吴辉娟 / 我的图书馆 / 初中英语所有重要的固定搭配、词组!




2010-12-12  吴辉娟
1.  put down   放下
shut down  把…关上
cut down   砍掉
come down  下来、落下
slow down  减缓、放慢
sit down   坐下
write down  写下
get down  下来,降落
2.  after all  毕竟.终究
after that  于是.然后
day after day  日复一日地
one after another  相继.挨次
soon after  不久以后
the day after tomorrow  后天
3.  come up with  找到、提出
catch up with  赶上
wake up  弄醒、醒来
send up  发射
open up  开设、开办
grow up  长大
pick up  拾起、捡起
hands up  举手
eat up  吃光
clean up  打扫干净
give up doing sth.=stop doing sth.  放弃做某事
4.  arrive at/in + n.  到达
get to +n.  到达
reach + n.  到达
arrive / get +adv.  到达
5.  get…back  退还,送回去.取回
give back  归还
come back  回来
at the back of  在…的后面
on the way (back)home  在回家路上
6.  at least  至少
at breakfast  早餐时
at desk  在桌前
at once立刻,马上
at school  在上学
at the same time  同时
at work  在工作
be good at=do well in 擅长
laugh at  嘲笑
not…at all  一点也不
at first  起初
at night  在晚上
at noon  中午
at the age of // when sb. was…years old   在…岁时
at last / in the end / finally   最后、终于
at the beginning of the twenty-first century  在21世纪初
at the end of   在…终点、结尾
at the moment // now现在
at the foot of  在…脚下
at Christmas  在圣诞节
at any moment  任何时候
at times(sometimes)  有时,偶尔
at the doctor’s  在医务室be bad at不擅长
7.  for example  例如
for ever  永远
be good for  对…有益
be bad for  对…有害
for long=for a long time  长期
for short 简称
be short for  是…的简称
TV is short for “television”
8.  come true  实现
come down  下来
come from=be from  来自,出生于
come in/into  进入,进来
come on  赶快
come over  过来
come along  走吧,过来,快点
come and go  来来去去
come up  上来
come out  出来,(花)开,(照片)冲洗出来
9.  even though=even if  即使、虽然、尽管
10. be pleased with  对…感到满意
be covered with  被…覆盖
be expected to do sth.  被期望做某事
be proud of   以…自豪
speak highly of  称赞
be afraid of  害怕
hear of   听说(hear from sb.收到某人的来信)
of course=certainly  当然可以
plenty of= a lot of  许多
11.  by the way  顺便说
by oneself  单独,独自
by the end of  到…为至
by the time  (引起时间状语从句)到…的时候
one by one  依次
by air / plane  乘飞机
by bus / train / car  乘公共汽车/火车/轿车
catch a bus  赶公交车
get on / off the bus上/下车
take a bus to…=go to …by bus乘车去
12.  do / try one’s best  尽力
do one’s homework  做家庭作业
do (the/some) shopping  购物
do the cooking  烹饪
do some cleaning  打扫
do the / some washing  洗衣服
do sport  做运动
do with sb / sth.  处理
well done  干得好
13.  early in the morning  一大早
in the early spring  初春
in my early days  我幼年时期
early bus  早班车
14.  make a contribution to  贡献给、捐献
make a telephone call to sb. // ring sb. up // give sb. a call //
phone sb.给某人打电话
be close to  靠近(某地)
give birth to  生(孩子)
lose to sb  输给sb .
15.  either…or…  或者…或者…
on either side of the street  街道任何一边
on each side of the street  街道每一边
on both sides of the street  街道两边
16.  keep doing sth.  不停地做某事(表示状态继续)
keep on doing sth.   坚持做某事(表示动作反复进行)
practise doing sth.  练习做某事
enjoy doing sth.  喜欢做某事
finish doing sth.  做完某事
go on doing sth.  继续做某事(同一件事)
17.  go on to do sth.  接着做某事(另一事)
go straight along   沿着…一直往前走
go down  下降
go for a walk  散步
go over  复习
go shopping  买东西
go to the cinema  去看电影
go well  进展顺利
go off to  动身前往
go out  外出
go to work  去上班
go up  上升
want a go  想试一试
18.  think about  考虑
think of  认为、想起、考虑、想到
think over  仔细考虑
think out  想出
talk about  谈论
worry about  担心
How / What about…?…怎么样?
