)表示义务或责任,e.g.
    We shouldn’t eat in classrooms   我们不应该在教室里吃东西。
    2)表示劝告或建议,e.g.
    You should have a rest if you are tired如果你累了,你就应该休息一会儿。
    I think you shouldn’t go out to play this evening我想你今天晚上不应该出去玩。
 
 3现在进行表示将来
    “be+现在分词构成进行时态,表示动作正在发生或进行。这个结构也有很多别的含义,在句子中加上一个表示将来的时间状语时,可以表示按计划或安排即将发生的动作。
    We’re spending our holiday in Shanghai next week   下星期我们将去上海度假。
    He is leaving for London next week下周他将去伦敦。
    How long are you staying?   你打算呆多久?
 4形容词的比较级(附表)
    形容词比较级用于两者(人或物)之间的比较,表示一方比另一方…”…”,后面通常用比较连词than连接另一方所比较的人或物。e.g.
    This room is bigger than that one   这个房子比那个房间大。
    My twin brother is more outgoing than me   我的双胞胎兄弟比我更外向。
    His English is better than his brother他的英语比他哥哥好。

规则变化
例词
一般在词尾加-er-est
talltallertallest
calmcalmercalmest
 
以辅音字母+y结尾的,改yi再加-er-est
funnyfunnierfunniest
heavyheavierheaviest
happyhappierhappiest
earlyearlierearliest
 
e字母结尾的,直接加-r-st
finefinerfinest
nicenicernicest
重读闭音节词词尾只有一个辅音字母的要双写词尾的辅音字母再加-er-est
bigbiggerbiggest
redredderreddest
thinthinnerthinnest
fatfatterfattest
hothotterhottest
wetwetterwettest
多音节词和部分双音节词是在词前直接加moremost
interestingmore interestingmost interesting
popularmore popularmost popular
不规则变化的一些词
much/ manymoremost
good/wellbetterbest

 

Detailed Solution forUnit 6   
I’m more outgoing than my sister.
 【重要词汇概览】
   more/mC:/ adv. (......) 更,更多的,更大的 (构成多音节形容词和副词的比较级)
   than/TAn/conj.
   calm/kB:m/adj. (心情) 镇静的,无忧虑的
   wild/waIld/adj. 卤莽的, 轻率的
   athletic/AW5letIk/adj. 擅长运动的;活跃的;体格强健的
   both/bEJW/pron. 二者,两者都
   schoolwork/5sku:lw\:(r)k/n. 学业,功课
   laugh/lB:f/v. 笑,发笑
   view/vju:/n. 观点,想法,态度
   interest/5IntrIst/n. 兴趣,爱好
   though/TEJ/conj. 虽然,既然,纵然

 【重要词组概览】
   be good at      擅长,善于,在......做得好
   twin sister      双胞胎姐妹
   in some ways      在某些方面
   look the same    看上去一样
   look different    看上去不同
   enjoy doing sth     喜欢做某事
   more than      多于,超过
   between...and...     ............之间
   as...as...      ......一样
   lots of=a lot of        许多, 大量的
   a little      一点儿(修饰比较级,表示 "......一点儿" )
   the same as     和......相同
   make sb. do sth.   使某人做某事
   like to do sth.     喜欢做某事
   be important for sb.   对某人重要
   be different from   和...... 不同
   stay at home     呆在家里

【重要句子详解】
1.      Tom is calmer than Sam.
Tara
s shorter than Tina .
Tom is more athletic than Sam.
都是典型的比较方式状语从句,详见“语法知识聚焦”。
2. As you can see, in some ways we look the same, and in some ways we look-different.
    “look the same”看上去一样。
    “look like…”看上去像look alike看上去相像
    in a way为某一种方式
    此处look系动词,后跟形容词。e.g. look young / old / tired / nice.
  3. We both have black eyes and black hair, although my hair is shorter than hers.
    1 althoughthough常可互换,表虽然、即使、尽管,都不能与but用于一句话中。但though用得更普遍。此外though可作副词,在句尾表然而although不能。固定短语是even though即使、纵然,不能用even although.
    e.g. There are some differences, though.
    2hers名词性物主代词,句中指“her hair”.
  4. She has more than one sister 她不止有一个姐姐。
    They have some things in common.
    in common共通(同)的)(something某物,some thing某一个事物,some things一些事物)
  5. Li Ying is not as good at sports as her sister.
    1as…as…同级比较,两个“as”之间必须使用形容词或副词原级。意为如同……一样…”not as / so …as“不如一样…”
    e.g. He runs as quickly as his father.
    The watermelon is as big as a soccerball.
    She doesn’t study so / as hard as her brother does
    2be good at sth. / doing sth. 擅长于(做)某事。
    e.g. They are good at playing badminton.
    I’m not good at painting.
    Who is good at computer in your class?
  6. I think a good friend makes me laugh.
    make sb. do sth. 让(使)某人做某事(make后跟不带to的不定式)
    e.g. His words made us feel so exciting.
    The boss made the workers work all day and all night.
  7. She’s a good listener, and she keeps secrets.
    听者listener, 说话者speaker    keep a secret保密
  8. Is she a lot like you? = Is she like you very much?
    1a lot 表程度,相当于very much,但位置不同。
    2be like like为介词。
  9.  enjoy sth. / doing sth. 喜欢(做)某事(物)
    enjoy tell jokes, tell a joke讲笑话)
 
【语法知识聚焦】
形容词的比较等级
在英语中,形容词和副词都是有比较等级的。分别为原级、比较级和最高级。原级指的是形容词或副词的原形;当二者(人或物均可)进行比较时,会用比较级;当三个或三个以上的人或事物进行比较时,用最高级。e.g.
Rose is clever.  (用原级)
Mary is cleverer than Rose.  (用比较级)
Bob is the cleverest in our class.  (用最高级)
    在这一单元中,我们学习的重点是形容词的比较级。
  1. 形容词比较级的构成
    1)规则变化
    a. 单音节形容词及少数以-er, -ow, -ble, -ple结尾的双音节形容词,加-er,或-r构成。e.g.
    strong→stronger           更强壮
    clever→cleverer           更聪明
    simple→simpler            更简单
    narrow→narrower           更窄的
    able→abler                更能干的,更有才华的
    brave→braver              更勇敢
    wide→wider                更宽广
    b. 形容词的原级是重读闭音节,且以一个辅音字母结尾,则双写这个辅音字母,然后加-ere.g.
    big→bigger            更大
    hot→hotter            更热
    thin→thinner          更瘦
    c. 在大多数双音节和多音节形容词前加more,构成比较级。
    useful→more useful                    更有用的
    beautiful→more beautiful              更美丽的
    d. 以“辅音字母+y”结尾的单音节词及双音节形容词,改yi,再加-er
    easy→easier                 funny→funnier             happy→happier
    注意:少数单音节词,前面加more构成比较级。
    如:fond→more fond    tired→more tired    pleased→more pleased
    2)不规则变化,必须牢记
         good/well—better—best    bad/badly—worse—worst
   many/much—more—most  little—less—least
   far—farther/further—farthest/furthest
  2. 形容词比较级的用法
基本句式:主语+谓语(系动词)+形容词比较级+than+对比成分。e.g.
1Your jacket is longer than mine.  你的夹克比我的长。
    2It’s colder today than it was yesterday.  今天比昨天冷。
    3She is cleverer than any other girl in the class.   她比班上任何其他的女孩都聪明。
    这句话很有意思。“any other girl”任一个其他的女孩是单数,所以我们仍视为二者进行比较,用比较级。意思是她是所有女孩中最聪明的。
  3. 一些特殊用法
a.       old(老)的比较级和最高级有两种不同形式,意义也不同。e.g.
My elder sister works in a hospital. She is three years older than me. 我姐姐在医院工作。她比我大三岁。
    b. far(远)的比较级也有两种不同形式,意义也不同。e.g.
The Palace Museum is farther from our home than the Summer Palace.   故宫比颐和园离我家远。
    He went abroad for further studies.   他出国深造。
    c. “名词(数词)词组+形容词比较级结构。eg.
    a head taller, ten minutes earlier
    a few steps further等。e.g.
    My younger sister is a head shorter than I . 在这一句中,出现了两个比较级。
    younger sister  小妹妹    a head shorter  矮一头
    d. “形容词比较级+and+比较级表示越来越……”,即more and more, e.g.
    Summer is coming. It is getting hotter and hotter.  夏天来了。天气变得越来越热。
    e. “the+比较级,the+比较级表示……就越……”,即the more…the more…, e.g.
    The harder you study, the more knowledge you will get. 你学习越努力,得到的知识就越多。
 形容词的作用
   形容词在句子中一般充当表语、定语和宾语补足语,如:
   Our school looks very beautiful. (表语)
   There are fifty students in our class, so we need a big classroom. (定语)
   Doing morning exercises can make us healthy. (宾语补足语)
形容词的比较级句型
1.应使用连词thanore.g.
   The weather in Shanghai is hotter than that in Beijing. 上海的天气比北京的天气热。
   Which subject is more important, English or math?   英语和数学, 哪个学科更重要?
  2.形容词的最高级前应加上定冠词the,句型中应给出比较范围,e.g.
   The Changjiang River is the longest river in China. 长江是中国最长的河流。
   The third truck carries the most books of all. 第三辆卡车在所有的卡车中载书最多。
  3.两个人或物比较时,如果只说明两者相同或不同,则可使用as...as...句型,否定句为not as (so)...as...句型,这里形容词仍使用原级,e.g.
   Mr. Green is as old as Mr. Brown.  格林先生和布朗先生年龄一样大。
   Mr. Green is not as (so) old as Mr. Brown.  格林先生和布朗先生的年龄不一样大。

【综合能力检测】
.单词归类
  ear, subway, headache, hardly, go camping, nose, neck, sore throat, train, stomachache, often, babysitting, go sightseeing, shoulder, arm, fever, backache, sports camp, never, boat, plane, go bike riding, sometimes, always, bus
  Parts of body(人体部位):
  _______  ________  _________  _________  _________
  Conveyance(交通工具 ):
  ________  ________  _________  ________  _________
  Illness and discomforts(疾病和疼痛):
  _________  _________ _________  _________  _________
  Frequency adverbs( 频率副词):
  _________  _________  _________  ________  _________
  Vacation activities( 假日活动 ):
  _________  _________  _________  _________  _________
二.选择填空
  (  ) 1. The girl isn’t short. She is __________ than before.
  A. short    B. tall      C. taller   D. shorter
  (  ) 2. Li Ming and Lin Tao _________ black eyes.
  A. has     B. have both    C. both have  D. both has
  (  ) 3. John is ___________ than Peter.
  A. funnier   B. fun       C. funny    D. more funny
  (  ) 4. My sister is __________ more outgoing than me.
  A. more     B. most      C. a little  D. little
  (  ) 5. Her grandfather ___________ fishing on weekends.
  A. likes going  B. like going   C. likes go  D. like to go
  (  ) 6. I __________ a movie this Sunday.
  A. watch    B. watches    C. watching  D. am watching
  (  ) 7. A: Can you go to the concert with us?    B: ________.
  A. I’d love to B. I’d like   C. I’d love  D. I’d like to
  (  ) 8. I _______ a primary school student two years ago.
  A. am      B. was      C. be     D. were
  (  ) 9. He likes to do the same things _______ me.
  A. in      B. on       C. like    D. as
  (  )10. Maria is a student. ________ is good at swimming.
  A. He      B. She      C. We     D. I
三.连句
  1. we, like, both, the, doing, same, things
   __________________________________________________.
  2. Tom, has, than , Sam, shorter, hair
   _____________________________________________.
  3. on, We’re, Wednesday, tennis, playing, with, school , the ,team
   ____________________________________________________________.
  4. Tim, usually, school, subway, to, takes, the
   ________________________________________________.
  5. do, how,  often, exercise, you?
   ___________________________________________?

