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小学六年级英语下册复习教学知识点归纳总结,期末测试试题习题大全

 金博志网址 2010-11-08
 
 

 

6B

Unit 1Who is younger?

一、单词:

**** than  比,chat聊天,young年轻的old年老的strong 强壮的 fat  胖的    thin 瘦的    heavy   重的light  轻的short短的、矮的long 长的tall高的small小的big大的sit(sat)meet(met)遇见、见面

***twin (双胞胎)之一as  作为minute  分钟only惟一的、仅有的child孩子(children孩子们)little小的cute  伶俐的、可爱的also  

**centimetre 厘米height身高   weight体重  worm蠕虫

二、词组:

1.on  Sunday  morning 在星期天早晨        2.go  for  a  walk 去散步

3. look the same 看起来一样            4. one day    某一天

5.as tall as 与…..一样高 as fat as   与…..一样胖as long as 与….一样长

6. shorter than… 比….bigger thanheavier than

7. twenty minutes younger小二十分钟  8.one year older  大一岁

9.sit down under a big tree 坐在大树下 10.be glad to do 非常高兴做某事

11.see them/him/you  看见他们//   12.look different    看起来不同

13.a twin sister 双胞胎姐妹 14.my classmate/deskmate我的同班同学/同桌 

15.how old   多大                     16.the only child 仅有的一个孩子 17.a cute little dog一只可爱的小狗     18.get a brother 得了个弟弟

19.a tall boy   一个高个子的男孩      20.a young teacher 一位年轻的教师21.some heavy boxes 一些重的盒子    22.whose classroom 谁的教室

23.your old friend(s)  你的老朋友     24.a heavy schoolbag 一只重的书包

25.a strong goalkeeper 一个强壮的守门员26.brothers and sisters  兄弟姐妹

27.the girl in red 穿红衣服的女孩         28.yours or mine 你的还是我的

29.look young 看起来年轻                30.have a chat 聊天、闲谈

31.asksome queations问一些问题

三、形容词比较级:

A.直接加er/r      

tall---________light----________young--_________old---________strong--___ small--_________late---_________long---_________short--________

B.双写加er        big-------_________     fat-----_________     thin---________

C.yier    heavy---_________

四、句型:

1Who’s younger than him ?   谁比他年轻?  

   My brother is younger than him .   我弟弟比他年轻。         

2Are you as tall as Tom ?    你和汤姆一样高吗?

3Do you have any brothers or sisters?Yes,I do .

No,I don't. I have a brother./I have a sister.

4Whose schoolbag is heavier,yours or mine ?

Mine is./My schoolbag is heavier than yours .

五、音标:or /     / word  workbook   world  worm work worker

ir /    / shirt  skirt   girl   bird   birthday   first  third   thirty

ur /    / turn   nurse   surf

Unit 2More exercise

一、单词

****low  high  slow fast  late  early  far  well/语气词bad糟糕的、坏的true正确的fish鱼(goldfish金鱼)

***exercise练习matter事件problem问题player运动员,演员 worry担心idea主意

jog慢跑will**traffic 交通

二、词组:

1. be good at 擅长                  2.do well in 擅长(do better in 更擅长)

3.do more exercise做更多的锻炼          4.as strong as 和…一样强壮  

5.the other children 其他的孩子            6.want to do better 想做得更好

7.What’s the matter?怎么啦?               8.well done 做得不错、干得好

9.run faster than me 跑得比我快        10.run as fast as him 跑得和他一样快

11.a good football player一个好的足球运动员     12.jump very high跳得很高  

13.do other things better than your classmates做其他事情比你的同班同学好  

14.jump higher than 跳得比…高            15.That’s true.对的。

16.some of the boys 某些男孩                17.Don’t worry.别担心。

18.get stronger变得更强壮           19.a good idea一个好主意

20.jog to school慢跑去学校           21.play ball games玩球类运动

22.read better than all of us 读得比我们所有人

23.want to do=would like to do想要做...      

24.read the new words for the class为全班同学读生词

25.get up earlier 更早的起床           26.every day 每天

27. after school 放学后                28.start our lesson 开始上课

29.all the other children 所有其他的孩子

三、副词比较级(用于行为动词后面):

直接加er/rlow-_______slow-_______high-________ fast-______late-______

yierearly-earlier

不规则变化:far-farther, well(good)-better , much/many-more   bad-worse

四、句型:

I get up early than you.我起床比你起得早。

Ben runs faster than Jim.本跑得比吉姆快。

Do the boys jump higher than the girls? Yes, they do.

