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《應用英文》形容詞或名詞成對短語(一)

2011-10-31  云天953
《應用英文》形容詞或名詞成對短語(一)
 
中文裡所謂習語、片語或短語,多指idiom或phrase,不過兩者有些不同。phrase多指文法上的部分(grammatical part),而idiom多指特別的含義(means certain thing),而且phrase可能是idiom,但不是每個idiom都是phrase。

以下是常用成對的短語,都是由一對形容詞或名詞組成。因為指特別含義,故亦屬於 idioms.

現在分別舉例說明:

(1)成對形容詞:

通常是用and, but或or連接。這兩個形容詞,有時不按字母順序排列,但不能改變。(多半當形容詞或副詞用)

black and blue:

指身體上的青腫,或黑青傷痕(become bruises in one's body; bruised badly)

例如:

After a fight, the man was black and blue in his face.

打架後,這位男子臉上傷痕黑青。

(當形容詞修飾 man)

The boy fell from the tree and became black and blue all over his body.

這男孩從樹上跌下,全身青一塊紫一塊。

(當副詞用,修飾 became)

It would be unlawful in the U.S. for a parent to beat a child black and blue.

在美國,父母如把孩子打成青腫是違法的。

(當副詞,修飾beat)

cut and dried:

cut 是形容詞,意為刻成的;dried 是dry的過去分詞當形容詞,意為乾燥的。

也就是已作決定,安排好的或是常規的,例行的,或平常心態。

(already decided; in an ordinary or routine manner)

例如:

The proposal is not cut and dried; you may add some new ideas.

這提案還未確定,你可加些新意見。

(當形容詞,修飾名詞 proposal)

(有時也寫成 cut-and-dried)

Mr. A told me about the car accident in a cut-and-dried manner.

A先生以平常心態告訴我有關車禍的事。

There is no way to change this plan; it is already cut and dried.

計劃已經決定,無法改變。

dead and gone:

不再使用或早已忘記(no longer in use; long forgotten)

= dead and buried.

例如:

The historical hatred between China and Taiwan should be dead and gone.

中台間歷史恩怨,應該老早忘記。

His argument with his wife has already been dead and buried.

他與太太吵架,早已忘懷。

(雖然與forgotten 意思相似,但較中肯和積極)

We should try to be open-minded and let all these unpleasant experiences be dead and gone.

我們應該心胸開闊,把這些不愉快經驗忘掉。

fair and square:

是指公正而誠懇 (be just and honest)

例如:

All business deals should be done in a fair and square manner.

一切商業交易,必須正大光明。

(square 也是形容詞,意謂正直的,合法的)

The cost for the repair has to be split fair and square.

修理費用應該公平分擔。

(當副詞用,修飾動詞split = fairly and squarely)

(動詞時態是;split, split, splitting)

A person with a fair and square personality will be respected.

有公正誠實個性的人,會受人尊敬的。

(當形容詞,修飾名詞personality,也可寫成fair-and-square)

fine and dandy:

dandy是形容詞,意謂極好的,一流的。也就是十全十美。

(excellent; all right)

(這兩個字,意義雖相似,但為了強調語氣,仍然連用)

例如:

What you have proposed to our boss is fine and dandy with me.

我贊成你給咱們老闆很好的建議。

(不能按字母順序寫成:dandy and fine)

Having been fine and dandy, Mr. A feels a little weak lately.

A先生一向很好,近來感到一點衰弱。

This fine and dandy, state-of-the-art equipment has made more convenient for every one of us.

這個最完善、最新型的設備,使我們每個人感到方便。

hale and hearty:

hale是形容詞,意謂健壯的,完好的;hearty也是形容詞,意謂熱情洋溢的。所以就是身體強壯,精神抖擻 (in good health)

例如:

At 92, Dr. A was still hale and hearty enough to marry a 29-year-old woman.

九十二歲的A博士身體仍很硬朗,娶位廿九歲女子。

After surgery, Ed recovered gradually and became hale and hearty again.

Ed 手術後逐漸康復,再度變得健壯。

(Being) hale and hearty, Bob still goes to pool to swim every day.

Bob 精神抖擻,身體康健,每天游泳。

(當形容詞,修飾Bob, being 可省略)

(下期待續)



 

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