. 根据句意,选择方框内所给的词语填空
tired   staying  walk   heavier  funny 
bicycle
  love    lesson  leaving  concert

  1. How long are you ________ in Miami?
  2. Are you ________? No, I’ m hungry.
  3. I live next to the school. I always ________ to school.
  4. Peter eats all the time. He is really ________ than everyone in our class.
  5. Lisa is so _______. She always makes everyone laugh.
  6. Mary rides her _______ to school everyday.
  7. Can you study with me? Yes, I’d _______ to.
  8. Today I have a piano _______. So I can’t go shopping with you.
  9. When are you ________ home?
  10.Can you go to the pop ________ with me?
. 用比较级填空 
 1. Who is ___________( heavy), Wang Lin or Lin Tao?
 2. Mr Green is ______________( serious) than Mr Brown.
 3. The sun is ______________( big) than the earth.
 4. Unit 4 is ____________________( difficult) than Unit 5.
 5. My mother is __________ (young) than your mother is.
 6. Which country is _________( large) , China or Japan?
 7. Mary has _________( long) hair than Betty.
 8. It’s ________( hot) in summer in Beijing than that in Dalian.
 9. Miss Yang is ___________ ( calm) than Miss Li.
 10. You are __________________( athletic) than Jim.
. 完成句子 
  1. 他多长时间拜访祖父母一次?他每月拜访祖父母34次。
    How ________does he visit his grand parents? 
   He _______his grandparents ____________or ______ _______a month.
  2. 我姐姐和我一样。我们都很外向。
    My sister is the __________ ________ me. We are both___________.
  3. 我们应该每天打扫教室。
   We should __________ our _______________ every day.
  4. 小明擅长游泳.
    Xiao Ming is ______ _____ ______.
  5. 你看上去和你的妹妹长得一样.你们是双胞胎吗?
   You and your sister ______ ______ ______ . Are you twins?
. 写作
  昨天在你回家的路上,遇到一个两年未见面的小学同学XX(不用真实姓名).你发现他/她与两年前有很大变化.请你描述一下他/她的变化.
  intellectual, popular, outgoing, athletic, polite (有礼貌的) funny
  Yesterday on my way home I met a classmate of mine. We were in a primary school two years ago. I found he / she was much taller than before.
  ____________________________________________________________________
  ____________________________________________________________________

   【参考答案点拨】
  一、
  Parts of body(人体部位):
  ear  nose  neck  shoulder  arm 
  Conveyance(交通工具):
  subway  train  boat  plane  bus 
  Illness and discomforts(疾病和疼痛):
  headache  sore throat  stomachache  fever  backache 
  Frequency adverbs(频率副词):
  hardly  often  never  sometimes  always
  Vacation activities(假日活动):
  go camping  babysitting  go sightseeing  sports camp  go bike riding
  二、
  1. C  2. C  3. A  4. C  5. A  6. D  7. A  8. B  9. D  10. B
  1. C,根据题意,又than经常与比较级连用。
  2. Cboth与实义动词连用时,必须放在实义动词的前面。
  3. Athan经常与比较级连用, funny以辅音字母加y 结尾,应去掉 y 加上ier.
  4. Ca little可以用来修饰比较级,这儿的a little more outgoing than me意思是:比我外向一点儿。
  5A,根据on weekends, 本题为一般现在是,主语是第三人称单数,动词用 likes,like doing sthgo fishing都是固定用法.
  6. D,用现在进行时表示将要发生的动作.
  7. A,表示很高兴接受别人的邀请时,常说: I’d love to. 意思是:我很乐意......
  8. Btwo years ago 是一般过去时的时间状语。
  9. Dthe same as 是固定用法,表示: ......一样.
  10. BMaria(玛丽亚)是女孩子的名字.
  三、
  1. We both like doing the same things.
  2. Tom / Sam has shorter hair than Sam / Tom.
  3. We’re playing tennis with the school team on Wednesday.
  4. Tim usually takes the subway to school.
  5. How often do you exercise?
  四、
  1. staying  2. tired  3. walk  4. heavier  5. funny
  6. bicycle  7. love  8. lesson  9. leaving  10. concert
  1. How long 经常与延续性动词连用,又根据in Miami, 不能选leaving.
  2. 根据题中的hungry, 其它的形容词与hungry不能形成对照的关系.
  3. walk, next to school意思是:紧挨着学校.
  4. heavier, all the time意思是:总是,一直.
  5. funny, make sb. laugh意思是:逗某人大笑.
  6. bicycle, ride her bicycle, 动词短语:骑自行车.
  7. love, 表示很高兴接受别人的邀请时,常说: I’d love to. 意思是:我很乐意.
  五、
   本题要求用比较级填空:
  1. heavier  2. more serious  3. bigger  4. more difficult  5. younger
  6. larger  7. longer  8. hotter  9. calmer   10. more athletic
  六、
  1. often, visits, three, four times
  2. same as, outgoing
  3. clean, classroom 
  4. good at swimming
  5. look the same
  1. often, 每月拜访祖父母34,表示频度用how often. 第一句中动词是does, 时态应该一致.
  2. the same as和......相同,是固定短语.
  4. be good at 擅长于......, at 是介词,后接动名词.
  5. look the same 看上去一样,是固定短语.
  七、
   Yesterday on my way home I met a classmate of mine. We were in a primary school two years ago. Her name is Zhou Yan. I found she was much taller than before. She told me that she liked playing tennis. She was on the school team and she was very popular in her school. So she looked more athletic than before. Then she told me that she studied well in her class. All her classmates and teachers said she was very intellectual. We talked for a long time. We talked a lot. She told me a lot of funny stories of her. I thought she was more outgoing and polite than before. At last we decided that we would play tennis together next Sunday.

 

Detailed Solution for Unit 7
How do you make a banana milk shake?
【重要词汇详解】
1. cut 切,割,剪,割破
    cut up 切碎、粉碎、捣毁。e.g.
    I cut my finger when I cooked dinner yesterday.     昨天我做晚饭时割破了手指。
    The butcher cut up the meat .     屠夫把肉切碎。
 2. add…to加到上。e.g.
    If you add 5 to 6 , you get 11.   五加六等于十一。
Please add turkey slice to the sandwich .     请把火鸡片加到三明治里。
 
【重要词组概览】
 1.表示动作的词汇
    turn on        打开      peel 剥皮、削皮    cut up 切碎     pour 倾倒、灌、浇    drink               mix up 混合在一起    add … to … 加到    put …in / into …放到里面    put …on …    放在上面
 2. 食物的词汇
    smoothie (美口)(用食物、冰块、酸奶和食物汁制成的)混合饮料
    yogurt 酸奶                     cinnamon肉桂    watermelon西瓜          popcorn玉米花
    sauce调味汁、酱油       crust(一片)面包皮    mayonnaise蛋黄酱、美乃滋
    turkey火鸡    slice 薄片           relish调味品、佐料
    lettuce 莴苣,生菜 sandwich三明治    ingredient原料、成份
    bread面包         mustard芥末
 3. 一些器具的词汇
    blender 果汁机、搅拌机    recipe菜谱、烹调法    teaspoon茶匙    bowl
    popper爆米花机           oven烤炉、烤箱
 4. 表示先后顺序的词汇
    first 首先                  then然后    next接下来、下一步   finally最后
 5. 其它
    amount总量、总额        uncountable不可数的    countable 可数的                 noun名词
    slice n. 薄片                           instruction 指示、命令    top 顶部
    dish碟子    plate盘子   spoon汤匙        knife刀子   fork叉子   egg beater打蛋器
    soda苏打水   cream奶油    peach pear      grape葡萄 strawberry草莓
sauce酱油      sesame oil 香油   butter 黄油     salad oil 色拉油 peanut oil 花生油
 
【重要句子详解】
1.      Turn on the blender. 打开果汁机。
turn on以及本单元学过的cut upmix up等都属于"动词+副词"结构的短语,其宾语是名词时,名词位于动词和副词之间或副词之后均可。但宾语若是代词时,代词必须位于它们之间。如:Turn it on. 把它打开。
2. How many bananas do we need
?我们需要多少个香蕉?/ How much cinnamon do we need?我们需要多少肉桂?
   
同样是表示"多少",为什么前一句用how many,而后一句用how much呢?
二者的意思均是多少,用法稍有不同。
    how many常用来提问可数名词的数量,后跟可数名词的复数形式,而how much常用来提问不可数名词的数量,后跟不可数名词。本单元学过的yogurtrelishmustardcinnamon等这些不能用数目来计算的名词均为不可数名词。e.g.
    1How many apples do we need to make fruit salad ?     Three .
    我们需要多少个苹果做水果沙拉?三个。
    (注意:How many 后面接可数名词的复数。)
    2How much yogurt do you put in the smoothie ?     Two cups of yogurt .
    你在饮料里面放了多少酸奶?   两杯酸奶。
how much还可以用来询问价格,我们在七年级已经学过,这里就不多说了。
3. First
put the mayonnaise on a slice of bread. Then...首先,把蛋黄酱涂到一片面包上。然后......
   
