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新概念一级语法重点和lesson 73 ----- lesson 144 短语固定搭配

2015-10-26  留送书屋

新概念一级   语法重点

Part 1 知识点

特殊句式

1 Can’t be  表对现在的一种否定推测   2 Can’t have been 表对过去的一种否定推测     

  Must be  表对现在的一种肯定推测      Must have been  表对过去的一种肯定推测

3 May be 表对现在/正在发生的事情的一种推测

May have been 表对过去的事情的一种推测

 

4       直接宾语                                         间接宾语

        一现 do                                          一过 did

     现进 am/is/are doing                             过进 was/were doing

     现完 have/has done                              过完 had done

     一将 will do                                      过将 would do

         am/is/are going to do                            was/were going to do

       一过 did                                       过完 had done

 

 

5      直接宾语                                         间接宾语

     Can / can’t                                      could / couldn’t

     May / may not                                  might / might not

     Will / won’t                                      would / wouldn’t

     Must / mustn’t                                   had to / didn't have to

 

6 虚拟语气    从句(条件句)是一般现在时 -----  主句一般将来时

              主将从现表将来

              If 从句(一现),主句(一将)。

              主句(一将)if 从句(一现)。

 

7 介词

On +星期,具体日期,节日,the bus可以站着,可以坐着的交通工具

In +年,月,季节,大地点,the morning, the afternoon,the evening, 语言,颜色,服装(表示穿着什么颜色的衣服),一段时间(表将来时), the car只可以坐着的交通工具

At +时间点,小地点,noon,nightlunchtime(用餐时间)

Over : ……垂直上方 无接触

Above :……上方,不强调垂直

On: ……上面,有接触面

Across :表面穿过 

Through :表内部穿过

Under :……正下方 

Below :……下方

Except :……之外 (从一个整体中除去其中一部分) 

Besides :……之外 (从两个整体中除去其中一个整体)

In the 方向 (一个整体中一个在另一个的。。方向)eg. 东北在中国的北方。

In 方向 (两个整体中一个在另一个的。。。方向)eg. 韩国在中国的东方。

 

8 形容词及副词

  口诀: 形修名,副修动副形

  形容词+ly=副词

1,      直接+ly

2,      以辅音+y结尾,去yi +ly

3,      本身就是副词: hard , early , fast , high , long , late, very, well , ….

4,      ly但不是副词是形容词:manly , lovely, friendly….

 

9 关于“也”

    too       放于肯定句尾

  either    放于否定句尾

also      放于句中

 

10 关于 leave

 leave +地点  (出发地)  eg 火车7点离开北京。 The train leaves Beijing at 7:00.

 leave for +地点  (目的地)  eg. 火车7点离开这去北京. The train leaves for Beijng at 7:00.

11 关于 花费

1. cost sb. 钱。

2. spend / on sth.

spend / in doing sth.

3. pay for sth.

 

12 关于“太,足够的”

too + 形容词   (对说话人没有好处的)

very + 形容词  (对说话人好处的)

形容词 + enough + 名词

 

13 关于 “不定代词”

 not any = no

 not anyone= no one

 not anything= nothing

 not anywhere= nowhere

 not anybody= nobody

 

14 关于“定语从句”

人(主语,宾语) who  + 从句

(宾语)        whom + 从句

事物,动物       which + 从句

万能(可以替代以上三个)that + 从句

地点             where + 从句

 

15 关于“感叹句”

1,  What a/an 形容词 名词(c.单数)!

    What 形容词 u. !

2,  How 形容词 主语 be

 

16 关于“情态动词”

提问词          肯定回答             否定回答

Have            have                 haven’t

Must            must                 needn’t/ don’t have to

Need            need                 needn’t

May             may                  mustn’t

 

17 关于“动词”

Think, believe 等表达主观思想的动词后面要+ 宾语从句。 否定形式要把 don’t 放在动

词前面。 Eg. 我认为我能吃5个苹果。  I think I can eat 5 apples.

             我认为我吃不了5个苹果。I don’t think I can eat 5 apples.

 

18 关于“引导词”

主语+动词+特殊疑问引导词(if是否/why为什么/what什么/when什么时候…)+宾语从句.

 

19 关于“被动语态”

1 一现被: 主语+ am/is/are + v.过分 + 名词。

2 一过被: 主语+ was/were + v.过分 + 名词。

3 一将被: 主语+ will be + v.过分 + 名词。

             主语+ am/is/are going to be +v.过分 + 名词。

4 现完被: 主语+ have/has been + v. 过分 + 名词。

 

20 关于简略句式

1,   So 助动词 主语。 (肯定句)

2,   Neither 助动词 主语。 (否定句)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Part 2 时态

 

1,  there be 句型

                                        is   + 可数名词单数 / 不可数名词复数

(肯定句) There be

                          are  + 可数名词复数

 eg.  There is an apple . / There is some water.