19.  borrow…from …  从…借…
lend…to…  把…借给…
from door to door  挨家挨户
from time to time  时时
from now on  从今以后
from then on   从那以后
be different from  与…不同
learn…from…  向…学习
20.  get dressed  穿衣
get into  进入
get / be lost  丢失
get off / on下/  上车
get on well with sb.  与某人相处得好
get out of  从…出来
get ready for +n.  为…做准备
get ready to do sth.  准备做某事
get / go to sleep (fall asleep)  入睡
be asleep  睡着
get warm   变暧
get well  康复
get a chance  有机会、得到机会
21.  look for   寻找
wait for  等候
look after=take care of  照看
look like  看起来像
look over  检查,复习
look out  小心,从里向外看
look the same  看起来一样
look up  向上看,查单词
look around  环视
look forward to  期望
look through  温习,检查
22.  set off  出发、动身
put off  推迟
keep off  避开、不靠近…
drop off  放下(某物)
turn off  关
jump off  跳离
take off  脱(衣),(飞机)起飞
23.  half a kilo  半千克
half an hour  半小时
in half  分成两半
half of the day  半天
24.  do eye exercises  做眼保健操
do morning exercises  做早操  take (more) exercise   (多)参加体育锻炼
an exercise book  练习本
25.  take part in  参加
hand in  上交
in hospital  住院
in surprise  吃惊地
in the sun  在阳光下
in trouble  处于困境
in a minute / moment马上
26.  leave for…  动身去某地
27.  feed on  以…为主食
live on  继续活着
base on  以…为根据
carry on  坚持、继续下去
and so on  等等
on the other hand  另一方面
on foot  步行
28.  be famous for  以..著名
be excited about +n./V-ing  对…感到兴奋
be interested in   对…感兴趣
be born  出生
be busy with sth.=be busy doing sth.  忙于…
be amazed at   对..感到惊讶
29.  move away  移开
move to  (搬)移到
30.  search the Internet  上网
31.  make sure   确信
make a dialogue  编对话
make a mistake  犯错误
by mistake  由于疏忽
make a noise  吵闹
make faces  做鬼脸
make friends (with)  和..交朋友
make room for  给..让地方
make tea  沏茶
make money  赚钱
make a decision  作出决定
32.  used to do sth  过去常常做某事
be used to doing sth.  习惯于做某事
33.  leave sth+介词短语 “把……忘记在某处”
34.  forget to do sth.  忘记做某事
encourage sb. to do sth.  鼓励某人做某事
decide to do sth.  决定做某事
allow sb. to do sth.  允许某人做某事
35.  hear sb. to do (doing)sth.  听见某人做某事
36.  help sb. (to) do sth .//help sb. with sth.   帮助某人做某事
with one’s help  在某人的帮助下
with pleasure  乐意
37.  the summer holiday(s)  暑假
the winter holiday(s)  寒假
38.  step into  走进
pour into  倒入…
39.  in the first  第一
for the first time  第一次
at first  起初
a firs t language  母语
first of all  首先
40.  leave a message for sb.  给某人留条
give / take sb. a message  给某人捎口信
41.  take photos / pictures  照像
take away  拿走
take out  取出
work out  算出
take care  当心
take medicine   服药
take one’s temperature  量体温
take one’s time  别着急
take a walk  散步
take place  发生
42.  learn by oneself / teach oneself  自学
learn by heart  背熟
43.  a year and a half (one and a half years )   一年半
44.  have a try  尝试,努力
try out  尝试、试验
find out / about  找出,查明
have a good / wonderful / great / time  玩得开心
have a (bad) cold  (重)感冒
have a meeting / walk / watch  开会/散步/比赛
have sports  进行体育活动
have nothing / sth. to do with  与..无(有)关
have no idea  不知道
have (one’s) medicine  服药
45.  offer sb sth.  给某人提供某物
46.  win first prize  获一等奖
47.  all over the world= around the world =throughout the world  全世界
48.  all kinds of  各种各样的
49.  neither… nor  既不…也不….