男生们跳得比女生们高吗? 是的。

Does Jim swim slower than David? 吉姆游得比大卫慢吗?

No, he doesn’t. David swims slower than Jim.不,大卫游得比吉姆慢。

I’m good at Chinese.=I do well in Chinese.我擅长语文。

I am not good at Chinese.=I don’t do well in Chinese.

Jim is good at English. =Jim does well in English.吉姆擅长英语。

(Jim isn’t good at English.=Jim doesn’t do well in Chinese.)

Jim is not as strong as the other boys. 吉姆不如其他男生强壮。

Mike runs as fast as Ben.迈克跑得和本一样快。

I think you do other things better than your classmates.

我认为你做其他事情比你同班同学好。

The traffic was heavier than yesterday.交通比昨天拥挤。

五、音标:

or /       /        forty       horse       morning      sports  for  short

 

Unit 3 Asking the way

一、单词:

****get到达wayaway离开along沿着street大街crossing交叉路口stop停车站miss找不到、错过walk路程post office邮局bookshop书店(shoeshop鞋店toyshop玩具店fruitshop水果店)run-rancatch-caughttell-told告诉

***kilometre千米、公里history museum历史博物馆city城市shopping centre购物中心middle school中学primary school小学No.=number

train station火车站bus station汽车站road街道、路

**suddenly突然steal(stole)out ofshout大声喊叫thief小偷

bank银行hotel宾馆place地方river

二、词组:

1.come from 来自于……            2.live in China 住在中国

3.on holiday 度假                  4. get there 到达那里

5.get to your home到你的家        6.go to the city post office 去市邮局

7.tell me the way to 告诉我去……的路    8.let me see 让我想想

9.go along this street 沿着这条街走       10.turn right / left 向右/ 左转

11.at the third crossing 在第三个十字路口  12.on your left 在你的左边

13.you can’t miss it .你不要错过。         14.how far 多远

15.a kilometre away 一公里远     16.a long/short walk 一段很长/短的路

17.take bus No. 5  5路车          18.how many stops 多少站

19.at the bus stop 公共汽车站        20.every five minutes 每隔五分钟

21.on River Road 在大江路          22.in Shanghai Street 在上海街

23.get on 上车             24.get off at the third stop 在第三个车站下车

25.You’re welcome. 不客气/不必谢。26.Your English is great! 你的英语很棒!

27.last Sunday afternoon 上个星期天下午   28.run out of the shop 跑出商店

29.a book about animals 一本有关动物的书  30.Stop thief ! 抓贼

31.follow him along the street沿街跟着他    32.catch the thief  抓住贼

33.get my purse back 取回我的钱包        34.Bank of China中国银行

35.Tianmu Lake Hotel天目湖宾馆          36.a map of the town小镇地图

五、问路:

----Excuse me,can you tell me the way to …,please ?

----Go along this street,and then turn … at the …crossing.The … is on your …

----Thank you/Thanks.

----You’re welcome./That’s all right./Not at all./That’s OK.

其他问法:

Can you show me the way to … ?

Can you tell me how to get to … ? Can you tell me how I can get to …?

How can I get there?How can I get to …?

Where's …?

Which is the way to …?

Is there a … near here ?

其他回答:It’s over there./It’s near the …/Go down the street./It’s on …Road.

It’s in …Street./You can take bus No….and get off at the …stop./Go along …Road,turn right/left at … Road.The n go along … Road.The place is on your right/left.

路程问答法:How far is it from here?It’s about …metres/kilometres away.

It’s about …minutes’ walk from here.

六、句型:

1.How many stops are there?

2.Well,to get there faster,you can …

3.I want to go to the …/He wants to go to the …

语音:/    /  blouse  house  mouse  out  shout  mouth  trousers

 

Unit 4 Review and check

词组:

1.do the long jump跳远         2.get on bus No.6   6路公交车处上车

3.next to the Bank of China 紧靠银行旁边     4.high jump 跳高

5.50-metre race   50赛跑    6.be good at running  擅长跑步

句型:

1.Who goes to school earlier,you or David?

2.Who goes to bed later,Helen or Mike?

3.Can I help you?Yes ,I’d like a skirt for my daughter.

4.Do you have some smaller ones?

5.How far can … jump?Four metres.

6.Are Helen’s pencils as long as Nancy’s?Yes,they are.

7.We hope to see you soon.Come and visit us.