我们在什么情况下使用first next thenfinally呢?那就是在叙某项目的操作步骤、说明使用某物的方法或叙述某一事件发生的顺序等时,常常用到这四个单词,这样才能使你的叙述或说明更加有条理,而且清楚、完整。如果叙述或说明的步骤特别多时,可在firstfinally之间插入second(第二), third(第三),fourth(第四)或next, then等等,但firstfinally一首一尾的位置要相对固定。
4Firstput the butter on a slice of bread. Then cut up an onion and a tomato. Add these to the bread. Next, put some lettuce and the chicken slices on the bread. Put the relish on the chicken. Finally, put another slice of bread on the top.
   
首先,把黄油涂在一片面包上,然后切洋葱和西红柿,再把这些东西放在面包片上。接下来放一些生菜和鸡肉片在面包片上,把调味品放在鸡肉上,最后,把另一片面包放在最上边。
    在生活中,我们经常要向别人讲述一件事情发生的经过,或者讲述做事的先后顺序。也就是叙述一个过程,恰当的使用first , next , then , finally ,既能使说话人喘口气,又能使听话者感到句子的连贯性。
    first …(首先),next …(接下来),then …(然后),finally …(最后)。如我们把上面的句子改成以下的对话:
    A: How do you make chicken Sandwich ?
    B: Well , first , put the mayonnaise on a slice of bread . Then cut up an onion and a tomato. Add these to the sandwich . Next , put some lettuce and the chicken slices on the sandwich . Put the relish on the chicken . Finally , put another slice of bread on top .
    A: It must be delicious . Thank you for telling me .
【语法知识聚焦】
1. 可数名词和不可数名词(Countable noun and Uncountable noun.
    从名词的数上划分,英语名词可分为可数名词和不可数名词。
    可数名词有单数和复数两种形式。可数名词的单数可以与冠词a/an 连用。不可数名词一般没有复数形式,不能与a / an 连用。在这里,我们重点讲述不可数名词。
    1)不可数名词包括各种物质的统称。e.g.
bread 面包 stone石头    beer啤酒 water    cream奶油 wood木头    jam果酱
ice     paper          oil    soap肥皂         glass玻璃   tea          gold黄金
    2)抽象名词也是不可数名词
    advice 主意/忠告    death死亡    beauty美丽、漂亮    help帮助
    3)在英文中下列名词也是不可数名词
    baggage 行李    furniture家具   weather气候   information信息    knowledge知识 news新闻
    4)不可数名词没有复数形式,不能与a / an 连用,在前面往往加上some(一些), any (任何), no (没有),a little (少许)等词,或与量词搭配,组成短语。e.g.
    <1>I don’t want any advice or help . I want some information.
    <2>a piece of news . 一条消息   a drop of oil      一滴油   a cake of soap     一块肥皂
    a cup of tea       一杯茶    two slices of bread 两片面包    three teaspoons of mayonnaise 三茶匙蛋黄酱
   5)英语名词的可数或不可数,不要从汉语本身去理解,要根据英语的习惯和特点判断、记忆。例如:money是不可数名词,dollar则是可数名词。e.g.
    I have much money . 我有许多钱
    He has many dollars 他有许多美元。
   6)有些词即是可数名词,又是不可数名词。
    hair 指一个人头上的全部头发时,是不可数名词;如果指每一根毛发时,就是可数的,可以说one hair , two hairs . e.g.
    Her hair is black . Whenever she finds a grey hair she pulls it out.
    她的头发是黑的,她只要发现有一根白发就将它拔掉。
 2. 祈使句的使用
    祈使句用来表示请求、命令等。没有主语,动词用原形。否定的祈使句要在动词前加Don’t构成。
    Stand up , Please ! 请起立。
    Don’t wake me up tomorrow morning . 明天早上别叫醒我。
    Hurry up , or you will be late . 赶紧一点,否则你会迟到的。
    Don’t run in the hallways . 在走廊上不能跑。
    Peel the apple , please . 给苹果削皮。
   Exercise : 汉译英
    1)切碎三个香蕉、三个苹果和一个西瓜。
    2)把水果放进一个碗里。
    3)放两茶匙肉桂和一杯酸奶。
    4)把所有的东西混在一起搅拌。
    Keys :
    <1>Cup up three bananas , three apples and a watermelon.
    <2>Put the fruit in a bowl.
    <3>Put in two teaspoons of cinnamon and a cup of yogurt .
    <4>Mix it all up .
 
【综合能力检测】
  一、补全对话
  A: Let’s______ fruit salad.
  B: OK, good idea. How ______cinnamon _____we need?
  A: One teaspoon.
  B: And how _______ apples do we need?
  A: Let me think… We ______two apples.
  B: OK, and how much mayonnaise do we need?
  A: Two teaspoons should ______enough.
  二、重新安排下面句子的顺序,使其成为一个完整的对话。
  1. I’m hungry. Let’s make a fruit smoothie.
  2. What else do we need?
  3. Two teaspoons should do it. And we need two teaspoons of yogurt.
  4. We need three.
  5. How many bananas do we need? 
  6. That sounds good. What fruit do we need?
  7. How much mayonnaise do we need?
  8. OK, three bananas, two teaspoons of mayonnaise and two teaspoons of yogurt.
  9. We need mayonnaise.
  10. We need bananas.
  三、选择填空。
  1. You should ______ the bananas and put them in the blender.
  A. cut down    B. cut up   C. cut in
  2. Mon, can I turn _____ the TV? I want to watch the soccer game.
  A. on      B. off     C. up
  3. How _______ yogurt do you need?
  A. many     B. a little   C.  much
  4. I need ______________.
  A. two slices of bread    B. two slices bread  
  C. two slice of bread
  5. How ____ cups of milk do you drink every day?
  A. much     B. many     C. a little
  四、根据句意,用括号中所给单词的适当形式填空。
  1. How many ______ (teacher) are there in your school?
  2. I have three _______( watch ).
  3. There are some _______( orange) on the table.
  4. I like _______(tomato) and _______ ( chicken).
  5. How much _______( honey ) do we need?
  6. Tina, let’s _________(make) fruit salad.
  7. Oh, it ______(rain) last night, so the ground is wet now.
  8. Tom is a little _________ ( strong) than Mike.
  9. I think English is ________________(important) than any other subject.
  10. My mother ________( take) the bus to work every day.
  五、完形填空
The Right Place for the Reece
Mr Reece worked on a farm. He and his wife grew a lot of things and they had some cows. Every day they worked hard  1  morning till night. One day, Mr Reece  2  his wife. “Let’s go to Portsmouth next Sunday. We can  3  a good lunch there and then we can go to the cinema.”
  His wife was very happy when she  4  this, because they always ate a lot, and she didn’t 5  cooking three times a day.
  They went to Portsmouth by plane and walked about  6  an hour. Then, when it was twelve o’clock, they wanted to  7 . They looked at four restaurants(饭店). In front of one restaurant, they  8  a notice(公告). It read, “Lunch: 12:30 to 2:30, 1.5 pounds.”
  “Well, that’s  9  ,” Mrs Reece said. “We can eat for two hours for 1.5 pounds here! This is  10  for us.”
  1. A. at      B. from      C. in      D. on
  2. A. told to     B. asked    C. spoke    D. said to
  3. A. cook     B. smell     C. have     D. buy
  4. A. heard from   B. heard of    C. heard    D. listened
  5. A. think     B. wish      C. want     D. like
  6. A. for      B. by       C. at      D. in
  7. A. have a rest  B. have lunch   C. take a bus  D. go home
  8. A. saw      B. heard     C. watched    D. looked for
  9. A. terrible   B. well      C. bad      D. great
  10.A. the news   B. the thing   C. the place   D. the shop

答案及简析
  一、
  A: Let’s make fruit salad.
  B: OK, good idea. How much cinnamon do we need?
  A: One teaspoon.
  B: And how many apples do we need?
  A: Let me think… We need two apples.
  B: OK, and how much mayonnaise do we need?
  A: Two teaspoons should be enough.
  二、
  1  6  10  5  4  2  9  7  3  8
  三、
  1. B  cut up: 切碎,粉碎,捣毁的意思. 
  2. A  turn on 的意思是: 打开(电视机)
  3. C  yogurt是不可数名词, 不能与many连用.
  4. A  two slices of bread 两片面包, 是可数名词, 应该变成复数形式.
  5. B  cups是可数名词cup的复数形式.  How many cups of milk的意思是:多少杯牛奶.
  四、
  1. teachers  how many 与是可数名词的复数形式连用
  2. watches  watch的复数形式在词尾加es.
  3. oranges  There are后应该加可数名词的复数形式
  4. tomatoes, chicken  tomato的复数形式应该在词尾加上es, chicken是不可数名词.
  5. honey  是不可数名词, 
  6. make  动词let后接动词原形. let sb do sth.
  7. rained 根据时间状语last night,为过去时.
  8. stronger 根据题中的than Mike (Mike), 因此, 应该用比较级.
  9. more important 根据题中的than any other subject (比其它任何一个学科), 因此应该用比较级.
  10. takes 主语为my mother, 是第三人称单数,又因为时间状语是every day, 因此,本题应该用一般现在时.
  五、
  1. Bfrom morning till night意为从早到晚from…till…为固定搭配,不能随便换用介词。另请注意,在这个短语中,morningnight前均不带冠词。
  2. 选项AC为搭配不当,选项B与后面所说的话不一致,因为没有问什么问题,就不能用asked, 故也应排除。said to his wife 搭配正确,并能引起下文,故选D
  3. 根据下文,这餐饭不是自己做的,故A项与文章事实不符。B项明显不合文意。D项动宾搭配不当。have a good lunch 好好吃上一顿饭,符合下文,故选C
  4. 选项D明显错误,应先排除。from后应接sb., 不能接表示事物的词,意为收到某人的来信,故排除Ahear of 表示听说过……”。表示直接的听见听到应该用hear,故选C
  5. think, wish want后面均不能接动词- ing形式,故ABC三项均为错误。like指一般情况时,后面可接动词- ing形式,指具体的一次行为时常用不定式。这里每日做三次饭指通常情况,like 可接- ing形式,故选D
  6. 文中walked about 意为四处走走about 为副词,后面an hourwalked about的状语,表示这一动作进行了多久,可用介词for引起这个状语。in an hour表示过一小时,不合题意。介词by at不能接一个表示时间段的状语,应排除,故选A
  7. 根据下文,“looked at four restaurants”,显然想要吃饭,故本题选B
  8. A,表示看到了一张公告,与下文连贯自然。另外三项与下文无法连贯。
  9. DThat’s great表示棒极了,指由于高兴而发出的感叹。另三项均与下文列斯夫人所说的话不符。
  10. C“This is the place for us.”的意思是这就是我们所需要的地方

 

Detailed Solution for Unit 8
How was your school trip ?
【重要词汇详解】

1. prize /praIz/ n.奖赏,奖品:He won the first prize in the speech contest

注意与price(价格)的区别。】 win a prize获奖

2.visitor /5vIzItE/n.访问者,来客

the Visitors’ Center   [记忆] visit + or

3.outdoor /5aJtdC:/adj.户外的,野外的

[记忆]out + door()[引申] 反义词:indoor

4.octopus /5CktEpEs/n. “章鱼  an octopus

5.end /end/n.& v. 结束 意为结束某一进程,其后不跟其他动词。

n. at the end of … e.g. at the end of the concert (时间) at the end of the street (地点)

in the end = at last = finally  最后In the end, we were very tired.

v. Mr Smith ended the class with a song .