     There are some apples.

                                        is not  +可数名词单数 / 不可数名词复数

(否定句) There be

                          are not + 可数名词复数

eg.  There is not an apple. / There is not any water.

     There are not any apples.

                  some  用于肯定句

  一些      

       any    用于否定句 疑问句

(一般疑问句)      Is   there any  + 可数名词单数 / 不可数名词复数

                Are              + 可数名词复数

eg.  Is there an apple? / Is there any water?

    Are there any apples?

(特殊疑问句)  How many 可数名词复数 are there?

             How much  不可数名词单数 is there

eg.  How many apples are there?

    How much water is there?

 

2,现在进行时  (now,look,listen,at this moment……)

(肯定句)  八个主语 + be (am/is / are) + V.ing.

   eg.    I am playing.  /  He is playing.  /  They are playing.

(否定句)  八个主语 + be not (am not / is not / are not) +V.ing.

   eg.    I am not playing . / He is not playing. / They are not playing.

  am not = ain’t    is not = isn’t   are not = aren’t

(一般疑问句)  Be + 八个主语 + V.ing ?

   eg.   Are you playing? /  Is he playing?  / Are they playing?

(特殊疑问句) WH开头的特殊疑问词放在句首

 What/Where/… + be + 主语 +doing?

   eg.  What are you doing?  /  How is he playing? / Where are they playing?

 

3,一般将来时(tomorrow,next… , soon,in a few minutes,will,shall,be going to, the day after tomorrow……)

 

(肯定句)  八个主语 +  will                    + V.原形

                    be(am/is/are) going to

eg.  I will see a film.  /   He will see a film.  /   They are see a film.

I am going to see a film.  / He is going to see a film. / They are going to see a film.

(否定句)  八个主语 + will not  (won’t)                           +V.原形

                     be not (am not / is not / are not)going to

eg.  I will not see a film. / He will not see a film.  /   They are notsee a film.

I am not going to see a film.  /  He is not going to see a film.  / They are not going to see a film.

(一般疑问句)    Will    + 八个主语     + V.原形?       

 Be     + 八个主语    going to   + V.原形?

Shall    +  I/ We      + V.原形?     

eg.  Will you see a film? /  Will he see a film ?   / Shall I see a film?

 Are you going to see a film ?/Is he going to see a film ?/Are they going to see a film?

(特殊疑问句)  WH开头的特殊疑问词放在句首

 What will  +主语           + do?

                     be         going to

eg.  What will you do? /  When will he do?   /  Where will they go?

     What are you going to do? / How is he going to do?

 

4,一般现在时(every… ,often,usually,sometimes,always……)

(肯定句)  主语(I /you /we /they )+ V.原形. eg.     I  play. 

主语(he /she /it /名称) + V.三单.  eg.    He  plays .              

(否定句)  don’t/doesn’t放在V.前,后面V.用原形。

主语(I /you /we /they ) don’t + V.原形.   eg.    I don’t play .

主语(he /she /it /名称) +doesn’t +V.原形.  eg.  He doesn’t play.

(一般疑问句)  Do /Does放在句首,后面V.用原形。

Do + 主语(I /you /we /they ) + V.原形 ?    eg. Do you play?

              Does + 主语(he /she /it /名称) + V.原形?   eg. Does he play? 

(特殊疑问句)  WH开头的特殊疑问词放在句首

What + do + 主语(I /you /we /they ) + do?  eg.  What do you do?   Where + does + 主语(he /she /it /名称) + V.原形? eg. Where does he play?

 

5,一般过去时(last… ,yesterday,ago,the day before yesterday,in 1999,just now,at the age of 10,once upon a time……)

(肯定句)  八个主语 + V.过去式.

   eg.    I  played.  /  He  played. 

(否定句)  didn’t放在V.前,后面V.用原形。

主语 + didn’t +V.原形.

   eg.    I didn’t play . / He didn’t play.

 (一般疑问句) Did放在句首,后面V.用原形。

Did + 主语 +V.原形?

eg.  Did you play?  /  Did he play? 

(特殊疑问句)  WH开头的特殊疑问词放在句首

What + did + 主语 + do?

   eg.  What did you do?  /  When did he play?

 

 6,过去进行时(at that moment,at that time,when,while,as+从句……)

(肯定句)  八个主语 + be (was/ were) + V.ing.

   eg.    I was playing.  /  He was playing.  /  They were playing.