 

Unit 5 The seasons

一、单词:

****weather天气       What’s the weather like there?  那儿天气怎么样?

season季;季节                  best最好的(good well的最高级)

spring春季warm温暖的           summer夏季hot热的 

autumn秋季cool凉的;凉快的     winter冬季cold冷的

sunny晴朗的windy有风的;多风的rainy下雨的;多雨的

foggy有雾的;多雾的cloudy多云的;阴天的snowy下雪的;多雪的

rain雨;下雨windfogcloudsnowsun太阳

snowman(雪堆成的)雪人snowball雪球have snowball fights打雪仗

***countryside农村地区because因为

**hexagon六边形

二、词组:

1.go to New York 去纽约                   2.next week 下一周

3.work there for one year 在那里工作一年    4.go to farms去农场

5.want to know about 想知道有关……       6.the best season 最好的季节

7.ask questions about 问有关……的问题    8.in the countryside 在乡下

9.the weather in New York 纽约的天气     10.pick apples 摘苹果

11.Sounds great ! 听起来太棒了!        12.most of the time 大部分时间

13.make snowmen 堆雪人              14.have snowball fights 打雪仗

15.some warmer clothes 一些较保暖的衣服  16.turn green (指植物)变绿

17.go rowing 去划船                      18.go swimming去游泳

19.get longer变得更长                  20.get shorter变得更短

21.go walking去散步22.go jogging去慢跑23.go skating去滑冰24.go skiing去滑雪25.go climbing去爬山26.go fishing 去钓鱼

三、句型:

1. What’s the weather like …? It’s …           天气怎么样?天气

2.Which season do you like best? I like … best.  你最喜欢什么季节?我最喜欢

  Why?Because it’s … I can …  为什么?因为天气我能

3.It’s …than in …       天气比

4….is the best season in …     季节的最好的季节。

5.It often rains.

6.It is warm in spring.

7.The days get shorter and the nights get longer in autumn/winter.

8. The days get longer and the nights get shorter in spring/summer.

语音:/   /  brown  cow  how  now  flower  down 

 

Unit 6  Planning for the weekend

一、单词:

****plan计划;打算,picnic野餐,play(戏剧的)演出,give举行take part ( in )参加(……);参与(……)Beijing opera京剧,show演出;(广播或电视)节目,concert音乐会,outing短途旅游;远足,contest竞赛;比赛,sports meeting运动会

*** still仍然, theatre戏院;剧场zebra 斑马,Africa非洲

二、词组:

1.      have school上课;有课              have a picnic野餐

2.      I’d love to…我很愿意……               go on an outing去远足

3.      by the way顺便地;附带说说           see a play看戏剧演出

4.      of course当然                        see a Beijing opera show看京剧演出

5.      on Saturday morning在周六上午        give a puppet show举行木偶演出

6.      warm and sunny温暖晴朗              give a concert举行音乐会

7.      call …  打电话给                    take part in the sports meeting参加运动会

8.      talk about their plans for the weekend    take part in the singing contest

                   谈论他们的周末计划                   参加歌唱比赛★

9.      still in bed还在床上                         10.join us参加我们

11.with us和我们在一起                         12.last year去年

13.meet at one thirty in front of the Garden Theatre  一点半在花园剧院门前会面

14.Music Club  音乐俱乐部                      15.in the school在学校

16.come with Wang Bing Wang Bing一起来     17.at the concert在音乐会上

18.buy some presents买一些礼物                19.have a class outing举行班级远足

20.your class project 你的班级课题               

21.meet at the bus stop at 10:30  10:30在公交车站会面

22.a new zebra from Afica  来自非洲的新斑马

三、句型:

****1.----What are we/you going to do …?  ----We’re/I’m going to …(动词原形)

   ----What is he/she/Liu Tao going to do …?  ----He/She is going to …

   ----What are Liu Tao and Tom going to do …?  ----They are going to …

2.(打电话)----Hello,is that …?      ----Yes,(this is …)speaking./No.

***1.It is 8:30 on Saturday morning.

  2.The children do not have school today.

  3.They are talking about their plans for the weekend.

  4.----Would you like to join us?   ----Yes,I’d love to./Sorry,I can’t.I’m busy.

    (----Would you like to come?  ----Of course.)

  5.----Shall we meet at one thirty in front of the Garden Theatre?  ----Yes./No.

  6.----What time are you doing to come home?   ----At 4:30,I think.