      [考点] finish 完成某事或一动作。后跟名词、代词或动名词。finish doing sth.

6. luck /lQk/n.“幸运”Good luck! → lucky adj.“幸运的”lucky bird → luckily adv.

7. off /Cf/adj. “休息 

day off  on my next day off  

take…off  I’d like to take the afternoon off

8. future /5fju:tFE/n.将来,未来:I hope you have a happy future before you

[考点]辨析in the futurein futurein the future在将来in future从今以后

     e.g. I want to be a doctor in the future.  You should study hard in future.

【重要词组概览】
1. hang out with one’s friends和朋友闲逛        2. at the aquarium   在水族馆
3. take photos=take a photo=take pictures=take a picture照相          
4. get one’s autograph得到了某人的亲笔签名 5. win a prize / hat赢得奖品(帽子)
6.on the school trip在学校的旅游            7. have a great time 玩得愉快
8. watch a dolphin show看一场海豚表演      9. after that那以后
10. at the end of结束;末尾at the beginning of
11. sleep late 睡过头 12. go for a drive 开车兜风   13. all day 一整天
14. (on the) day off  (因病或节假日)休息    15. a yard sale 庭院旧货出售
16. see you soon盼望很快见到你      17. come back from…   回来
18. in the future 在将来”            19. none of them 一个都没有
【重要句型概览】
1. What did you do on your school trip?
2. Did you go to the zoo?      No., I didn’t. I went to the aquarium.
3. Did you see any seals?      Yes, I saw some seals.
4. Were there any sharks? No, there weren’t any sharks; but there were some really smart seals.
5. What else did you do?
6. How was your day off?
【语法知识聚焦】 
一般过去时:主要用来表示过去发生的动作或状态。常与表示过去的时间状语连用,如:yesterdaylast week, three years ago, in 1978, a moment ago, just now.
1 ). be动词过去式的句式。
否定句:是在was / were后面加notwas not (wasn’t)/were not (weren’t)
一般疑问句: 是把was / were提前并放到句首,要求首字母要大写。
2 ).实义动词过去式的句式   e.g. They had a good time yesterday.
否定式:主语+did not( didn’t )+动词原形+其它。如:They didn’t watch TV last night.
一般疑问句Did+主语+动词原形+其它?
肯定回答:Yes,主语+did.          否定回答:No,主语+didn’t.
e.g. Did they have a meeting two days ago? Yesthey did. / Nothey didn’t.
特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+did+主语+动词原形+其它?e.g.
What time did you finish your homework?
3 ). 关于过去式的规则变化 : 可速记为""""""""四字诀。
   一般情况下在动词原形后直接加-ed。如:wantedplayed
   以不发音的字母e结尾的动词,去掉e再加-ed。如:hopedlived
   重读闭音节单词需双写最后一个辅音字母再加-ed。如:stopped
   以辅音字母+y结尾的动词变yi,再加-ed。如:studiedworried
4) . 不规则动词的变化有许多,而且是常用词,在本单元中我们首先应记住以下几个:
1. go went    2. taketook 3. havehad    4. buybought     5. eatate     
6. seesaw   7. hanghung(悬挂) 8. meetmet     9. winwon(赢得)
10. sleepslept   11. putput       12. comecame   13. wakewoke(醒)
【重要句子详解】
1. Were there any sharks?
there be 句型时,汉语意为“有”,但不是表拥有和所有,是表存在。Werebe的复数形式的过去式。原形为there are . 注意的是不要将其写成There have there is/are表示的是某处有某物。 have表示某人有某物。试比较:
I have two pens. 我有两支钢笔。(表示所有关系)
There are two pens on the desk. 桌子上有两支钢笔。(表示某处有某物)
2. What else did you do? What else 表示"还有(别的)什么"
    What else do you want ?     你还想要什么?
     else adv. 修饰不定代词和疑问词, 后置定语
如:Who else wants a go ? Where else did you go ? Anything else ?
      other adj. 修饰名词,作前置定语。e.g. We should help other people .
3. He won a prize. 他赢了一个奖。win的过去式won
4. Class 9 had a great time on the school trip.……At the end of the day, the science teacher was very happy because the class monitor cleaned the bus after the trip.
在这段短文中作者用了First, Then, After that, Finally(最终), At the end of the day表示一天活动的先后顺序,使得文章看起来活泼又自然。
Class 9 had a great time on the school trip.
 have a great time = have a good time = have fun
Finally, tired but happy, they took the bus back to school.
take the bus back to school = go back to school by bus
They went to the Outdoor Pool where there was a giant octopus.
   他们去了有一个巨大的章鱼的(叫做)Outdoor Pool 的地方。
    where there was a giant octopus 是定语从句,定的中心词是the Outdoor Pool . (户外泳池)
    又如:They went to the Gift Shop where they bought lots of gifts.
    他们去了他们买了许多礼物的Gift Shop商店。
    where they bought lots of gifts . 是定语从句,定的中心词是the Gift Shop. 只要知道这两句的中文意思即可。)
另外说一个章鱼时我们要说an octopus.
5.      Did you have fun camping?   你们野营玩得开心吗?
 have fun (in) doing sth. 做某事很开心 They had fun singing in the party last night.
6.      It rained all day. 下了一整天的雨 The workers worked all day yesterday.
7.      Uncle Martin put some of his old things out in the yard and had a yard sale.
put sth. out把某物拿出来  have a yard sale    进行了一场旧货出售
some of / one of    …的一些/……中的一个
注意:Some of my friends like singing. One of my best friends likes singing.
8.      However, no one came to the sale because the weather was so bad.
however转折连词,通常都是单独使用,后面加逗号隔开。(比较But
He wants to come. However, he is ill.  
9.      Maria won the first prize in yesterday’s singing competition.
   win the first prize 赢得一等奖 win the second prize             赢得二等奖
10. We saw a movie about living in the future.我们观看了一场有关未来的生活的电影。
about 是介词。介词后面加动词的ing形式
13. 1b. On my next day off, I don’t want to go for a drive. 在我下个休假日
on my last day off .在我上一次休假日。e.g. 
What was your last day off like?
   day off 一天的假。
   go for a drive. 开车兜风。
   sleep late 睡得很晚。
   How was your day off ? 你的一日休假过得怎么样?(用过去时)
   What was your last day off like ? 你上一次休假怎么样?
   When I woke up . 当我醒来的时候。
   wake up 表示醒来。wake的过去式为woke.
 14I didn’t have a very fun day.    我这一天过得不是很愉快。
    have a fun day . 一天过得愉快。
    别忘了写“a”,写成have fun day 就不对了。
    Uncle Martin put some of his old things out in the yard and had a yard sale !
    这句话意思是说Martin叔叔将他的一些旧东西拿出来摆在院子里进行庭院旧货出售。
    have a yard sale 进行旧货出售。
    unfortunately. 是个副词表示不幸地
fortunately 是表示肯定的意思。幸运地
【综合能力检测】
典型例题:
1 There is a shop in the end of the street.(改正错误)
    解析:at the end of意为……尽头,可指时间和地点,而in the end意为最后,终于,表示时间。故应把in改为at
2 —_______ _______did you live there?
   —For about seven years
    解析:根据下面的回答来看,本题是对多长时间提问,故此处答案应为How long
3 They_______ yesterday
    Ago for a drive    Bgo for drive    Cwent for a drive    Dwent for drive
解析:在有yesterday等表示过去的时间状语的句子中,其谓语动词要用过去时(如went)。go for a drive的意思是开车兜风,故应选C
 
同步检测:
一、用所给动词的适当形式填空。
1. That’s a famous story             (write) by Charles Dickens
2. What          you              (do) this time last night?
3. We must stop the children           ( play) with water. It’s dangerous.
4.Tom finished         (draw) the picture last week.
5. Do you think it better for them             (get up) a bit earlier?
6. She can’t decide what             (buy) him as a birthday gift.
7. They           (not go) for an outing if it               (rain) tomorrow.
8. Is it hard for you             (learn) English grammar?
二、情景反应。根据对话内容从对话后所给选项中选择正确答案完成对话。
A: Hi, Tina.              (1)
B: It was fantastic, really fantastic
A:               (2)
B: No, I didn’t. I went to the aquarium. Look,         (3)
A: Were there any sharks?
B: No, there weren’t any sharks,          (4)
A: Wow, there any sharks?
B: Well, I hung out with my friends and I took lots of photos.
A: Where did you go?
B. How was your school trip?
C. but there were many clever seals.
D. Did you go to the zoo?
E. I’m glad to hear that.
F. What other things did you do?
G. here are my photos.
三.选择填空
1 He finished writing the novel         of last month.
 A. at the end             B. in the end          C. by the end                      D. on the end
2. Li Ming runs faster than            in his class.
 A. any else student                          B. any student else
C. anyone else                                D. else anyone
3. He put        in the coffee and ate                    .
 A. many sugars; much bread            B. lots of sugar; many breads
C. lots of sugar; much bread            D. many sugars; many breads
4            there            sharks?
 A. Have, any             B. Were, some                     C. Had, any           D. Were, any
5. Class 9M had a great time            the school trip.
 A. in                        B. at                                   C. on                    D. of
6.         the class,  Miss Wang said goodbye to us.
 A. In the end            B. At the end of            C. The end of               D. By the end of
7.            my next       ,I want to ski.
 A. On ,day off           B. On, off                    C. When, day off   D. When, off
8.——            the weather            ——It was very fine.?
 A. How was, like              B. What’s, like                     C. How’s,/             D. What was, like
9. Did you sleep late?             .
 A. Yes, I did.             B. No, I don’t.                     C. Yes, I was.         D. No, I wasn’t
10.—          does your father say about the game?
 —He says“Wonderful!”
 — I think            .
 A. Who; so               B. How; so is it             C. Why; so is it      D. What; so it is
11.Thank you         your beautiful flowers.
 A. of                        B. with                         C. to                            D. for
12. Was there a telephone call for me just now? No,               .
 A. there isn’t             B. there wasn’t              C. it wasn’t            D. it isn’t
13. Do you like          a dolphin show?
 A. seeing                  B. looking                    C. watching           D. reading
14. That was really kind          boring.
 A. for                       B. of                            C. about                D. on
15. What               you           on your last vacation?
 A. do, do                  B. were, do                   C. did, do                     D. did, did
16. Are you good at            camping?
 A. go                        B. to go                        C. goes                  D. going
17. Toby           a prize in the flower show.
 A. got                       B. took                         C. won                  D. bought
18. Did you have fun          English last team?
 A. learn                    B. to learn                    C. learning            D. learned
19. The weather was             bad            no one came to the sale.
 A. too…to                B. so…learn                 C. very…that         D. too… that
20.          was your day off? It was a really awful day.
A. What                    B. How                        C. When                D. Which
 