(否定句)  八个主语 + be not (was not / were not) +V.ing.

   eg.    I was not playing . / He was not playing. / They were not playing.

        was not = wasn’t   were not =weren’t

(一般疑问句)  Be + 八个主语 + V.ing ?

   eg.   Were you playing? /  Was he playing?  / Were they playing?

(特殊疑问句) WH开头的特殊疑问词放在句首

 What/Where/… + be + 主语 +doing?

   eg.  What were you doing?  /  How was he playing? / Where were they playing?

 

7,现在完成时(for+一段时间, since+ 时间点, already表肯定,yet表否定, so far, up till……)

(肯定句)  主语(I /you /we /they )+ have+V.过分. eg.     I  have  played. 

主语(he /she /it /名称) + has+V.过分.  eg.    He  has  played .              

(否定句)  haven’t/hasn’t放在V.前,后面V.仍用过分。

主语(I /you /we /they ) haven’t + V.过分.   eg.    I haven’t played .

主语(he /she /it /名称) +hasn’t +V.过分.     eg.  He hasn’t played.

(一般疑问句)  Have /Has放在句首,后面V.用过分?

Have + 主语(I /you /we /they ) + V.过分?    eg. Have you played?

                Has + 主语(he /she /it /名称) + V.过分?   eg. Has he played? 

(特殊疑问句)  WH开头的特殊疑问词放在句首

What + have + 主语(I /you /we /they ) + done? 

eg. What have you done?  

Where + has + 主语(he /she /it /名称) + V.过分?

eg. Where has he played?

 

8,过去完成时(时间词同现在完成时……)

(肯定句)  八个主语+ had+V.过分.  eg.    I  had  played .              

(否定句)  hadn’t 放在V.前,后面V.仍用过分。

八个主语+hadn’t +V.过分.     eg.  He hadn’t played.

(一般疑问句)  Had 放在句首,后面V.用过分?

                Had +八个主语+ V.过分?   eg. Had he played? 

(特殊疑问句)  WH开头的特殊疑问词放在句首

What + had + 八个主语+ done? 

eg. What had you done?  

Where + had + 八个主语 + V.过分?

eg. Where had he played?

 


 

      新概念一册 lesson 73 ----- lesson 144 短语固定搭配

lesson 73-74

1, lost one’s way 迷路

2, ask sb. the way 问某人路

3, sb. say to oneself 自言自语

4, tell sb. the way 指路

5, take out 取出,割掉,弄掉……

 

Lesson 75-76

1, be(am/is/are/was/were) in fashion 正流行的

2, the year before last 前年

 

Lesson77-78

1, see the dentist/doctor 看牙医/医生

2, have/make an appointment 有预约

3, at the moment=now 现在

4, have + 病   生…病

 

Lesson 79-80

1, make a shopping list 写购物清单

2, need 当实意动词时: need to do sth. (有三单变化)

        当情态动词时: need do sth. (无三单变化)

3, not…at all 一点…也不,根本不

4, 主语+must + go to + 商店名 + to get + 物品。

 

Lesson 81-82

1, have/take a bath 洗澡(浴缸)

   have/take a shower 洗澡(淋浴)

2, have + 三餐 吃饭

3, have 可以替换很多动词

 

Lesson 83-84

1, Excuse the mess 屋子很乱,请原谅。

2, leave + 地点: 从某地出发

   leave for +地点: 要去某地

3, stay at +小地点  待在某地

   stay in +大地点  待在某地

 

Lesson 85-86

1, all the time 一直(不停歇)

 

Lesson 87-88

1, bring sth. to sb. 把某物带来给某人

   bring sb. sth.     把某物带来给某人

2, have a look at sth. = take a look at sth. 看一看

3, work on 从事于…

4, to tell you the truth 实话告诉你

5, try to do sth. 尽力去做某事

   try doing sth. 尝试去做某事

 

Lesson 89-90

1, be worth doing sth. 值得做某事

2, have the last word  最后说了算

3, 某物 cost 某人 钱。

   某人 spend 时间/钱 on sth.

   某人 spend 时间/钱 in doing sth.

   某人 pay 钱 for sth.

 

Lesson 91-92

1, move to +地点  搬去某地

2, move into + 地点  搬进某地

3, give sb. one’s regards 把某人的(one’s)问候带个某人(sb.)

 

Lesson 93-94

1, next door neighbour 隔壁邻居

   Neighbour 邻居

2, fly to 地点  飞到某地

 

Lesson 95-96

1, return ticket 往返票

2, plenty of + c. & u.大量的

3, had better do sth.= ‘d better do sth. 最好做某事

   had better not do sth. = ‘d better not do sth. 最好不做某事

4, catch the bus = take the bus= by bus = on the bus 乘公交车

   catch up with 追赶

 

Lesson 97-98

1, the other day = several days ago 前几天、

2, sth. Belong(s) to sb. 某物属于某人

3, belong to sb.(宾语) = 形容词性物主代词

eg. It belongs to me. = It’s mine.