  7.---What are you going to do at 10:15 tomorrow morning?  ----I’m going to …

语音:/   /  bowl  snow  window  yellow  row  low  slow  show

Unit 7 A letter to a penfriend

一、单词:

****letter信,penfriend(不见面的)通信朋友;笔友,glue胶水;胶粘物,writing paper书写纸;信纸;便条纸,envelope信封both(两个)都,address地址,number号码,

postcard 明信片,fax 传真wanted [广告用语]征求;招聘finish 结束;完成lake湖;湖泊

everything 每件事;一切

***favourite特别喜爱的,machine机器,wish[复数]祝愿,receive 收到;接到

二、词组:

****1.What for?为何目的;为什么?         2.write a letter写信

3.I hope so. 我希望这样。                 4.want a penfriend in China想在中国找个笔友

5.read about an English boy in the newspaper读在报纸上一个英国男孩的情况

6.would like to be your/his/her/my/our/Peter’s/… penfriend 

想要成为你的/他的/她的/我的/我们的/Peter的笔友

7.want to write to …  想写信给      8.have the same hobbies有相同的爱好

9. be good friends   做好朋友       

10.give him my e-mail address  把我的电子邮箱地址给他

11.would like to know everything about you  想要知道你的一切

12.my telephone number我的电话号码        13.my fax number我的传真号码

***1.yesterday afternoon  昨天下午

2.tell him about my school and my favourite subjects

告诉他关于我的学校和我最喜欢的学科的情况

3.at the Penfriend Club在笔友俱乐部          4.fill in the form完成表格

5.some other subjects  一些其他的学科       6.finish primary school  小学毕业

7.go to a middle school  升入中学            8.only three of us  我们只有三个人

10.  With best wishes.(信末结束语)祝好

三、句型:****1.----Can I have a/an/some/the …?   ----What for?

----I want to …                   ----Sure.Here you are.

2.----Who do you want to write to?      ----Peter.

3.----Where does he live?             ----He lives in London.

4.----What are his hobbies?           ----His hobbies are …/He like …(ing)

5.You both have the same hobbies.I think you’ll e good friends.

6.My e-mail address is liutao@nanjing.com.

7.Thank you for your letter.

8.I would like to know more about you.

语音:/    /  hurt  nurse  Thursday  turn 

Unit 8 Review and check

词组:

1.a primary school student一个小学生    2.a middle school student一个中学生

3.a photo of his family一张他的全家照    4.the man in the brown shirt穿褐色衬衫的男人

5.at Spring Primary School在春天小学    6.write a letter to Grandpa写信给爷爷

7.row boats 划船                       8.go cycling去骑自行车

9.come in March/June/September/December在三月/六月/九月/十一月来临

注意:P62  P65  短文,P66  P67  词组,P68  问题,综合性很强,建议背诵、默写。

 

 

 日常用语

Ask(问语)

Answer(答语)

Hello.What’s your name? 

My name is Chen Jiaming./ I’m Chen Jiaming.

This is Sally.

How do you do, Sally?

How do you do?

How do you do?

How are you ?

I’m fine, thanks.And you?/ I’m OK.

Nice to meet you.

Nice to meet you, too.

See you tomorrow.

See you.

Would you like something to drink?

Yes, I’d like some coffee.

May I come in ?

Come in, please.

Hello, may I speak to Tom? 

Speaking.Who’s calling?

Help yourself to some fish.

Thank you.

Happy birthday, Dad.

Thank you.

Happy New Year!

Happy New Year!

Don’t read in the sun.

All right.Thank you .

Would you like to go shopping with me?

Yes, I’d love to./ I’d love to.But I’m busy now.

Shall we go fishing?

All right. /  OK./  Good idea.

Thank you very much.

You’re welcome./ Not at all.

Can I help you?

Yes, please./ No, thanks.

May I have some coke?

Yes, of course.

Could you help me?

Sure./ Yes, of course.

Why don’t you come to tea? 

It’s a good idea.

Please say hello to your father for me.

I will, thank you.

Good luck.

Thank you.

I’m sorry.

That’s all right./ It doesn’t matter.

May I use your bike?

Yes, please.

Let’s go to school together.

OK.Let’s.

How do you say that in English?

It’s a picture.

 

 

1.问候、打招呼及回应:

Good morning!

Good morning!

Hello!

Hello!

2.介绍:

I’m Mike.

This is Jack.

3.问某物是什么及回答

What is this /that/it ?

It is a duck.

What are these?

They are pictures.

4.问某人姓名及回答

What’s your name?

My name is Mike.

5.问物或人在哪儿及回答

Where is the pen?