四.完形填空
       Sam and Pat are brothers. They are in  1 class. Sam words  2 and studies better than his brother, Pat. One day, the teacher asked the class  3  a composition (作文). The name of it 4 “My Mother”.
Sam wrote a composition and  5 to hand it in (交) to the teacher when Pat said, “Wait a minute, Sam, let me  6  a look.” Pat read it and  7  it. The next day, the teacher  8  Pat, “Why is your composition the same as  9 ?”
 10 we have the same mother,” answered Pat.
( )1. A. same as             B. different                  C. the same                D. same
( )2. A. harder               B. hard                      C. well                     D. better
( )3. A. writing             B. wrote                          C. to write                 D. writes
( )4. A. was                  B. will be                            C. were                     D. is
( )5. A. is ready             B. is reading                 C. was ready                D. was read
( )6. A. to have             B. has                          C. had                       D. have
( )7. A. copies              B. copied                   C. copys                       D. will copy
( )8. A. asks          B. to asked                 C. asked                       D. asking
( )9. A. Sam’s               B. Sams’                      C. Sam of                    D. of Sam
( )10. A. Since        B. For               C. As                           D. Because
 
.句型转换:
 
1.       We watched a movie in a cinema last Sunday.(对划线部分提问)
What               you              last Sunday?
2.       Maria was first in the writing competition (同义句)
Maria              the first                in the writing competition.
3.       They went back to school by subway (同义句)
They               the              back to school.
4.       The students had a good time on the school trip.(同义句)
The students             a                       school trip.
5.       He went for a drive after lunch.(一般疑问句)
          He             for a drive after lunch?
               ,            肯定回答)             . (
 
.根据所给汉语完成句子:
 
1. 这个主意听起来很无趣。
This idea                 very             .
2. 蒂娜遇到了一个著名的男演员,并得到了他的签名。
Tina          a famous actor, and           his           .
3. -你还做了什么? -我买了一个纪念品。
-What          - I        a           . did you          ? 
4. 我喜欢在水族馆看海豚表演。
I like               a                         in a             .
5. 你上次出游怎么样?
How was your                      ?
6. 公园里有很多人在照相吗?
                there many people            ?
 
七.拓展阅读:
 
A)     阅读短文,判断正(T)误(F):
Len was thirty years old, and he had very long hair, He lived in a big city, but one year he did not find any work there, so he went to a small town and began looking for work there. He went to a lot of places, but nobody wanted him.
Then he met an old friend, and this man said to him, “People in this town don’t like long hair. Why don’t you go to a barber (理发师) ? He can cut a lot of it off and then you can get some work..”
Len went to a barber and said, “Please cut most of my hair off.” The barber began. He cut and cut for a long time and then he said to Len , “Were you in the army a few years ago?” “Yes, I was.” Len answered. “Why did you ask that?” “Because I have found your cap,” the barber answered.
( ) 1. Len was twenty years old.
( ) 2. Len had very long hair.
( ) 3. Nobody wanted Len for work.
( ) 4. Len met an old classmate.
( ) 5. The barber cut off a lot of Len’s hair.
 
B)根据短文内容,完成选择填空:
Look at that eagle (鹰). It is going up into the sky. But it’s not moving its wings. How can it rise without moving its wings? The big bird is riding up on the wind. It lets the wind carry it up.
What makes winds blow up? Wind is just moving air which goes up when it is warmed. Hear makes the air rise. The sun warms the land. The land warms the air about it . The warm air rises from the land. The eagle rides up on it.
( ) 1. What’s wind? It’s              .
A. moving air         B. air             C. land                  D.heat
( ) 2. The eagle can go up into the sky without moving its wings because                     .
A. it is not heavy itself                  B. the wind carries it up
C. it is a very big bird                   D. its wings are very light
( ) 3. When air is warm, it           .
A. goes up             B. keeps still                 C.moves around           D. comes down
( ) 4. The land is warmed by             .
A. the big bird              B. the earth            C. the eagle’s wings       D. the sun
( ) 5. The best title (题目) for this article is              .
A. The land            B. The sky             C. The Eagle           D. Winds
 
C)根据所给单词的适当形式填空:
call, swim, anything, clever, bear, can, he, give, girl, something, read, take
Many years ago, there was a family 1    -Benjamin. Franklin. They lived in Boston. There were five 2      and six boys in the family. On a January day in 1760, another baby boy 3      . The boy’s mother and his father 4               the boy a name
Benjamin was the 5                     of all the children. He could read when he was five and he 6      write by the time he was seven. When he was eight he was sent to school.
In school Benjamin had been good at 7        无论何时) he had a little money, he bought a book with it. He liked books. They told him how to do 9             脚蹼) for 10              .. At that time he invented the paddled ( and writing but not good at maths. He read all of 8 father’s books. And whenever (
 
八.写作训练:
Write a letter to Tony ,tell him your day.
 
答案及提示:
一:
1.       written 2.were, doing 3.playing 4.drawing 5.to get up 6.to buy 7.won’t go, rains 8.to learn
二:
1. B   2. D 3. G 4. C
三:
1.A  2.C  3.C  4.D  5.C  6.B  7.A  8.D  9.A  10.D
11.D 12.B 13.C 14.B 15.C  16.D 17.C 18.C 19.B 20.B
四:
1.C 2.A 3.C 4.A 5.C 6.D 7.B 8.C 9.A 10.D
五:
1.did do 2.won prize 3.took subway 4.had good 5.Did go Yes he did
六:
1.sounds, boring 2.met got autograph 3.else do bought souvenir 
4.watching dolphin show aquarium   5.day off 6.Were taking photos
七:
A)1.F 2.T 3.T 4.F 5.T
B)1.A 2.B 3.A 4.D 5.D
C)1.called 2.girls 3.was born   4.gave   5.most clever/cleverest   6.could   7.reading   8.his     9.something   10.swimming
八.
Dear Tony,
I just came back from Shenyang zoo with my family. It is the largest one in the Northeast of China, I saw hundreds of different kinds of animal in it, We saw yellow, green, orange and brown birds. They can sing nice songs, The elephants have a big noise and big ears and they’ve kind to us. Pandas are very friendly and polite to visitors.
Then, I bought some animal toys there, I had a great time.

 

动词固定搭配
go + v.-ing
go fishing     go skateboarding    go hiking      go swimming     go sightseeing 
go camping   go bike riding      go shopping
v.+ v.-ing
enjoy doing sth 
finish doing sth
like doing sth 
thanks for doing sth
be good at doing sth
think about doing sth
v.+ to do
want to do sth     try to do sth    decide to do sth     need to do sth forget to do sth      plan to do sth      like to do sth
v.+sb + v.
make sb do sth
help sb do sth
let sb do sth
情态动词+v.
can do sth
should do sth
shouldn’t do sth
v.+宾语+宾语补足语(即复合宾语)
want sb to do sth  
help sb (to) do sth
及物动词+间接宾语+直接宾语/及物动词+直接宾语+介词+间接宾语
send sb sth /send sth to sb
 show sb sth/ show sth to sb
It’s +adj +to do sth.
It’s interesting to play computer games.
It’s easy to have a healthy lifestyle.
It’s important to eat a balanced diet.
It’s necessary to read English every day.
It takes sb some time to do sth(某人花多少时间做某事)
It takes me ten minutes to go home on foot.
It takes her half an hour to go to work by bus.
It took me twenty minutes to finish my homework yesterday.
 
重点词汇、句型
UNIT 1     SECTION A
1.go skateboarding  2.go shopping 3.on weekend 4.go to the movies 5.surf the internet
6.read English books 7.Animal World 8.once a week   9.once a year  10.three times a month
11.once or twice  12.three or four times 13.Here are the results of the students’ activity survey.
14.Some students are active. 15.As for speaking English,--- 16.Most students exercise three or four times a week. 17.What’s your favorite TV program?
(1 去滑滑板     2 去购物    3 在周末       4 去看电影    5 上网     6 看英语书
7 动物世界     8 每周一次 9 每年一次     10 每月三次 11 一两次      12 三四次
13 这是学生活动调查的结果。 14 一些学生很活跃。 15 至于说英语,---
16 大部分学生每周锻炼三到四次。 17 你最喜欢的电视节目是什么?)
 
SECTION B
1.        want sb to do sth
2.        My mother wants me to drink milk.
3.        be good/bad for ---
4.        It’s good for our health.
5.        Is Bill healthy?
6.        drink coffee
7.        How many hours do you sleep every night?
8.        eating habits
9.        try to do sth
10.    I try to eat a lot of vegetables.
11.    pretty healthy
12.    kind of unhealthy
13.    look after my health
14.    healthy lifestyle
15.    get good grades
16.    help sb (to) do sth
17.    keep healthy =keep in good health
18.    Although I have a healthy habit, maybe I’m not very healthy.
19.    ---be the same as ---
20.    My pen is the same as yours.
21.    ---be different from ---
22.    My book is different from yours.
23.    What’s the difference?
What are the differences?
(1 想要某人做某事   2 我妈妈要我喝牛奶。3 ---有益/有害4 它对我们的健康有好处。5 Bill健康吗? 6 喝咖啡 7 你每晚睡几个小时?    8 饮食习惯 9 尽量/试图做某事   10 我尽量多吃蔬菜。11 相当健康 12 有点不健康13 注意我的健康 14 健康的生活方式15 取得好成绩   16 帮某人做某事 17 保持健康(2个短语)18 虽然我有健康的习惯,但也许我不太健康。19 ------相同/一样 20 我的钢笔和你的一样。21 ------不一样/---不同于---22 我的书和你们的不一样。23 不同之处是什么?/有什么不同?)
 
