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prefer的用法

2010-09-18  小云翳

 1.prefer+名词

  ——Would you like meat or fish?

  ——I'd prefer meatplease.

  2.prefer+动名词

  Do you prefer cooling for yourself or eating in a restaurant?自己做饭还是喜欢下馆子?

  —Do you like swimming?你喜欢游泳吗?

  —Yes, but I prefer sailing.喜欢,但我更喜欢驾驶帆船。

  3.prefer+不定式(更喜欢做某事)

  Do you prefer to cook for yourself, or to eat in a restaurant?

  I prefer to spend the weekend at home.我喜欢在家里度周末。

  I would prefer to stay at home tonight.

  She prefers to be alone.

  4.Prefer sb. to do sth.(宁愿某人做…………)

  Their father prefers them to be home early.他们的父亲宁愿他们早点回家。

  I thought you would prefer me not to knock.

  5.prefer A to B(相对B而言更喜欢A

  在本句型中,AB是平行结构,可以是名词,也可以都是动名词。例如:

  I prefer dogs to cats.在狗与猫之间我更喜欢狗。

  Most people prefer trains to buses.

  大多数人愿意坐火车而不愿坐汽车。

  I prefer writing a term paper to taking an examination.

  我宁愿写一篇学期论文也不愿参加考试。

  I prefer staying at home to going out.

  我觉得在家里比出去好。

  Thousands of children nowadays prefer doing their homework to a background of pop-music to doing it in a quiet room.成千上万的孩子如今一边听流行音乐一边做作业,也不愿在安安静静的房间里做。

  She has always preferred marking her own clothes rather than buying them in the shops.她向来喜欢自己做衣服,而不到商店里去买衣服。

  6.Prefer+不定式+rather than+(省略to)不定式(宁愿………….而不愿…………)

1)本句型中,第一个不定式前面要加to,第二个不定式前面以不加to居多。例如: He prefers to die rather than become traitor.他宁死也不做叛徒。Rather than become traitor , he prefers to die .

  Older people often fear change. They know what they can do best. They prefer to repeat their successes rather than risk failure.年纪大的人常常怕变化。他们知道什么最拿手,宁愿把自己成功的经验再如法炮制也不愿冒失败的危险。

  She preferred to sew rather than to knit.她喜欢缝纫而不喜欢编织。

  2)rather than也可以置于句首:

  Rather than buy a car of his own, he prefers to rent one.

  3)than后也可用动名词:

  I prefer to stay at home rather than go/going to see a film.我觉得与其去看电影倒不如待在家里。

  I would prefer to spend the weekend at home rather than drive/driving all the way to your mother's.我觉得与其开车跑那么远的路到你母亲那里度周末,倒不如在家里过更好些。

  4)prefer…rather than中的rather也可以移到第一个不定式之前(prefer rather…than),这种用法多见于书面语。例如:He preferred rather to take the whole blame himself than to allow it to fall on the innocent. 他宁可自己承担全部责任而不愿让无辜的人受到连累。

  5)prefer to do A rather than do B意义相同,试比较:Joe prefers skating to skiing.

  Joe prefer to skate rather than ski.

  Bill preferred playing soccer to swimming.

  Bill preferred to play soccer rather than swim.

  He preferred rating a car to having one of his own.

  He prefers to rent a car rather than to have one of his own.他宁愿租车也不愿买车。

  6)prefer…rather than代替prefer…to连接名词的形式偶尔也可见到。如:Mr. Brunner prefers chemistry rather than physics.

  有人认为两者的区别是:prefer…to表示一般的倾向,prefer…rather than则表示在某种具体场合的选择。如:What shall we have to drink,port or sherry?我们喝什么呢,葡萄酒还是雪利酒?

  I should prefer port rather than sherry.我宁愿喝葡萄酒而不喝雪利酒。

  7)prefer+that从句

  Would you prefer that I come on Monday instead of on Tuesday?你宁愿让我星期一来而不是星期二来吗?

I prefer that someone else should do this.我觉得还是让别人来做这件事比较好。

prefer 作及物动词使用,通常意思是更喜欢,宁愿

 

 

1. prefer + 名词/动名词/不定式

例:I prefer some apples. / I prefer having(to have) some apples. 我更喜欢吃苹果。

 

2. prefer somebody to do something 宁愿某人做某事

例:My daddy prefers me not to swim in that river because it's too dangerous.

    我爸爸宁愿我不要去那条河里游泳因为那太危险了。

 

3. prefer A to B A B 中更喜欢 A

例:I prefer green tea to coffee. 绿茶和咖啡比较起来我更喜欢绿茶。

    I prefer cooking myself to eating out. 我宁愿自己做饭也不愿出去吃。

 

 注意:注意这个用法中肯定的是前者,AB必须在形式上保持一致,即要么都是名词,要么都是动名词。没有使用不定式的用法。

 

4. prefer to do something rather than ...

    这个用法类似于用法3,不过rather than后面可以是不定式、名词、动名词或动词原形。

例:I prefer to stay at home rather than go out in the heavy rain.

    我宁愿呆在家里也不想冒这么大的雨出去。

 

 注意:这里 rather than 后面可以用 going outto go out 都可以。而且 rather than 也可以放在句子开头:Rather than go out in the heavy rain, I prefer to stay at home.

 

 

5. 宾语从句 prefer that

    宾语从句中常用虚拟语气。

例:I prefer that we should gather more information on that issue.

    我觉得关于那个事情我们最好收集更多信息。

 

6. prefer 用法的常用成语及习惯用语

    prefer to die rather than surrender 宁死不屈

 

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