It’s on the desk.

Where is he?

He is under the tree.

6.问年龄

How old are you ?

I’m ten.

How old is she?

She's five.

7.问数量及回答

How many desks are there?

There are six.

8.问颜色及回答

What colour is it ?

It’s green.

9.说有

Have you got a ruler?

Yes, I have.  /  No, I haven’t.

Has she got a dress?

Yes, she has. /  No, she hasn’t.

10.喜欢与不喜欢

I like milk.  

I don’t like coffee.

He likes singing.

He doesn’t like dancing.

Do you like cooking?

Yes, I do. / No, I don’t.

What’s your favourite colour?

My favourite colour is yellow.

11.问时间及回答

What time is it?

It’s half past seven,

What day is (it) today ?

It’s Tuesday.

What is the date today?

It’s June 7th.

12.问某地有什么

What’s in the bag?

There is a book, two pens, and a ruler.

13.问乘坐的交通工具及回答

How do you go to school?

I go to school by bus.

How does she go to work?

She goes to work by bike.

14.问某人正在做什么及回答

What are you doing?

I am watching TV.

What are they doing?

They are playing games.

15.表示请求

Can I have some water?

Yes, of course.

 

16.问能力及回答

Can you run fast?

Yes, I can. / No, I can’t.

Can he swim?

Yes, he can. / No, he can’t.

17.问某人要去哪里及回答

Where are you going?

I am going to go to school.

18.提供、请求帮助

Let me help you.

 

Can I help you ?

Yes, please. / No, thanks.

Can you help me?

Yes, of course.

19.问打算做某事及回答

What are you going to do?

I am going to ….

What is he/she going to do?

He is going to ….

20.问某时做什么

What do you often do on Sunday?

I often play basketball with my friends.

What does he usually do at the weekend?

He usually goes swimming.

21.问路

Excuse me. Where's the park, please?

Go straight on . Turn right .

22.感情

How do you feel?

I feel happy sad.

23.购物

How many pears do you want?

Two kilos.

How much rice do you want?

Ten kilos.

How much is it ?

It is two pounds.

24.询问物主

Whose shirt is this?

Whose is this shirt?

It’s Liming’s.

25.文明、规范

You should look , then cross the road.

 

 

特殊疑问句:是以特殊疑问词(what , where , who , which , when , whose , why , how等)开头引导的句子。此类句子应该问什么就答什么,不能用“yes 、no”来回答。如:

What is this?

It’s a computer.

What does he do?

He’s a doctor.

Where are you going?

I’m going to Beijing.

Who played football with you yesterday afternoon?

Mike.

Which season do you like best?

Summer.

When do you usually get up?

I usually get up at 6:30.

Whose skirt is this?

It’s Joan’s.

Why do you like spring best?

Because I can plant trees.

How did you go to Guangzhou?

I went to Guangzhou by bus.

 

其中how又可以和其他一些形容词连用组成特殊疑问词组用来提问,如: how many(多少数量), how much(多少钱)), how tall(多高), how long(多长), how big(多大), how heavy(多重)

例如:

How many pencils do you have?

I have three pencils.

How many girls can you see?

I can see four girls.

How many desks are there in your classroom?

There are 51.

小结:

how many 用来提问可数名词的数量,主要有以上三种句式搭配,

How many + 名词复数 + do you have?   你有多少……?

How many + 名词复数 + can you see?   你能看见多少……?

How many + 名词复数 + are there…?    有多少……?

 

Who’s your English teacher?  

Miss Li.

What’s he like?

He’s tall and strong.

Is she young? 

Yes, she is. /No, she isn’t.

What would you like for lunch?

I’d like some tomatoes and eggs.

What’s your favourite fruit?

I like bananas.

Where is the dog? 

It is under the table.

When do you have dinner?

I have dinner at 7:00 in the evening.

Which season do you like best ?  

I like winter best.

Why do you like summer ?

Because I can swim in the lake.

When is your birthday ? 

It’s in May.

What are you doing?  

I’m doing my homework.

Is he playing chess ?

Yes, he is. / No, he isn’t.

How do you go to school?

I often go to school by bike.

How can I get to Yuexiu Park?

You can go by the No.4 bus.

Where is the cinema, please? 

It’s next to the hospital.

What are you going to do at the weekend?

I am going to visit my grandparents.

What’s your hobby?

I like playing basketball..

How tall are you?

I’m 160 cm tall.

How heavy are you?  

I’m 48 kg.

 

 

 

 

 

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