UNIT 2      SECTION A
1.        What’s the matter with you?=
What’s wrong with you?=What’s the trouble?
2.        I have a sore throat.
3.        have a cold/stomachache/toothache/fever
4.        lie down and rest
5.        feet      teeth  
6.        go to the doctor=see a doctor
7.        a lot of = lots of
8.        hot tea with honey
9.        You shouldn’t eat anything.
10.    That’s a good idea.
11.    give some advice
12.    feel better
13.    I think so.
14.    I’m not feeling well.=I don’t feel well.
15.    When did it start? Three days ago.
(1 你怎么啦?(3句含义相同)     2 我嗓子疼。3 患感冒/肚子疼/牙疼/发烧4 躺下休息      5 foot (复数) tooth(复数) 6 看医生  7 大量的/许多的8 加蜂蜜的热茶 9 你不该吃任何东西。10 这是个好主意。11 提些建议 12 感觉好点13 我想是这样。   14 我感到不舒服。15 它什么时候开始的?三天前。)
 
SECTION B
1.        go to bed early
2.        listen to music
3.        drink some water
4.        go to a concert
5.        traditional Chinese doctors
6.        the balance of Yin and Yang
7.        For example
8.        too much water
9.        too many books
10.    Chinese medicine
11.    in many western countries
12.    It is easy to have a healthy lifestyle.
13.    a few nights
14.    It is important to sleep eight hours every night.
15.    get tired/angry
16.    study late every night
17.    until 2 am
18.    conversation practice
19.    I don’t think my English is improving.
20.    I’m sorry to hear that.
(1 早点睡觉2 听音乐3 喝点水 4 去参加聚会 5 传统的中医 6 阴阳平衡7 例如           8 太多的水9 太多的书   10 中药11 在许多西方国家12 拥有健康的生活方式很容易。13 每晚睡八个小时很重要。14 几个晚上15 (变)累了/生气了16 每晚学到很晚17 直到早上2点钟 18 对话练习19 我觉得我的英语没有提高。20 很抱歉听到这件事。)
 
UNIT 3   SECTION A
1.        What is he doing for vacation?
2.        He is babysitting his sister?
3.        go camping/hiking
4.        spend time with friends
5.        stay at home
6.        visit his grandma
7.        That sounds interesting/great
8.        Who are you going with?
9.        How long are you staying? For one week.
10.    in the mountains
11.    have fun=have a good time
12.    I don’t want to be away for too long.
13.    get back = come back
14.    get back from---
15.    come back from work
16.    in October
17.    send sth to sb=send sb sth
18.    show sth to sb=show sb sth
(1 他假期打算做什么? 2 他要照看他妹妹。3 去露营/远足 4 和朋友们一起度过5 在家休息 6 看望他奶奶7 (这)听起来真有趣/真棒。8 你要和谁一起去?9 你要呆多长时间?一个星期。10 在大山里 11 玩得高兴12 我不想离开太长时间。13 回来14 ---回来15 下班/放学回家 16 在十一月17 把某物寄给某人18 给某人看某物)
 
SECTION B
1.        go sightseeing/bike riding /fishing
2.        take walks
3.        rent videos
4.        take a long vacation
5.        What’s the weather like there?=How is the weather there?
6.        think of doing sth
7.        decide on ---
8.        the south of Europe
9.        something different
10.    said    heard
11.    leave for---
12.    plan to do sth
13.    planned   planning
14.    I can’t wait!
15.    finish doing sth
16.    finish making my last movie
17.    ask sb about sth
18.    need to do sth
19.    a relaxing vacation ,an exciting vacation
20.    What should the tourists take with them?
(1 去观光/骑自行车/钓鱼2 去散步 3 租影碟4 度个长假5 那儿的天气怎么样? 6 考虑做某事7 决定于--- 8 欧洲的南部9 不同的事10 say(过去式)hear(过去式)11 动身去---        12 计划做某事13 plan (过去式)(现在分词)14 我等不及了。15 做完某事/完成做某事16拍完我的上部电影17 问某人关于某事的情况18 需要做某事19 一个放松的/令人激动的假期20 游客们应该随身带什么?)
 
UNIT 4     SECTION A
1.        get to school
2.        get home
3.        take a train/bus
4.        ride a bike
5.        have a quick breakfast
6.        an hour
7.        35 minutes
8.        by train/bus
9.        I take a bus to school.=I go to school by bus.
10.    I go to school on foot.=I walk to school.
11.    about 10 kilometers
12.    from --- to ---
13.    be far from---
14.    Beijing is far from Xiangfan.
15.    the early bus
16.    take --- to ---
17.    How far is it from your home to school?
18.    It takes/took sb +时间+to do sth.
19.    It took me 2 hours to finish my homework.
(1 到校  2 到家 3 乘火车/公交车(用take 4 骑自行车 5 很快地吃了早饭6 一个小时       7 35分钟8乘火车/公交车(用by9 我乘车到校。10 我步行到校。11 大约10公里 12 ------ 13 ------很远 14 北京离襄樊很远。15 早班车 16 ---带到---17 从你家到学校有多远?18 做某事花了某人---时间。19做完作业花了我2个小时时间。)
 
SECTION B
1.        think of
2.        What do you think of the book?=How do you like the book?
3.        on the school bus
4.        in/around the world
5.        in the other parts of the world
6.        depend on---
7.        Students always depend on their parents.
8.        He must be at home.
9.        not all students
10.    the most popular means of transportation
11.    a number of
12.    a small number of
13.    be ill in the hospital
14.    Don’t worry./Don’t worry about me.
15.    look at the blackboard
16.    see some pictures
17.    listen to music
18.    hear a story
(1 认为/觉得 2 你觉得这本书怎么样? 3 坐校车4 在世界上 5 在世界上其它地方   6 依靠---,由---而定 7 学生们总是依靠父母。8 他肯定在家。9 不是所有的学生10 最受欢迎的交通方式 11 许多的,大量的   12 少数的13 生病住院 14 别担心(我)。15 看黑板 16 看见一些画 17 听音乐  18 听到一个故事)

UNIT 5     SECTION  A
1.        on Saturday morning
2.        What/How about you?
3.        I’m sorry, I can’t.
4.        I’d love to.
5.        study for a test
6.        go to the doctor=see a doctor
7.        have a piano lesson
8.        go to a concert
9.        play soccer
10.    go to the piano lesson
11.    go to the movie = see a movie
12.    too much homework
13.    another time
14.    That’s too bad.
(1 在周六上午 2 你呢?3 抱歉,我不能来。 4 我乐意来。5 复习准备考试 6 看医生 7 上钢琴课  8 参加音乐会 9 踢足球 10 去上钢琴课11 去看电影12 太多的作业13 下次             14 这太糟了。)
 
SECTION  B
1.        Thank you for asking me.
2.        What’s today?
3.        It’s Monday, the 15th.
4.        Thanks for your invitation.=Thanks for inviting me.
5.        I’m really busy.
6.        tennis training
7.        soccer practice
8.        I’m finishing my geography project this evening.
9.        soccer match
10.    the whole day = all (the) day
11.    Can you come over to my home on Wednesday afternoon?
12.    I’m free until 8:00.
13.    I’m free.= I have time.
14.    discuss the science report
(1 谢谢你邀请我。(用ask2 今天是什么日子?   3 是星期一,15号。4 谢谢你的邀请。5 我真的很忙。6 网球训练      7 足球练习8 今晚我要完成我的地理学习任务。9 足球赛   10 整天11 你周三下午能到我家来吗?12 直到8点我都有空。13 我有空/有时间。14 讨论科学报告)
 
UNIT 6     SECTION A
1.        My hair is longer than hers. = I have longer hair than her.
2.        Tom is more outgoing than Sam. Sam is more serious than Tom.
3.        last letter
4.        photos of me
5.        as you can see
6.        in some ways
7.        look the same
8.        We are both tall.
9.        We both enjoy going to parties.
10.    more than 
11.    My friends are the same as me.
12.    We have something in common.
13.    be good at (doing) sth. = do well in (doing) sth
14.    He is good at (playing) basketball.
15.    We both --- = Both of us ---
(1 我的头发比她的长。2 TomSam更活跃。SamTom更严肃。3 上一封信 4 我的照片(是我)5 正如你所看到的6 在某些方面7 看起来长得像8 我们俩都很高。9 我们俩都喜欢参加聚会。10 不止,超过11 我的朋友和我一样。12 我们有一些共有的东西。13 擅长(做)---14 他擅长(打)篮球。15 我们俩都---)
 
SECTION B
1.        do the same things as me
2.        make me laugh/happy
3.        as ---as sb
4.        He is as tall as me.
5.        not as --- as sb
6.        He is not as busy as me.
7.        opposite views and interests
8.        most of the kids
9.        my best friend
10.    It’s not necessary to be the same.
11.    It’s necessary to learn English.
12.    beat sb in sth
13.    primary school/high school
14.    be good with children
15.    tell jokes
16.    call sb at --- for more information
17.    make sb do sth
18.    stop doing sth  /  stop to do sth
(1 做和我相同的事情 2 把我逗笑了/使我开心3 象某人一样--- 4 他象我一样高。5 不象某人一样---/不如某人---6 他不象我这么忙/他没有我忙。7 相反的观点和兴趣 8 大部分孩子9 我最好的朋友 10 没有必要一样。11 学习英语很有必要。 12 ---方面击败某人13 小学/中学 14 善待孩子15 讲笑话16 ---号码给某人打电话以获取更多信息。17 使得某人做某事 18 停止做某事 / 停下来去做某事)
 