50.  not only … but also … 不但…而且
both… and ……和…都
51.  the more , the better  越多越好
52.  all one’s life 一生
53.  as soon as 一…就…
as soon as possible  尽可能早地、尽快
as well = too也
as much as  至多
as little as  至少
regard …as   把…当作…
as if 好像
54.  no matter 无论…
55   ever since 从那以后,此后一直
56.  so far 到目前为止
or so大约
57.  another two hours (=two more hours )  又(再) 2个小时
58.  three times a week  一周三次
59.  the number of…  的数量
a (large / good) number of / large numbers of / many  许多
60.  less than少于 , less and less   越来越少
61.  …is another way of saying…  什么是..的另一说法 Quick is another way of saying fast. Bike is short for bicycle.
62.  not…until…  直到…才…
63.  be like  像
feel like +n./V-ing  想要
like best  最喜欢 , would like to 想要
64.  the 24 hour clock 24  小时制
65.  wash away  冲走
run away  逃跑
take away  带走
66.  before long  不久
long before / ago  很久以前
for long =for a long time  长期
no longer = not. .any longer  不再
67.  more or less = about  或多或少,大约
more than = over  多于,超过
68.  every year  每年
every four years  每隔四年
every other day  每隔一天
everyday English / life  日常英语/生活
69.  next to  紧挨着
next door  隔壁,邻居
next year  明年
next time  下次
70.  receive / get / have a letter from sb. = hear from sb  收到某人的来信
71.  on show = on display  展览
72.be filled with / be full of  充满…
73. thank to =because of  由于
74.  some day =one day  (将来)某一天
all day  终日
day and night 日日夜夜
in a day or two  一两天内
in the old days  从前,旧社会
from day to day (day after day)  日复一日
the day before yesterday  前天
the day after tomorrow  后天
Tree Planting Day  植树节
Women’s Day   妇女节
75.  keep / stop / prevent… (from) doing sth.  防止(阻止)…做某事
stop to do sth.  停下来去做某事
stop doing sth.  停止做某事
76.  nice and +adj. = very +adj.  很,非常
77.  a place (places) of interest  名胜
78.  three quarters of the information on the Internet  因特网上四分之三的信息
two thirds of the books  三分之二的书
79.  credit card  信用卡
80.  the increasing population  增长着的人口
81.  a path of travel  旅行路线
82.  point at / to  指向
83.  by sea = by ship  乘船
by the sea = on the sea  在海边
at sea在海上
84.  set one’s mind to do sth.  一心想做某事
85.  multiply…by…  乘以…
86.  See you!  再见
You see.  你知道,你明白,你瞧
Let me see.  让我想想
see sb. off  给某人送行
see a / the doctor  看病
see sb . do / doing sth.  看见某人做某事
87.  some…others  一些(人,物)…其他(人,物)
one…another  一个..另一个(三者或以上 )
one…the other  一个…另一个(总数二个)
88.  be worn out  穿旧,磨坏
check out  核实,检查
write out  写出
take sth. out of  从…拿出/取出某物
89.  in this way  用这种方法
in a few year’s time  几年以后
in space  在太空
in and out of class  在课内课外
in the last fifteen minutes  在最后十五分钟里
in the second half   在下半场
later in one’s life  在某人后半身
in the air  在空中
in the open air  在户外
90.  give sb. an injection给某人打针 , get an injection打针
91.  have been to  去过某地
have gone to  到某地去了
92.  here + be+ 名词+ for+某人  ( Here is a letter for you. 这儿有你的一封信.)
93.  be far behind +某人  (He is far behind others.  他落后于别人)
94.  one of + adj.  最高级+复数名词
95.  take +某物+with +某人  (You’d better take an umbrella with you.  你最好带上雨伞)
96.  prefer to= like…better than  宁愿,更喜欢
prefer + V-ing (to do sth.) ( I prefer doing (to do) it myself .我喜欢自己做那件事).