 

Lesson 99-100

1, fall off 从…摔下来

   fall down 摔倒

2, at once = right now = immediately  立即,马上

 

Lesson 101-102

1, read sth. to sb. = read sb. sth. 给某人读某物

2, arrive in 大地点  到达…

   arrive at 小地点  到达…

 

Lesson 103-104

1, cheer up! = come on 加油

2, at the top of 在…顶端

3, at the foot of 在…底部

4, have/ take an exam 参加考试

 

Lesson 105-106

1, want sb. to do sth. 想让某人做某事

   want sb. not to do sth. 不想让某人做某事

 = don’t want sb. to do sth. 不想让某人做某事

2, want to do sth  想做某事

   don’t want to do sth.  不想做某事

3, tell sb. to do sth. 告诉某人做某事

   tell sb. not to do sth. 告诉某人不做某事

4, be full of 充满

 

Lesson 107-108

1, show sb. sth. = show sth. to sb. 给某人看某物

Lesson 109-110

1, make some coffee 煮咖啡  (make 可替换很多动词)

2, What a pity! 太可惜了!

3, instead 代替(句尾) eg. 那块饼干代替吧。 Have a biscuit instead!

   instead of 而不是(句中)eg.我要的时牛奶而不是果汁。 I wanted to have milk instead of juice.

4, It doesn’t matter. =Not at all.=You’re welcome.=Never mind 不客气

 

Lesson 111-112

1, more/less 形容词比较级 than  比… 较多/较少、

   the most/ the least 形容词最高级 in/of  比… 更多/更少

 

Lesson 113-114

1, small change = pocket money 零花钱

2, some of +名词复数 其中一些

   one of +名词复数   其中之一

   most of +名词复数  其中大部分

   all of +名词复数    三个/三个以上的所有

   both of +名词复数  两个都

neither of +名词复数  两个都没有
   none of  +名词复数 三个/三个以上都没有

3, So 助动词 主语。 (肯定句)

   Neither 助动词 主语。 (否定句)

  

Lesson 115-116

1, invite sb. to do sth. 邀请某人去做某事

   invite sb. to sw. 邀请某人去某地

 

Lesson 117-118

1, look for 寻找的过程

   find     寻找的结果

2, do housework 做家务

   do homework 做作业

 

Lesson 119-120

1, sth. happen 地点/时间  某事在某地/某时发生

   sth. happen to sb.   

2, run away 逃跑

 

Lesson 121-122

1, forget to do sth. 忘记做某事

   forget doing sth. 忘记曾经做过某事

2, put sth. on = put on sth. 穿上…

 

Lesson 123-124

1, let me see sth. = let me have/take a look at sth. 让我看看

2, offer sb. sth. = offer sth. to sb. 给某人提供某事

   offer to do sth. 主动提出做某事

3, shave sth. off 把…刮掉

 

Lesson 125-126

1, to one’s surprise  令人惊讶的…

 

Lesson 127-128

1, have another look= take another look = look at sth. again 再看一下

2, be famous for + 名词   而著名

 

Lesson 129-130

1, wave to sb. 向某人挥手

2, dream of/about + 名词  梦到…

   dream of/about +doing sth. 梦想做某事

3, take one’s advice 听取某人的建议

4, charge sb. 钱 for sth. 向某人索取某事的费用

  

Lesson 131-132

1, look after = take care of 照顾

2, in the end = at last = finally 最后

3, go abroad 出国

4, be worry about…. 为…而担心

5, make up one’s mind 下定决心

 

Lesson 133-134

1, make a new film 拍新电影

 

Lesson 135-136

1, introduce A to B  把A介绍给B

2, get married  结婚(强调动作)

   be married  结婚 (强调状态)

 

Lesson 137-138

1, depend on 依靠…

2, see the world 看看世界

3, return home = go back home 回家

 

Lesson 139-140

1, be late for …   … 迟到了

2, overseas student = foreign student 留学生

 

Lesson 141-142

1, decided to do sth, 决定做某事

2, get on 上车

   get off 下车

3, make up one’s face 化妆

 

Lesson 143-144

1, surround by …  被… 包围着

2, go for a walk 散步

3, sth. make(s) sb. 形容词   某事使某人感觉……

4, 有数字 hundred/thousand/million (无论数字是几后面的词都用原形)

   无数字 hundreds of / thousands of / millions of

(没有数字后面的词要+s of )

 

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