重难点讲解:
1 be good for …“有益e.g.
    My mom says it’s good for my health我母亲说这对我的健康有好处。
    Swimming is good for health  游泳对健康有好处。
    此句型结构类似句型有:
    be bad for “有害 be important for “重要 be useful for “有用e.g.
    English is very important for us  英语对我们很重要。
    Eating too much sugar is bad for your teeth  吃太多糖对你的牙齿有害。
 2 health(健康)--healthy(健康的)
    health是名词,而healthy是在health的词尾上加y,变为形容词,health在句中作主语或宾语,healthy多作定语或表语。e.g.
    Exercising more is good for our health多锻炼对我们的健康有益
    I eat a balance diet to keep healthy 我用平衡的饮食来保持健康。
    His lifestyle isn’t healthy他的生活方式不健康。
 3 What’s the matter? / What’s the matter with you? 你怎么啦?你出什么事了?
    此句常用来询问别人的病情,类似的句子有:
    What’s wrong with you?
    What’s the trouble?
    e.g.
    What’s the matter with your father?   你父亲怎么啦?
    He has a fever   他发烧了。
 3下面是几种身体不适的症状及忠告或建议
    1have a fever                take medicine and drink lots of water
    2have a sore throat       drink some hot tea with honey
    3have a headache            take a good rest and relax
    4have a stomachache      lie down and rest
    5be stressed out                  listen to some music
    6be tired                       go to bed early
    7have a toothache           see a dentist
 4区分how often, how longhow far
    how often用来询问动词的频率,即动作多长时间发生一次,回答时用表示频度的副词或短语。 e.g.
    How often do you exercise?
    I exercise once a week
    How often do you eat junk food
    I hardly ever eat it
    how long用来询问多长时间,回答时常用two days, three years, four weeks等表示一段时间的状语。e.g.
    How long are you staying there?
    A week
    how far用来询问多长距离,回答时常用twenty miles, one kilometer 等表示一段距离。e.g.
    How far is it from your home to school
    About ten miles
 5 take的用法:
    1)表示 take a taxi / ship / bus / train
    2)表示进行做了一次动作 take a rest, take a walk, take a bath
    3)表示拿走,带走bring互为反义词e.g.
         Please take these things away. 请把这些东西带走。
    4)表示吃(药) take the medicine
    5)表示花费,常用于该句型“It takes sb some time to do sthe.g.
    How long does it take?
    It takes about 10 minutes
 6 Can you …? / Would you like…?表示邀请或请求对方做某事。
    肯定回答时常用Sure / Yes, please / I’d like to …
    拒绝时用Sorry, I’m busy / I’m afraid not / Thank you, but …
 7 “as…as…”意为一样…”,该短语前一个“as”后常用形容词或副词的原级,后一个“as”后常接比较对象。e.g.
    This book is as interesting as that one   这本书和那本书一样有趣。
Li Ying isn’t as good at sports as her sister 刘英没她妹妹擅长体育。
 
重点语法
1.频率副词(频度副词)
    always, usually, often, sometimes, hardly ever, never这几个词表示做某件事的频率,即单位时间的次数。
    这些词通常放在实义动词(行为动词)之前,系动词和助动词之后。e.g.
    She usually goes to the library on Sundays    她通常在星期天去图书馆。
    He sometimes watches TV at night  他晚上有时看电视。
    My mother hardly ever goes to the movies我母亲很少去看电影。
    MrGreen is always busy on Sunday格林先生周日总是很忙。
    His brother doesn’t often go fishing on his vacation他哥哥假期不经常去钓鱼。
 2.情态动词should的用法
    肯定形式should+动词原形;否定形式:shouldn’t+动词原形。
    should有两种基本用法:
    1)表示义务或责任,e.g.
    We shouldn’t eat in classrooms   我们不应该在教室里吃东西。
    2)表示劝告或建议,e.g.
    You should have a rest if you are tired如果你累了,你就应该休息一会儿。
    I think you shouldn’t go out to play this evening我想你今天晚上不应该出去玩。
 
 3现在进行表示将来
    “be+现在分词构成进行时态,表示动作正在发生或进行。这个结构也有很多别的含义,在句子中加上一个表示将来的时间状语时,可以表示按计划或安排即将发生的动作。
    We’re spending our holiday in Shanghai next week   下星期我们将去上海度假。
    He is leaving for London next week下周他将去伦敦。
    How long are you staying?   你打算呆多久?
 4形容词的比较级(附表)
    形容词比较级用于两者(人或物)之间的比较,表示一方比另一方…”…”,后面通常用比较连词than连接另一方所比较的人或物。e.g.
    This room is bigger than that one   这个房子比那个房间大。
    My twin brother is more outgoing than me   我的双胞胎兄弟比我更外向。
    His English is better than his brother他的英语比他哥哥好。

规则变化
例词
一般在词尾加-er-est
talltallertallest
calmcalmercalmest
 
以辅音字母+y结尾的,改yi再加-er-est
funnyfunnierfunniest
heavyheavierheaviest
happyhappierhappiest
earlyearlierearliest
 
e字母结尾的,直接加-r-st
finefinerfinest
nicenicernicest
重读闭音节词词尾只有一个辅音字母的要双写词尾的辅音字母再加-er-est
bigbiggerbiggest
redredderreddest
thinthinnerthinnest
fatfatterfattest
hothotterhottest
wetwetterwettest
多音节词和部分双音节词是在词前直接加moremost
interestingmore interestingmost interesting
popularmore popularmost popular
不规则变化的一些词
much/ manymoremost
good/wellbetterbest

 

Unit 1     How often do you exercise?
重点语法:频率副词
          询问别人做某事的频繁程度
          提问用 How often 引导特殊疑问句
          回答用 always, sometimes, twice a day 等频率副词。
例句:A: How often do you watch TV?(你多长时间看一次电视?)
      B: I watch TV every day.(我每天都看电视。)
      A: What's your favorite program?(你最喜欢的节目是什么?)
      B: It's Animal World.(是《动物世界》。)
      A: How often do you watch it?(你多长时间看一次这个节目?)
主要频率副词的等级排序:
    always(总是) > usually (通常) > often(经常) > sometimes(有时) > hardly ever(很少) > never(从不)
隔一段时间做某事数次用 数词 + 时间间隔 的结构构成。如:
    once a week 一周一次(“一次”用特殊词 once)
    twice a day 一天两次(“两次”用特殊词 twice)
    three times a month 一个月三次(三次或三次以上用 基数词 + times 的结构构成)
    four times a year 一年四次

重点短语:how often 多久一次
          as for 至于;关于
          how many 多少(针对可数名词)
          how much 多少(针对不可数名词)
          of course = sure 当然;确信
          look after = take care of = care for 照顾;照看
          a lot of = lots of = plenty of 许多;大量
          every day 每一天
          every night 每晚
          hardly ever 几乎不
          be good for 对……有益
          be good for one's health 有益健康
          try to do sth. 尝试做某事
          get good grades 取得好成绩
          help sb. [to] do sth. 帮助某人做某事
          kind of 有点
          want [sb.] to do sth. 想要(某人)做某事
          keep in good health 保持健康
          No two men think alike. 人心各异。

Unit 2     What's the matter?
重点语法:询问别人如何感觉
          了解人体器官和部位的英文名称
          了解一些常见病的英文名称
          告诉别人应该怎样做和不应该怎样做
例句:A: What's the matter?(怎么了?)
      B: I'm not feeling well.(我感觉不舒服。)I have a cold.(我感冒了。)
      A: When did it start?(什么时候开始的?)
      B: About two days ago.(大约两天前开始的。)
      A: Oh, that's too bad.(哦,这很糟糕。)You should lie down and rest.(你应该躺下休息。)
      B: Yes, I think so.(是的,我是这么认为的。)
      A: I hope you feel better soon.(祝你早日康复。)
重点短语: have a cold 患感冒
           shouldn't = should not
           be stressed out 紧张的;有压力的
           a few 有些;几个(针对可数名词)
           a little [bit] 有些;几个(针对不可数名词)
           at the moment 此刻;现在
           What's the matter? = What's wrong? = What's the problem? 怎么了?
           lie down and rest 躺下休息
           see a doctor 看病
           hope to do sth. 希望做某事
           listen to
           for example 举个例子
           be good for 对……有益
           it's + adj. + [for sb.] + to do sth. 做某事(对某人来说)……(加形容词)
           get tired 感到疲倦
           stay healthy 保持健康
           give sb. sth. = give sth. to sb. 把某物给某人
           need to do sth. 需要做某事

Unit 3     What are you doing for vacation?
重点语法:用现在进行时态表示一般将来时态
          强调某个动作已经计划好即将按照计划去执行
例句:A: What are you doing for vacation, Lin Hui?(林辉,放假准备干什么呢?)
      B: I'm going to Tibet for a week.(我要去西藏旅游一周。)
      A: That sounds interesting!(这听起来很有趣。)What are you doing there?(你去那里准备干些什么事?)
      B: I'm going hiking in the mountains.(我准备上山徒步旅行。)How about you, Tony?(你呢,托尼?)What are you doing for vacation?(你放假准备干些什么呢?)
      A: I'm visiting my friend in Hong Kong.(我要去拜访我在香港的朋友。)
      B: Oh yeah?(是吗?)How long are you staying?(你要去多久啊?)
      A: Just for four days.(只去四天。)I don't like going away for too long.(我不想远走太长时间。)
      B: Well, have a good time!(祝你旅途愉快!)Send me a postcard from Hong Kong!(记得从香港寄一张明信片回来!)
      A: Sure. Show me your photos when we get back to school.(当然。当我们再回学校的时候,再看看你的照片。)
重点短语:how long 多久
          get back = come back 回来
          take a vacation = have a vacation 去度假
          a lot = very much 很;非常
          be going to do sth. 将要去做某事
          sound + adj. 听起来……(加形容词)
          sound like + n. 听起来像……(加名词)
          have a good time = have fun = enjoy oneself 玩得愉快
          show sb. sth. = show sth. to sb. 把某物给某人看
          want to do sth. = would like to do sth. 想要做某事
          plan to do sth. 计划做某事
          spend sometime [in] doing sth. 花时间做某事
          need to do sth. 需要做某事
          ask sb. about sth. 询问某人某方面的事情
          go shopping 去购物
          leave for 离开去某地

Unit 4     How do you get to school?
重点语法:询问别人做某事的方式
          用 How 引导特殊疑问句
          其回答有多种方式,其中一种结构是 by doing sth.by sth. 的结构。
          询问两地的距离用 how far 引导特殊疑问句
          回答用 be + (distance) + [away] + from 的结构。
例句:A: How do you get to school?(你如何去上学?)
      B: I take the subway.(我乘地铁去上学。)
      A: How far is it from your home to school?(从家到学校多远?)
      B: It's three miles.(有三英里远。)
      A: How long does it take you to get from home to school?(从家到学校需要花多长时间?)
      B: It takes 25 minutes.(要花 25 分钟。)
重点短语:by bus = take the bus 乘公共汽车
          how far 多远
          depend on 依赖于
          by boat = take the boat 乘船
          look at
          by train = take the train 乘火车
          by bike = ride one's bike 骑车
          by subway =take the subway 乘地铁
          by plane = take the plane 乘飞机
          on foot 走路
          get up 起床
          have breakfast 吃早饭
          leave for somewhere 离开去某地
          take sb. to somewhere 带某人去某地
          half an hour = thirty minutes 半小时(三十分钟)
          around the world = all over the world 全世界
          get to school 到学校
          think of 认为
          on weekend 在周末