Would / should  等情态动词 + prefer +不定式. (I would prefer to do it myself.我宁愿自己做那件事)
prefer +名词(v-ing) + to+名词 (v-ing) (I prefer learning English to playing football.我愿意学英语而不愿踢足球)
prefer +不定式(名词)+ rather than + 不带to的不定式, (I prefer to walk there rather than go by bus.我喜欢走着去那里, 而不愿乘车)
prefer + 名词(代词) to do sth. (We prefer her not to come.我们宁愿她不来)
97.  人+ spend +time (money) +(in) doing sth. (I spent over two hours (in) finishing my homework.我花了两个多小时完成家庭作业.)
人 + spend + time (money) + on +名词, (He spent 1,000 on the TV set .他花了一千元买电视机)
人 + pay + money +for +sth. ( He paid ten yuan for the book .他花了10元钱买那本书.)
It + takes (will take, / took…) + sb. + time (money) + to do sth. (It’ll take you only ten minutes to get there bybus.乘车去那里只花你10分钟)
物+ cost + (sb.) + money, (The dictionary cost me 20 yuan .我花20元钱买了那本词典)
98.  do with + sb. / sth. (What have you done with the pork ? 那些肉你怎么处理了?)
99.  mind + if 从句, (Do you mind if I open the window?我开窗你不反对吧?)
mind + V-ing, (Would you mind turning on the TV?打开电视你不反对吧?)
100.  what…for? / why…? (What do you learn English for? = Why do you learn English?)
101.  need + 名词 (v-ing), (The students need some help.学生们需要帮助.This pair of shoes needs mending.这双鞋需要修理)
102. “be used for+ 名词(v-ing),”被用来做.. (A writing brush is used for writing.)
“be used as+名词”, 被作为…使用 (English is used as the first language in none of these countries. )
“be used by+动作执行者”, 被…使用,
103.  be made of 由…制造(This table is made of wood .这张课桌是木制的)
be made from由…制成 (This kind of paper is made from wood . 这种纸是用木材制成的)
be made in+地点, “某地制造”(These cars are made in Germany) be made by+人, “由谁制造的” (This kite is made byKate . )
104.  more developed countries发达国家, less developed countries不发达国家, developing countries发展中国家
105.  be worth + money (V-ing),值…钱.值得做…This car is worth more than two million yuan in China. This book is well
worth reading.这本书很值得一读.
106.  the Summer Palace   颐和园
Tian’anmen Square  天安门广场
the Palace Museum  故宫
the Great Hall of the People  人民大会堂
the Temple of Heaven  天坛
the Great Green Wall  绿色长城
PLA  中国人民解放军
PRC  中华人民共和国
the Party  中国共产党
the League  共青团
Peking Opera  京剧
107.  a digital camera  数字照相机
a doctor for animals = an animal doctor  动物医生
108.  so + 形/副+that 从句 (The place is so cold that nothing can grow in winter .这地方太冷,冬天什么都不长)
so + many / few+ 复数名词 +that从句 (He has so many books that I don’t know which one to borrow. 他有那么多书,我不知道借哪一本)
so + much / little+ 不可数名词+that从句 (She has so little money that she can’t buy anything .她钱太少,什么也买不到.)
so+ 形容词 +a / an +单数名词 +that从句 (This is so good a book that all of us like reading it )
such +a / an+ 形容词+单数名词+ that从句 (This is such an interesting story that all of us like it)
such +形容词+复数名词+that从句. such +形容词+不可数名词+that从句 (It is such fine weather today that many childrenare playing outside)
109.  tell sb about sth.告诉某人关于某事 , tell sb+从句, tell sb. to do sth.让某人做某事
tell a lie说谎 , tell a story讲故事 , thank you for +n ./V-ing 谢谢你… too + adj. / adv. + to + v.太…而不能, too
much(修饰名词)太多,过分 , much too(修饰adj./adv.)太
110.  hope / wish+不定式(或从句), wish sb. to do sth. What do you mean by…?= What does… mean?…是什么意思?




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