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初步理解动名词性质及用法

2020-06-01  徐老师英...

动名词是非谓语动词的一种,其格式是在动词后面加ing。与现在分词的格式是一样的。但是动名词兼有动词和名词特性。它的具体格式如下。


一般

完成

主动

doing

having done

被动

being done

having been done

动名词是非谓语动词的一种,所以它不可以做谓语,它可以做主语、宾语、表语、还可以做形容词用。

1、做主语

Being late is one of the worst mistakes you can make in an interview.迟到是你面试的时候能犯的最大的错误之一。动名词短语being late是句子的主语。

Having a glass of ice water is one of the most satisfing things that I can think of in summer.喝一杯冰水是我在夏天能想到的最令人满足的事情之一。动名词短语Having a glass of ice water是句子的主语。

2、做宾语

They are talking about buildinganother school in this area.他们在讨论在这个地区再建一所学校的事情。句子中building another school in this area是介词about的宾语。

I can still remember runningin the rain with you last year.我仍然记得去年和你一起在大雨中奔跑的事。动名词短语running in the rain with you last year做宾语。

3、做表语

Your job is looking afteryour little brother.你的任务就是照料你的小弟弟。动名词looking after your little brother做表语。

My worst experience is beinglaughed at in public.我最糟糕的经历是在公共场合被人嘲笑。动名词短语being laughed at in public做表语。

4、做形容词

a smoking room= a room for smoking

a driving lesson= a lesson on driving

注意,如果动名词有自己的逻辑主语的时候,其主语通常使用名词或代词所有格。

Tom’s being late again made his teacher angry.

His making the same mistakeagain made him lost the chance.

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