Unit 5     Can you come to my party?
重点语法:询问并请求某人做某事
例句:A: Hey, Dave.(你好,戴夫。)Can you go to the movies on Saturday?(周六你能去看电影吗?)
      B: I'm sorry, I can't.(对不起,我不能去。)I have too much homework this weekend.(这个周末我有太多作业要做。)
      A: That's too bad.(这太糟了。)Maybe another time.(只好等下一次了。)
      B: Sure, Joe.(当然,乔。)Thanks for asking.(谢谢你的邀请。)
重点短语:the day after tomorrow 后天
          the day before yesterday 前天
          come over 来访
          study for a test 复习迎考
          go to the doctor = see the doctor 看病
          have to 不得不;必须(强调客观上)
          must 不得不;必须(强调主观上)
          help sb. with sth. = help sb. [to] do sth. 帮助某人做某事
          too much + n. 太多(针对不可数名词)
          too many + n. 太多(针对可数名词)
          much too + adj. 太……(加形容词)
          go to the movies 看电影
          practice doing sth. 练习做某事
          thanks for [doing] sth. 为(做)某事而感谢
          go to the dentist 看牙医
          be going to do sth. 将要做某事(该事已计划好)
          will do sth. 将要做某事(该事尚未计划)
          keep quiet 保持安静

Unit 6     I'm more outgoing than my sister.
重点语法:在两件或多件事物中进行比较
          使用形容词的比较级和最高级
          通常形容词的比较级是在形容词后加 -er(以e结尾的单词直接加r,闭音节辅音字母结尾双写辅音字母加-er)的结构构成,最高级是在形容词前加 the ,形容词后加 -est(以e结尾的单词直接加st,闭音节辅音字母结尾双写辅音字母加-est)的结构构成。(eg/ bigbiggerthe biggest 形容词 big 的原级、比较级和最高级;smallsmallerthe smallest 形容词 small 的原级、比较级和最高级)
          当一个单词有3个或以上音节时,其比较级是在形容词前加 more 的结构,其最高级是在形容词前加 the most 的结构构成。(eg/ expensivemore expensivethe most expensive 形容词 expensive 的原级、比较级和最高级;outgoingmore outgoingthe most outgoing 形容词 outgoing 的原级、比较级和最高级)
例句:A: Lin Ping is my friend. (Lin Ping 是我的朋友。)She's a little more outgoing than me.(她比我性格要活泼开朗一些。)
      B: My friend is the same as me.(我的朋友跟我一样。)We are both quiet.(我们都很静。)
      A: Do you look the same?(你们长相相像吗?)
      B: No, I'm a little taller than her.(不,我比她高一点。)
重点短语:more than 超出……
          in common 共同的
          be good at = do well in 在某方面做得好
          most of 大多数
          in some ways 在某些方面
          the same as 与……一样
          make sb. + adj. 让某人(感觉)……(加形容词)
          stop doing sth. 停止做某事
          stop to do sth. 停止当前做的事去做另一件事
          begin with 以……开始
          each other 互相
          enjoy oneself = have fun = have a good time 玩得高兴
          spend sometime [in] doing sth. = spend sometime on sth. 花时间做某事
          plan to do sth. 计划做某事
          on a farm 在农场

Unit 7     How do you make a banana milk shake?
重点语法:描述一个过程
          服从别人的指令
          询问做某事的过程用 how 引导特殊疑问句
          分步回答用 first(首先), next(接着), then(然后), finally(最后) 等时间副词引导从句。
例句:A: How do you make fruit salad?(如何做水果沙拉?)
      B: First cut up three bananas, three apples and a watermelon.(首先切三个香蕉、三个苹果和一个西瓜。)Next put the fruit in a bowl.(接下来把水果放到一个碗里。)Then put in two teaspoons of honey and a cup of yogurt.(然后放入两勺蜂蜜和一杯酸奶。) Finally mix it all up.(最后将它们放在一起搅拌。)
重点短语:turn on 打开(电器)[闭合开关]
          turn off 关闭(电器)[断开开关]
          cut up 切碎
          mix up 混合
          add ... to ... 把……加到……上
          pour ... into ... 把……浇到……里面
          put ... in ... 把……放到……里面
          put ... on ... 把……放到……上面
          a cup of 一杯
          a teaspoon of 一勺

Unit 8     How was your school trip?
重点语法:一般过去时态
结构:主语 + 谓语动词的过去式 + 宾语
      谈论过去发生的事情用一般过去时态
      do/does 的一般过去时态形式:did
例句:Last week I visited my aunt's house.(上个星期我去我姑姑家玩了。)She lives in California.(她住在加利福尼亚州。)The weather was beautiful.(那儿的天气很好。)I went swimming.(我去游泳了。)
重点短语:hang out 闲逛
          sleep late 睡过头
          take photos = take pictures 照相
          have a great time = have fun = enjoy oneself 玩得高兴
          at the end of 在……的尽头
          the class monitor 班长
          a day off 一整天
          go for a drive 开车兜风
          have fun doing sth. 做某事很愉快
          a bowl of 一碗
          help sb. [to] do sth. 帮助某人做某事
一些不规则动词的原形和过去式:hanghung
                              buybought
                              sleepslept
                              read/ri:d/read/red/

Unit 9     When was he born?
重点语法:一般过去时态
          谈论著名人物
例句:A: How long did Charles Smith hiccup?(查理斯·史密斯打嗝了多长时间?)
      B: He hiccupped for 69 years and 5 months.(他打嗝了 69 年零 5 个月。)
      A: When did he start hiccupping?(他什么时候开始打嗝的?)
      B: He started in 1922.(他从 1922 年就开始打嗝了。)
      A: When did he stop hiccupping?(他什么时候停止打嗝的?)
      B: He stopped in 1990.(他到 1990 年才停止打嗝。)
重点短语:too ... to ... 太……以致不能……
          take part in = join 参加
          because of 因为……
          major in 主修;专研
          start doing sth. 开始做某事(该事已计划好)
          start to do sth. 开始做某事(该事尚未计划)
          spend sometime with sb. 花时间和某人在一起
          spend sometime [in] doing sth. = spend sometime on sth. 花时间做某事
          see sb. do sth. 看见某人做某事(强调全局)
          see sb. doing sth. 看见某人做某事(强调偶然性)

Unit 10     I'm going to be a basketball player.
重点语法:一般将来时态
          do/does 的两种一般将来时态形式:will dobe going to do
          两种形式的区别:will do 强调事情尚未计划好而即将做
                          be going to do 强调事情已计划好并将按照计划来做
          本单元重点强调 be going to do 的形式。
例句:A: What are you going to do next year?(明年你准备干些什么?)
      B: Well, I'm going to take guitar lessons.(我明年要上吉他音乐课。)I really love music.(我很喜欢音乐。)
      A: Sounds interesting.(听起来很有趣。)I'm going to learn a foreign language.(我明年要学一门外语。)
重点短语:grow up 成长;长大
          at the same time 同时
          all over 遍及
          all over the world = around the world 全世界
          be going to do sth. 将要做某事
          practice doing sth. 练习做某事
          study hard 努力学习
          take lessons 上课
          sound + adj. 听起来……(加形容词)
          sound like + n. 听起来像……(加名词)
          save money 存钱
          buy sb. sth. = by sth. for sb. 给某人买某物
          buy sth. with the money 用钱买某物
          write articles 写文章
          learn to do sth. 学习做某事
          get good grades 取得好成绩
          play sports 运动
          keep fit 保持健康
          write to sb. 给某人写信
          enjoy doing sth. 享受做某事

Unit 11     Could you please clean your room?
重点语法:委婉请求别人做某事
          引导词用 can, shall, will 等情态动词的过去时态
例句:A: Could I please use your computer?(我能用一下你的电脑吗?)
      B: Sorry. I'm going to work on it now.(对不起,我正在忙着用电脑。)
      A: Well, could I watch TV?(那么,我能看电视吗?)
      B: Yes, you can.(是,你可以看电视。)But you have to clean your room.(但是是在你打扫完房间之后。)
重点短语:do the dishes = wash the dishes 洗碗
          take out 取出
          make one's bed 整理床铺
          work on 从事;忙于
          do chores = do housework 干家务
          do the laundry = wash the clothes 洗衣服
          take care of = care for = look after 照看;照顾
          sweep the floor 扫地
          fold one's clothes 叠衣服
          go to the movies 看电影
          get a ride 骑车
          go to a meeting 开会
          hate (to do/doing) sth. 讨厌做某事
          like (to do/doing) sth. 喜欢做某事
          invite sb. to somewhere 邀请某人去某地
          go to the store = go shopping 购物
          forget to do sth. 忘记做某事(该事尚未做)
          forget doing sth. 忘记做某事(该事已做过)
          give sb. sth. = give sth. to sb. 把某物给某人
          buy sb. sth. = buy sth. for sb. 买某物给某人
          on vacation 度假

Unit 12     What's the best radio station?
重点语法:在各事物间进行比较
          用形容词的原形、比较级和最高级
例句:A: Hello! I'm a reporter.(你好,我是记者。)Can I ask you some questions?(我能问你一些问题吗?)
      B: Sure.(当然可以。)
      A: What's the best clothing store in town?(城里最好的服装店是哪一家?)
      B: I think Jason's is the best.(我认为杰森服装店是最好的。)
      A: Why do you think so?(为什么这样认为呢?)
      B: Jason's has the best quality clothes.(杰森服装店有质量最好的服装。)
重点短语:close to = near 靠近;接近
          inexpensive = cheap 便宜的
          clothing store 服装店
          radio station 广播站
          talent show 业余歌手演唱会
          it is adj. [for sb.] to do sth. 做某事(对某人来说)感觉……(加形容词)
          cut the price 打折
          not ... at all = not ... in the slightest 一点也不
          in fact 实际上
          pay for 为……而付款
          sth. cost sb. (money) 某人花钱买了某物
          good/wellbetterthe best 形容词 good /副词 well 的原级、比较级和最高级
          bad/badlyworsethe worst 形容词 bad /副词 badly 的原级、比较级和最高级

 

 

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